[{"label":"Home","url":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en"},{"label":"Staff","url":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/staff--equipe","section":{"id":1,"title_en":"About","title_fr":"\u00c0 propos"}},{"label":"Albert Kho","url":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/staff--equipe\/albert-kho","section":{"id":1,"title_en":"About","title_fr":"\u00c0 propos"}}]

Albert is an Analyst at the Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer. He holds an MA in Economics from the University of British Columbia, and both a BA in Economics and a BSc in Actuarial Science from Simon Fraser University located in Burnaby, British Columbia.

Prior to joining the OPBO, he has worked in Research and Teaching Assistant positions at both UBC and SFU. Professionally, he has worked at the Insurance Corporation of British Columbia as an Actuarial Assistant.

Latest publications

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ex\u00e9cution","slug":"RP-2223-003-S--industrial-technological-benefits-policy-an-analysis-contractor-obligations-fulfillment--politique-retombees-industrielles-technologiques-analyse-obligations-contractuelles-leur-execution","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2223-003-S--industrial-technological-benefits-policy-an-analysis-contractor-obligations-fulfillment--politique-retombees-industrielles-technologiques-analyse-obligations-contractuelles-leur-execution","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2223-003-S--industrial-technological-benefits-policy-an-analysis-contractor-obligations-fulfillment--politique-retombees-industrielles-technologiques-analyse-obligations-contractuelles-leur-execution"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2223-003-S--industrial-technological-benefits-policy-an-analysis-contractor-obligations-fulfillment--politique-retombees-industrielles-technologiques-analyse-obligations-contractuelles-leur-execution","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2223-003-S--industrial-technological-benefits-policy-an-analysis-contractor-obligations-fulfillment--politique-retombees-industrielles-technologiques-analyse-obligations-contractuelles-leur-execution"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/cdae8df20c63dd08820ba553a37151863d4e5112ae56def60eb2ca27fba302f0"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/a051717dda0837e7ce62b0be42457f5be3ac97d8dd68d9260a6118ac5619396d"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/10cd2757f0307770e125fc170544a40d862bd2bda2e14a33d181021d94997d4f","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/bdd0ed5df7135d9554038d4257995c45bdaced62b1a431a8bb2fc78774cc3333","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/1858add0d0b49b8c91854e0efde71739deeae3e06c02b031f02b49ca2c80455b","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2f4a399d982844af3d4cc49b23ea598614bb933e24755b496f329a7679a61296","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a0698a2c4c37c1d5ff56209104607ecf0d8812abeae3349f93f1336788b838ba","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7cdaa2084a52a06c5b3a8d2b6c319e86d23a10a8dba4bd04659784d31d849b2f","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/da6f013e109c3e8fe781fb29172e66d99c8ac26fb36c146026e265b46ee64c52","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/59c5c05dbb69be60639c44bddc9d85295b003b478a73b3c2648e8fa7f52d808a"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a99e661f590ab8406835a57b7b933b5729a07274d6d8b87b26ba3d757f7cbc68","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2c389f45309083b31363909c1c976185f89d2aa98d9cd23a2dd8b60a7034da41","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/bd02ce758f90230b2d21c1d4342fe3c26ffeae9b0c0e86d0d47549c4d7675881","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/dd8ef88799f4cadcb28a027c704bc9d3105ae6741b41e340481694ef6ce379ad","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b49708cd9d577e10ee5436308f8a4fbc6bc124b12ec800b3275b0cda7527de1e","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d54446f6d943a09734a80e73f4ddfdfd4e2ecf00d119ba80495e68fc0777e755","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8ea4e0542d51cd6582b66ba4b8dacacc04bb5d255793a22140d27efe56379d0b","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/32265881fdead9e0b1ad868576a06ccb76d40771f37e767e3213b7abe5c291d5"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This report analyses transactions and investments made from 2015-2019 under the Industrial and Technological Benefits Policy for Canadian defence and security procurement, as administered by Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada.","abstract_fr":"Ce rapport r\u00e9sume l\u2019analyse des engagements en mati\u00e8re d\u2019investissement pris au cours de la p\u00e9riode allant de 2015 \u00e0 2019 conform\u00e9ment \u00e0 la Politique des retomb\u00e9es industrielles et technologiques dans le domaine de l\u2019approvisionnement de d\u00e9fense et de s\u00e9curit\u00e9 du Canada, dont l\u2019application est assur\u00e9e par Innovation, Sciences et D\u00e9veloppement \u00e9conomique Canada.","highlights":[{"content":{"en":"ITB transactions over the 2015 to 2019 period total $18.3 billion in Canadian dollars.","fr":"Les transactions li\u00e9es aux RIT au cours de la p\u00e9riode de 2015 \u00e0 2019 totalisent 18,3 milliards de dollars canadiens."}},{"content":{"en":"Credit multipliers do not play a significant role in obligation fulfillment, accounting for only 0.8% of total transactions.","fr":"Les multiplicateurs de cr\u00e9dit ne contribuent pas beaucoup \u00e0 l\u2019ex\u00e9cution des obligations (ne repr\u00e9sentent que 0,8 % du total des transactions)."}},{"content":{"en":"\u201cIndirect\u201d transactions, which concern work unrelated to the procurement, account for nearly half (47.1%) of the total dollar value of transactions.","fr":"Les transactions \u00ab indirectes \u00bb, qui concernent des travaux sans lien avec l\u2019approvisionnement, repr\u00e9sentent pr\u00e8s de la moiti\u00e9 (47,1 %) de la valeur totale en dollars des transactions."}},{"content":{"en":"While Small and Medium Enterprises are engaged in over 50 percent of ITB transactions, they account for only 12.2% of total transaction amounts.","fr":"M\u00eame si les petites et moyennes entreprises participent \u00e0 plus de la moiti\u00e9 des transactions li\u00e9es aux RIT, elles ne comptent que pour 12,2 % de leur montant total."}},{"content":{"en":"Of the total dollar value in ITB transactions with large partner firms, Canadian-owned firms account for 30.8%.","fr":"Les entreprises appartenant \u00e0 des int\u00e9r\u00eats canadiens repr\u00e9sentent 30,8 % de la valeur totale en dollars des transactions li\u00e9es aux RIT avec de grandes entreprises partenaires."}}]},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2223003S,\n author={Kho, Albert and Penney, Christopher},\n title={The Industrial and Technological Benefits Policy: An Analysis of Contractor Obligations and Fulfillment},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2223003S,\n author={Kho, Albert and Penney, Christopher},\n title={Politique des retomb\\\u0027{e}es industrielles et technologiques : analyse des obligations contractuelles et de leur ex\\\u0027{e}cution},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-2122-033-S","is_published":"2022-03-11T14:00:03.000000Z","release_date":"2022-03-11T14:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2022-03-11T14:00:03.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2122-033-S","title_en":"Planned Capital Spending Under Strong, Secure, Engaged \u2013 Canada\u2019s Defence Policy: 2022 Update","title_fr":"D\u00e9penses en capital pr\u00e9vues au titre de la politique de d\u00e9fense du Canada Protection, S\u00e9curit\u00e9, Engagement : Mise \u00e0 jour de 2022","slug":"RP-2122-033-S--planned-capital-spending-under-strong-secure-engaged-canada-defence-policy-2022-update--depenses-capital-prevues-titre-politique-defense-canada-protection-securite-engagement-mise-jour-202","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-033-S--planned-capital-spending-under-strong-secure-engaged-canada-defence-policy-2022-update--depenses-capital-prevues-titre-politique-defense-canada-protection-securite-engagement-mise-jour-202","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-033-S--planned-capital-spending-under-strong-secure-engaged-canada-defence-policy-2022-update--depenses-capital-prevues-titre-politique-defense-canada-protection-securite-engagement-mise-jour-202"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-033-S--planned-capital-spending-under-strong-secure-engaged-canada-defence-policy-2022-update--depenses-capital-prevues-titre-politique-defense-canada-protection-securite-engagement-mise-jour-202","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-033-S--planned-capital-spending-under-strong-secure-engaged-canada-defence-policy-2022-update--depenses-capital-prevues-titre-politique-defense-canada-protection-securite-engagement-mise-jour-202"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/c7a9b6d526158fb08858faa6012bbe61777939997eb35e4fd6c510e843f21dc1"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/5514acb3ab249bb02d2c6005cb22ea01ef3e7443f87744ab869e303458d17c5b"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0d894fc95e4773d61803a7d3dca6382838aa0f05957eb33ea59c6cfbf475bfcd","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ac0d1ac62d23ca41e266b30e2ef154f53c6de7ff34639711059003a0fe6763bb","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/46c26fa3b1e6dedc5c5275868f0d11be770b3ae7b8069ea7737710154a69e31a","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d4dc44604a9d9a84bdea0bf2efc69d51c5cb571840aa951419764249fa0abe1d","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ce9e92dc526ae22569b59bd0fd84d21efe5549b73010dc1dd1e7805411aeed5d","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7f147c10667345eabe0b12eecf3077bc5ec83baa5c00897439ced5bcedd19cd2","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/fea2e406e93996e0eb77a05bcfa8d77b762d15d6a298aa9fbc39b1c7d26d2e4d","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8112eb19f5a920ebdb53830d2f946dc199c813ab2897be57be640a0fc2a8cdf0"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ad15bf28f62a338c9cfec5e90249a900de10779596bd5525a4d408497abf2346","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/650ff1d134ab945dcfac5bba6cf91eea26362bbf2cdfe6b79f166545f96fc17f","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/aecdb69c091d3b2db63b66999583867e44b78126271aa1232e6b75fb1a5ce94e","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ce580c886d31c9c8c0d514630080b6f71255b4b33dd72bd8b54e96e9056a9302","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a5d9de09f104d17f62f6f185aecc9d7fd21771856c9439153f4782b78fb3d43c","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/20efbd37d0b95f1924821ac0ce60a101d803fc94bd8324ed67581800d92484f3","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/dc95028e259f464dec4037c7edca049ea7288a71b527cfd2467331ed6009824c","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8918c335218165b7cd0b66a8579ffc4365abc4abf85c0c7aeb4080bbae827803"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This report analyses Department of National Defence planned capital spending under Strong, Secure, Engaged, announced in 2017, as of 2022.","abstract_fr":"Ce rapport analyse, en date de 2022, les d\u00e9penses en capital pr\u00e9vues du minist\u00e8re de la D\u00e9fense nationale au titre de la politique de d\u00e9fense Protection, S\u00e9curit\u00e9, Engagement annonc\u00e9e en 2017.","highlights":[{"content":{"en":"For the first time, all $164 billion earmarked for capital spending in the Strong, Secure, Engaged (SSE) envelope is reconciled.","fr":"Pour la premi\u00e8re fois, le rapprochement est maintenant effectu\u00e9 pour l\u2019int\u00e9gralit\u00e9 des 164 milliards de dollars de l\u2019enveloppe des d\u00e9penses en capital au titre de la politique Protection, S\u00e9curit\u00e9, Engagement (PSE)."}},{"content":{"en":"There are additional delays in planned spending, raising concerns on the sufficiency of the SSE envelope due to inflation.","fr":"En raison de l\u2019inflation, les retards additionnels dans les d\u00e9penses pr\u00e9vues font craindre que l\u2019enveloppe de la politique PSE soit insuffisante."}},{"content":{"en":"The highest planned annual capital expenditure increases from $12.6 billion to $16.3 billion.","fr":"Les d\u00e9penses en capital annuelles pr\u00e9vues les plus \u00e9lev\u00e9es sont pass\u00e9es de 12,6 \u00e0 16,3 milliards de dollars."}}]},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2122033S,\n author={Kho, Albert and Penney, Christopher},\n title={Planned Capital Spending Under Strong, Secure, Engaged - Canada\u2019s Defence Policy: 2022 Update},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2122033S,\n author={Kho, Albert and Penney, Christopher},\n title={D\\\u0027{e}penses en capital pr\\\u0027{e}vues au titre de la politique de d\\\u0027{e}fense du Canada Protection, S\\\u0027{e}curit\\\u0027{e}, Engagement : Mise \\`{a} jour de 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the existing Disability Tax Credit (DTC) refundable within the meaning of the Income Tax Act. The applicable 2021 credit for adults is $8,662, with an additional $5,053 supplement for those under 18.","abstract_fr":"Rendre remboursable le cr\u00e9dit d\u2019imp\u00f4t pour personnes handicap\u00e9es (CIPH) au sens de la Loi de l\u2019imp\u00f4t sur le revenu. 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