[{"label":"Home","url":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en"},{"label":"Infographics","url":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/infographics--infographies","section":{"id":4,"title_en":"Communications","title_fr":"Communications"}}]

Infographics

{"id":"RP-2122-035-S","is_published":"2022-03-30T12:57:11.000000Z","release_date":"2022-03-30T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2022-03-30T12:57:11.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2122-035-S","title_en":"The Federal Cost of Minimum Sentences","title_fr":"Le co\u00fbt f\u00e9d\u00e9ral des peines minimales","slug":"RP-2122-035-S--federal-cost-minimum-sentences--cout-federal-peines-minimales","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-035-S--federal-cost-minimum-sentences--cout-federal-peines-minimales","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-035-S--federal-cost-minimum-sentences--cout-federal-peines-minimales"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-035-S--federal-cost-minimum-sentences--cout-federal-peines-minimales","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-035-S--federal-cost-minimum-sentences--cout-federal-peines-minimales"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/02dfb42d16bddfd4415c9ef26d0779e91812398586a738092ffa019c329234b3"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/99254166c0f854347349780ee42c407763e698ec01a71746b5fe16df65f6d63d"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/c10621a13ded92be01ba3f25b5c5c469d8f8385bdc783090d32addecdef04cd8","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7278e272d7e92ff2016099a1d0362f9ad63e0df74462867eb2c5b67b5453eded","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8084b567f958ade073c06a9b37dadf2d789dd364f7438f6051db6b141234b749","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/86a69e139187f4d2fa24e665f9d44938bd7fd04fd5ebc2806728a36bd9dd7245","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0ee1a32ad36d286edda2e892820c1de571c290954a357d1e41725c3fe7bf7648","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a590b179eeeebbceafd06e6a740dc81b6c34ee656156c66dcc266c6c1861c86b","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/38d2289cf84e4344a8cf7d970ce173e27d09d9121a6766b48e2b8fd352b5f1d8","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/60f57478d2a0d5e26cbed0c5db98b1f4252e8c508fc92f9186dcd912556d82e7"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/9cd741147e339400d7ccb453ec79a944fe85eb50d92661530337f98e2f05232c","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8c9d0a78545b19399cff7024da900bc9c88303116c4ed0cbe4fcedd9e004dccd","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/928cb103268b1fbc4d4014ff97623b6250e9446ee57513b19851afa2c4ae7e8f","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5ee3295e226af819fde4b733ee296084565b5857029e5979422483d1da713048","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/4c7499fa557355e53a7b9fcae8d97e6f09ebfb387a04d5e952bf56d42b49c438","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2ff71bd2e73794ceaa70a67dbe18f5fed46ce7cf2aa24af40497aed718b50144","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5bfc680c4f8bc535498f0e325c5f930b2ec00c40c2d82d6603a0be77ef54aca6","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/bb576e2c5fe3562d690470979b93303c30f299877adb1cf9cb77266af7c083a6"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"Minimum sentences require judges to impose a minimum penalty on persons convicted of a specific crime. Minimum sentences can result in judges issuing longer sentences. The issuance of longer sentences results in more inmates in federal custody which, in turn, increases the costs incurred by the Correctional Service of Canada (CSC).\n\nThis report focuses on the minimum sentence for \u201cPossession of a prohibited or restricted firearm with ammunition\u201d. Persons convicted of \u201cPossession of a prohibited or restricted firearm with ammunition\u201d in each year continue to be sentenced to a total of 1,162 more years in federal custody than they were before the minimum was increased. The total cost associated with the additional 684 persons in custody and 467 persons on parole at a given point in time as a result of this minimum sentence is estimated to be $98 million\/year. The effect of this minimum sentence persists despite the minimum sentence having been declared null and void by the courts. \n\nIt is difficult to draw conclusions about the impact of other minimum sentences. It is also unclear, what effect, if any, the repeal of a minimum sentence would have on the severity of sentencing.","abstract_fr":"Les peines minimales obligent les juges \u00e0 imposer une sanction minimale aux personnes reconnues coupables d\u2019un crime donn\u00e9. Les peines minimales peuvent amener les juges \u00e0 imposer des peines plus longues. L\u2019imposition de peines plus longues se traduit par un plus grand nombre de d\u00e9tenus sous responsabilit\u00e9 f\u00e9d\u00e9rale, ce qui augmente les co\u00fbts engag\u00e9s par le Service correctionnel du Canada (SCC).\n\nLe pr\u00e9sent rapport porte sur la peine minimale pour \u00ab possession d\u2019une arme \u00e0 feu prohib\u00e9e ou \u00e0 autorisation restreinte avec des munitions \u00bb. Les personnes reconnues coupables de \u00ab possession d\u2019une arme \u00e0 feu prohib\u00e9e ou \u00e0 autorisation restreinte avec des munitions \u00bb chaque ann\u00e9e continuent d\u2019\u00eatre condamn\u00e9es \u00e0 passer 1 162 ann\u00e9es de plus dans un \u00e9tablissement f\u00e9d\u00e9ral qu\u2019avant l\u2019augmentation de la peine minimale. Le co\u00fbt total associ\u00e9 aux 684 personnes de plus en d\u00e9tention et aux 467 personnes en lib\u00e9ration conditionnelle \u00e0 un moment donn\u00e9 \u00e0 la suite de cette peine minimale est estim\u00e9 \u00e0 98 millions de dollars par ann\u00e9e. L\u2019effet de cette peine minimale persiste bien que la peine minimale ait \u00e9t\u00e9 d\u00e9clar\u00e9e nulle et non avenue par les tribunaux. \n\nIl est difficile de tirer des conclusions sur l\u2019incidence des autres peines minimales. On ne sait pas non plus quel effet, le cas \u00e9ch\u00e9ant, l\u2019abrogation d\u2019une peine minimale aurait sur la s\u00e9v\u00e9rit\u00e9 des peines.","highlights":[{"content":{"en":"Persons convicted of \u201cPossession of a prohibited or restricted firearm with ammunition\u201d in each year continue to be sentenced to a total of 1,162 more years in federal custody than they were before the minimum sentence was increased. The total cost associated with the additional 684 persons in custody and 467 persons on parole at a given point in time as a result of this minimum sentence is estimated to be $98 million each year.","fr":"Chaque ann\u00e9e, les personnes reconnues coupables de \u00ab possession d\u2019une arme \u00e0 feu prohib\u00e9e ou \u00e0 autorisation restreinte avec des munitions \u00bb continuent d\u2019\u00eatre condamn\u00e9es, au total, \u00e0 passer 1 162 ann\u00e9es de plus dans un \u00e9tablissement f\u00e9d\u00e9ral qu\u2019avant l\u2019augmentation de la peine minimale. Le co\u00fbt total associ\u00e9 aux 684 personnes en d\u00e9tention et aux 467 personnes en lib\u00e9ration conditionnelle suppl\u00e9mentaires \u00e0 un moment donn\u00e9 \u00e0 cause de cette peine minimale est estim\u00e9 \u00e0 98 millions de dollars par an."}}]},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2122035S,\n author={Segel-Brown, Ben},\n title={The Federal Cost of Minimum Sentences},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2122035S,\n author={Segel-Brown, Ben},\n title={Le cout f\\\u0027{e}d\\\u0027{e}ral des peines minimales},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}}
{"id":"RP-2122-035-S","is_published":"2022-03-30T12:57:11.000000Z","release_date":"2022-03-30T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2022-03-30T12:57:11.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2122-035-S","title_en":"The Federal Cost of Minimum Sentences","title_fr":"Le co\u00fbt f\u00e9d\u00e9ral des peines minimales","slug":"RP-2122-035-S--federal-cost-minimum-sentences--cout-federal-peines-minimales","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-035-S--federal-cost-minimum-sentences--cout-federal-peines-minimales","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-035-S--federal-cost-minimum-sentences--cout-federal-peines-minimales"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-035-S--federal-cost-minimum-sentences--cout-federal-peines-minimales","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-035-S--federal-cost-minimum-sentences--cout-federal-peines-minimales"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/02dfb42d16bddfd4415c9ef26d0779e91812398586a738092ffa019c329234b3"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/99254166c0f854347349780ee42c407763e698ec01a71746b5fe16df65f6d63d"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/c10621a13ded92be01ba3f25b5c5c469d8f8385bdc783090d32addecdef04cd8","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7278e272d7e92ff2016099a1d0362f9ad63e0df74462867eb2c5b67b5453eded","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8084b567f958ade073c06a9b37dadf2d789dd364f7438f6051db6b141234b749","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/86a69e139187f4d2fa24e665f9d44938bd7fd04fd5ebc2806728a36bd9dd7245","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0ee1a32ad36d286edda2e892820c1de571c290954a357d1e41725c3fe7bf7648","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a590b179eeeebbceafd06e6a740dc81b6c34ee656156c66dcc266c6c1861c86b","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/38d2289cf84e4344a8cf7d970ce173e27d09d9121a6766b48e2b8fd352b5f1d8","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/60f57478d2a0d5e26cbed0c5db98b1f4252e8c508fc92f9186dcd912556d82e7"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/9cd741147e339400d7ccb453ec79a944fe85eb50d92661530337f98e2f05232c","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8c9d0a78545b19399cff7024da900bc9c88303116c4ed0cbe4fcedd9e004dccd","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/928cb103268b1fbc4d4014ff97623b6250e9446ee57513b19851afa2c4ae7e8f","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5ee3295e226af819fde4b733ee296084565b5857029e5979422483d1da713048","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/4c7499fa557355e53a7b9fcae8d97e6f09ebfb387a04d5e952bf56d42b49c438","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2ff71bd2e73794ceaa70a67dbe18f5fed46ce7cf2aa24af40497aed718b50144","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5bfc680c4f8bc535498f0e325c5f930b2ec00c40c2d82d6603a0be77ef54aca6","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/bb576e2c5fe3562d690470979b93303c30f299877adb1cf9cb77266af7c083a6"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"Minimum sentences require judges to impose a minimum penalty on persons convicted of a specific crime. Minimum sentences can result in judges issuing longer sentences. The issuance of longer sentences results in more inmates in federal custody which, in turn, increases the costs incurred by the Correctional Service of Canada (CSC).\n\nThis report focuses on the minimum sentence for \u201cPossession of a prohibited or restricted firearm with ammunition\u201d. Persons convicted of \u201cPossession of a prohibited or restricted firearm with ammunition\u201d in each year continue to be sentenced to a total of 1,162 more years in federal custody than they were before the minimum was increased. The total cost associated with the additional 684 persons in custody and 467 persons on parole at a given point in time as a result of this minimum sentence is estimated to be $98 million\/year. The effect of this minimum sentence persists despite the minimum sentence having been declared null and void by the courts. \n\nIt is difficult to draw conclusions about the impact of other minimum sentences. It is also unclear, what effect, if any, the repeal of a minimum sentence would have on the severity of sentencing.","abstract_fr":"Les peines minimales obligent les juges \u00e0 imposer une sanction minimale aux personnes reconnues coupables d\u2019un crime donn\u00e9. Les peines minimales peuvent amener les juges \u00e0 imposer des peines plus longues. L\u2019imposition de peines plus longues se traduit par un plus grand nombre de d\u00e9tenus sous responsabilit\u00e9 f\u00e9d\u00e9rale, ce qui augmente les co\u00fbts engag\u00e9s par le Service correctionnel du Canada (SCC).\n\nLe pr\u00e9sent rapport porte sur la peine minimale pour \u00ab possession d\u2019une arme \u00e0 feu prohib\u00e9e ou \u00e0 autorisation restreinte avec des munitions \u00bb. Les personnes reconnues coupables de \u00ab possession d\u2019une arme \u00e0 feu prohib\u00e9e ou \u00e0 autorisation restreinte avec des munitions \u00bb chaque ann\u00e9e continuent d\u2019\u00eatre condamn\u00e9es \u00e0 passer 1 162 ann\u00e9es de plus dans un \u00e9tablissement f\u00e9d\u00e9ral qu\u2019avant l\u2019augmentation de la peine minimale. Le co\u00fbt total associ\u00e9 aux 684 personnes de plus en d\u00e9tention et aux 467 personnes en lib\u00e9ration conditionnelle \u00e0 un moment donn\u00e9 \u00e0 la suite de cette peine minimale est estim\u00e9 \u00e0 98 millions de dollars par ann\u00e9e. L\u2019effet de cette peine minimale persiste bien que la peine minimale ait \u00e9t\u00e9 d\u00e9clar\u00e9e nulle et non avenue par les tribunaux. \n\nIl est difficile de tirer des conclusions sur l\u2019incidence des autres peines minimales. On ne sait pas non plus quel effet, le cas \u00e9ch\u00e9ant, l\u2019abrogation d\u2019une peine minimale aurait sur la s\u00e9v\u00e9rit\u00e9 des peines.","highlights":[{"content":{"en":"Persons convicted of \u201cPossession of a prohibited or restricted firearm with ammunition\u201d in each year continue to be sentenced to a total of 1,162 more years in federal custody than they were before the minimum sentence was increased. The total cost associated with the additional 684 persons in custody and 467 persons on parole at a given point in time as a result of this minimum sentence is estimated to be $98 million each year.","fr":"Chaque ann\u00e9e, les personnes reconnues coupables de \u00ab possession d\u2019une arme \u00e0 feu prohib\u00e9e ou \u00e0 autorisation restreinte avec des munitions \u00bb continuent d\u2019\u00eatre condamn\u00e9es, au total, \u00e0 passer 1 162 ann\u00e9es de plus dans un \u00e9tablissement f\u00e9d\u00e9ral qu\u2019avant l\u2019augmentation de la peine minimale. Le co\u00fbt total associ\u00e9 aux 684 personnes en d\u00e9tention et aux 467 personnes en lib\u00e9ration conditionnelle suppl\u00e9mentaires \u00e0 un moment donn\u00e9 \u00e0 cause de cette peine minimale est estim\u00e9 \u00e0 98 millions de dollars par an."}}]},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2122035S,\n author={Segel-Brown, Ben},\n title={The Federal Cost of Minimum Sentences},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2122035S,\n author={Segel-Brown, Ben},\n title={Le cout f\\\u0027{e}d\\\u0027{e}ral des peines minimales},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}}
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Minimum sentences can result in judges issuing longer sentences. The issuance of longer sentences results in more inmates in federal custody which, in turn, increases the costs incurred by the Correctional Service of Canada (CSC).\n\nThis report focuses on the minimum sentence for \u201cPossession of a prohibited or restricted firearm with ammunition\u201d. Persons convicted of \u201cPossession of a prohibited or restricted firearm with ammunition\u201d in each year continue to be sentenced to a total of 1,162 more years in federal custody than they were before the minimum was increased. The total cost associated with the additional 684 persons in custody and 467 persons on parole at a given point in time as a result of this minimum sentence is estimated to be $98 million\/year. The effect of this minimum sentence persists despite the minimum sentence having been declared null and void by the courts. \n\nIt is difficult to draw conclusions about the impact of other minimum sentences. It is also unclear, what effect, if any, the repeal of a minimum sentence would have on the severity of sentencing.","abstract_fr":"Les peines minimales obligent les juges \u00e0 imposer une sanction minimale aux personnes reconnues coupables d\u2019un crime donn\u00e9. Les peines minimales peuvent amener les juges \u00e0 imposer des peines plus longues. L\u2019imposition de peines plus longues se traduit par un plus grand nombre de d\u00e9tenus sous responsabilit\u00e9 f\u00e9d\u00e9rale, ce qui augmente les co\u00fbts engag\u00e9s par le Service correctionnel du Canada (SCC).\n\nLe pr\u00e9sent rapport porte sur la peine minimale pour \u00ab possession d\u2019une arme \u00e0 feu prohib\u00e9e ou \u00e0 autorisation restreinte avec des munitions \u00bb. Les personnes reconnues coupables de \u00ab possession d\u2019une arme \u00e0 feu prohib\u00e9e ou \u00e0 autorisation restreinte avec des munitions \u00bb chaque ann\u00e9e continuent d\u2019\u00eatre condamn\u00e9es \u00e0 passer 1 162 ann\u00e9es de plus dans un \u00e9tablissement f\u00e9d\u00e9ral qu\u2019avant l\u2019augmentation de la peine minimale. Le co\u00fbt total associ\u00e9 aux 684 personnes de plus en d\u00e9tention et aux 467 personnes en lib\u00e9ration conditionnelle \u00e0 un moment donn\u00e9 \u00e0 la suite de cette peine minimale est estim\u00e9 \u00e0 98 millions de dollars par ann\u00e9e. L\u2019effet de cette peine minimale persiste bien que la peine minimale ait \u00e9t\u00e9 d\u00e9clar\u00e9e nulle et non avenue par les tribunaux. \n\nIl est difficile de tirer des conclusions sur l\u2019incidence des autres peines minimales. On ne sait pas non plus quel effet, le cas \u00e9ch\u00e9ant, l\u2019abrogation d\u2019une peine minimale aurait sur la s\u00e9v\u00e9rit\u00e9 des peines.","highlights":[{"content":{"en":"Persons convicted of \u201cPossession of a prohibited or restricted firearm with ammunition\u201d in each year continue to be sentenced to a total of 1,162 more years in federal custody than they were before the minimum sentence was increased. The total cost associated with the additional 684 persons in custody and 467 persons on parole at a given point in time as a result of this minimum sentence is estimated to be $98 million each year.","fr":"Chaque ann\u00e9e, les personnes reconnues coupables de \u00ab possession d\u2019une arme \u00e0 feu prohib\u00e9e ou \u00e0 autorisation restreinte avec des munitions \u00bb continuent d\u2019\u00eatre condamn\u00e9es, au total, \u00e0 passer 1 162 ann\u00e9es de plus dans un \u00e9tablissement f\u00e9d\u00e9ral qu\u2019avant l\u2019augmentation de la peine minimale. Le co\u00fbt total associ\u00e9 aux 684 personnes en d\u00e9tention et aux 467 personnes en lib\u00e9ration conditionnelle suppl\u00e9mentaires \u00e0 un moment donn\u00e9 \u00e0 cause de cette peine minimale est estim\u00e9 \u00e0 98 millions de dollars par an."}}]},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2122035S,\n author={Segel-Brown, Ben},\n title={The Federal Cost of Minimum Sentences},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2122035S,\n author={Segel-Brown, Ben},\n title={Le cout f\\\u0027{e}d\\\u0027{e}ral des peines minimales},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}}
{"id":"RP-2122-035-S","is_published":"2022-03-30T12:57:11.000000Z","release_date":"2022-03-30T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2022-03-30T12:57:11.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2122-035-S","title_en":"The Federal Cost of Minimum Sentences","title_fr":"Le co\u00fbt f\u00e9d\u00e9ral des peines minimales","slug":"RP-2122-035-S--federal-cost-minimum-sentences--cout-federal-peines-minimales","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-035-S--federal-cost-minimum-sentences--cout-federal-peines-minimales","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-035-S--federal-cost-minimum-sentences--cout-federal-peines-minimales"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-035-S--federal-cost-minimum-sentences--cout-federal-peines-minimales","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-035-S--federal-cost-minimum-sentences--cout-federal-peines-minimales"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/02dfb42d16bddfd4415c9ef26d0779e91812398586a738092ffa019c329234b3"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/99254166c0f854347349780ee42c407763e698ec01a71746b5fe16df65f6d63d"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/c10621a13ded92be01ba3f25b5c5c469d8f8385bdc783090d32addecdef04cd8","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7278e272d7e92ff2016099a1d0362f9ad63e0df74462867eb2c5b67b5453eded","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8084b567f958ade073c06a9b37dadf2d789dd364f7438f6051db6b141234b749","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/86a69e139187f4d2fa24e665f9d44938bd7fd04fd5ebc2806728a36bd9dd7245","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0ee1a32ad36d286edda2e892820c1de571c290954a357d1e41725c3fe7bf7648","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a590b179eeeebbceafd06e6a740dc81b6c34ee656156c66dcc266c6c1861c86b","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/38d2289cf84e4344a8cf7d970ce173e27d09d9121a6766b48e2b8fd352b5f1d8","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/60f57478d2a0d5e26cbed0c5db98b1f4252e8c508fc92f9186dcd912556d82e7"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/9cd741147e339400d7ccb453ec79a944fe85eb50d92661530337f98e2f05232c","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8c9d0a78545b19399cff7024da900bc9c88303116c4ed0cbe4fcedd9e004dccd","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/928cb103268b1fbc4d4014ff97623b6250e9446ee57513b19851afa2c4ae7e8f","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5ee3295e226af819fde4b733ee296084565b5857029e5979422483d1da713048","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/4c7499fa557355e53a7b9fcae8d97e6f09ebfb387a04d5e952bf56d42b49c438","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2ff71bd2e73794ceaa70a67dbe18f5fed46ce7cf2aa24af40497aed718b50144","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5bfc680c4f8bc535498f0e325c5f930b2ec00c40c2d82d6603a0be77ef54aca6","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/bb576e2c5fe3562d690470979b93303c30f299877adb1cf9cb77266af7c083a6"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"Minimum sentences require judges to impose a minimum penalty on persons convicted of a specific crime. Minimum sentences can result in judges issuing longer sentences. The issuance of longer sentences results in more inmates in federal custody which, in turn, increases the costs incurred by the Correctional Service of Canada (CSC).\n\nThis report focuses on the minimum sentence for \u201cPossession of a prohibited or restricted firearm with ammunition\u201d. Persons convicted of \u201cPossession of a prohibited or restricted firearm with ammunition\u201d in each year continue to be sentenced to a total of 1,162 more years in federal custody than they were before the minimum was increased. The total cost associated with the additional 684 persons in custody and 467 persons on parole at a given point in time as a result of this minimum sentence is estimated to be $98 million\/year. The effect of this minimum sentence persists despite the minimum sentence having been declared null and void by the courts. \n\nIt is difficult to draw conclusions about the impact of other minimum sentences. It is also unclear, what effect, if any, the repeal of a minimum sentence would have on the severity of sentencing.","abstract_fr":"Les peines minimales obligent les juges \u00e0 imposer une sanction minimale aux personnes reconnues coupables d\u2019un crime donn\u00e9. Les peines minimales peuvent amener les juges \u00e0 imposer des peines plus longues. L\u2019imposition de peines plus longues se traduit par un plus grand nombre de d\u00e9tenus sous responsabilit\u00e9 f\u00e9d\u00e9rale, ce qui augmente les co\u00fbts engag\u00e9s par le Service correctionnel du Canada (SCC).\n\nLe pr\u00e9sent rapport porte sur la peine minimale pour \u00ab possession d\u2019une arme \u00e0 feu prohib\u00e9e ou \u00e0 autorisation restreinte avec des munitions \u00bb. Les personnes reconnues coupables de \u00ab possession d\u2019une arme \u00e0 feu prohib\u00e9e ou \u00e0 autorisation restreinte avec des munitions \u00bb chaque ann\u00e9e continuent d\u2019\u00eatre condamn\u00e9es \u00e0 passer 1 162 ann\u00e9es de plus dans un \u00e9tablissement f\u00e9d\u00e9ral qu\u2019avant l\u2019augmentation de la peine minimale. Le co\u00fbt total associ\u00e9 aux 684 personnes de plus en d\u00e9tention et aux 467 personnes en lib\u00e9ration conditionnelle \u00e0 un moment donn\u00e9 \u00e0 la suite de cette peine minimale est estim\u00e9 \u00e0 98 millions de dollars par ann\u00e9e. L\u2019effet de cette peine minimale persiste bien que la peine minimale ait \u00e9t\u00e9 d\u00e9clar\u00e9e nulle et non avenue par les tribunaux. \n\nIl est difficile de tirer des conclusions sur l\u2019incidence des autres peines minimales. On ne sait pas non plus quel effet, le cas \u00e9ch\u00e9ant, l\u2019abrogation d\u2019une peine minimale aurait sur la s\u00e9v\u00e9rit\u00e9 des peines.","highlights":[{"content":{"en":"Persons convicted of \u201cPossession of a prohibited or restricted firearm with ammunition\u201d in each year continue to be sentenced to a total of 1,162 more years in federal custody than they were before the minimum sentence was increased. The total cost associated with the additional 684 persons in custody and 467 persons on parole at a given point in time as a result of this minimum sentence is estimated to be $98 million each year.","fr":"Chaque ann\u00e9e, les personnes reconnues coupables de \u00ab possession d\u2019une arme \u00e0 feu prohib\u00e9e ou \u00e0 autorisation restreinte avec des munitions \u00bb continuent d\u2019\u00eatre condamn\u00e9es, au total, \u00e0 passer 1 162 ann\u00e9es de plus dans un \u00e9tablissement f\u00e9d\u00e9ral qu\u2019avant l\u2019augmentation de la peine minimale. Le co\u00fbt total associ\u00e9 aux 684 personnes en d\u00e9tention et aux 467 personnes en lib\u00e9ration conditionnelle suppl\u00e9mentaires \u00e0 un moment donn\u00e9 \u00e0 cause de cette peine minimale est estim\u00e9 \u00e0 98 millions de dollars par an."}}]},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2122035S,\n author={Segel-Brown, Ben},\n title={The Federal Cost of Minimum Sentences},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2122035S,\n author={Segel-Brown, Ben},\n title={Le cout f\\\u0027{e}d\\\u0027{e}ral des peines minimales},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}}
{"id":"RP-2122-029-S","is_published":"2022-02-17T14:00:09.000000Z","release_date":"2022-02-17T14:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2022-02-17T14:00:09.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2122-029-S","title_en":"House Price Assessment: A Borrowing Capacity Perspective","title_fr":"\u00c9valuation du prix des propri\u00e9t\u00e9s \u2013 Un portrait de la capacit\u00e9 d\u2019emprunt","slug":"RP-2122-029-S--house-price-assessment-borrowing-capacity-perspective--evaluation-prix-proprietes-un-portrait-capacite-emprunt","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-029-S--house-price-assessment-borrowing-capacity-perspective--evaluation-prix-proprietes-un-portrait-capacite-emprunt","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-029-S--house-price-assessment-borrowing-capacity-perspective--evaluation-prix-proprietes-un-portrait-capacite-emprunt"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-029-S--house-price-assessment-borrowing-capacity-perspective--evaluation-prix-proprietes-un-portrait-capacite-emprunt","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-029-S--house-price-assessment-borrowing-capacity-perspective--evaluation-prix-proprietes-un-portrait-capacite-emprunt"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/785783963a71613e7b560358ac7043a18300b26e53fffc2469543c1f13299989"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/dcc780f1a5a243d75d75d39335c535cb10029a023af33f3502ab87628fa01063"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5df06b2e6fd0bc96d6c3ba72ac6efe98baf0a8dbbbefc4c45d6f3527e0b5731d","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ab073c78653237bf6ec41fefee4b588af9b586f837cc11ad90d106f2dfd247ec","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/df0a3dd0e975075909c402708975583a03cc061663ad036b07fcf4cc28262beb","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/bd6245bcc4680166426225c5977fb1d14d0d7e31c278a8058074c816600c92c4","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/68faf2bf5fd5a5be015c12aaae72375b3c51e8970f1d2f1a7ebae0a2d5778a44","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e1c12ce3cc7a88554cbf01355b372ab17ebf9b316cba4551619b941bb6bfdd07","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2de79b91d7148cad87eb7f287f1507c9660051848065e7d2d15dcbdff1ade16c","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/62427ee29a4a6e07869b49a00990b4ec55946337570b3316ebf24fe6c8e676b3"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/89be24fcca51102bd68c17faaddb6d56cf44ad960ee624b5023444adaf6b95c3","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/32fe26ca936946d5e866765f7b19edcf2377c3a06898fb7d321f27d55615dfca","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/945db5bb2bca16c51da29f28ceba3ea79b7326f9432da7fc93c19ec83774b104","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/05054378adced749acea1b5107ec2bfa5219593520af8e7f9f02a19584f511ce","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2a10e336ee0e686fd9eac0030224933260261ab251973e3b93213537f8e88b5a","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/03663ba04ce574bd38ce52d34e87523450898858179eaca5f8c142bbe68f40fa","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/cc1de44b819438275c47defab6f6ef66f045a1f50d327dcba2b50c504607ed96","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f861b27d432488d2539fcc8f556983c5e229b96c0f1cbb9ff5bde248c65c0afb"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This report provides an assessment of house prices relative to a household\u2019s capacity to borrow and pay for the purchase of a house in selected Canadian cities.","abstract_fr":"Ce rapport pr\u00e9sente une \u00e9valuation du prix des propri\u00e9t\u00e9s par rapport \u00e0 la capacit\u00e9 des m\u00e9nages d\u2019emprunter et de payer pour l\u2019achat d\u2019une maison dans certaines villes canadiennes.","highlights":[{"content":{"en":"Beginning in 2015\u2014and prior to the pandemic\u2014house prices in several cities (Hamilton, Toronto, Ottawa, Victoria, Halifax and Vancouver) \u201cde-linked\u201d from household borrowing capacity, rising 20 per cent, or higher, above affordable prices.","fr":"\u00c0 partir de 2015, et avant la pand\u00e9mie, le prix des propri\u00e9t\u00e9s dans plusieurs villes (Hamilton, Toronto, Ottawa, Victoria, Halifax et Vancouver) s\u2019est \u00ab dissoci\u00e9 \u00bb de la capacit\u00e9 d\u2019emprunt des m\u00e9nages, s\u2019\u00e9levant \u00e0 20 %, ou m\u00eame plus, au-dessus des prix abordables."}},{"content":{"en":"Household borrowing capacity increased during the pandemic due to lower interest rates and COVID-19 financial support. However, further increases in house prices far outpaced gains in borrowing capacity, resulting in wider gaps in affordability.","fr":"La capacit\u00e9 d\u2019emprunt des m\u00e9nages a augment\u00e9 pendant la pand\u00e9mie en raison de la baisse des taux d\u2019int\u00e9r\u00eat et du soutien financier li\u00e9 \u00e0 la COVID-19. Toutefois, les nouvelles augmentations du prix des propri\u00e9t\u00e9s ont largement d\u00e9pass\u00e9 les gains sur le plan de la capacit\u00e9 d\u2019emprunt, ce qui a entra\u00een\u00e9 des \u00e9carts d\u2019accessibilit\u00e9 plus importants."}},{"content":{"en":"At the end of 2021, the average house price nationally was $811,700\u2014an increase of 43 per cent from December 2019 and a 97 per cent increase compared to January 2015.","fr":"\u00c0 la fin de 2021, le prix moyen des propri\u00e9t\u00e9s \u00e0 l\u2019\u00e9chelle nationale \u00e9tait de 811 700 $ \u2013 soit 43 % de plus qu\u2019en d\u00e9cembre 2019 et 97 % de plus qu\u2019en janvier 2015."}},{"content":{"en":"We estimate that in December 2021, average house prices in Hamilton, Toronto, Halifax and Ottawa were more than 50 per cent above affordable levels, based on household borrowing capacity.","fr":"Nous estimons que, en d\u00e9cembre 2021, le prix moyen des propri\u00e9t\u00e9s \u00e0 Hamilton, Toronto, Halifax et Ottawa \u00e9taient sup\u00e9rieurs de plus de 50 % aux niveaux abordables, selon la capacit\u00e9 d\u2019emprunt des m\u00e9nages."}},{"content":{"en":"While approximate, our results suggest that household financial vulnerability is elevated in several cities for households that have recently purchased homes.","fr":"Bien qu\u2019approximatifs, nos r\u00e9sultats sugg\u00e8rent que la vuln\u00e9rabilit\u00e9 financi\u00e8re des m\u00e9nages qui ont r\u00e9cemment achet\u00e9 une maison est \u00e9lev\u00e9e dans plusieurs villes."}}]},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2122029S,\n author={Behrend, Robert and Liberge-Simard, Rapha\\\u0022{e}l},\n title={House Price Assessment: A Borrowing Capacity Perspective},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2122029S,\n author={Behrend, Robert and Liberge-Simard, Rapha\\\u0022{e}l},\n title={\\\u0027{E}valuation du prix des propri\\\u0027{e}t\\\u0027{e}s - Un portrait de la capacit\\\u0027{e} d\u2019emprunt},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}}
{"id":"RP-2122-026-S","is_published":"2022-01-25T14:00:09.000000Z","release_date":"2022-01-25T14:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2022-01-25T19:19:59.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2122-026-S","title_en":"Estimated Cost of Cleaning Canada\u2019s Orphan Oil and Gas Wells","title_fr":"Co\u00fbt estimatif du nettoyage des puits de p\u00e9trole et de gaz orphelins du Canada","slug":"RP-2122-026-S--estimated-cost-cleaning-canada-orphan-oil-gas-wells--cout-estimatif-nettoyage-puits-petrole-gaz-orphelins-canada","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-026-S--estimated-cost-cleaning-canada-orphan-oil-gas-wells--cout-estimatif-nettoyage-puits-petrole-gaz-orphelins-canada","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-026-S--estimated-cost-cleaning-canada-orphan-oil-gas-wells--cout-estimatif-nettoyage-puits-petrole-gaz-orphelins-canada"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-026-S--estimated-cost-cleaning-canada-orphan-oil-gas-wells--cout-estimatif-nettoyage-puits-petrole-gaz-orphelins-canada","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-026-S--estimated-cost-cleaning-canada-orphan-oil-gas-wells--cout-estimatif-nettoyage-puits-petrole-gaz-orphelins-canada"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/44de649e994977a9771ff83959ba6b9563f5c1352ec3ba4f83c4d256f40a6b41"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/f585eece167a9e98232eb8d15328ed76e09bb696570696c30c74563b12fdf372"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d4e0ecf34f5d12d1b64dd5f4d9605becb8acc3fc302f78daa20f5d23986b3e45","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/298c53fb22cbe648e4e37495fc1b21c69380d10f3970664424ec3c9f49458570","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0f6d4cc449be234f168eed4104bdb9f7725e80b8cc3ad794bb8af3c485f9a889","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f17a98f0f15f2a195fb328720db39ede71a36c200344ea6bf95a216df3c6a220","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f8e6d08a42f5bec5259eb322484a5786b9b9329027553c01cfc989650329f015","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0e26f6be2f697a34dd41e3ceafacfedd608dabc21140656936408a3ae55f7345","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/55db93ffef1cb2e763f7f0d85d316b44d1260ccfc3b90924b37d23243a156c44","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7bab4d2a0100fd990d04585f292e06cfb07a8d377d20aad8cc9b103aaa76679c"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2b81d11ec243452923f8f8ee36b862734b4e6042f5f6b555a0d7520acafc535d","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2f158c1bb8186bb59a4197cf80ea0c1fca6ae3b40f2d8d8ac087f990e41cd262","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/28123725e5913a6c524bdb0cb7d25d14290c37a03da60f0d917d48687ae1489b","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/10bdca80b721d140a4a8fd8f44e8b606de47c470f8e104010480318af36bd825","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/bdd75b3fdfa6799ad884e571c4e745ee8d7968f5534fc2c83232881addfb2b87","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/bce6438977d2c57d79b3fec5cd6d6c503f235e66f81978075ebe458f79bcc768","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/c5ae7a640cd9847ecd75566f59aa51e5cfda63faea213b4ed39749a97880e1cd","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/501cffb7335188d56ffb5a137bb7e1ce225880338f49c2d7bf5dd0e767a04f04"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This report provides an independent estimate of the cost of cleaning Canada\u2019s orphan oil and gas wells.","abstract_fr":"Le pr\u00e9sent rapport fournit une estimation ind\u00e9pendante du co\u00fbt du nettoyage des puits de p\u00e9trole et de gaz orphelins du Canada.","highlights":[{"content":{"en":"As of 2020, roughly 36 per cent of all wells in Alberta and Saskatchewan are active, the lowest share in recorded history. Inactive and plugged wells make up roughly 37 per cent of all wells.","fr":"En 2020, environ 36 % de tous les puits de l\u2019Alberta et de la Saskatchewan \u00e9taient actifs, soit le taux le plus faible jamais enregistr\u00e9. Les puits inactifs et colmat\u00e9s repr\u00e9sentent environ 37 % de tous les puits."}},{"content":{"en":"Provincial regulators require oil and natural gas companies to close inactive well sites. In the case where there is no known, financially viable operator capable of addressing the environmental liabilities associated with closing their wells, the wells under the company are deemed orphaned.","fr":"Les organismes de r\u00e9glementation provinciaux exigent que les entreprises p\u00e9troli\u00e8res et gazi\u00e8res ferment les puits inactifs. Les puits d\u2019une entreprise sont consid\u00e9r\u00e9s comme orphelins dans le cas o\u00f9 il n\u2019y a pas d\u2019exploitant connu et financi\u00e8rement viable qui soit capable de s\u2019acquitter des responsabilit\u00e9s environnementales associ\u00e9es \u00e0 la fermeture de ceux-ci."}},{"content":{"en":"In Alberta, the number of orphaned wells has increased from 700 to more than 8,600 over the last 10 years.","fr":"En Alberta, le nombre de puits orphelins est pass\u00e9 de 700 \u00e0 plus de 8 600 au cours des dix derni\u00e8res ann\u00e9es."}},{"content":{"en":"PBO estimates the cumulative cost for orphan well clean-up, on a national level, to be $361 million as of 2020.","fr":"Le DPB estime le co\u00fbt cumulatif du nettoyage des puits orphelins \u00e0 361 millions de dollars, \u00e0 l\u2019\u00e9chelle nationale, en 2020."}},{"content":{"en":"PBO estimates the cost of orphan well clean-up in Canada to reach $1.1 billion by 2025.","fr":"Le DPB estime que le co\u00fbt du nettoyage des puits orphelins au Canada atteindra 1,1 milliard de dollars d\u2019ici 2025."}},{"content":{"en":"At face value, the $1.7 billion allocated by the federal government through the Covid-19 Economic Response should be sufficient to cover the estimated clean-up of inactive oil and gas wells in the medium term. However, current provincial allocations give rise to an outstanding risk in the medium-term that the projected liability could persist if funding continues to be allocated to firms that do not have acute financial risk.","fr":"\u00c0 premi\u00e8re vue, la somme de 1,7 milliard de dollars allou\u00e9e dans le cadre du Plan d\u2019intervention \u00e9conomique du Canada pour r\u00e9pondre \u00e0 la COVID-19 devrait \u00eatre suffisante pour couvrir le co\u00fbt estimatif du nettoyage des puits de p\u00e9trole et de gaz inactifs \u00e0 moyen terme. Toutefois, il existe un risque \u00e0 moyen terme que les passifs projet\u00e9s persistent si les provinces continuent d\u2019attribuer des fonds aux entreprises qui n\u2019ont pas de risque financier \u00e9lev\u00e9."}}]},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2122026S,\n author={Forsyth, Jamie and Nahornick, Nora},\n title={Estimated Cost of Cleaning Canada\u2019s Orphan Oil and Gas Wells},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2122026S,\n author={Forsyth, Jamie and Nahornick, Nora},\n title={Cout estimatif du nettoyage des puits de p\\\u0027{e}trole et de gaz orphelins du Canada},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}}
{"id":"RP-2122-013-M","is_published":"2021-08-04T13:00:06.000000Z","release_date":"2021-08-04T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-08-04T13:00:06.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2122-013-M","title_en":"Cost Estimate for Motion 77: Improvements to Long-Term Care","title_fr":"Estimation des co\u00fbts d\u00e9coulant de la motion 77 : Am\u00e9liorations concernant les soins de longue dur\u00e9e","slug":"RP-2122-013-M--cost-estimate-motion-77-improvements-long-term-care--estimation-couts-decoulant-motion-77-ameliorations-concernant-soins-longue-duree","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-013-M--cost-estimate-motion-77-improvements-long-term-care--estimation-couts-decoulant-motion-77-ameliorations-concernant-soins-longue-duree","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-013-M--cost-estimate-motion-77-improvements-long-term-care--estimation-couts-decoulant-motion-77-ameliorations-concernant-soins-longue-duree"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-013-M--cost-estimate-motion-77-improvements-long-term-care--estimation-couts-decoulant-motion-77-ameliorations-concernant-soins-longue-duree","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-013-M--cost-estimate-motion-77-improvements-long-term-care--estimation-couts-decoulant-motion-77-ameliorations-concernant-soins-longue-duree"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/46d6a48451ea460cb2beefb46620819308f298940c57227ea95ae03edd39f61d"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/6454e34fe5733b262d6dd75591aaaaef0bf5c9c708fc453d046f56abf9beeb78"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/19b889a768a326643d95e8e0dc312f8adb096bf1fcbe9a5002bf4ad0312b7690","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7a6a010fff98cfcf1ae541330d3ec8213ffb594243ff478cb99b9f84248b231e","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d804d56075246ee187fbf74d3606d2ec63ca6f99515b010b53dc2ea69d73ce17","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d17057461b3053132f5fb987fb6afe5044e4a4e3a7505ea5011e5069bb8446b5","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/73d3b7803d62792c029a0b13bffa7f8cf6340fa3a4c8195e7ee5cae0a61d1ff3","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/04059ed4bc843b35224b86ce6122b8c7a698d57b13a2bfa056adc3a894d3769b","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3220c10f119eb5c33fcb925025e504c4d3c0d1d07730913385a07ccf4fbcfa88","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/15b6190401fc732ad4fdd4ea0ab9170cd4a7a56e03c54fff584592bfa5ae66a1"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/741041b8588b49321b2e10f31839ed51efb54c836b5c058e068c343a308c0405","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/c90473ece31a09ff572bee7efab37029c13a9d90e5e686a216792c64b97e5c31","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2149255159b2ecc0aaa0a3f81322e693f3495229431113d414dd5b29b9d25fd9","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/39a4c1e7cec0ef702137f1191ad69ad5b10234813040f343dc4aec6832e2e930","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/17a73882aaa27bf12510f6368ae0a93b34c4175a939750556a565fd3ce791005","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/eab2f3071e5b3f7a723f2780a436f480072e2d8ee46285f81b0d8b42ab3003ff","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ed9b0be3643a6c8c601e7a718a01659bee271cc148a1ea1ca279c11ab8098951","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7a223b05d6e861f6346329dc1ae0bc584b7b0ff461da93f1379187d9f6495064"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This report estimates the cost of implementing House of Commons Motion-77, which proposes several financially significant changes to long-term care for seniors. This report was prepared at the request of Mr. Paul Manly, MP for Nanaimo\u2014Ladysmith.","abstract_fr":"Ce rapport fournit une estimation des co\u00fbts de mise en \u0153uvre de la motion 77 de la Chambre des communes, qui propose plusieurs changements importants d\u2019un point de vue financier aux soins de longue dur\u00e9e pour les personnes \u00e2g\u00e9es. Ce rapport a \u00e9t\u00e9 pr\u00e9par\u00e9 \u00e0 la demande de Paul Manly, d\u00e9put\u00e9 de Nanaimo \u2014 Ladysmith.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2122013M,\n author={Segel-Brown, Ben},\n title={Cost Estimate for Motion 77: Improvements to Long-Term Care},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2122013M,\n author={Segel-Brown, Ben},\n title={Estimation des couts d\\\u0027{e}coulant de la motion 77 : Am\\\u0027{e}liorations concernant les soins de longue dur\\\u0027{e}e},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}}
{"id":"RP-2122-010-S","is_published":"2021-06-30T15:30:05.000000Z","release_date":"2021-06-30T15:30:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-06-30T15:30:05.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2122-010-S","title_en":"Fiscal Sustainability Report 2021","title_fr":"Rapport sur la viabilit\u00e9 financi\u00e8re de 2021","slug":"RP-2122-010-S--fiscal-sustainability-report-2021--rapport-viabilite-financiere-2021","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-010-S--fiscal-sustainability-report-2021--rapport-viabilite-financiere-2021","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-010-S--fiscal-sustainability-report-2021--rapport-viabilite-financiere-2021"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-010-S--fiscal-sustainability-report-2021--rapport-viabilite-financiere-2021","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-010-S--fiscal-sustainability-report-2021--rapport-viabilite-financiere-2021"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/93a1e3bc1b4432c0b2eac192241b866d36c048b5efc1aa8224e15364551f0c8e"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/0c111568c33b1b3c7cf8a0647926fdc61dcaf0ff9225c7b02a2065f8ecaaa148"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/1bb6856f8057e52b4715df5e54129f307a20fbd7667c8589f0ce2f4e6f3d6b1b","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e70e4a5aa5c220cb9d5c9a7bd66640f1261d048746a4ed65a7d2d34450921b36","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/11f5f10444c7d22d7cd6512d9405621980e027caabf152a04fb301a28c736d35","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b9eb4376740deefa55e4e2765a371623ea6ef468bf88daf4ce669223907d22d6","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a1e49d2917d92d555b2c15324c6c91ef7a089926b2d5e90dbc8ebff084131083","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/54b5c6e8ed33c07b8b7e76527c3db0f155e6e21ad2c9e2810ec8a09bf15aea94","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/969ea5cfa68ea719e8923b59022bd6825f49a8b82335003532ad2a1534fc3c10","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/9a2a3d85038048e547ba6870a20890be3b469f78c79c2adc3b6f5712e0d4824e"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/64cae7be56f841bd08e44f88da761ee90bd8be54cf44422789f34098bbef427a","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/dcad86f3eda1d7f80542a1e16b0b67ef06aa42e6246b946d97581f47370ac524","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7fcb07be5a6ea4884df519b34b812bb76c8e4c4bc1d13bc2e3b4d31a1a621093","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8f1064fd7353546237363f770e0bb3f7ab6f9860a162078f120715aeba3b7914","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a0bd3fa1ecf9187bccf1f94579b7b7ba994a54fbc111bcd837bc9a5a397b9a96","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/cda40e013f44f14069acccecf0eda1d620676ce844e57ddc9cab7a66db68b2f1","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/1528f556c656344987a01f39a78eb9bbb9b235be8043b234d8d805b1c5cefda5","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/56a1be988b0d64c31e89debd06ab767bf4dde1785172666bc030f37e8ed8b6cf"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This report provides PBO\u2019s assessment of the sustainability of government finances over the long term for the federal government, subnational governments and public pension plans.","abstract_fr":"Dans ce rapport, le DPB pr\u00e9sente son \u00e9valuation de la viabilit\u00e9 financi\u00e8re \u00e0 long terme du gouvernement f\u00e9d\u00e9ral, des administrations infranationales et des r\u00e9gimes de retraite g\u00e9n\u00e9raux.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2122010S,\n author={MacPhee, Sarah and Bergeron, \\\u0027{E}tienne and Busby, Carleigh and Nicol, Caroline},\n title={Fiscal Sustainability Report 2021},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2122010S,\n author={MacPhee, Sarah and Bergeron, \\\u0027{E}tienne and Busby, Carleigh and Nicol, Caroline},\n title={Rapport sur la viabilit\\\u0027{e} financi\\`{e}re de 2021},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}}
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{"id":"RP-2122-001-S","is_published":"2021-04-07T14:30:07.000000Z","release_date":"2021-04-07T14:30:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-04-07T18:02:29.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2122-001-S","title_en":"Distributional and Fiscal Analysis of a National Guaranteed Basic Income","title_fr":"Analyse financi\u00e8re et distributive d\u2019un revenu de base garanti \u00e0 l\u2019\u00e9chelle nationale","slug":"RP-2122-001-S--distributional-fiscal-analysis-national-guaranteed-basic-income--analyse-financiere-distributive-un-revenu-base-garanti-echelle-nationale","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-001-S--distributional-fiscal-analysis-national-guaranteed-basic-income--analyse-financiere-distributive-un-revenu-base-garanti-echelle-nationale","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-001-S--distributional-fiscal-analysis-national-guaranteed-basic-income--analyse-financiere-distributive-un-revenu-base-garanti-echelle-nationale"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-001-S--distributional-fiscal-analysis-national-guaranteed-basic-income--analyse-financiere-distributive-un-revenu-base-garanti-echelle-nationale","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-001-S--distributional-fiscal-analysis-national-guaranteed-basic-income--analyse-financiere-distributive-un-revenu-base-garanti-echelle-nationale"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/71f12c2a896208681dcd59ff69f19e1a6c024d00a60c2e2c195f56293f8fff1c"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/c489253a238366eabc29a6e56f70bafbe60000d7d0868e98b1fdddb26a7d8f1c"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/167234bb1d7351400494e125c9ca6d3c8af1f73e","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ad3d00bbe1d30a7c256a117fad36311a6737613a","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0699fb9129044a56dbc82c5f5d8cf92237257d6d","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/845a7905a6e53b3a8af4b3790c31344055867b7a","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d4de379b69cb506aeaec0ee87a119e1665e1ed2d","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/16533c5d806b19fad57e97f9b8b3ff5576b08f19","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3958562d3312613c107fdca9d95640653a8e5621","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2bf846abe6506acb871e2f906f7370df4836ffb8"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/eee16a0c09948176c791c51e8e33e981fbc7f59c","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e11a9042cd519bfd1733988f18378366aa267568","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/c4a610d08e5d3d1c0a70aea9e8b1e0af5d669b26","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/65ee403866436e8527d41be381107f720f792d4a","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/592b1bd35293b12acffd3293cdf6e07a10fd151d","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7210e67daa5f0629b54661e193fb8d53b72a6f55","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0c0206f3730d21a3c4e74641e0116a11aa890031","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/cef0d0f0c46baeefa14ce60f37889132a6ad9697"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"Several parliamentarians requested that the PBO prepare a distributional analysis of Guaranteed Basic Income using parameters set out in Ontario\u2019s basic income pilot project, examine the impact across income quintiles, family types and gender, and identify the net federal revenue increase required to offset the net cost of the new program. 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L\u2019analyse tient \u00e9galement compte de la r\u00e9ponse comportementale.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2122001S,\n author={Ammar, Nasreddine and Busby, Carleigh and Mohamed Ahmed, Salma},\n title={Distributional and Fiscal Analysis of a National Guaranteed Basic Income},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2122001S,\n author={Ammar, Nasreddine and Busby, Carleigh and Mohamed Ahmed, Salma},\n title={Analyse financi\\`{e}re et distributive d\u2019un revenu de base garanti \\`{a} l\u2019\\\u0027{e}chelle nationale},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}}