[{"label":"Home","url":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en"},{"label":"Staff","url":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/staff--equipe","section":{"id":1,"title_en":"About","title_fr":"\u00c0 propos"}},{"label":"Nora Nahornick","url":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/staff--equipe\/nora-nahornick","section":{"id":1,"title_en":"About","title_fr":"\u00c0 propos"}}]

Nora Nahornick is an Economist with the OPBO.

Nora holds a Master’s degree in Economics from the University of Toronto and a BSc Specialization in Mathematics and Finance from the University of Alberta.

Prior to joining the OPBO, Nora worked in public equities.

Latest publications

    {"id":"LEG-2223-003-S","is_published":"2022-05-05T12:57:12.000000Z","release_date":"2022-05-05T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2022-05-05T12:57:12.000000Z","type":"LEG","internal_id":"LEG-2223-003-S","title_en":"Mobility tax deduction for tradespersons and indentured apprentices","title_fr":"D\u00e9duction pour la mobilit\u00e9 des personnes de m\u00e9tier et apprentis li\u00e9s par contrat","slug":"LEG-2223-003-S--mobility-tax-deduction-tradespersons-indentured-apprentices--deduction-mobilite-personnes-metier-apprentis-lies-contrat","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2223-003-S--mobility-tax-deduction-tradespersons-indentured-apprentices--deduction-mobilite-personnes-metier-apprentis-lies-contrat","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2223-003-S--mobility-tax-deduction-tradespersons-indentured-apprentices--deduction-mobilite-personnes-metier-apprentis-lies-contrat"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2223-003-S--mobility-tax-deduction-tradespersons-indentured-apprentices--deduction-mobilite-personnes-metier-apprentis-lies-contrat","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2223-003-S--mobility-tax-deduction-tradespersons-indentured-apprentices--deduction-mobilite-personnes-metier-apprentis-lies-contrat"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/0371c597a39f37ddbb628499becf6d7d4f0424864d09923225869ee38e79ed08"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/028b01362cfabe99faeb13e0647822a54a9e5a6e322906015ecf0257f91a0cb6"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/4da13c14f510e3f5c25d14f60de458d60aff601bc776a511003c114bda6ca138","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5bb480949f96f43347aabaf46f7b7b5ac59b89e87bd252e4a4ca859e8f21fb6a","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f3128844ee1dda54d17fa0158ec85bf7a364260e84d85aaa81d6018b69c6cbcc","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2eea38bb7546ae6297a37a2852ce7bee5216e01915fa28dd2881c0fa3022e70b","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2a7aa71c60f9fa59ccfdf7736f825de407cb1556aad76d15744cafb786e16a40","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/4f9ee5a45460aa3804cf5a6ff92641d0121fb7f5ef76caaa5988cc4ba91e2009","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d09d35315f9b0e0dfe7c2eca0708a753c3a390014b01f7ccc584fcb55be99880","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/1e08f70ac7a469230f59919660f507582944a0f8e17d194b328d30b42c9de1d5"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e4f77bf7f475744ea236a8deae228e188c9089126f816db0b8430b0d897c0dd1","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/6da955158e40a04f7d030ba82b24174e74ae5677a6c45e67c719a55f18a5bf30","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2375d096e20805acc11e5870cbd965d6a1ffbc910caf028ee02f7a71f8c8019d","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7fc692468dbdf943c2c0cc075b5496fc3addfba60e8e28e09a45be1e02f58d42","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/64d7557800386afe00c089866a6741822450216990f531a463d1a8f24623b91f","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/050658c89cfda634f1e2da94b0460e15531282db2d21c3db40eb815ab672c523","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/28798be2f75a28750168c8cb6ad3ff19c706c9e5d730b7e63971f95034c3edc9","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0e3a8eaec70481316c63b252a034a02a5cf7d4acf95ec26124fd7a812035aee1"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"Bill C-19, the Budget Implement Act, proposed to introduce a Labour Mobility Deduction which would provide tax recognition of up to $4,000 per year in eligible travel and temporary relocation expenses to eligible tradespersons and apprentices. The PBO estimates that it will cost $103 million in 2022-2023 to allow tradespersons and indentured apprentices to deduct costs from travelling when employed in a construction activity at a job site that is located at least 150 kilometers from their ordinary place of residence.","abstract_fr":"Le projet de loi C-19, Loi portant ex\u00e9cution de certaines dispositions du budget, propose d\u2019instaurer une D\u00e9duction pour la mobilit\u00e9 de la main-d\u2019\u0153uvre, correspondant \u00e0 un montant maximal de 4 000 $ par ann\u00e9e pour les frais de d\u00e9placement et de r\u00e9installation temporaire admissibles, \u00e0 l\u2019intention des personnes de m\u00e9tier et apprentis admissibles. Le DPB estime que 103 millions de dollars seront n\u00e9cessaires en 2022-2023 pour permettre aux personnes de m\u00e9tier et aux apprentis li\u00e9s par contrat de d\u00e9duire les co\u00fbts des d\u00e9placements effectu\u00e9s dans le cadre de travaux de construction sur un chantier situ\u00e9 \u00e0 au moins 150 kilom\u00e8tres de leur lieu de r\u00e9sidence habituel.","highlights":[]},"bills":[{"id":340,"created_at":"2022-04-29T06:00:09-04:00","updated_at":"2022-05-05T08:57:12-04:00","legisid":"44_1_C-19","parliament":44,"session":1,"prefix":"C","number":19,"title_en":"An Act to implement certain provisions of the budget tabled in Parliament on April 7, 2022 and other measures","title_fr":"Loi portant ex\u00e9cution de certaines dispositions du budget d\u00e9pos\u00e9 au Parlement le 7 avril 2022 et mettant en oeuvre d\u0027autres mesures","bill_num":"C-19","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/pbo-dpb.gc.ca\/en\/legis?pa=44\u0026se=1\u0026bp=C-19"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/pbo-dpb.gc.ca\/fr\/legis?pa=44\u0026se=1\u0026bp=C-19"}},"pivot":{"publication_id":682,"bill_id":340}}],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-LEG2223003S,\n author={Nahornick, Nora},\n title={Mobility tax deduction for tradespersons and indentured apprentices},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-LEG2223003S,\n author={Nahornick, Nora},\n title={D\\\u0027{e}duction pour la mobilit\\\u0027{e} des personnes de m\\\u0027{e}tier et apprentis li\\\u0027{e}s par contrat},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-2223-001-S","is_published":"2022-04-22T12:57:10.000000Z","release_date":"2022-04-22T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2022-04-22T13:03:40.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2223-001-S","title_en":"Budget 2022: Issues for parliamentarians","title_fr":"Budget de 2022 : Consid\u00e9rations pour les 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assist parliamentarians in their budgetary deliberations, this report highlights key issues arising from Budget 2022.","abstract_fr":"Ce rapport fait ressortir les faits saillants du budget de 2022 pour aider les parlementaires dans leurs d\u00e9lib\u00e9rations budg\u00e9taires.","highlights":[{"content":{"en":"Since the start of the pandemic, the Government has spent, or has planned to spend, $576 billion in new measures\u2014over 35 per cent, $204.5 billion, of this spending is not part of the COVID-19 Response Plan.","fr":"Depuis le d\u00e9but de la pand\u00e9mie, le gouvernement a d\u00e9pens\u00e9, ou pr\u00e9vu de d\u00e9penser, 576 milliards de dollars en nouvelles mesures \u2013 plus de 35 % de ces d\u00e9penses, soit 204,5 milliards de dollars, ne fait pas partie du Plan d\u2019intervention \u00e9conomique du Canada pour r\u00e9pondre \u00e0 la COVID-19."}},{"content":{"en":"Implementation of any remaining measures from the Liberal Party of Canada\u2019s 2021 election platform, as well as additional commitments not included in Budget 2022, such as Pharmacare, will impact the budgetary balance going forward.","fr":"La mise en \u0153uvre de toute mesure restante du programme \u00e9lectoral de 2021 du Parti lib\u00e9ral du Canada, ainsi que tout engagement suppl\u00e9mentaire non indiqu\u00e9 au budget de 2022, comme l\u2019assurance-m\u00e9dicaments, aura une incidence sur le solde budg\u00e9taire ult\u00e9rieur."}},{"content":{"en":"Budget 2022 includes new spending on tax compliance, which is expected to recover $3.4 billion in revenues. There is downside risk to the projected recovery in revenues due to a likely increase in the number of objections and appeals from taxpayers and CRA\u2019s performance on the collection of arrears.","fr":"Le budget de 2022 comporte de nouvelles d\u00e9penses pour l\u2019observation fiscale, dont on s\u2019attend qu\u2019elles entra\u00eenent le recouvrement de recettes fiscales de 3,4 milliards de dollars. Les recettes recouvr\u00e9es pourraient toutefois \u00eatre moins \u00e9lev\u00e9es que pr\u00e9vu, en raison d\u2019une probable augmentation du nombre d\u2019oppositions et d\u2019appels des contribuables et du rendement de l\u2019ARC en mati\u00e8re de perception des arri\u00e9r\u00e9s."}},{"content":{"en":"The Government expects to reduce spending by $9.0 billion beginning in 2023-24. The Government intends to review and identify areas to reduce spending. However, specific details regarding the scope of the review have not yet been announced.","fr":"Le gouvernement s\u2019attend \u00e0 r\u00e9duire les d\u00e9penses de 9,0 milliards de dollars en 2023-2024. Il entend proc\u00e9der \u00e0 un examen afin de d\u00e9terminer les secteurs o\u00f9 les d\u00e9penses seront r\u00e9duites. Cependant, certains d\u00e9tails sur la port\u00e9e de l\u2019examen n\u2019ont pas encore \u00e9t\u00e9 annonc\u00e9s."}},{"content":{"en":"The tabling of Budget 2022 a month after the Government\u2019s Main Estimates decouples the Government\u2019s fiscal planning from the medium-term operational plans tabled in Parliament. Parliamentarians could be well served by adopting a new legislative or administrative framework to enforce better alignment among the Government\u2019s various financial reports.","fr":"Le d\u00e9p\u00f4t du budget de 2022 un mois apr\u00e8s la pr\u00e9sentation du budget principal des d\u00e9penses dissocie la planification financi\u00e8re du gouvernement des plans op\u00e9rationnels \u00e0 moyen terme d\u00e9pos\u00e9s au Parlement. Il pourrait \u00eatre utile que les parlementaires adoptent un nouveau cadre l\u00e9gislatif ou administratif pour imposer une meilleure harmonisation entre les divers rapports financiers du gouvernement."}}]},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2223001S,\n author={Bernier, Govindadeva and Grinshpoon, Kristina and Jacques, Jason and Nahornick, Nora and Nicol, Caroline and Perrault, Louis and Stanton, Jason},\n title={Budget 2022: Issues for parliamentarians},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2223001S,\n author={Bernier, Govindadeva and Grinshpoon, Kristina and Jacques, Jason and Nahornick, Nora and Nicol, Caroline and Perrault, Louis and Stanton, Jason},\n title={Budget de 2022 : Consid\\\u0027{e}rations pour les parlementaires},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} 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C-222 proposes to allow tradespersons and indentured apprentices to deduct, for income tax purposes, the costs associated with travelling when employed in a construction activity at a job site that is located at least 80 kilometers away from their ordinary place of residence. This act is to apply to the 2022 tax year and any subsequent taxation years.\n\nThe PBO estimates that it will cost $117 million in 2022-2023 to allow tradespersons and indentured apprentices to deduct costs from travelling when employed in a construction activity at a job site that is located at least 80 kilometers from their ordinary place of residence.","abstract_fr":"Le projet de loi C-222 propose de permettre aux gens de m\u00e9tier et aux apprentis li\u00e9s par contrat de d\u00e9duire de leur revenu, \u00e0 des fins fiscales, les d\u00e9penses qu\u2019ils effectuent pour se d\u00e9placer lorsqu\u2019ils occupent un emploi dans le domaine de la construction sur un chantier situ\u00e9 \u00e0 au moins 80 kilom\u00e8tres de leur lieu de r\u00e9sidence habituelle. La loi s\u2019appliquera aux ann\u00e9es d\u2019imposition 2022 et suivantes.\n\nLe DPB estime qu\u2019il en co\u00fbtera 117 millions de dollars en 2022-2023 pour permettre aux gens de m\u00e9tier et aux apprentis li\u00e9s par contrat de d\u00e9duire de leur revenu les d\u00e9penses qu\u2019ils effectuent pour se d\u00e9placer lorsqu\u2019ils occupent un emploi dans le domaine de la construction sur un chantier situ\u00e9 \u00e0 au moins 80 kilom\u00e8tres de leur lieu de r\u00e9sidence habituelle.","highlights":[]},"bills":[{"id":267,"created_at":"2021-12-16T14:00:09-05:00","updated_at":"2021-12-16T14:00:09-05:00","legisid":"44_1_C-222","parliament":44,"session":1,"prefix":"C","number":222,"title_en":"An Act to amend the Income Tax Act (travel expenses deduction for tradespersons)","title_fr":"Loi modifiant la Loi de l\u2019imp\u00f4t sur le revenu (d\u00e9duction des frais de d\u00e9placement pour les gens de m\u00e9tier)","bill_num":"C-222","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/pbo-dpb.gc.ca\/en\/legis?pa=44\u0026se=1\u0026bp=C-222"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/pbo-dpb.gc.ca\/fr\/legis?pa=44\u0026se=1\u0026bp=C-222"}},"pivot":{"publication_id":679,"bill_id":267}}],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-LEG2223002S,\n author={Nahornick, Nora},\n title={Mobility tax deduction for tradespersons and indentured apprentices},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-LEG2223002S,\n author={Nahornick, Nora},\n title={D\\\u0027{e}duction fiscale pour les d\\\u0027{e}placements des gens de m\\\u0027{e}tier et des apprentis li\\\u0027{e}s par contrat},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-2122-030-S","is_published":"2022-03-01T14:00:03.000000Z","release_date":"2022-03-01T14:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2022-03-01T14:00:03.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2122-030-S","title_en":"Economic and Fiscal Outlook \u2013 March 2022","title_fr":"Perspectives \u00e9conomiques et financi\u00e8res \u2013 Mars 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report provides a baseline projection to help parliamentarians gauge potential economic and fiscal outcomes under current policy settings.","abstract_fr":"Ce rapport pr\u00e9sente des pr\u00e9visions de r\u00e9f\u00e9rence pour aider les parlementaires \u00e0 \u00e9valuer les r\u00e9sultats \u00e9conomiques et budg\u00e9taires possibles en vertu des cadres d\u2019action actuels.","highlights":[{"content":{"en":"PBO projects growth in the Canadian economy to rebound sharply in the second quarter and remain robust in the second half of 2022 as the reopening of the economy continues.","fr":"Le DPB pr\u00e9voit que la croissance de l\u2019\u00e9conomie canadienne reprendra nettement au cours du deuxi\u00e8me trimestre et qu\u2019elle demeurera solide durant la deuxi\u00e8me moiti\u00e9 de 2022 alors que se poursuit la r\u00e9ouverture progressive de l\u2019\u00e9conomie."}},{"content":{"en":"Based on our outlook for inflation and the output gap, PBO projects that the Bank of Canada will increase its policy interest rate by a cumulative 75 basis points, lifting its rate to 1.00 per cent by the end of 2022.","fr":"En s\u2019appuyant sur ses perspectives concernant l\u2019inflation et l\u2019\u00e9cart de production, le DPB pr\u00e9voit que la Banque du Canada va augmenter son taux directeur de 75 points de base cumulatifs, relevant le taux \u00e0 1 % d\u2019ici la fin de 2022."}},{"content":{"en":"PBO projects a budget deficit of $139.8 billion (5.6 per cent of GDP) in 2021-22 and $47.9 billion (1.8 per cent of GDP) in 2022-23. We project the federal debt-to-GDP ratio to peak at 47.7 per cent in 2021-22 and then gradually decline over the medium term to 42.3 per cent.","fr":"Le DPB pr\u00e9voit un d\u00e9ficit budg\u00e9taire de 139,8 milliards de dollars en 2021-2022 (5,6 % du PIB) et de 47,9 milliards de dollars en 2022-2023, soit 1,8 % du PIB. Le ratio de la dette f\u00e9d\u00e9rale au PIB devrait atteindre un sommet \u00e0 47,7 % du PIB en 2021-2022 avant de revenir progressivement \u00e0 moyen terme \u00e0 42,3 %."}},{"content":{"en":"Due to low interest rates, the cost of servicing the federal debt reached its lowest recorded level in 2020-21 of 7.2 per cent of tax revenues. While interest rates are projected to rise, the debt service ratio will remain low, reaching 11.5 per cent of tax revenues over the medium term.","fr":"\u00c9tant donn\u00e9 les faibles taux d\u2019int\u00e9r\u00eat, le co\u00fbt de service de la dette f\u00e9d\u00e9rale a atteint son niveau le plus bas enregistr\u00e9 en 2020-2021, \u00e0 7,2 % des recettes fiscales. Malgr\u00e9 la hausse anticip\u00e9e des taux d\u2019int\u00e9r\u00eat, le ratio du service de la dette du gouvernement demeurera bas, atteignant 11,5 % des recettes fiscales \u00e0 moyen terme."}}]},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2122030S,\n author={Nahornick, Nora and Nicol, Caroline and Stanton, Jason and Ammar, Nasreddine and Behrend, Robert and Cl\\\u0027{e}ophat, R\\\u0027{e}gine and Creighton, Mark and Duncan, Krista and Forsyth, Jamie and Giswold, Jill and MacPhee, Sarah and Michalyshyn, Katarina and Segel-Brown, Ben and Sourang, Diarra and Vanderwees, Kaitlyn},\n title={Economic and Fiscal Outlook - March 2022},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2122030S,\n author={Nahornick, Nora and Nicol, Caroline and Stanton, Jason and Ammar, Nasreddine and Behrend, Robert and Cl\\\u0027{e}ophat, R\\\u0027{e}gine and Creighton, Mark and Duncan, Krista and Forsyth, Jamie and Giswold, Jill and MacPhee, Sarah and Michalyshyn, Katarina and Segel-Brown, Ben and Sourang, Diarra and Vanderwees, Kaitlyn},\n title={Perspectives \\\u0027{e}conomiques et financi\\`{e}res - Mars 2022},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-2122-026-S","is_published":"2022-01-25T14:00:09.000000Z","release_date":"2022-01-25T14:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2022-01-25T19:19:59.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2122-026-S","title_en":"Estimated Cost of Cleaning Canada\u2019s Orphan Oil and Gas Wells","title_fr":"Co\u00fbt estimatif du nettoyage des puits de p\u00e9trole et de gaz orphelins du Canada","slug":"RP-2122-026-S--estimated-cost-cleaning-canada-orphan-oil-gas-wells--cout-estimatif-nettoyage-puits-petrole-gaz-orphelins-canada","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-026-S--estimated-cost-cleaning-canada-orphan-oil-gas-wells--cout-estimatif-nettoyage-puits-petrole-gaz-orphelins-canada","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-026-S--estimated-cost-cleaning-canada-orphan-oil-gas-wells--cout-estimatif-nettoyage-puits-petrole-gaz-orphelins-canada"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-026-S--estimated-cost-cleaning-canada-orphan-oil-gas-wells--cout-estimatif-nettoyage-puits-petrole-gaz-orphelins-canada","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-026-S--estimated-cost-cleaning-canada-orphan-oil-gas-wells--cout-estimatif-nettoyage-puits-petrole-gaz-orphelins-canada"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/44de649e994977a9771ff83959ba6b9563f5c1352ec3ba4f83c4d256f40a6b41"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/f585eece167a9e98232eb8d15328ed76e09bb696570696c30c74563b12fdf372"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d4e0ecf34f5d12d1b64dd5f4d9605becb8acc3fc302f78daa20f5d23986b3e45","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/298c53fb22cbe648e4e37495fc1b21c69380d10f3970664424ec3c9f49458570","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0f6d4cc449be234f168eed4104bdb9f7725e80b8cc3ad794bb8af3c485f9a889","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f17a98f0f15f2a195fb328720db39ede71a36c200344ea6bf95a216df3c6a220","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f8e6d08a42f5bec5259eb322484a5786b9b9329027553c01cfc989650329f015","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0e26f6be2f697a34dd41e3ceafacfedd608dabc21140656936408a3ae55f7345","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/55db93ffef1cb2e763f7f0d85d316b44d1260ccfc3b90924b37d23243a156c44","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7bab4d2a0100fd990d04585f292e06cfb07a8d377d20aad8cc9b103aaa76679c"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2b81d11ec243452923f8f8ee36b862734b4e6042f5f6b555a0d7520acafc535d","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2f158c1bb8186bb59a4197cf80ea0c1fca6ae3b40f2d8d8ac087f990e41cd262","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/28123725e5913a6c524bdb0cb7d25d14290c37a03da60f0d917d48687ae1489b","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/10bdca80b721d140a4a8fd8f44e8b606de47c470f8e104010480318af36bd825","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/bdd75b3fdfa6799ad884e571c4e745ee8d7968f5534fc2c83232881addfb2b87","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/bce6438977d2c57d79b3fec5cd6d6c503f235e66f81978075ebe458f79bcc768","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/c5ae7a640cd9847ecd75566f59aa51e5cfda63faea213b4ed39749a97880e1cd","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/501cffb7335188d56ffb5a137bb7e1ce225880338f49c2d7bf5dd0e767a04f04"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This report provides an independent estimate of the cost of cleaning Canada\u2019s orphan oil and gas wells.","abstract_fr":"Le pr\u00e9sent rapport fournit une estimation ind\u00e9pendante du co\u00fbt du nettoyage des puits de p\u00e9trole et de gaz orphelins du Canada.","highlights":[{"content":{"en":"As of 2020, roughly 36 per cent of all wells in Alberta and Saskatchewan are active, the lowest share in recorded history. Inactive and plugged wells make up roughly 37 per cent of all wells.","fr":"En 2020, environ 36 % de tous les puits de l\u2019Alberta et de la Saskatchewan \u00e9taient actifs, soit le taux le plus faible jamais enregistr\u00e9. Les puits inactifs et colmat\u00e9s repr\u00e9sentent environ 37 % de tous les puits."}},{"content":{"en":"Provincial regulators require oil and natural gas companies to close inactive well sites. In the case where there is no known, financially viable operator capable of addressing the environmental liabilities associated with closing their wells, the wells under the company are deemed orphaned.","fr":"Les organismes de r\u00e9glementation provinciaux exigent que les entreprises p\u00e9troli\u00e8res et gazi\u00e8res ferment les puits inactifs. Les puits d\u2019une entreprise sont consid\u00e9r\u00e9s comme orphelins dans le cas o\u00f9 il n\u2019y a pas d\u2019exploitant connu et financi\u00e8rement viable qui soit capable de s\u2019acquitter des responsabilit\u00e9s environnementales associ\u00e9es \u00e0 la fermeture de ceux-ci."}},{"content":{"en":"In Alberta, the number of orphaned wells has increased from 700 to more than 8,600 over the last 10 years.","fr":"En Alberta, le nombre de puits orphelins est pass\u00e9 de 700 \u00e0 plus de 8 600 au cours des dix derni\u00e8res ann\u00e9es."}},{"content":{"en":"PBO estimates the cumulative cost for orphan well clean-up, on a national level, to be $361 million as of 2020.","fr":"Le DPB estime le co\u00fbt cumulatif du nettoyage des puits orphelins \u00e0 361 millions de dollars, \u00e0 l\u2019\u00e9chelle nationale, en 2020."}},{"content":{"en":"PBO estimates the cost of orphan well clean-up in Canada to reach $1.1 billion by 2025.","fr":"Le DPB estime que le co\u00fbt du nettoyage des puits orphelins au Canada atteindra 1,1 milliard de dollars d\u2019ici 2025."}},{"content":{"en":"At face value, the $1.7 billion allocated by the federal government through the Covid-19 Economic Response should be sufficient to cover the estimated clean-up of inactive oil and gas wells in the medium term. However, current provincial allocations give rise to an outstanding risk in the medium-term that the projected liability could persist if funding continues to be allocated to firms that do not have acute financial risk.","fr":"\u00c0 premi\u00e8re vue, la somme de 1,7 milliard de dollars allou\u00e9e dans le cadre du Plan d\u2019intervention \u00e9conomique du Canada pour r\u00e9pondre \u00e0 la COVID-19 devrait \u00eatre suffisante pour couvrir le co\u00fbt estimatif du nettoyage des puits de p\u00e9trole et de gaz inactifs \u00e0 moyen terme. Toutefois, il existe un risque \u00e0 moyen terme que les passifs projet\u00e9s persistent si les provinces continuent d\u2019attribuer des fonds aux entreprises qui n\u2019ont pas de risque financier \u00e9lev\u00e9."}}]},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2122026S,\n author={Forsyth, Jamie and Nahornick, Nora},\n title={Estimated Cost of Cleaning Canada\u2019s Orphan Oil and Gas Wells},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2122026S,\n author={Forsyth, Jamie and Nahornick, Nora},\n title={Cout estimatif du nettoyage des puits de p\\\u0027{e}trole et de gaz orphelins du Canada},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"LEG-2122-009-S","is_published":"2021-05-27T13:00:04.000000Z","release_date":"2021-05-27T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-05-27T13:00:04.000000Z","type":"LEG","internal_id":"LEG-2122-009-S","title_en":"Employment Insurance Sickness Benefits Extension","title_fr":"Prolongation des prestations de maladie de l\u0027assurance-emploi","slug":"LEG-2122-009-S--employment-insurance-sickness-benefits-extension--prolongation-prestations-maladie-assurance-emploi","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2122-009-S--employment-insurance-sickness-benefits-extension--prolongation-prestations-maladie-assurance-emploi","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2122-009-S--employment-insurance-sickness-benefits-extension--prolongation-prestations-maladie-assurance-emploi"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2122-009-S--employment-insurance-sickness-benefits-extension--prolongation-prestations-maladie-assurance-emploi","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2122-009-S--employment-insurance-sickness-benefits-extension--prolongation-prestations-maladie-assurance-emploi"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/1a03c3c7eaaea179d726a4c1cdef25d7f0360f9f0c5a8897ad9c82bfe15c6cf6"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/cc4702e7e4822aa76b498282e5e8a9d3979be553db21ee3252de2bd7765ec813"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a497cdcbdce5ba98db581bab8a0b3a790aaac9ec5270adb7ec17e91b52a487b4","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3a89dcf3063d09f05052f779afec6dd85162cd0132bf356414f68c4388689ef8","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/54e83c2d1276039461682d291cf9b169d63c65f6de52d77f842b8d569b308d5b","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7b3dc8442e00d0af80684b60673fda8f395221c827e6ec2f3d45549ae69f4c3b","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e2d268bddfe9f22fb166deee8e39980aa3b70cae588015ba240af3dbe74c6e1b","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f392466e22555f5230e491b5d15ce95bcee63aaba8d14ed3eeaf4203de01f5f4","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/aeb9db4df6c66276dbf536e78ad5d18e385c6a24729cf6ff5c4163eaf9d882ec","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0ee03aaa73688aa7826828a4ea6e5a1c58f5610f3977b57211ff44a34766bfa6"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/da486780f454a68701958b19aa389f8707df84619b2081c7b76873407344e9cf","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7ef83a389e2365e9de714bf54f115a1f77485ffe1d72a52069237eef7cf89daa","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/563049199e0e84f479e71f585b0cd3b8b18d26ebc32813f2de53191f03ad9973","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/6f4e95375bac684497f5bf9a61079affb2ab7dfccd4d95494fa843698ac879ab","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/69a9759ee25d3605377fed5f350c08d73d4de68afa57324d4452f7f40bca33ae","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/c2e5b59ef5e4643589cb06dcc5e8f483fe88dc8e958dd3a36f38a77a342453b4","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/cf28a74eb81e5817c090e9c7aeb337f19b5fb8ff17c929e59eba52ce16f74e43","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/4036e0a972f1b58365c6ffc81d5666cbb68bbebeada15919513e13282d065e45"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"In Budget 2021 the Government of Canada proposed to increase the maximum number of weeks for which employment insurance sickness benefits may be paid due to a prescribed illness, injury, or quarantine to 26 weeks from 15 weeks. The extension is planned to come into effect summer 2022.","abstract_fr":"Dans le budget de 2021, le gouvernement du Canada a propos\u00e9 de faire passer de 15 \u00e0 26 le nombre maximal de semaines pendant lesquelles des prestations peuvent \u00eatre vers\u00e9es dans le cas d\u2019une maladie, d\u2019une blessure ou d\u2019une mise en quarantaine pr\u00e9vue par r\u00e8glement. 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The extension is planned to come into effect summer 2022.","abstract_fr":"Le projet de loi C-265 propose de faire passer de 15 \u00e0 50 le nombre maximal de semaines pendant lesquelles des prestations peuvent \u00eatre vers\u00e9es dans le cas d\u2019une maladie, d\u2019une blessure ou d\u2019une mise en quarantaine pr\u00e9vue par r\u00e8glement. La prolongation doit entrer en vigueur \u00e0 l\u2019\u00e9t\u00e9 2022.","highlights":null},"bills":[{"id":109,"created_at":"2021-02-08T09:55:34-05:00","updated_at":"2021-11-25T10:24:38-05:00","legisid":"43_2_C-265","parliament":43,"session":2,"prefix":"C","number":265,"title_en":"An Act to amend the Employment Insurance Act (illness, injury or quarantine)","title_fr":"Loi modifiant la Loi sur l\u2019assurance-emploi (maladie, blessure ou mise en quarantaine)","bill_num":"C-265","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/pbo-dpb.gc.ca\/en\/legis?pa=43\u0026se=2\u0026bp=C-265"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/pbo-dpb.gc.ca\/fr\/legis?pa=43\u0026se=2\u0026bp=C-265"}},"pivot":{"publication_id":127,"bill_id":109}}],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-LEG2122008S,\n author={Elmarzougui, Eskandar and Nahornick, Nora},\n title={Bill C-265: Employment Insurance Sickness Benefits Extension},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, 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report examines the current and projected status of the Canada Infrastructure Bank\u2019s investment commitments and funding disbursements.","abstract_fr":"Ce rapport examine l\u0027\u00e9tat actuel et pr\u00e9vu des engagements d\u0027investissement et des d\u00e9caissements de fonds de la Banque de l\u0027infrastructure du Canada.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2122003S,\n author={Nahornick, Nora},\n title={Canada Infrastructure Bank Spending Outlook},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2122003S,\n author={Nahornick, Nora},\n title={Banque de l\u2019infrastructure du Canada \\textemdash Perspectives des d\\\u0027{e}penses},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-2021-046-S","is_published":"2021-03-31T13:00:05.000000Z","release_date":"2021-03-31T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-04-09T14:19:48.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2021-046-S","title_en":"Pre-Budget Outlook","title_fr":"Perspectives 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report updates PBO\u2019s September 2020 Economic and Fiscal Outlook in advance of Budget 2021.","abstract_fr":"Le pr\u00e9sent rapport actualise les Perspectives \u00e9conomiques et financi\u00e8res de septembre 2020 du DPB en pr\u00e9vision du budget de 2021.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2021046S,\n author={Grinshpoon, Kristina and Nicol, Caroline and Ammar, Nasreddine and Behrend, Robert and Bergeron, \\\u0027{E}tienne and Creighton, Mark and Elmarzougui, Eskandar and Forsyth, Jamie and Giswold, Jill and Liberge-Simard, Rapha\\\u0022{e}l and MacPhee, Sarah and Mohamed Ahmed, Salma and Nahornick, Nora and Segel-Brown, Ben and Wodrich, Nigel},\n title={Pre-Budget Outlook},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2021046S,\n author={Grinshpoon, Kristina and Nicol, Caroline and Ammar, Nasreddine and Behrend, Robert and Bergeron, \\\u0027{E}tienne and Creighton, Mark and Elmarzougui, Eskandar and Forsyth, Jamie and Giswold, Jill and Liberge-Simard, Rapha\\\u0022{e}l and MacPhee, Sarah and Mohamed Ahmed, Salma and Nahornick, Nora and Segel-Brown, Ben and Wodrich, Nigel},\n title={Perspectives pr\\\u0027{e}budg\\\u0027{e}taires},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"LEG-2021-063-S","is_published":"2021-02-04T14:00:06.000000Z","release_date":"2021-02-04T14:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-02-04T14:00:06.000000Z","type":"LEG","internal_id":"LEG-2021-063-S","title_en":"Simplifying the Home Office Expense Deduction","title_fr":"Simplification de la d\u00e9duction pour frais de bureau \u00e0 domicile","slug":"LEG-2021-063-S--simplifying-home-office-expense-deduction--simplification-deduction-frais-bureau-domicile","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2021-063-S--simplifying-home-office-expense-deduction--simplification-deduction-frais-bureau-domicile","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2021-063-S--simplifying-home-office-expense-deduction--simplification-deduction-frais-bureau-domicile"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2021-063-S--simplifying-home-office-expense-deduction--simplification-deduction-frais-bureau-domicile","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2021-063-S--simplifying-home-office-expense-deduction--simplification-deduction-frais-bureau-domicile"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/5a071094fe9ba2e62f75f43cd0d4828c16de764081bd20454f5c3dc163dcec78"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/ac8179adf3393d98e527b7a1abb8dd5d38d5f25d8813bac84dd8956fe7aacaca"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/03d6943157dcb9323a95648506e0c3da1da052d1","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/fdd5257fbc3e62e89254852847038e79fc19abfa","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e2c92b9f0140eb4fa44c8bf5edb88240ffe8f805","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f5ef5d0c2ef3ba1b1a1cc182fe16786c2a8d720d","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f013a2adb1a612908069c757d7cdbf0b898620ac","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/fec97931d07119e2db3a95242354f3a469949f8c","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/4c027af59ceabff5f7afa30133650f22b2c28927","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5e054aaf1af6a036c1ccecf5467ccc808cd5cb57"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/4642d5de90940455018d2c2ac8ef64c28b1ffeac","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5fa6a356e7f955a59b496567546379cccf0a411c","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ca0145955ae6b80d8de22d2e7381a28ba686ed91","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d2793305c0f09883a793f7e5050a9bb0a6d40e9f","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/34ed0ea83e61ee98d3d5d44e03214509e6fb2888","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/970954f3839d11c8bc8105654cf21e2ed8947894","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/54d33dc1e9e905da66960f3cb35ba33a9bdd910f","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/cc53aae785661764cea2c0567997c3968b7143c5"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"Due 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This will allow Canadians to claim deductions up to $400, based on the length of time working from home, without the need to track detailed expenses.","abstract_fr":"\u00c9tant donn\u00e9 que de nombreux Canadiens travaillent de la maison en raison de la pand\u00e9mie de COVID-19, le gouvernement a introduit une nouvelle m\u00e9thode \u00e0 taux fixe qui simplifie la d\u00e9duction pour les frais de bureau \u00e0 domicile pour l\u2019ann\u00e9e d\u2019imposition 2020. Les contribuables pourront ainsi demander une d\u00e9duction d\u2019un maximum de 400 $, selon le temps pass\u00e9 en t\u00e9l\u00e9travail, sans devoir effectuer un suivi d\u00e9taill\u00e9 de leurs d\u00e9penses.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-LEG2021063S,\n author={Nahornick, Nora},\n title={Simplifying the Home Office Expense Deduction},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-LEG2021063S,\n author={Nahornick, Nora},\n title={Simplification de la d\\\u0027{e}duction pour frais de bureau \\`{a} domicile},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"LEG-2021-036-S","is_published":"2021-01-26T20:16:02.000000Z","release_date":"2020-10-01T04:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2022-03-02T16:39:23.000000Z","type":"LEG","internal_id":"LEG-2021-036-S","title_en":"Full Depreciation for Business Investment in Zero-Emission Vehicles","title_fr":"Amortissement complet de l\u2019investissement des entreprises dans des v\u00e9hicules \u00e0 \u00e9mission z\u00e9ro","slug":"LEG-2021-036-S--full-depreciation-business-investment-in-zero-emission-vehicles--amortissement-complet-investissement-entreprises-dans-vehicules-emission-zero","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2021-036-S--full-depreciation-business-investment-in-zero-emission-vehicles--amortissement-complet-investissement-entreprises-dans-vehicules-emission-zero","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2021-036-S--full-depreciation-business-investment-in-zero-emission-vehicles--amortissement-complet-investissement-entreprises-dans-vehicules-emission-zero"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2021-036-S--full-depreciation-business-investment-in-zero-emission-vehicles--amortissement-complet-investissement-entreprises-dans-vehicules-emission-zero","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2021-036-S--full-depreciation-business-investment-in-zero-emission-vehicles--amortissement-complet-investissement-entreprises-dans-vehicules-emission-zero"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/16890d732e5bc526fb67f3583951fb48e0e357246db486a273df7566eb94d709"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/e0960f4c5d6ac7bd1281d915e967f95d39b735fc34191d675bdb70031e2a150a"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ca167f2502113fe8379e954a5d324045aa803a28","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/1979e55720a316bc9ee6a90e61b656abd297989d","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/416540975ff805ee1af481e7884a68ba6c26a0ba","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d3b643867f87b8a11c951a94bc3cf929c15aeddf","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/c3ad74b15d49b40277bf89075a76dd539c4a99bf","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e1151662f499a45b745c2c48e003d0352224c0d3","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2c48538d72aa441fa483c689be4b01c284984ed0","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5c3cac5d8ec7530681f91d9ce22b4c387f0813a5"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2899ae42e9d70b535794083a0ebe088f5d9c0dc5","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ed18a743c9fda8999e08f0a5030368edd83c713d","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/31fdad75b69fc598e57679a437ec607da24c2a39","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d16373d432bfbfa2acd363e2cc649e04f9bd7018","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/23c559839a5e70c21addafd2f9c254aef9111587","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/03323b06dc4ce72b873ba028971dfe2693074e7f","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/1db3418bdfdd0142e7b11fe328e1f89230ba20bd","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2353c78a7f530402368d334d4ab38da97404d28c"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"The government is introducing a 100% depreciation rate in the year of purchase for eligible zero-emission vehicles (ZEVs) purchased by a business. This policy will provide full (i.e. 100%) depreciation to used on-road battery electric, plug-in hybrid or hydrogen fuel cell vehicles. The 100% rate will also apply to new and used automotive equipment and vehicles that are fully electric, or hydrogen powered and that are used for the purpose of rail, air, marine or off-road transportation. \n\nThe 100% rate will apply to eligible vehicles purchased on or after March 2, 2020 and will expire on December 31, 2027 with a gradual phase out beginning January 1, 2024. Specifically, a 75% rate will apply to eligible vehicles purchased between January 1, 2024 and December 31, 2025 and a 55% rate will apply to purchases made between January 1, 2026 and December 31, 2027. \n\nThe estimated net cost of the full tax-write off for businesses investing in eligible zero-emission vehicles is $94 million between 2020-21 and 2024-25.","abstract_fr":"Le gouvernement introduit un taux d\u2019amortissement de 100 % l\u2019ann\u00e9e o\u00f9 une entreprise ach\u00e8te un v\u00e9hicule \u00e0 \u00e9mission z\u00e9ro (VEZ) admissible. Cette politique permettra d\u2019amortir en totalit\u00e9 (c.-\u00e0-d. 100 %) le co\u00fbt d\u2019achat d\u2019un v\u00e9hicule \u00e9lectrique \u00e0 batterie d\u2019occasion, d\u2019un v\u00e9hicule hybride rechargeable ou d\u2019un v\u00e9hicule \u00e0 pile combustible hydrog\u00e8ne. Le taux de 100 % s\u2019appliquera aussi au mat\u00e9riel et aux v\u00e9hicules automobiles neufs et d\u2019occasion qui sont enti\u00e8rement \u00e9lectriques ou aliment\u00e9s \u00e0 l\u2019hydrog\u00e8ne et qui sont utilis\u00e9s pour le transport ferroviaire, a\u00e9rien, maritime et hors route.\n\nLe taux de 100 % s\u2019appliquera aux v\u00e9hicules admissibles achet\u00e9s \u00e0 partir du 2 mars 2020 et viendra \u00e0 \u00e9ch\u00e9ance le 31 d\u00e9cembre 2027, \u00e0 la suite d\u2019une diminution graduelle qui commencera le 1er janvier 2024. Plus particuli\u00e8rement, un taux de 75 % s\u2019appliquera aux v\u00e9hicules achet\u00e9s entre le 1er janvier 2024 et le 31 d\u00e9cembre 2025, et un taux de 55 % s\u2019appliquera aux achats effectu\u00e9s entre le 1er janvier 2026 et le 31 d\u00e9cembre 2027.\n\nLe co\u00fbt net estim\u00e9 de la d\u00e9duction fiscale compl\u00e8te accord\u00e9e aux entreprises investissant dans des v\u00e9hicules \u00e0 \u00e9mission z\u00e9ro admissibles entre 2020-2021 et 2024-2025 s\u2019\u00e9l\u00e8ve \u00e0 94 millions de dollars.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-LEG2021036S,\n author={Nahornick, Nora},\n title={Full Depreciation for Business Investment in Zero-Emission Vehicles},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-LEG2021036S,\n author={Nahornick, Nora},\n title={Amortissement complet de l\u2019investissement des entreprises dans des v\\\u0027{e}hicules \\`{a} \\\u0027{e}mission z\\\u0027{e}ro},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-2021-027-S","is_published":"2021-01-26T20:16:02.000000Z","release_date":"2020-09-29T04:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-01-26T20:16:02.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2021-027-S","title_en":"Economic and Fiscal Outlook \u2013 September 2020","title_fr":"Perspectives \u00e9conomiques et financi\u00e8res \u2013 Septembre 2020","slug":"RP-2021-027-S--economic-fiscal-outlook-september-2020--perspectives-economiques-financieres-septembre-2020","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2021-027-S--economic-fiscal-outlook-september-2020--perspectives-economiques-financieres-septembre-2020","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2021-027-S--economic-fiscal-outlook-september-2020--perspectives-economiques-financieres-septembre-2020"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2021-027-S--economic-fiscal-outlook-september-2020--perspectives-economiques-financieres-septembre-2020","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2021-027-S--economic-fiscal-outlook-september-2020--perspectives-economiques-financieres-septembre-2020"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/8059b833d83a3c8eeef55a64fe8229d860c3224f72f87882e6a2689107db96cc"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/cd6fc56f52dd24674b4ab3b58ae193ae09c121ff716798c904497880793f7399"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/04e180f534ebbd5434b4e42b9a2abb17f894d5e6","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b6a33221f0a83495d2feb46766ae5edb21ea8074","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d39288ff1ddda4506695f5d5126064f69e4d9f4c","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/dbdcd5ae9785d0ddd01c1e16fcdf7f232d726a6a","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8f1b138a0dce94f3cd943f8e2293440f7013a237","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2bfe982efaeae12fa678368aece1a937fd9b534f","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5ae5e0d6b7097c9bbd1458ee381f4136e63b022f","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/62d3dcfad42c3d5dfe148c03c2b5e5ded478982e"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7cf000de2c3d22e6e7337e14c748f647fef4a1c7","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7b5393d01473a0408e33e0308b25c2c6abf0b533","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a7a4169e3c04466fe0b0cb1020257445bc8e78db","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d827f5112f1ac0dbd1a570fab6bde1961088155d","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/4db54f1a9d78884d78f03cb1fa830d4e8999bd7b","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ec39254e1a77524171d23106e02c78bf2f04c14c","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/9fc986fe1074f04ce74ec1cb1c7c0def3cbab5ca","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e85080154ec3c0bc6a74d54788c5cb0dceb5018b"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This report provides a baseline projection to help parliamentarians gauge potential economic and fiscal outcomes under current policy settings. **PBO\u2019s outlook is not a prediction of future economic and budgetary outcomes.**\n\nThis report incorporates announced federal budgetary measures up to and including 1 September 2020. Financial results for fiscal year 2019-20 shown in this report are PBO estimates and not final Public Accounts results.","abstract_fr":"Le pr\u00e9sent rapport propose une pr\u00e9vision de r\u00e9f\u00e9rence pour aider les parlementaires \u00e0 \u00e9valuer les r\u00e9sultats \u00e9conomiques et financiers possibles dans le cadre des politiques actuelles. **Les perspectives du DPB ne constituent pas une pr\u00e9diction des r\u00e9sultats \u00e9conomiques et financiers futurs.**\n\nCe rapport tient compte des mesures budg\u00e9taires f\u00e9d\u00e9rales annonc\u00e9es jusqu\u2019au 1er septembre 2020 inclusivement. Les r\u00e9sultats financiers de l\u2019exercice 2019-2020 pr\u00e9sent\u00e9s dans ce rapport sont des estimations du DPB et non les r\u00e9sultats d\u00e9finitifs des comptes publics.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2021027S,\n author={Grinshpoon, Kristina and Scholz, Tim and Behrend, Robert and Bergeron, \\\u0027{E}tienne and Devakos, Tessa and Elmarzougui, Eskandar and Forsyth, Jamie and Giswold, Jill and Liberge-Simard, Rapha\\\u0022{e}l and MacPhee, Sarah and Mohamed Ahmed, Salma and Nahornick, Nora and Nicol, Caroline and Sourang, Diarra and Wodrich, Nigel},\n title={Economic and Fiscal Outlook - September 2020},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2021027S,\n author={Grinshpoon, Kristina and Scholz, Tim and Behrend, Robert and Bergeron, \\\u0027{E}tienne and Devakos, Tessa and Elmarzougui, Eskandar and Forsyth, Jamie and Giswold, Jill and Liberge-Simard, Rapha\\\u0022{e}l and MacPhee, Sarah and Mohamed Ahmed, Salma and Nahornick, Nora and Nicol, Caroline and Sourang, Diarra and Wodrich, Nigel},\n title={Perspectives \\\u0027{e}conomiques et financi\\`{e}res - Septembre 2020},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-2021-008-S","is_published":"2021-01-26T20:16:02.000000Z","release_date":"2020-06-17T04:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-07-20T19:19:10.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2021-008-S","title_en":"Update on the Investing in Canada Plan","title_fr":"Le point sur le plan Investir dans le Canada","slug":"RP-2021-008-S--update-investing-in-canada-plan--point-plan-investir-dans-canada","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2021-008-S--update-investing-in-canada-plan--point-plan-investir-dans-canada","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2021-008-S--update-investing-in-canada-plan--point-plan-investir-dans-canada"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2021-008-S--update-investing-in-canada-plan--point-plan-investir-dans-canada","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2021-008-S--update-investing-in-canada-plan--point-plan-investir-dans-canada"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/4cd223efd77099a37901d62eb92b265782ee992a39e015a6542014725e8f6abb"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/7934f9c68cabd0d3e8257150211da661e8a532d6460c90868652901b017ec994"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/cbd7c07fedbab317cb9f5b1c681e510be61a0dc2","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/16fad4969c0139027351644d98023a2500bc89a5","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/1ca0201ebd1dade2cbe1d3397773dd030dddfcdb","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/4782029824b4b633584715f85776ac53b925caff","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d5d301c9dec2d6b494a40a120b7d5f1e37ba97b9","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/c87581d44b052094846ee892fd1cf7a2a7f76d6e","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/4e04395f7c2faafc9b9292f317ee4926d124644b","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ac2b1f868619b399d8536f834936899bff25ca44"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/c7dc244884b75cffd1153df1610d57f2d9457930","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/adee3da8b53214e960845728aabaaa949fd32843","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d5b78a33d317d938bd8c41a766a17dc01b5b9777","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5f949f4143b3444e391a93c5b33d7995497bfee2","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2837be1332cf2fce52c051f29abbfb87247e19e9","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/bf6cf58be50ed6b6322b99801450b36c6b69a2e7","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/21a39c031bb1b9741df437ed96048a5d3daef683","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a70bb207b6b839a06850d3dc6297b16d0ab2588b"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"In response to interest from parliamentarians, the Parliamentary Budget Officer (PBO) updated its monitoring of the Investing in Canada Plan (IICP). Under the IICP, the Government has committed to spend $187.8 billion over 2016-17 to 2027-28.\n\nThe PBO solicited data from all 20 departments and agencies responsible for delivering IICP programming. Working with Infrastructure Canada, we compiled a data set of 33,112 entries for projects with $34.9 billion in spending since 2016-17.","abstract_fr":"En r\u00e9ponse \u00e0 l\u2019int\u00e9r\u00eat exprim\u00e9 par les parlementaires, le directeur parlementaire du budget (DPB) a mis \u00e0 jour son suivi du plan Investir dans le Canada (PIC). Dans le cadre du PIC, le gouvernement s\u2019est engag\u00e9 \u00e0 d\u00e9penser 187,8 milliards de dollars sur une p\u00e9riode allant de 2016-2017 \u00e0 2027-2028.\n\nLe DPB a recueilli des donn\u00e9es aupr\u00e8s des 20 minist\u00e8res et organismes responsables de la mise en \u0153uvre des programmes du PIC. En collaboration avec Infrastructure Canada, nous avons compil\u00e9 un ensemble de donn\u00e9es de 33\u2009112 entr\u00e9es pour des projets repr\u00e9sentant 34,9 milliards de dollars de d\u00e9penses depuis 2016-2017 .","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2021008S,\n author={Nahornick, Nora and MacPhee, Sarah and Nicol, Caroline},\n title={Update on the Investing in Canada Plan},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2021008S,\n author={Nahornick, Nora and MacPhee, Sarah and Nicol, Caroline},\n title={Le point sur le plan Investir dans le Canada},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"LEG-2021-006-S","is_published":"2021-05-11T19:17:07.000000Z","release_date":"2020-04-09T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-05-11T19:24:17.000000Z","type":"LEG","internal_id":"LEG-2021-006-S","title_en":"Canada Emergency Response Benefit (CERB)","title_fr":"Prestation canadienne d\u2019urgence (PCU)","slug":"LEG-2021-006-S--canada-emergency-response-benefit-cerb--prestation-canadienne-urgence-pcu","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2021-006-S--canada-emergency-response-benefit-cerb--prestation-canadienne-urgence-pcu","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2021-006-S--canada-emergency-response-benefit-cerb--prestation-canadienne-urgence-pcu"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2021-006-S--canada-emergency-response-benefit-cerb--prestation-canadienne-urgence-pcu","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2021-006-S--canada-emergency-response-benefit-cerb--prestation-canadienne-urgence-pcu"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/509e3eeeb19495f461a0f89fa569d4b2e579287a3f66ccfe3d79e9f80b7efcad"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/e0fe952be5c95caffe580e15c2841e2957ef7462bb181fbef6343977b2e65294"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8ddcdb7560b9cfcdf048a7e794be1d28946b924782bcca7a7b14f4ee99c5fb10","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/c4fddf812583e718a2edceffcd20c0bbef1081ea37a62d77f1a452fbc2e42ac8","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b1e1351f84d0ee7789aa6c02793c6a525c2aeba771adf57079d80c02269cd301","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/50d0ad935463692d6600754c17825d203854658774a1ae6ebd48170a7b9a39db","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b24d9107aceda85db77035bb4725e9963840492cc8dbb03faf9c07708cb87117","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/cfec54e0729c35c06b90a7f3b0ba2ed6e185e9339048bf125a3a1e5e00e4d5f4","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ec2881c2771d121002d4a2138f749c54fe9b980f4eab1ac7d5f5ca8b56aecd92","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/6281c85f54d9540d0a24977844ff8dc3f105b759e95dc6897a4f6ada1e1f79bc"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/69e88d796c0cf6902896987674d6b82319cdc3cdfeecd54909f4e54cc6259d5b","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/768015d2b1e9494cce75592f598f4f77642f0f6622f3159036b8ca749d2bacbb","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/21d7bbcbc566b6addfd7678858f9ff532468c79a7d2703ba4a2298dce433aea7","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/c95f62f2b926c71f3445ed83450a388187324b0ab033e7678162475db2d80afb","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/af52b2456142dcb55a5599b1398c2a8efb8e0a1b75eca7742c0c7063a492a214","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/226194cb6f918ef11f98d92c3d3da0bf2b7451cdf19a7a783a8055eb86da4478","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/76763b9b95e6af50dc6212c37c4a7aea114b1afb5d094e22cd2a8a97d8b4322d","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/6df6308b4855ad6adfe7d5bdbed6b41dbf79ef42c38ec6c2feaa921acf8983a1"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"Canada Emergency Response Benefit (CERB) is a taxable benefit that would provide $500 a week for up to 16 weeks for workers who lose their income due to reasons related to COVID-19.1 This includes Canadians who have lost their job, are sick, quarantined, taking care of someone who is sick with COVID-19 as well as working parents who must stay home without pay to care for children who are at home because of school and daycare closures. Workers are defined as anyone who received at least $5,000 in the previous 12 months in employment income, self-employment income, Employment Insurance benefits, or other provincial benefits as outlined in Bill C-13. PBO estimates 5.4 million individuals will receive the CERB and the program will have a total cost of $22.3 billion in 2020-2021.","abstract_fr":"La Prestation canadienne d\u2019urgence (PCU) est une prestation imposable qui permettrait d\u2019offrir 500 $ par semaine, pendant une p\u00e9riode maximale de 16 semaines, aux travailleurs qui perdent leur revenu pour des raisons li\u00e9es \u00e0 la COVID-191. Il s\u2019agit notamment des Canadiens qui perdent leur emploi, tombent malades, sont mis en quarantaine ou prennent soin d\u2019une personne atteinte de la COVID-19, ainsi que des parents qui doivent cesser de travailler pour s\u2019occuper d\u2019enfants malades ou pour rester \u00e0 la maison en raison de la fermeture des \u00e9coles et des garderies. Par travailleur, on entend quiconque a touch\u00e9, au cours des 12 mois pr\u00e9c\u00e9dents, au moins 5 000 $ provenant d\u2019un revenu d\u2019emploi, d\u2019un revenu de travail ind\u00e9pendant, de prestations d\u2019assurance-emploi ou d\u2019autres prestations provinciales \u00e9nonc\u00e9es dans le projet de loi C-13. Les travailleurs sont admissibles \u00e0 quatre semaines de PCU pour chaque p\u00e9riode de deux semaines o\u00f9 ils sont incapables de gagner un revenu. Selon le DPB, 5,4 millions de personnes recevront la PCU et le co\u00fbt total du programme s\u2019\u00e9l\u00e8vera \u00e0 22,3 milliards de dollars pour l\u2019exercice 2020-2021.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-LEG2021006S,\n author={Devakos, Tessa and Nahornick, Nora and Perrault, Louis and Sourang, Diarra and Worswick, Aidan},\n title={Canada Emergency Response Benefit (CERB)},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-LEG2021006S,\n author={Devakos, Tessa and Nahornick, Nora and Perrault, Louis and Sourang, Diarra and Worswick, Aidan},\n title={Prestation canadienne d\u2019urgence (PCU)},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-1920-18","is_published":"2021-08-06T14:14:08.000000Z","release_date":"2019-06-19T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-09-10T15:14:10.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-1920-18","title_en":"Cost Estimate of Full Expensing for Depreciable Property","title_fr":"Estimation du co\u00fbt de la passation en charges int\u00e9grale de biens amortissables","slug":"RP-1920-18--cost-estimate-full-expensing-depreciable-property--estimation-cout-passation-charges-integrale-biens-amortissables","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-1920-18--cost-estimate-full-expensing-depreciable-property--estimation-cout-passation-charges-integrale-biens-amortissables","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-1920-18--cost-estimate-full-expensing-depreciable-property--estimation-cout-passation-charges-integrale-biens-amortissables"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-1920-18--cost-estimate-full-expensing-depreciable-property--estimation-cout-passation-charges-integrale-biens-amortissables","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-1920-18--cost-estimate-full-expensing-depreciable-property--estimation-cout-passation-charges-integrale-biens-amortissables"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/c382dc20c71bc83f0ceabaad3c8007b17a90b224499fdc3999174ca8cb2f144d"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/8b89b7e4421c4346996e9c464608bc896d8e854a8ad697e01a08a5cdbdc6c214"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a33a3afb22f66c7aaa552337d2b3caf19f164911796a1daaccc95abcdcdf3be8","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/bd112b496e40b8d4155c685c19c57bc5a4acc301b0ed102d812589bd49889959","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/583808d1f6b4a6f663147ab43ddf6dfd9bfebab9578cd57ea4fdafeaf72faa00","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/fe8e3bbfb0a2423e362221500fce43caaa73576333599b4fe579bace3675d751","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3a07cd0f3660585d52e2ef495d9dcfada8e19510af1b6cde07703970625c5e33","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/87c73510f8fa9250ae63c564a2f449190a6e8825831f94355af3b76e417f4931","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7fdb541caa94ad20ba8bc58911b4054bb8e202d06ed10d8daf746ca1d5d9d9b0","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8fd701145f0d405f213ae6259b5a1c3222146f6fa3ee88d42a4ad09d8c58b096"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e09a9337b8e1e3a4fd86418f42feadf9a70eb7d9c310b46382112af04308d6f8","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/4d87678c3335cdd238fe1b50ccb4dab54bf26e61103953ed8cbe6a4d87c6a223","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/05433401e2a10cf275bd7b1000ce3fde31b3ab09cb8868ca250bfe0db821cd44","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/cdad51a64134232ffbd14a7a689250d9693500fbf2e06c78c5225df40db26626","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0736b84c8003bd8d740394de80a72471c5d7bbba8dd55d742c58f01929554ff5","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d4f8cc97b33cc78e81c7745ddfd5ffa5137631e661945a4331273adae66ef3a6","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8bb9c50e34890c76bcd8ef5dc60412e8f30026cf11749d09f548b1cb7fa267fb","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2a25e3a50c16a0a3ca7adcfd574fc9b12f688b171ea16e5a52f8d1aa1f908d65"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"In response to a request from a member of Parliament, the PBO has prepared a cost estimate of the federal government introducing 100% expensing to match the recent U.S. tax change in the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA). The cost estimate is based on 100% expensing for eligible property from 2019 to 2023, which is then phased-out and reduced by 20% per year beginning in 2024.","abstract_fr":"Un d\u00e9put\u00e9 a demand\u00e9 au directeur parlementaire du budget (DPB) d\u2019estimer combien il en co\u00fbterait au gouvernement f\u00e9d\u00e9ral d\u2019instaurer la passation en charges int\u00e9grale de biens achet\u00e9s par une soci\u00e9t\u00e9 dans le but de s\u2019aligner sur la r\u00e9cente modification fiscale de la Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) des \u00c9tats\u2011Unis. La passation en charges int\u00e9grale s\u2019appliquerait durant les 5 premi\u00e8res ann\u00e9es suivant l\u2019acquisition de biens admissibles par une soci\u00e9t\u00e9. L\u2019amortissement acc\u00e9l\u00e9r\u00e9 serait ensuite progressivement \u00e9limin\u00e9 et r\u00e9duit de 20 % par ann\u00e9e jusqu\u2019en 2027.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP192018,\n author={Bernier, Govindadeva and Nahornick, Nora},\n title={Cost Estimate of Full Expensing for Depreciable Property},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2019,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP192018,\n author={Bernier, Govindadeva and Nahornick, Nora},\n title={Estimation du cout de la passation en charges int\\\u0027{e}grale de biens amortissables},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2019,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-1920-012","is_published":"2021-08-05T15:30:06.000000Z","release_date":"2019-04-30T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-08-05T15:36:10.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-1920-012","title_en":"Economic and Fiscal Outlook - April 2019","title_fr":"Perspectives \u00e9conomiques et financi\u00e8res - Avril 2019","slug":"RP-1920-012--economic-fiscal-outlook-april-2019--perspectives-economiques-financieres-avril-2019","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-1920-012--economic-fiscal-outlook-april-2019--perspectives-economiques-financieres-avril-2019","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-1920-012--economic-fiscal-outlook-april-2019--perspectives-economiques-financieres-avril-2019"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-1920-012--economic-fiscal-outlook-april-2019--perspectives-economiques-financieres-avril-2019","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-1920-012--economic-fiscal-outlook-april-2019--perspectives-economiques-financieres-avril-2019"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/272ec57b74c7be54de99596cac20ead0c6e098645a43ed4cbb358460f42ccb78"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/66078e72bc4ee20372fe9ee71f897a77abc03d4d83616d11df026612684358e6"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f7181443709dd86a1d23bcf0eea4db60a3d42bd937525efced16af6ff36734b7","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/81a99795f7f4c363e9b2c95f78d9fa9720f16352e99c59451a02d0bc15323623","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/9e62d5bc66037beef828149bc68c538535ff363e2781f154a8424536da945003","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/cefbd0684a85b6faa99eb6326ea3f2804102f1995d683cf0dd048839bfa1402d","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3a3f339a22799de730696c4189fc35eba576aa941e66bd16fedbcec236703945","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/381609a8234113e02fd9a12a7afffeecdcb70ef7e1a190fe68594d95e157a503","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7dfe271908387ab89dcce19fc11980e1ff1ebd930a51ec65565e89f249eb0dce","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a872c57b27c7df23f3fde30d45c9f7717a0439ca5227e2143903823bfd1f3154"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/353d5eeb585d2f58db0cd9befb3611c5041400c8f2c2ebc16b248065e8c32320","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/303514800c4732ef80ba9fbba0756c41b1f48a3fb3da83123e3c04bf0f62bb84","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b4738af8f8c3423927adeb4a5a86b55602b8cd105b46abdf113ef18ca9e4ba02","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ed01b5d1e3cd2f59cff98bafa3e5b77050d22ec14c91093e26259795cfd4d829","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/da17537463d8c1badcfb21da74e2c128ce9d673693d7e1999b43906f87a610ab","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ee686001804659852f0777da3dc89c2d90fa62ade033197fd67bd01a5661d964","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5723a3b97cc733906d177c8cdfc17e16d065c62bebb8bfb8f5017820271fbd4c","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7ac728542ebab39bebc6be37e4294703731989e0aabda32e638610087600df6d"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"Consistent with the Parliamentary Budget Officer\u2019s legislated mandate, this report provides PBO\u2019s economic and fiscal outlook.","abstract_fr":"Conform\u00e9ment \u00e0 son mandat l\u00e9gislatif, le directeur parlementaire du budget pr\u00e9sente ici ses perspectives \u00e9conomiques et financi\u00e8res.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP1920012,\n author={Grinshpoon, Kristina and Scholz, Tim and Behrend, Robert and Busby, Carleigh and Devakos, Tessa and Elmarzougui, Eskandar and Liberge-Simard, Rapha\\\u0022{e}l and MacPhee, Sarah and Nahornick, Nora and Nicol, Caroline and Srivatsan, Varun and Stanton, Jason and Wodrich, Nigel},\n title={Economic and Fiscal Outlook - April 2019},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2019,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP1920012,\n author={Grinshpoon, Kristina and Scholz, Tim and Behrend, Robert and Busby, Carleigh and Devakos, Tessa and Elmarzougui, Eskandar and Liberge-Simard, Rapha\\\u0022{e}l and MacPhee, Sarah and Nahornick, Nora and Nicol, Caroline and Srivatsan, Varun and Stanton, Jason and Wodrich, Nigel},\n title={Perspectives \\\u0027{e}conomiques et financi\\`{e}res - Avril 2019},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2019,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-1920-003","is_published":"2021-08-04T20:18:05.000000Z","release_date":"2019-04-04T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-08-05T13:15:48.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-1920-003","title_en":"Cost Estimate of an Increase in the Duration of Employment Insurance (EI) Sickness Benefits","title_fr":"Estimation des co\u00fbts li\u00e9s \u00e0 la prolongation de la p\u00e9riode de versement des prestations de maladie de l\u2019assurance-emploi","slug":"RP-1920-003--cost-estimate-an-increase-in-duration-employment-insurance-ei-sickness-benefits--estimation-couts-lies-prolongation-periode-versement-prestations-maladie-assurance-emploi","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-1920-003--cost-estimate-an-increase-in-duration-employment-insurance-ei-sickness-benefits--estimation-couts-lies-prolongation-periode-versement-prestations-maladie-assurance-emploi","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-1920-003--cost-estimate-an-increase-in-duration-employment-insurance-ei-sickness-benefits--estimation-couts-lies-prolongation-periode-versement-prestations-maladie-assurance-emploi"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-1920-003--cost-estimate-an-increase-in-duration-employment-insurance-ei-sickness-benefits--estimation-couts-lies-prolongation-periode-versement-prestations-maladie-assurance-emploi","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-1920-003--cost-estimate-an-increase-in-duration-employment-insurance-ei-sickness-benefits--estimation-couts-lies-prolongation-periode-versement-prestations-maladie-assurance-emploi"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/cc0f21a69c0137d9791b94e5c722f3f9cb7de42d1cd112f9aa323b899fa1282d"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/edc5929644a29042147d5261b92b98ff8e5952290555c447b683016d03617767"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f66c30aa591fb37514523b645807d3d57b0d9c2b48b9f780d10f7ea1327103ac","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/840716dfdf47fb3fbf168ec56f8ae475f7206debed80de4f1b5ab73e9d64df53","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/9fce7e3ed1cc754b49fadddc72edc05067d5b094ef6e12bec3c62e8e95b015ed","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/692ded594b3ae768241314139e8e92927cba54bc54c807ce478c7bf4a55af3f8","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/288b425fcf99f7cc9cce82bc01a0ea9eeacdfadba4023a38fa83867a45a66897","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/6638c909a4d8daffc4ac8536fd4d176bf574ab455988a957328af97a79956c29","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3e7d9d5645655dda9bfd481a9fd2e9c22dd186960b2994becd225e19d12f2575","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f78e52ab8b502b218d98a2966a74f9d37a09d9e49d168a3d9aed69da4b73f556"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0fe180da5884ab4569862942a81fb6564c20109b6acfcfb89fbeb8b3eb919902","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a849b50ff9958bfbe66d8f90aeae922b0fc5599eba1d4c39ea48f295ca065d41","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/148b7f3aca693915ff2441292a82835107266fd72335ec3fbfdbe3eb8ea5c337","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/4f2ade3803b6cd8195f21b414195eea7cc3c6becfbf8dd908d4b84b6a12467ad","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/153635946fe22a3b16918c32ead13a7c6d4b0ada5c0f9fc4730fbad16d4a0ba3","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/29fa5979fa6b36830dface92f12bf19a87a1fcd4fc69306987909ea3dd5b4f64","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a3e651d764f8b9515b287e0c30e6fa3200738ef7fcda2d389e9358ea572b866b","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/87eefbdcbb515de2cdaea63c7fed57252d2e0180585d486af5eb42cc70fac683"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This report provides a cost estimate for a measure that would extend the duration of employment insurance (EI) sickness benefits from 15 weeks to 50 weeks.","abstract_fr":"Ce rapport pr\u00e9sente une estimation des co\u00fbts li\u00e9s \u00e0 une mesure qui porterait de 15 \u00e0 50 semaines la dur\u00e9e des prestations de maladie de l\u2019assurance-emploi (AE).","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP1920003,\n author={Nahornick, Nora and Grinshpoon, Kristina},\n title={Cost Estimate of an Increase in the Duration of Employment Insurance (EI) Sickness Benefits},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2019,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP1920003,\n author={Nahornick, Nora and Grinshpoon, Kristina},\n title={Estimation des couts li\\\u0027{e}s \\`{a} la prolongation de la p\\\u0027{e}riode de versement des prestations de maladie de l\u2019assurance-emploi},\n institution={Bureau du directeur 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report responds to a request to provide the estimated fiscal cost of reducing the federal corporate income tax rate by 1 percentage point per year over 6 years. By the end of 6 years, this presents a combined federal-provincial statutory rate of 20.7%.","abstract_fr":"Ce rapport r\u00e9pond \u00e0 une requ\u00eate pour fournir le co\u00fbt budg\u00e9taire annuel d\u2019une r\u00e9duction graduelle, \u00e0 raison de 1 point de pourcentage par ann\u00e9e pendant 6 ans, du taux f\u00e9d\u00e9ral d\u2019imposition du revenu des soci\u00e9t\u00e9s. \u00c0 terme, le taux f\u00e9d\u00e9ral-provincial combin\u00e9 pr\u00e9vu par la loi s\u2019\u00e9tablirait \u00e0 20,7%.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP1819385,\n author={Bernier, Govindadeva and Nahornick, Nora},\n title={Cost Estimate of a Reduction in the Federal Corporate Income Tax Rate},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2018,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP1819385,\n author={Bernier, Govindadeva and Nahornick, Nora},\n title={Estimation du cout d\u2019une r\\\u0027{e}duction du taux f\\\u0027{e}d\\\u0027{e}ral d\u2019imposition du revenu des soci\\\u0027{e}t\\\u0027{e}s},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2018,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-1819-382","is_published":"2021-08-25T19:44:03.000000Z","release_date":"2018-10-23T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-08-25T20:28:34.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-1819-382","title_en":"Economic and Fiscal Outlook - October 2018 - Revised Oct. 31, 2018","title_fr":"Perspectives \u00e9conomiques et financi\u00e8res Octobre 2018 - R\u00e9vis\u00e9 31 octobre 2018","slug":"RP-1819-382--economic-fiscal-outlook-october-2018-revised-oct-31-2018--perspectives-economiques-financieres-octobre-2018-revise-31-octobre-2018","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-1819-382--economic-fiscal-outlook-october-2018-revised-oct-31-2018--perspectives-economiques-financieres-octobre-2018-revise-31-octobre-2018","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-1819-382--economic-fiscal-outlook-october-2018-revised-oct-31-2018--perspectives-economiques-financieres-octobre-2018-revise-31-octobre-2018"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-1819-382--economic-fiscal-outlook-october-2018-revised-oct-31-2018--perspectives-economiques-financieres-octobre-2018-revise-31-octobre-2018","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-1819-382--economic-fiscal-outlook-october-2018-revised-oct-31-2018--perspectives-economiques-financieres-octobre-2018-revise-31-octobre-2018"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/6c1a89fbab845887611163d6f0042e2c6985d991c3daaacb56af2617ed878bc2"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/aaa2897467250be35e680889ebb576afe9e0540ac6a4ba660599fa671f996683"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a2f833a3e0d713ee1d6f08183d85ccd96e1bdb738b6712d882f6405ba5d2a4ca","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/bfec691c553974bd79f00e53c712e931731c70cd3ec5341b01ad3aac1ac86572","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2340fd6887ff86b783c91dee5054b1d189e43ce599fa9c53caa96750af23d3af","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/9249784921a8f2c41496d08939c0af6810158c582b8dc2b3366e952051f8cc26","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/da4b723a4e72effbf8140c58588a9949c47dd2e7b2f6a3054e6d837d26af31cb","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/28abba4465c4b794d46a671bf1d2e50f10414f78442148e1fc71951b459dfd55","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d1a0c1a30a850227530790243d7be92213505e16e6877bba869c62cbc83ba188","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/c5c1f0c389f1ef63220064ce95dcac5f2de135f6a4cb368de3e577e59fe08abc"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/25408903f956fd484640e2a810c33282d41ee98ed3cec39e7088b282f55a8ffb","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5730d54134198f7a984c0c3bb7c6f09e37d5247853da2fd108a12d4ebd62a600","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/188fa29b08a7af72a79167aaace3fe4617c0e836daadec292d8abb73ec0329be","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/fbf1863d6b8d8d271345b8162ddd5c5ad156672c0b8eaa46b8a1b3d3c41f5dcc","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/6c5bbdb98312796a0c680c630411caa701477d3bcdc6ab5d6cfc839237f33e36","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/40dcf78cd43a31e281840f74e6afdde0ff8c3c9c3399ff089cb6ca69d6bf01f9","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/131f76d90c6ab10e00192949c9046712d5fcb0d77e06e7e80b056c5d472ba645","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/c7db7018e723fa13768c13e7c0f5d4d75087caf4dd970a120e1c06d748be038a"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"Consistent with the Parliamentary Budget Officer\u2019s legislated mandate, this report provides PBO\u2019s economic and fiscal outlook. The Canadian economy continued to operate above its potential output in the first half of 2018. Fuelled by strong export growth, real GDP growth averaged 2.2 per cent in the first two quarters of the year. As underlying inflation moved up to the 2 per cent target and wage growth improved, the Bank of Canada raised its policy interest rate by 25 basis points in January and again in July.","abstract_fr":"Conform\u00e9ment \u00e0 son mandat l\u00e9gislatif, le directeur parlementaire du budget pr\u00e9sente ici ses perspectives \u00e9conomiques et financi\u00e8res. Au cours de la premi\u00e8re moiti\u00e9 de 2018, l\u2019\u00e9conomie canadienne a continu\u00e9 de progresser \u00e0 un rythme sup\u00e9rieur \u00e0 son rendement potentiel. Stimul\u00e9e par la vigueur des exportations, la croissance du PIB r\u00e9el s\u2019est maintenue, en moyenne, \u00e0 2,2 % au cours des deux premiers trimestres de l\u2019ann\u00e9e. L\u2019inflation sous-jacente a augment\u00e9 pour atteindre la cible de 2 % et la croissance des salaires s\u2019est am\u00e9lior\u00e9e, ce qui a amen\u00e9 la Banque du Canada \u00e0 relever son taux directeur de 25 points de base en janvier et encore une fois en juillet.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP1819382,\n author={Scholz, Tim and Shaw, Trevor and Bagnoli, Philip and Behrend, Robert and Bergeron, \\\u0027{E}tienne and Busby, Carleigh and Devakos, Tessa and Grinshpoon, Kristina and MacPhee, Sarah and Nahornick, Nora and Nicol, Caroline and Scutaru, Tiberiu and Wodrich, Nigel},\n title={Economic and Fiscal Outlook - October 2018 - Revised Oct. 31, 2018},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2018,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP1819382,\n author={Scholz, Tim and Shaw, Trevor and Bagnoli, Philip and Behrend, Robert and Bergeron, \\\u0027{E}tienne and Busby, Carleigh and Devakos, Tessa and Grinshpoon, Kristina and MacPhee, Sarah and Nahornick, Nora and Nicol, Caroline and Scutaru, Tiberiu and Wodrich, Nigel},\n title={Perspectives \\\u0027{e}conomiques et financi\\`{e}res Octobre 2018 - R\\\u0027{e}vis\\\u0027{e} 31 octobre 2018},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2018,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}}