[{"label":"Home","url":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en"},{"label":"Team","url":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/staff--equipe","section":{"id":1,"title_en":"About","title_fr":"\u00c0 propos"}},{"label":"Philip Bagnoli","url":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/staff--equipe\/philip-bagnoli","section":{"id":1,"title_en":"About","title_fr":"\u00c0 propos"}}]

Philip Bagnoli

Advisor-Analyst

Philip is an Advisor to the Parliamentary Budget Office (PBO).

Prior to joining the PBO, Philip was a Senior Economist with the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in both the Environment Directorate for 6 years and the Economics Department for 8 years. Before that Philip had been with the Economic Studies and Policy Analysis Division at the Department of Finance for 5 years, and the Brookings Institution in Washington, DC for 5 years. He has also done brief stints at the Bank of Canada and started his career in the private sector with Shell Oil.

Philip holds a PhD in economics from the University of Toronto, and an Honours BSc in Computer Science from the University of Western Ontario.

Latest publications

    {"id":"RP-2324-023-S","is_published":"2024-01-12T13:57:11.000000Z","release_date":"2024-01-12T14:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2024-01-12T13:57:11.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2324-023-S","title_en":"Income dynamics of new immigrants to Canada","title_fr":"Dynamique des revenus des nouveaux immigrants au Canada","slug":"RP-2324-023-S--income-dynamics-new-immigrants-canada--dynamique-revenus-nouveaux-immigrants-canada","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2324-023-S--income-dynamics-new-immigrants-canada--dynamique-revenus-nouveaux-immigrants-canada","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2324-023-S--income-dynamics-new-immigrants-canada--dynamique-revenus-nouveaux-immigrants-canada"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2324-023-S--income-dynamics-new-immigrants-canada--dynamique-revenus-nouveaux-immigrants-canada","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2324-023-S--income-dynamics-new-immigrants-canada--dynamique-revenus-nouveaux-immigrants-canada"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/e44babfd5c3811a7d6abb04890ce04c5cddb1752f3a1d18463c8446d5bfa03ce"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/d19264b2f22d0d1fbef14936f313562a7eb81ac7b5343b7c361bb56b2a737255"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/c60cfac989e3f8a8283fb346d2fce754658e56f6eecb0c415bfd7ae7b98e159b","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a2f7d37e3c22a6775a4bc3f44f3ca421015e91985a79708e91bdb8e5377c4b51","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/1b412fbd00b394be4184a1ba9263ad3bc48c18f29d75d77e48cd37af0a38728b","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/cd84d77ce0803664a687aa2af3851c45abab9104176c70472837dfc272bd94a9","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/de3aef412bfc3b1e1fde7dee277268b519909f6560aa9cfd7b4d57046494c88f","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/1f3e213d492e005a204cd637dba5f8fa92ad02ff93dd371576bc4f51bd0ba252","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/751ebeecc61ff571172b528de26ce0937c4c84e150b21577c2c01646937e6300","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/c9fa4b4e942b52624af3a173ca6b6c6b9ec4abd15979bd8f33e8e1ea89d919f5"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/18d9890bb6c280820667fe8a89d478ef5f88e95210d45be8970a1f6a0d2db2c4","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/208d933ba0415308bfd51abe56982a5311498e5e76b39931ea65253ecee85482","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d5c6c3fc506b333b1e3d782ab704f9e9ee21b928b34ca3118a6bc21f2e270d42","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/24ec2498f2c3fbf5543bb45c8327424ca0b301237a77b9f7785500bef6d5c60e","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/642fbd22e92c4de1d054fce43e6ae8aabd33aade8ffcc9d106f15384a5444054","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/efcf1ae76fa3712046e617cc65049b4f45d62731b01c65e75ccb5e784298b960","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e990f7d23570a4ae71d3b725391490d58740d62673151621de6ffdbe5358db15","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/58a9998bd7195e468f18d8a52c199108019cd4b84a05c39d4fd2e514d3a6d32b"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This report highlights some recent changes in the relative income of new immigrants to Canada. During the period 2014 to 2018 their relative income went from 55 per cent to 78 per cent of that of all Canadian tax filers. We explore some of the characteristics of that change (source countries, destination province, education and occupation, etc.) and a potential impact on measured productivity growth of Canada.","abstract_fr":"Ce rapport met en lumi\u00e8re certains changements r\u00e9cents dans le revenu relatif des nouveaux immigrants au Canada. Entre 2014 et 2018, leur revenu relatif est pass\u00e9 de 55 \u00e0 78 % de celui de l\u2019ensemble des d\u00e9clarants canadiens. Nous examinons certaines des caract\u00e9ristiques de ce changement (pays d\u2019origine, province de destination, \u00e9tudes et profession, etc.) et son incidence possible sur la croissance de la productivit\u00e9 mesur\u00e9e au Canada.","highlights":[{"content":{"en":"The federal government announced substantial increases in its planned immigration targets: reaching 500 thousand people for the years 2025 and 2026. In this report, we look at some recent evolution of median total incomes of new immigrants so as to inform expectations regarding that policy change.","fr":"Le gouvernement f\u00e9d\u00e9ral a annonc\u00e9 une augmentation substantielle de ses cibles d\u2019immigration pr\u00e9vues, soit 500 000 personnes pour les ann\u00e9es 2025 et 2026. Dans ce rapport, nous examinons l\u2019\u00e9volution r\u00e9cente du revenu total m\u00e9dian des nouveaux immigrants afin d\u2019\u00e9clairer les attentes \u00e0 l\u2019\u00e9gard de ce changement de politique"}},{"content":{"en":"From 2014 to 2018 the median total income of new-immigrant tax-filers rose from 55 per cent of the median total income of all tax-filers, to 78 per cent.","fr":"De 2014 \u00e0 2018, le revenu total m\u00e9dian des nouveaux immigrants qui ont rempli une d\u00e9claration de revenu est pass\u00e9 de 55 \u00e0 78 % du revenu total m\u00e9dian de l\u2019ensemble des d\u00e9clarants."}},{"content":{"en":"Trends driving that change include greater pre-landing Canadian work experience, a shift of source-countries to south Asia, and greater family connections of incoming migrants. These trends are discernible from the mid-2000s.","fr":"Les tendances \u00e0 l\u2019origine de ce changement comprennent une plus grande exp\u00e9rience de travail au Canada avant l\u2019\u00e9tablissement, un d\u00e9placement des pays sources vers l\u2019Asie du Sud et un plus grand nombre de liens familiaux des migrants entrants. Ces tendances sont perceptibles depuis le milieu des ann\u00e9es 2000."}},{"content":{"en":"Immigrants from India made the largest contribution to that gain.","fr":"Les immigrants de l\u2019Inde ont contribu\u00e9 le plus \u00e0 ce gain."}},{"content":{"en":"The increase in relative income is dominated by professional groups such as engineers, applied scientists, etc.","fr":"L\u2019augmentation du revenu relatif touche majoritairement des groupes professionnels comme les ing\u00e9nieurs, les chercheurs en sciences appliqu\u00e9es, etc."}},{"content":{"en":"A disproportionate share of the reduced income gap between new immigrants and all tax filers (45% in 2014, versus 22% in 2018) is attributable to those living in Ontario.","fr":"Une part disproportionn\u00e9e de la r\u00e9duction de l\u2019\u00e9cart de revenu entre les nouveaux immigrants et l\u2019ensemble des d\u00e9clarants (45 % en 2014, comparativement \u00e0 22 % en 2018) est attribuable aux personnes vivant en Ontario."}},{"content":{"en":"Lower relative incomes of new immigrants could create a temporary drag on Canadian measured productivity growth through a compositional effect. Though that effect would be removed as the cohort of new immigrants integrate into the labour force, the arrival of new immigrants each year would re-initiate the impact. The recent smaller gaps between the incomes of new immigrants and the Canadian median could reduce that compositional effect on measured productivity. At the outer bound, productivity growth in Canada could be increased by as much as 0.21 percentage points if the gap were eliminated.","fr":"Les revenus relatifs plus faibles des nouveaux immigrants pourraient freiner temporairement la croissance de la productivit\u00e9 mesur\u00e9e au Canada par le biais d\u2019un effet de composition. Bien que cet effet serait \u00e9limin\u00e9 \u00e0 mesure que la cohorte de nouveaux immigrants s\u2019int\u00e8gre \u00e0 la population active, l\u2019arriv\u00e9e de nouveaux immigrants chaque ann\u00e9e r\u00e9activerait l\u2019incidence. La r\u00e9duction r\u00e9cente de l\u2019\u00e9cart entre les revenus des nouveaux immigrants et la m\u00e9diane canadienne pourrait r\u00e9duire cet effet de composition sur la productivit\u00e9 mesur\u00e9e. \u00c0 la limite ext\u00e9rieure, la croissance de la productivit\u00e9 au Canada pourrait augmenter jusqu\u2019\u00e0 0,21 point de pourcentage si l\u2019\u00e9cart \u00e9tait \u00e9limin\u00e9."}}]},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2324023S,\n author={Bagnoli, Philip and Matier, Chris and Yan, Xiaoyi},\n title={Income dynamics of new immigrants to Canada},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2024,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2324023S,\n author={Bagnoli, Philip and Matier, Chris and Yan, Xiaoyi},\n title={Dynamique des revenus des nouveaux immigrants au Canada},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2024,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-2324-004-S","is_published":"2023-05-18T12:57:08.000000Z","release_date":"2023-05-18T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2023-05-18T16:34:04.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2324-004-S","title_en":"A Distributional Analysis of the Clean Fuel Regulations","title_fr":"Analyse distributive du R\u00e8glement sur les combustibles 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report provides a distributional analysis of the Clean Fuel Regulations that will require reductions in the carbon intensity of gasoline and diesel used in Canada.","abstract_fr":"Ce rapport pr\u00e9sente une analyse distributive du R\u00e8glement sur les combustibles propres qui exigera de r\u00e9duire l\u2019intensit\u00e9 carbone de l\u2019essence et du diesel utilis\u00e9s au Canada.","highlights":[{"content":{"en":"Relative to household disposable income, PBO results show that the Clean Fuel Regulations are broadly regressive. That is, the cost to lower income households represents a larger share of their disposable income compared to higher income households.","fr":"Par rapport au revenu disponible des m\u00e9nages, les r\u00e9sultats du DPB indiquent que le R\u00e8glement sur les combustibles propres est g\u00e9n\u00e9ralement r\u00e9gressif. Autrement dit, le co\u00fbt pour les m\u00e9nages \u00e0 faible revenu repr\u00e9sente une proportion plus importante de leur revenu disponible que pour les m\u00e9nages \u00e0 revenu \u00e9lev\u00e9."}},{"content":{"en":"At the national level, in 2030, the cost of the Clean Fuel Regulations to households ranges from 0.62 per cent of disposable income (or $231) for lower income households to 0.35 per cent of disposable income (or $1,008) for higher income households.","fr":"\u00c0 l\u2019\u00e9chelle nationale, en 2030, le co\u00fbt du R\u00e8glement sur les combustibles propres pour les m\u00e9nages va de 0,62 % du revenu disponible (ou 231 $) pour les m\u00e9nages \u00e0 faible revenu \u00e0 0,35 % du revenu disponible (ou 1 008 $) pour les m\u00e9nages \u00e0 revenu \u00e9lev\u00e9."}},{"content":{"en":"Relative to disposable income, the cost of the Clean Fuel Regulations to the average household in 2030 is the highest in Saskatchewan (0.87 per cent, or $1,117), Alberta (0.80 per cent, or $1,157) and Newfoundland and Labrador (0.80 per cent, or $850), reflecting the higher fossil fuel intensity of their economies.","fr":"Par rapport au revenu disponible, c\u2019est en Saskatchewan (0,87 % ou 1 117 $), en Alberta (0,80 % ou 1 157 $) et \u00e0 Terre-Neuve-et-Labrador (0,80 % ou 850 $) que le co\u00fbt du R\u00e8glement sur les combustibles propres pour le m\u00e9nage moyen en 2030 est le plus \u00e9lev\u00e9, ce qui refl\u00e8te l\u2019intensit\u00e9 des combustibles fossiles plus \u00e9lev\u00e9e de leurs \u00e9conomies."}},{"content":{"en":"Relative to disposable income, the cost of the Clean Fuel Regulations to the average household in 2030 is the lowest in British Columbia (0.28 per cent, or $384), reflecting the relatively muted impact on real GDP. That said, the cost to the average household in Ontario (0.35 per cent, or $495) and Quebec (0.39 per cent, or $436) is only modestly larger.","fr":"Par rapport au revenu disponible, c\u2019est en Colombie-Britannique (0,28 % ou 384 $) que le co\u00fbt du R\u00e8glement sur les combustibles propres pour le m\u00e9nage moyen en 2030 est le plus bas, ce qui refl\u00e8te l\u2019incidence relativement faible sur le PIB r\u00e9el. Cela dit, le co\u00fbt pour le m\u00e9nage moyen en Ontario (0,35 % ou 495 $) et au Qu\u00e9bec (0,39 % ou 436 $) n\u2019est que modestement plus \u00e9lev\u00e9."}},{"content":{"en":"PBO estimates are based, in part, on data underlying the Regulatory Impact Analysis Statement provided by Environment and Climate Change Canada from their upper bound fuel price scenario. Consequently, PBO estimates should be regarded as upper bound estimates.","fr":"Les estimations du DPB se fondent en partie sur les donn\u00e9es qui sous-tendent le R\u00e9sum\u00e9 de l\u2019\u00e9tude d\u2019impact de la r\u00e9glementation pr\u00e9sent\u00e9 par Environnement et Changement climatique Canada pour son sc\u00e9nario de limite sup\u00e9rieure d\u2019augmentation des prix des combustibles. Par cons\u00e9quent, les estimations du DPB devraient \u00eatre consid\u00e9r\u00e9es comme des estimations de limite sup\u00e9rieure."}}]},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2324004S,\n author={Ammar, Nasreddine and Laurin, Marianne and Bagnoli, Philip and Scholz, Tim and Sourang, Diarra},\n title={A Distributional Analysis of the Clean Fuel Regulations},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2023,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2324004S,\n author={Ammar, Nasreddine and Laurin, Marianne and Bagnoli, Philip and Scholz, Tim and Sourang, Diarra},\n title={Analyse distributive du R\\`{e}glement sur les combustibles propres},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2023,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-2223-015-S","is_published":"2022-11-08T14:57:02.000000Z","release_date":"2022-11-08T15:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2022-11-08T14:57:02.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2223-015-S","title_en":"Global greenhouse gas emissions and Canadian GDP","title_fr":"Les \u00e9missions mondiales de gaz \u00e0 effet de serre et le PIB 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report examines the long-term impact on the Canadian economy of changing weather patterns due to climate change.","abstract_fr":"Ce rapport examine l\u2019incidence \u00e0 long terme sur l\u2019\u00e9conomie canadienne de la modification des tendances m\u00e9t\u00e9orologiques li\u00e9e au changement climatique.","highlights":[{"content":{"en":"Our analysis indicates that the 0.9-degree Celsius average increase in surface temperature and 2.5 per cent increase in average precipitation observed for Canada over 1981 to 2021 (relative to 1961-1990 reference levels), have lowered the level of Canadian real GDP in 2021 by 0.8 per cent (or $20 billion in 2021 dollars).","fr":"Notre analyse indique que l\u2019augmentation de 0,9 \u00b0C de la temp\u00e9rature moyenne en surface et l\u2019augmentation de 2,5 % des pr\u00e9cipitations moyenne observ\u00e9es de 1981 \u00e0 2021 au Canada (par rapport \u00e0 la moyenne pour 1961 1990), ont r\u00e9duit le niveau du PIB r\u00e9el canadien de 0,8 % en 2021 (soit 20 milliards, en dollars de 2021)."}},{"content":{"en":"Under our benchmark global greenhouse gas emissions scenario in which countries across the world fully meet their climate commitments, we estimate that higher temperatures and precipitation will reduce Canada\u2019s real GDP by 5.8 per cent in 2100, compared to a counterfactual scenario where climate variables remain at their average levels observed over 1961 to 1990. For perspective, in 2021, 5.8 per cent of GDP amounts to $145 billion (in 2021 dollars). In 2100, the economy will be substantially larger and therefore the estimated impact in dollar terms would be correspondingly larger.","fr":"Selon notre sc\u00e9nario de r\u00e9f\u00e9rence pour les \u00e9missions de gaz \u00e0 effet de serre, dans lequel les pays respectent int\u00e9gralement leurs engagements climatiques, nous estimons que l\u2019augmentation des temp\u00e9ratures et des pr\u00e9cipitations r\u00e9duira le PIB r\u00e9el du Canada de 5,8 % d\u2019ici 2100, par rapport \u00e0 un sc\u00e9nario hypoth\u00e9tique selon lequel les variables climatiques restent aux niveaux observ\u00e9s entre 1961 et 1990. \u00c0 titre illustratif, en 2021, 5,8 % du PIB repr\u00e9sentait 145 milliards de dollars (en dollars de 2021). En 2100, l\u0027\u00e9conomie sera nettement plus vaste et l\u0027impact estim\u00e9 en dollars sera donc d\u0027autant plus important."}},{"content":{"en":"We estimate that 2.4 percentage points of the 5.8 per cent impact in 2100 stems from the continuation of recent changes in weather patterns due to climate change while the remaining 3.6-percentage point impact is from future changes to weather patterns.","fr":"Nous estimons que 2,4 points de pourcentage sur l\u2019incidence de 5,8 % en 2100 est attribuable au prolongement des modifications r\u00e9centes dans les tendances m\u00e9t\u00e9orologiques en raison du changement climatique, alors que les 3,6 points de pourcentage restants sont attribuables aux variations futures des tendences m\u00e9t\u00e9orologiques."}},{"content":{"en":"If instead global policies remain closer to current settings\u2014and global climate commitments are not met\u2014we estimate that the level of Canadian real GDP in 2100 would be approximately three-quarters of a percentage point lower compared to our benchmark global emissions scenario.","fr":"En revanche, si les politiques mondiales restent pratiquement semblables \u00e0 ce qu\u2019elles sont actuellement \u2013 et que les engagements climatiques mondiaux ne sont pas respect\u00e9s \u2013 nous estimons que le niveau du PIB r\u00e9el canadien en 2100 serait d\u2019environ 0,75 point de pourcentage inf\u00e9rieur \u00e0 ce que pr\u00e9voit notre sc\u00e9nario de r\u00e9f\u00e9rence pour les \u00e9missions mondiales."}}]},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2223015S,\n author={Bagnoli, Philip and Scholz, Tim and Ammar, Nasreddine and Duncan, Krista and Perrault, Louis},\n title={Global greenhouse gas emissions and Canadian GDP},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2223015S,\n author={Bagnoli, Philip and Scholz, Tim and Ammar, Nasreddine and Duncan, Krista and Perrault, Louis},\n title={Les \\\u0027{e}missions mondiales de gaz \\`{a} effet de serre et le PIB canadien},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-2223-008-S","is_published":"2022-06-14T12:57:02.000000Z","release_date":"2022-06-14T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2022-06-14T12:57:02.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2223-008-S","title_en":"Canadian patented drug prices: Gauging the change in reference countries","title_fr":"Prix canadiens des m\u00e9dicaments brevet\u00e9s : Mesurer l\u2019importance de la modification dans les pays de r\u00e9f\u00e9rence","slug":"RP-2223-008-S--canadian-patented-drug-prices-gauging-change-in-reference-countries--prix-canadiens-medicaments-brevetes-mesurer-importance-modification-dans-pays-reference","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2223-008-S--canadian-patented-drug-prices-gauging-change-in-reference-countries--prix-canadiens-medicaments-brevetes-mesurer-importance-modification-dans-pays-reference","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2223-008-S--canadian-patented-drug-prices-gauging-change-in-reference-countries--prix-canadiens-medicaments-brevetes-mesurer-importance-modification-dans-pays-reference"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2223-008-S--canadian-patented-drug-prices-gauging-change-in-reference-countries--prix-canadiens-medicaments-brevetes-mesurer-importance-modification-dans-pays-reference","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2223-008-S--canadian-patented-drug-prices-gauging-change-in-reference-countries--prix-canadiens-medicaments-brevetes-mesurer-importance-modification-dans-pays-reference"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/1135d8aba4de3c35a1098e80fd5209fddb097920d354f8ac79ec3b1cf8918ff5"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/52013cd76a270a29dca00899662c9789e1b16b34f2656577f9207a3393545b85"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/333d2caae4e7774a05df250c1983707dd31f470951d5091edb9253bcc357e941","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b15e5f7fe45b24058fdebd3163c6a6b8ee2925150ab2d2ed2e30ceb152d4a829","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5379d262fe9dbd3babacf553f1e89e45dbcaabba826da8aea051815ddbd5a0ad","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/38968cc112f8d20802f74a70b13f8996daf12cb9ccf284db6d37a3e48fbd9902","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/85639371929d7d6639d499a14bc75d1316e970a408d1e174372129a710427af2","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b236658f0b96307126e7eca5d2b4395dd7156ebecbfadad32697f82e0ba4be54","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/275cd9d26ce4e7428ac5c10558573fb196bd1f5552b9f3048c929896814c21e5","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0e756176796da55dd8aed15c4180e44d6f5e1f869be9e2115b99d4d63e11ed25"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/cc2f59b49d9e1e659efd71bf7db5aa275475354340644089986d2022d7977402","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/78bca4ac00e127c9e9872ea3be930219aed78e5e3f5c143f43f6e20bab93a7ed","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/089021dd2530ffc86571fee77758b6efc36d9f3fbef4a0b0d3608d70d5563fa3","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/53d3883d0f7407ee7be7911c8ec65a446e090aa82bc2c06c975be9015cf2f3b0","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/c6d2a5130bb4701c9db81d689f07d2a802f9db4d7474b300ebca3b8692d5a8cb","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/fcbd45bfb35a29d1117406162cc7b948bd14bdd0ce9a914d642b60eb57997df4","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/69bd1938af3f059bc7057687b895e6990e0c29d34fbd892795a7687cb9a159c3","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/43b734d78ca7a306e5c76af2cc56386193966a9d15d073d5566715e462f8353a"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"Regulatory changes for how the Patented Medicines Prices Review Board (PMPRB) formulates price ceilings for patented drugs have been proposed and are due to come into effect in July of 2022. This report examines the proposed change and quantifies its long-term impact. We find that a change to the median of eleven comparator countries is important, but that more flexibility to re-adjust prices would potentially contribute more to reducing expenditures by Canadians.","abstract_fr":"Des modifications r\u00e9glementaires \u00e0 la m\u00e9thode employ\u00e9e par le Conseil d\u2019examen du prix des m\u00e9dicaments brevet\u00e9s (CEPMB) pour calculer les prix plafonds des m\u00e9dicaments brevet\u00e9s ont \u00e9t\u00e9 propos\u00e9es et doivent entrer en vigueur en juillet 2022. Le pr\u00e9sent rapport examine les modifications propos\u00e9es et en quantifie les r\u00e9percussions \u00e0 long terme. Nous estimons qu\u0027un changement \u00e0 la m\u00e9diane de onze pays de comparaison est important, mais qu\u2019un rajustement des prix plus souple contribuerait davantage \u00e0 r\u00e9duire les d\u00e9penses de la population canadienne.","highlights":[{"content":{"en":"We estimate the potential importance of the proposed change in reference countries by looking at their counterfactual impact in a representative year, in this case 2018. Canadian expenditures would have been lower by 19 per cent, *ceteris paribus*. This leads us to conclude that in a future where the changes are fully implemented, expenditures could be 19 per cent lower than they otherwise would be.","fr":"Nous estimons l\u2019importance potentielle de la modification propos\u00e9e dans les pays de r\u00e9f\u00e9rence en examinant ses r\u00e9percussions hypoth\u00e9tiques au cours d\u2019une ann\u00e9e repr\u00e9sentative, en l\u2019occurrence 2018. Les d\u00e9penses canadiennes auraient \u00e9t\u00e9 inf\u00e9rieures de 19 %, toutes choses \u00e9tant \u00e9gales par ailleurs. Cette constatation nous am\u00e8ne \u00e0 conclure que, dans un avenir o\u00f9 les modifications seront enti\u00e8rement mises en \u0153uvre, les d\u00e9penses pourraient \u00eatre inf\u00e9rieures de 19 % \u00e0 ce qu\u2019elles seraient autrement."}},{"content":{"en":"We find that most (12 percentage points) of that reduction comes from reassessment of prices and better alignment of price comparisons rather than switching comparator countries.","fr":"Nous constatons que la majeure partie (12 points de pourcentage) de cette r\u00e9duction provient de la r\u00e9\u00e9valuation des prix et d\u2019une meilleure correspondance des comparaisons de prix, plut\u00f4t que de la modification des pays de comparaison."}}]},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2223008S,\n author={Bagnoli, Philip and Busby, Carleigh},\n title={Canadian patented drug prices: Gauging the change in reference countries},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2223008S,\n author={Bagnoli, Philip and Busby, Carleigh},\n title={Prix canadiens des m\\\u0027{e}dicaments brevet\\\u0027{e}s : Mesurer l\u2019importance de la modification dans les pays de r\\\u0027{e}f\\\u0027{e}rence},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-2122-032-S","is_published":"2022-03-24T13:00:01.000000Z","release_date":"2022-03-24T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2022-03-24T13:00:01.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2122-032-S","title_en":"A Distributional Analysis of Federal Carbon Pricing under A Healthy Environment and A Healthy Economy","title_fr":"Une analyse distributive de la tarification f\u00e9d\u00e9rale du carbone dans le cadre du plan \u00ab Un environnement sain et une \u00e9conomie saine \u00bb","slug":"RP-2122-032-S--distributional-analysis-federal-carbon-pricing-under-healthy-environment-healthy-economy--une-analyse-distributive-tarification-federale-carbone-dans-cadre-plan-un-environnement-sain-une-eco","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-032-S--distributional-analysis-federal-carbon-pricing-under-healthy-environment-healthy-economy--une-analyse-distributive-tarification-federale-carbone-dans-cadre-plan-un-environnement-sain-une-eco","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-032-S--distributional-analysis-federal-carbon-pricing-under-healthy-environment-healthy-economy--une-analyse-distributive-tarification-federale-carbone-dans-cadre-plan-un-environnement-sain-une-eco"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-032-S--distributional-analysis-federal-carbon-pricing-under-healthy-environment-healthy-economy--une-analyse-distributive-tarification-federale-carbone-dans-cadre-plan-un-environnement-sain-une-eco","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-032-S--distributional-analysis-federal-carbon-pricing-under-healthy-environment-healthy-economy--une-analyse-distributive-tarification-federale-carbone-dans-cadre-plan-un-environnement-sain-une-eco"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/6399abff7887b53208a1e97cfb397801ea9f4e729c15dfb85998d1eb359ea5c7"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/4dee5e1a1e2c2e1b08a83cb76568cdcae2f520ca0c2a5fb9ffc1ef0f9e1b0efc"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8db8f49ad11c1e52c66a5835d50d52e5c8d259cee64c7d0a772800d4f4059f55","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ab7349515c1227f20760be771d4b6104e941c17bb435e8a321c0098364f3aaf5","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/fa43c75b696587fed0e7db15b8989918616612d6b6d1f086a63a6581e1559427","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8ffa5503b879f25badafaf40d3a8aa19c860ded3603b6cbc74b97941b7faba63","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/4c8601a6ee7523923cc76dad0757aec9313fb9d844ffac91735ffda310f77e39","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f4d92277baa5464feccfe18c516285593c2e8b93fa82812712ff80dce3e71c57","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7dda017c4fc10410b761d9d374d8d2b42e006b4f50cd9fa5513315a94b338723","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ce85235453c99e367089e8600e03f34c0d8135fd891d664a2a8ea60053f41b62"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f76062665173fea78678d58a9c902ec1141ed546aeca70e9c7b21a4b075e7c9b","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/1e183ff6c1a06d40cf7b2aec1a92c71bac3be82bc91a781a92f0387c501d60a7","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/fdd583ccf32d83aaa4af73d537c6b394953df21c182e7c0c4ca3dbb2958a719d","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/78de16a86f06487fd72b5d00b68ecaab42f139ff14efde795d9a8ff80f197d41","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/499ee1da44201b305266118cc3f2206878d49b5755086efa1e27f1f9dc8d9c84","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e3e6a3b18c1e209c29c6aa2f21f75377f7b56435045660ca38919b5614153ddf","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3bc84094812e4fcf174d22e9d306a578ef8b450b98f79640566ee053e5fe5e4f","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/df7dae0058f06c2aa6988615b11c583a051e96aca003f84933097b1256c8f12f"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This report provides a distributional analysis of federal carbon pricing under the Government\u2019s A Healthy Environment and A Healthy Economy plan.","abstract_fr":"Ce rapport fournit une analyse distributive de la tarification f\u00e9d\u00e9rale du carbone dans le cadre du plan du gouvernement intitul\u00e9 \u00ab Un environnement sain et une \u00e9conomie saine \u00bb.","highlights":[{"content":{"en":"Under the Government\u2019s A Healthy Environment and A Healthy Economy (HEHE) climate plan, the federal carbon levy is set to rise by $15 per year from $50 per tonne in 2022 until it reaches $170 per tonne in 2030.","fr":"Dans le cadre du plan climatique du gouvernement intitul\u00e9 Un environnement sain et une \u00e9conomie saine (plan climatique), la taxe f\u00e9d\u00e9rale sur le carbone devrait augmenter de 15 dollars par ann\u00e9e, passant de 50 dollars par tonne en 2022 \u00e0 170 dollars par tonne en 2030."}},{"content":{"en":"When losses in economic efficiency are added to fiscal impacts of federal carbon pricing, the net carbon cost increases for all households in Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta.","fr":"Lorsque les pertes d\u2019efficacit\u00e9 \u00e9conomique sont ajout\u00e9es aux incidences fiscales de la tarification f\u00e9d\u00e9rale du carbone, le co\u00fbt net du carbone augmente pour tous les m\u00e9nages de l\u2019Ontario, du Manitoba, de la Saskatchewan et de l\u2019Alberta."}},{"content":{"en":"Most households in provinces under the backstop will see a net loss resulting from federal carbon pricing under the HEHE plan. That is, household carbon costs will exceed the Climate Action Incentive payments households receive.","fr":"La plupart des m\u00e9nages des provinces o\u00f9 le filet de s\u00e9curit\u00e9 s\u2019applique subiront une perte nette r\u00e9sultant de la tarification f\u00e9d\u00e9rale du carbone dans le cadre du plan climatique. C\u2019est-\u00e0-dire que le co\u00fbt du carbone pour les m\u00e9nages sera sup\u00e9rieur aux paiements de l\u2019incitatif \u00e0 agir pour le climat que les m\u00e9nages re\u00e7oivent."}},{"content":{"en":"Relative to disposable income, our estimates of household net carbon costs continue to show a progressive impact that is, larger net costs for higher income households.","fr":"En ce qui concerne le revenu disponible, nos estimations des co\u00fbts nets du carbone pour les m\u00e9nages continuent de montrer une incidence progressive, c\u2019est-\u00e0-dire des co\u00fbts nets plus importants pour les m\u00e9nages \u00e0 revenu \u00e9lev\u00e9."}},{"content":{"en":"We estimate that carbon pricing under HEHE will reduce the budgetary balance (increase the budgetary deficit) by $0.9 billion in 2021-22 and ultimately by $5.2 billion in 2030-31.","fr":"Nous estimons que la tarification du carbone dans le cadre du plan Un environnement sain et une \u00e9conomie saine r\u00e9duira le solde budg\u00e9taire (augmentera le d\u00e9ficit budg\u00e9taire) de 0,9 milliard de dollars en 2021-2022 et, \u00e0 terme, de 5,2 milliards de dollars en 2030-2031."}}]},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2122032S,\n author={Ammar, Nasreddine and Bagnoli, Philip and Duncan, Krista and Scholz, Tim},\n title={A Distributional Analysis of Federal Carbon Pricing under A Healthy Environment and A Healthy Economy},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2122032S,\n author={Ammar, Nasreddine and Bagnoli, Philip and Duncan, Krista and Scholz, Tim},\n title={Une analyse distributive de la tarification f\\\u0027{e}d\\\u0027{e}rale du carbone dans le cadre du plan \u00ab Un environnement sain et une \\\u0027{e}conomie saine \u00bb},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-2122-022-M","is_published":"2021-12-07T14:00:08.000000Z","release_date":"2021-12-07T14:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-12-07T14:00:08.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2122-022-M","title_en":"Energy sector and agriculture: federal revenue forgone from tax provisions","title_fr":"Le secteur de l\u2019\u00e9nergie et l\u2019agriculture : les recettes auxquelles renonce le gouvernement f\u00e9d\u00e9ral au titre de certaines dispositions fiscales","slug":"RP-2122-022-M--energy-sector-agriculture-federal-revenue-forgone-from-tax-provisions--secteur-energie-agriculture-recettes-auxquelles-renonce-gouvernement-federal-titre-certaines-disposi","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-022-M--energy-sector-agriculture-federal-revenue-forgone-from-tax-provisions--secteur-energie-agriculture-recettes-auxquelles-renonce-gouvernement-federal-titre-certaines-disposi","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-022-M--energy-sector-agriculture-federal-revenue-forgone-from-tax-provisions--secteur-energie-agriculture-recettes-auxquelles-renonce-gouvernement-federal-titre-certaines-disposi"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-022-M--energy-sector-agriculture-federal-revenue-forgone-from-tax-provisions--secteur-energie-agriculture-recettes-auxquelles-renonce-gouvernement-federal-titre-certaines-disposi","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-022-M--energy-sector-agriculture-federal-revenue-forgone-from-tax-provisions--secteur-energie-agriculture-recettes-auxquelles-renonce-gouvernement-federal-titre-certaines-disposi"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/029fb18234298361a15aa64c506b329a84eba642a4957c93fad34614991fe4b2"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/ec940c04067dc441fed535f395d2bb40a8df00a0dca3ee5c33043078bdd9702c"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3ee4e878f27e119205fbdaa0fd31ddb4d67465de8c43b212c0af91f66785f1c7","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/27ce42e9cb1932c44e170dffa2108f85a3e7ae8c7ccbb130dae57df6a5952e6b","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/78d8bf1f4fe3d3ab6c81770d9bd1f776593d83209d6a52d73c8101db2561ab4d","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2642db2b5cefce469c8c324d0f8c26b5a84d105cda857ac8a2b10282f4a0e796","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2d61732a29be2833aae856c0c570da6651717f93317352fd527fb31facc7a032","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/eedaaace02e5fe0f8f56531d645b164be39b5d1af98d98425ab5f2470f5a8e95","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3459fa27bd7733ecd14cc237604b3385afde28d8b1fa66fd0c305bcf64d14056","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0cf160a4a6ba2130713faf8662715d4e5f21e06ec8dae741ad92b00305e9a260"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/6e7b95d1de46b9bbf20f966160db62315c7eacea4e3c627ad356765072a65c88","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/693a02f3966d95cb9400c417965e891d5b26bdd0ee5c0e52359b7d5ef5bb27a7","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/800fe8a0507f1d0e74b749db3197be96b8e87bbdb334286c036e11255438e483","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8561f8a82a31e5e6635e0d855153d1788c78ecd2ef7dbc4dfe95c8183a7e95be","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3272f27a7de4b474dd6408af4abc70c325b93b2ad306eefb294cd3e4139d4d74","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5b42c615f35318ce6af05e9628db9e23bb95e9ec3ddab46905b9468dba5b0fcf","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3583e8485b0e16cf6bf79dce372d70bac4b0281986e9cdee39d23d81d29e092d","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/91b64bee3fe76d92712d0894ce93eaca49688920aeb40fa3dfe0adc84b0c0ed4"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"Senator Rosa Galvez requested that the PBO estimate the cost of tax provisions specific to fossil fuel development including the deduction of resource related expenses and incentives for liquid natural gas (LNG) capital investment. She also requested an estimate of the lost revenue from exemptions to the carbon levy for agriculture. This report provides estimated revenue impacts for the items requested.","abstract_fr":"La s\u00e9natrice Rosa Galvez a demand\u00e9 au DPB d\u2019\u00e9valuer le co\u00fbt de dispositions fiscales portant sur l\u2019exploitation des combustibles fossiles, notamment la d\u00e9duction pour les d\u00e9penses li\u00e9es aux ressources, les mesures visant \u00e0 encourager l\u2019investissement dans les immobilisations de gaz naturel liqu\u00e9fi\u00e9 (GNL) et l\u2019exon\u00e9ration de certaines activit\u00e9s de la taxe sur le carbone. Elle a aussi demand\u00e9 une estimation des recettes c\u00e9d\u00e9es au titre de l\u2019exon\u00e9ration de l\u2019activit\u00e9 agricole de la taxe sur le carbone. Le pr\u00e9sent rapport fournit une estimation des r\u00e9percussions des \u00e9l\u00e9ments demand\u00e9s sur les recettes.","highlights":[{"content":{"en":"Oil, gas and coal mining corporations have reduced their exploration and development expenses since 2014 due to economic factors and policy changes.","fr":"Les soci\u00e9t\u00e9s p\u00e9troli\u00e8res, gazi\u00e8res et charbonni\u00e8res ont r\u00e9duit leurs activit\u00e9s d\u2019exploration et d\u2019exploitation depuis 2014 en raison de facteurs \u00e9conomiques et de changements de politique."}},{"content":{"en":"PBO estimates that resource specific expense claims by oil, gas and coal mining corporations reduced annual federal tax revenue by $1.8 billion, on average, from 2015 to 2019.","fr":"Le DPB estime que les demandes de remboursement de d\u00e9penses li\u00e9es aux ressources par les soci\u00e9t\u00e9s p\u00e9troli\u00e8res, gazi\u00e8res et charbonni\u00e8res ont r\u00e9duit les recettes fiscales f\u00e9d\u00e9rales annuelles de 1,8 milliard de dollars, en moyenne, de 2015 \u00e0 2019."}},{"content":{"en":"Carbon levy exemption for agriculture was worth an estimated $179 million in 2019 when levy was $20 per tonne. This will rise dramatically as the levy increases to $170 per tonne.","fr":"On a estim\u00e9 \u00e0 179 millions de dollars la valeur de l\u2019exemption de la taxe sur le carbone pour l\u2019activit\u00e9 agricole en 2019, lorsque la taxe \u00e9tait de 20 dollars la tonne. Ce montant grimpera en fl\u00e8che lorsque la taxe passera \u00e0 170 $ la tonne."}},{"content":{"en":"Simple removal of the exemption may overstate potential revenue gains since Pan-Canadian Framework has provisions for other trade-exposed industries (OBPS).","fr":"La simple suppression de l\u2019exemption pourrait surestimer les gains de revenus potentiels puisque le Cadre pancanadien pr\u00e9voit des dispositions pour d\u2019autres secteurs tributaires du commerce (STFR)."}}]},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2122022M,\n author={Bagnoli, Philip and Scholz, Tim},\n title={Energy sector and agriculture: federal revenue forgone from tax provisions},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2122022M,\n author={Bagnoli, Philip and Scholz, Tim},\n title={Le secteur de l\u2019\\\u0027{e}nergie et l\u2019agriculture : les recettes auxquelles renonce le gouvernement f\\\u0027{e}d\\\u0027{e}ral au titre de certaines dispositions fiscales},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-2122-009-S","is_published":"2021-06-23T15:30:07.000000Z","release_date":"2021-06-23T15:30:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-06-23T15:30:07.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2122-009-S","title_en":"Beyond Paris: Reducing Canada\u2019s GHG Emissions by 2030","title_fr":"Au-del\u00e0 de Paris : R\u00e9duire les \u00e9missions de gaz \u00e0 effet de serre du Canada d\u2019ici 2030","slug":"RP-2122-009-S--beyond-paris-reducing-canada-ghg-emissions-2030--dela-paris-reduire-emissions-gaz-effet-serre-canada-ici-2030","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-009-S--beyond-paris-reducing-canada-ghg-emissions-2030--dela-paris-reduire-emissions-gaz-effet-serre-canada-ici-2030","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-009-S--beyond-paris-reducing-canada-ghg-emissions-2030--dela-paris-reduire-emissions-gaz-effet-serre-canada-ici-2030"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-009-S--beyond-paris-reducing-canada-ghg-emissions-2030--dela-paris-reduire-emissions-gaz-effet-serre-canada-ici-2030","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-009-S--beyond-paris-reducing-canada-ghg-emissions-2030--dela-paris-reduire-emissions-gaz-effet-serre-canada-ici-2030"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/1df9b64ac4e1885028a02c05d5f15b82622d3ace28a473159d59301fb636c6e3"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/22061676acc9e957b233a2a04fe26600615b268c7ca51cf2402d79c74a3fa040"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/80a95fadee6057ca2973dbb430b3f84c46ab4aecf579ef3e19f01787d91d6500","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b8b451930e5eda6e2b373952fa49e6eaf3fc0e02997d67145e531c60895e03c8","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a8eecf6b395d1e614e9c33c3392e4a6134e91c4da94487108598595be184f702","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/347a11de35153b45774a1db94f55250d50e8ca543a6e9417363ba690ebde5e46","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/dac2c0c629c5570cc779eb1d661b75bc240b12eaaf1924b6a2b82ae8a024abda","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2d51dececcf712b23eab4dea50fa23ad1a89ac69ab8158c183c25f6d5896c79f","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/137d3ed8c44f213ae3f0b9480066ca24b084a5ce4e9daa781c134774aa42e754","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e090c9212d0923f872099a607e0ac07ec3d2b77c72dd64f62f5f635886b3a40e"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5aa452a5d9eaa157fdd3c256db4a2286e09a591ffd650988aea706f5a556b034","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/290a8be04f0c1d3dc06cdc2963121c892f032d98f63298028e310bc984fca7e9","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/84cba6ed416f3553807940698cb15587416cce2dbf17ceb042b98ae6f15a75c1","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3358ee6a96dc24e62ffa9b295df135f02e90597ec110971c725426367ac35598","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e203f0a35576d24eda8e48f500602294bf7a41dcdcfcc985e5f82125dec4b3a3","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/73c9515920ef009ae461f54fd32eb4812def3ae8de037da94d7fb1b293fa26f3","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/08c05c4de6ae8fe33ac2893cee141274a502410649345d1f5d7d03beb335c732","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ba16733314d5dfd083c05e3fa08ac1e3a143ff087d8448a6edb35253430baa24"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This report assesses the impacts of the Government\u2019s plan to exceed the 2030 reduction target for Canada\u2019s greenhouse gas emissions under the Paris Agreement.","abstract_fr":"Le pr\u00e9sent rapport \u00e9value les effets du plan du gouvernement pour d\u00e9passer, d\u2019ici 2030, la cible de r\u00e9duction des \u00e9missions de gaz \u00e0 effet de serre du Canada en vertu de l\u2019Accord de Paris.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2122009S,\n author={Bagnoli, Philip and Scholz, Tim},\n title={Beyond Paris: Reducing Canada\u2019s GHG Emissions by 2030},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2122009S,\n author={Bagnoli, Philip and Scholz, Tim},\n title={Au-del\\`{a} de Paris : R\\\u0027{e}duire les \\\u0027{e}missions de gaz \\`{a} effet de serre du Canada d\u2019ici 2030},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"LEG-2021-066-S","is_published":"2021-02-10T14:00:07.000000Z","release_date":"2021-02-10T14:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2023-08-23T18:28:36.000000Z","type":"LEG","internal_id":"LEG-2021-066-S","title_en":"Financial compensation for supply-managed sectors","title_fr":"Indemnisation pour les secteurs soumis \u00e0 la gestion de l\u2019offre","slug":"LEG-2021-066-S--financial-compensation-supply-managed-sectors--indemnisation-secteurs-soumis-gestion-offre","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2021-066-S--financial-compensation-supply-managed-sectors--indemnisation-secteurs-soumis-gestion-offre","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2021-066-S--financial-compensation-supply-managed-sectors--indemnisation-secteurs-soumis-gestion-offre"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2021-066-S--financial-compensation-supply-managed-sectors--indemnisation-secteurs-soumis-gestion-offre","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2021-066-S--financial-compensation-supply-managed-sectors--indemnisation-secteurs-soumis-gestion-offre"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/4c2e8f11381832b028ffcfc76ab849af60fa43fd5fa310c94f81f64439cd9006"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/50c9857c48f6e71a6445c6a70602443c7f946705357629fec9dbde3c8072b9ee"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/fa0f2b06787a84fdcf0406715f274d9b9c49e174","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b0606bdbb8c6d2c6af415b66cdab0f5535f9558b","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/de5714e1d9edc29fd65ea9f4c126b55bd37287d8","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/92029abb52b72b164582f46bb870b1182281da64","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a9ac174a32f9041359a1d4a8f7ec2e5962e76b72","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2786805c60384556bd75e78360375eda6745c3cc","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b457521b8738f974467ad5de875cfd409816c217","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/4eda72778f2e75f0bd9d4c36c2693a86f33fa9c8"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d12ce2044c4d74a454740a0608ad39f290018c35","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f6e059352ccdcf60e5c3a08262ee0fdd93bec732","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/682a3ef32c78d70a2f84f0258ffa762d5af40c2a","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b220c4ba3b9daf92901b710fc515f5dfc87a74a9","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/93911a7a75b1fe45fc07930e518a1e4af01bd623","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8881755d6e1207ec0d13c432284f374a210e16e6","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/45ecc8d2c88e7887939af93a80e04ef6f8e13c0c","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/796184995d19ba256e20f82dcc97ad1e560f786e"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"The Canada-United States-Mexico Agreement (CUSMA) provided increased access to domestic markets for dairy, poultry and egg. Given Canada\u2019s supply management system in those sectors, this will lead to reduced market share for existing producers and processors. Past trade agreements such as CETA and CPTPP have resulted in compensation to supply managed sectors. This note estimates the cost of the Government\u2019s CUSMA-related commitment to provide full and fair compensation to existing producers and processors.\n\nFall Economic Statement 2020 reiterated the Government\u2019s commitment to compensate the supply managed sector for CUSMA but did not provide a cost estimate.","abstract_fr":"L\u2019Accord \u00c9tats-Unis\u2013Mexique-Canada (ACEUM) a accru l\u2019acc\u00e8s des importations de produits laitiers, de poulet et d\u2019\u0153ufs aux march\u00e9s canadiens. \u00c9tant donn\u00e9 le syst\u00e8me canadien de gestion de l\u2019offre dans ces secteurs, cette ouverture se traduira par une part de march\u00e9 r\u00e9duite pour les producteurs et transformateurs existants. D\u2019autres accords commerciaux, comme l\u2019AECG et le PTPGC, avaient entra\u00een\u00e9 le versement d\u2019indemnit\u00e9s aux secteurs sous gestion de l\u2019offre. La pr\u00e9sente note renferme une estimation du co\u00fbt de la promesse du gouvernement d\u2019indemniser pleinement et \u00e9quitablement les producteurs et transformateurs existants touch\u00e9s par l\u2019ACEUM.\n\nL\u2019\u00c9nonc\u00e9 \u00e9conomique de l\u2019automne 2020 a r\u00e9it\u00e9r\u00e9 l\u2019engagement du gouvernement \u00e0 compenser le secteur sous gestion de l\u2019offre pour l\u2019ACEUM, mais n\u2019a pas fourni d\u2019estimation des co\u00fbts.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-LEG2021066S,\n author={Bagnoli, Philip and Scholz, Tim},\n title={Financial compensation for supply-managed sectors},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-LEG2021066S,\n author={Bagnoli, Philip and Scholz, Tim},\n title={Indemnisation pour les secteurs soumis \\`{a} la gestion de l\u2019offre},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-2021-019-S","is_published":"2021-01-26T20:16:02.000000Z","release_date":"2020-10-08T04:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-01-26T20:16:02.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2021-019-S","title_en":"Carbon pricing for the Paris target: Closing the gap with output-based pricing","title_fr":"Tarification du carbone et Accord de Paris : combler l\u2019\u00e9cart avec la tarification fond\u00e9e sur le rendement","slug":"RP-2021-019-S--carbon-pricing-paris-target-closing-gap-with-output-based-pricing--tarification-carbone-accord-paris-combler-ecart-avec-tarification-fondee-rendement","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2021-019-S--carbon-pricing-paris-target-closing-gap-with-output-based-pricing--tarification-carbone-accord-paris-combler-ecart-avec-tarification-fondee-rendement","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2021-019-S--carbon-pricing-paris-target-closing-gap-with-output-based-pricing--tarification-carbone-accord-paris-combler-ecart-avec-tarification-fondee-rendement"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2021-019-S--carbon-pricing-paris-target-closing-gap-with-output-based-pricing--tarification-carbone-accord-paris-combler-ecart-avec-tarification-fondee-rendement","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2021-019-S--carbon-pricing-paris-target-closing-gap-with-output-based-pricing--tarification-carbone-accord-paris-combler-ecart-avec-tarification-fondee-rendement"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/ef757a9aa52112b1181f9d212d6ce95e739a0c46af2e2cc8d4552cfaef029b64"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/5d95cab5320e08befd1371aa6cb8a4245ffbdea32b66b9eaa8e7bf29537aa3eb"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3a7f4430959f613634a2f6d544e552b5fc4b1b49","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b35a184ad26c0116920a66fd370e7d981876fa53","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/29d5324ae773b485297f4fe3b8ef190b7a78ebef","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/add0708183ad085d0931b7ec6c673d0085187412","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/19683d56f3adbeced5dd171acfe6f1e497f983de","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7876b4575f87d340bbe17ad446cd1d31fa88a4db","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/220edfe84ae6db481fe578e292f1664c6067f12f","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a53a8eaca13907c6117c6cbb4fe8f1bb4c50801a"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d2a52890fd5e6c19f705dc07a8d1ad82ecbf877f","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/19de710dcc67fbfa347f46b239caa9d278c058e9","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3b9befef3e9cc643b7f46b98bb5ce02bd3d32767","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8c696da4c202ce9e54b7ed2dd20e73cd45866581","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3400a1068ac1b7e0cd1f49b9553d29c7fe5dff69","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/9ac0c483ecac0c33caff300fa5de561214b236cd","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/011021235750992c2d4bc36721f29153e2aad337","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2e6ad370c071f8d8dd6e0e4f455259967132196c"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This report updates and extends PBO\u2019s analysis of the additional carbon pricing needed to achieve Canada\u2019s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions target in 2030 under the Paris Agreement.\n\nWe provide an updated estimate based on a broad carbon levy and extend our analysis to incorporate additional carbon pricing using an Output-Based Pricing System (OBPS), taking into consideration alternative structures. Estimates of the corresponding impacts on the Canadian economy are also provided.","abstract_fr":"Le pr\u00e9sent rapport actualise et \u00e9toffe l\u2019analyse du DPB sur les mesures de tarification suppl\u00e9mentaires n\u00e9cessaires pour atteindre l\u2019objectif de r\u00e9duction des gaz \u00e0 effet de serre (GES) fix\u00e9 pour 2030 dans l\u2019Accord de Paris.\n\nNous fournissons une estimation \u00e0 jour de la tarification du carbone n\u00e9cessaire pour atteindre cet objectif et nous \u00e9largissons la port\u00e9e de notre analyse pour y incorporer une tarification suppl\u00e9mentaire du carbone au moyen d\u2019un syst\u00e8me de tarification fond\u00e9 sur le rendement (STFR), en tenant compte de diff\u00e9rentes structures possibles. Une estimation des r\u00e9percussions sur l\u2019\u00e9conomie canadienne de chaque formule est \u00e9galement incluse dans ce rapport.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2021019S,\n author={Bagnoli, Philip and Liberge-Simard, Rapha\\\u0022{e}l},\n title={Carbon pricing for the Paris target: Closing the gap with output-based pricing},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2021019S,\n author={Bagnoli, Philip and Liberge-Simard, Rapha\\\u0022{e}l},\n title={Tarification du carbone et Accord de Paris : combler l\u2019\\\u0027{e}cart avec la tarification fond\\\u0027{e}e sur le rendement},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-1920-016","is_published":"2021-08-05T19:56:11.000000Z","release_date":"2019-06-13T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-08-05T19:57:51.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-1920-016","title_en":"Closing the gap: carbon pricing for the Paris target (Revised June 20, 2019)","title_fr":"Combler l\u2019\u00e9cart : tarification du carbone pour atteindre la cible de l\u2019Accord de Paris (R\u00e9vis\u00e9 le 20 juin 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report provides an estimate of the additional carbon price that would be needed to achieve Canada\u2019s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions target in 2030 under the Paris Agreement, as well as an estimate of the corresponding impact on the Canadian economy.","abstract_fr":"Le pr\u00e9sent rapport fournit une estimation de la tarification suppl\u00e9mentaire du carbone qui serait n\u00e9cessaire pour atteindre la cible d\u2019\u00e9missions de gaz \u00e0 effet de serre (GES) du Canada en 2030 en vertu de l\u2019Accord de Paris, ainsi qu\u2019une estimation de son effet sur l\u2019\u00e9conomie canadienne.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP1920016,\n author={Bagnoli, Philip and Liberge-Simard, Rapha\\\u0022{e}l},\n title={Closing the gap: carbon pricing for the Paris target (Revised June 20, 2019)},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2019,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP1920016,\n 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Canada","slug":"RP-1920-001--impact-canada-united-states-mexico-agreement-prescription-drug-expenditures-in-canada--incidence-accord-canada-etats-unis-mexique-depenses-medicaments-ordonnance-canada","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-1920-001--impact-canada-united-states-mexico-agreement-prescription-drug-expenditures-in-canada--incidence-accord-canada-etats-unis-mexique-depenses-medicaments-ordonnance-canada","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-1920-001--impact-canada-united-states-mexico-agreement-prescription-drug-expenditures-in-canada--incidence-accord-canada-etats-unis-mexique-depenses-medicaments-ordonnance-canada"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-1920-001--impact-canada-united-states-mexico-agreement-prescription-drug-expenditures-in-canada--incidence-accord-canada-etats-unis-mexique-depenses-medicaments-ordonnance-canada","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-1920-001--impact-canada-united-states-mexico-agreement-prescription-drug-expenditures-in-canada--incidence-accord-canada-etats-unis-mexique-depenses-medicaments-ordonnance-canada"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/458a4a6d811fbd6d4a4168feeee48956af4ac3ce48e0e4635917ef5e7465d273"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/32d47ae9cf8c9f5829a3f42d2b579846e5197a152a7f470e1e76d086c8f6881e"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/4c619dec64367cc66e2d5dc71351771a1a01c6af8bf6cee7ceb763745a87666a","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/956a83a20e4095736387de2243b728edda48d90568fcccda241db499a18fa5a9","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/83c4a8dd5416b846b923e277e06e1544b6409a19093a944a9624666f93fa1fde","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/38c6d46a59662190f57ef8c7a85765658c1525ffaa0ce11b77b53b596c21149f","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e65f1db4b4a695dc04d5a8ded411eda55eb9637c14961c974e6a9fb33d0e0f93","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/362fea15b75ca4d71e36e8a1c98cd780cb4ffedf6901a7a46923303ff85a961e","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/6148ac7235416c4ebdb738828c7390ca36d4098ab7adca50f996d91e1f20e0fd","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/eb4afd82015526f2d2c419a2583f94fd525cb8a0df5d8f2e41563934e20fa6ba"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/cb1459984a42d07f5cabb49e0e87f669a5666e3fa2ec79be0bd0614ac9ba3076","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3b0ec4068368d013c88c0ae1489b52ac3d0153c7f1a8f2c0b1568ee6b7373027","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/26a47720544fd49cf111065340a230322167165c81ef550c35aa92ca822efd60","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d2e4920cd02ea210981cda26b6bffd2ea27c9ebf8a4be23df7517286cec30da3","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f7abde42adec1a93228bd5bc8c2d15e737478908fbdbfa8c4b1244e2344b507b","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/16840c44c2e6f476e977ad44b0591e88f6c9b5f73c98fc2c069ef26a69d27354","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/24face35555603e363271a275b7faacd7c03992626faaa67d8eaeaf872104d2c","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d69e1902b2eeefb60ebd1e52df4a6e30dccfb4630235c8410044222c1fd7c7da"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This report estimates the additional pharmacy-dispensed prescription drug expenditures for Canadian consumers that would result from the Canada-United States-Mexico Agreement (CUSMA). A two-year extension of data protection for biologics will delay the introduction of biosimilars for some expensive drugs. This would likely keep prices higher than they otherwise would have been.","abstract_fr":"Le pr\u00e9sent rapport contient une estimation des co\u00fbts suppl\u00e9mentaires que les consommateurs canadiens devront payer pour obtenir des m\u00e9dicaments d\u2019ordonnance en pharmacie par suite de l\u2019adoption de l\u2019Accord Canada\u2013\u00c9tats-Unis\u2013Mexique (ACEUM). Une prolongation de deux ans de la protection des donn\u00e9es relatives aux m\u00e9dicaments biologiques retardera l\u2019introduction de m\u00e9dicaments biosimilaires. Retarder l\u2019entr\u00e9e de ces biosimilaires pouvant remplacer certains m\u00e9dicaments co\u00fbteux aura sans doute pour effet de maintenir les prix \u00e0 des niveaux plus \u00e9lev\u00e9s qu\u2019ils ne le seraient autrement.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP1920001,\n author={Bagnoli, Philip and Bergeron, \\\u0027{E}tienne},\n title={The impact of the Canada - United States - Mexico Agreement on prescription drug expenditures in Canada},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2019,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP1920001,\n author={Bagnoli, Philip and Bergeron, \\\u0027{E}tienne},\n title={Incidence de l\u2019Accord Canada - \\\u0027{E}tats-Unis - Mexique sur les d\\\u0027{e}penses en m\\\u0027{e}dicaments d\u2019ordonnance au Canada},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2019,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-1819-382","is_published":"2021-08-25T19:44:03.000000Z","release_date":"2018-10-23T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-08-25T20:28:34.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-1819-382","title_en":"Economic and Fiscal Outlook - October 2018 - Revised Oct. 31, 2018","title_fr":"Perspectives \u00e9conomiques et financi\u00e8res Octobre 2018 - R\u00e9vis\u00e9 31 octobre 2018","slug":"RP-1819-382--economic-fiscal-outlook-october-2018-revised-oct-31-2018--perspectives-economiques-financieres-octobre-2018-revise-31-octobre-2018","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-1819-382--economic-fiscal-outlook-october-2018-revised-oct-31-2018--perspectives-economiques-financieres-octobre-2018-revise-31-octobre-2018","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-1819-382--economic-fiscal-outlook-october-2018-revised-oct-31-2018--perspectives-economiques-financieres-octobre-2018-revise-31-octobre-2018"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-1819-382--economic-fiscal-outlook-october-2018-revised-oct-31-2018--perspectives-economiques-financieres-octobre-2018-revise-31-octobre-2018","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-1819-382--economic-fiscal-outlook-october-2018-revised-oct-31-2018--perspectives-economiques-financieres-octobre-2018-revise-31-octobre-2018"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/6c1a89fbab845887611163d6f0042e2c6985d991c3daaacb56af2617ed878bc2"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/aaa2897467250be35e680889ebb576afe9e0540ac6a4ba660599fa671f996683"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a2f833a3e0d713ee1d6f08183d85ccd96e1bdb738b6712d882f6405ba5d2a4ca","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/bfec691c553974bd79f00e53c712e931731c70cd3ec5341b01ad3aac1ac86572","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2340fd6887ff86b783c91dee5054b1d189e43ce599fa9c53caa96750af23d3af","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/9249784921a8f2c41496d08939c0af6810158c582b8dc2b3366e952051f8cc26","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/da4b723a4e72effbf8140c58588a9949c47dd2e7b2f6a3054e6d837d26af31cb","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/28abba4465c4b794d46a671bf1d2e50f10414f78442148e1fc71951b459dfd55","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d1a0c1a30a850227530790243d7be92213505e16e6877bba869c62cbc83ba188","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/c5c1f0c389f1ef63220064ce95dcac5f2de135f6a4cb368de3e577e59fe08abc"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/25408903f956fd484640e2a810c33282d41ee98ed3cec39e7088b282f55a8ffb","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5730d54134198f7a984c0c3bb7c6f09e37d5247853da2fd108a12d4ebd62a600","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/188fa29b08a7af72a79167aaace3fe4617c0e836daadec292d8abb73ec0329be","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/fbf1863d6b8d8d271345b8162ddd5c5ad156672c0b8eaa46b8a1b3d3c41f5dcc","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/6c5bbdb98312796a0c680c630411caa701477d3bcdc6ab5d6cfc839237f33e36","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/40dcf78cd43a31e281840f74e6afdde0ff8c3c9c3399ff089cb6ca69d6bf01f9","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/131f76d90c6ab10e00192949c9046712d5fcb0d77e06e7e80b056c5d472ba645","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/c7db7018e723fa13768c13e7c0f5d4d75087caf4dd970a120e1c06d748be038a"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"Consistent with the Parliamentary Budget Officer\u2019s legislated mandate, this report provides PBO\u2019s economic and fiscal outlook. The Canadian economy continued to operate above its potential output in the first half of 2018. Fuelled by strong export growth, real GDP growth averaged 2.2 per cent in the first two quarters of the year. As underlying inflation moved up to the 2 per cent target and wage growth improved, the Bank of Canada raised its policy interest rate by 25 basis points in January and again in July.","abstract_fr":"Conform\u00e9ment \u00e0 son mandat l\u00e9gislatif, le directeur parlementaire du budget pr\u00e9sente ici ses perspectives \u00e9conomiques et financi\u00e8res. Au cours de la premi\u00e8re moiti\u00e9 de 2018, l\u2019\u00e9conomie canadienne a continu\u00e9 de progresser \u00e0 un rythme sup\u00e9rieur \u00e0 son rendement potentiel. Stimul\u00e9e par la vigueur des exportations, la croissance du PIB r\u00e9el s\u2019est maintenue, en moyenne, \u00e0 2,2 % au cours des deux premiers trimestres de l\u2019ann\u00e9e. L\u2019inflation sous-jacente a augment\u00e9 pour atteindre la cible de 2 % et la croissance des salaires s\u2019est am\u00e9lior\u00e9e, ce qui a amen\u00e9 la Banque du Canada \u00e0 relever son taux directeur de 25 points de base en janvier et encore une fois en juillet.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP1819382,\n author={Scholz, Tim and Shaw, Trevor and Bagnoli, Philip and Behrend, Robert and Bergeron, \\\u0027{E}tienne and Busby, Carleigh and Devakos, Tessa and Grinshpoon, Kristina and MacPhee, Sarah and Nahornick, Nora and Nicol, Caroline and Scutaru, Tiberiu and Wodrich, Nigel},\n title={Economic and Fiscal Outlook - October 2018 - Revised Oct. 31, 2018},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2018,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP1819382,\n author={Scholz, Tim and Shaw, Trevor and Bagnoli, Philip and Behrend, Robert and Bergeron, \\\u0027{E}tienne and Busby, Carleigh and Devakos, Tessa and Grinshpoon, Kristina and MacPhee, Sarah and Nahornick, Nora and Nicol, Caroline and Scutaru, Tiberiu and Wodrich, Nigel},\n title={Perspectives \\\u0027{e}conomiques et financi\\`{e}res Octobre 2018 - R\\\u0027{e}vis\\\u0027{e} 31 octobre 2018},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2018,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-1819-377","is_published":"2021-09-21T15:05:05.000000Z","release_date":"2018-05-22T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-09-21T15:31:07.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-1819-377","title_en":"The Impact of a Pan-Canadian Carbon Pricing Levy on PBO\u2019s GDP Projection","title_fr":"Incidence sur le PIB d\u2019une redevance pancanadienne sur le carbone : Hypoth\u00e8se du DPB","slug":"RP-1819-377--impact-pan-canadian-carbon-pricing-levy-pbo-gdp-projection--incidence-pib-une-redevance-pancanadienne-carbone-hypothese-dpb","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-1819-377--impact-pan-canadian-carbon-pricing-levy-pbo-gdp-projection--incidence-pib-une-redevance-pancanadienne-carbone-hypothese-dpb","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-1819-377--impact-pan-canadian-carbon-pricing-levy-pbo-gdp-projection--incidence-pib-une-redevance-pancanadienne-carbone-hypothese-dpb"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-1819-377--impact-pan-canadian-carbon-pricing-levy-pbo-gdp-projection--incidence-pib-une-redevance-pancanadienne-carbone-hypothese-dpb","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-1819-377--impact-pan-canadian-carbon-pricing-levy-pbo-gdp-projection--incidence-pib-une-redevance-pancanadienne-carbone-hypothese-dpb"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/a7b97f14020d132be5cecebd69d12bfd64a7bca191212e94f7afc1e221ff8e73"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/561030fa6c8cec4cd606c9c07e3eed9226637d4c9b0f9a600cba367d08e41719"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ee37def4a2e151735c6e4fc85d116335b3c6efeaffcefb3b3915ce1514550f86","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ceed91e1738473bd3d5542bf0aecaa68e2a821dacbdc6c76c14fdee40f25f9d0","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0a7efcfd9e4a446f88d1719f752d8482cf67c0b5d76c7f00fd589f9460d76680","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/48851795f23a41bcc75799e4c96be45e0aea27b44528d8e277b7d8dce3c40009","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e385c806415d3037f5dc476a1762c7bbdf8ad7643ec997051fc83212109d004b","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/42d9bee5460ad882ec6452896a820bd563855b51bf690f6a67fdc5528cf4f428","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/4a2d3b3ee574506f98fb5d3b3b39d70bff94c4b552d8d61e79b35b7c63e1a11c","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/da481e44280617344d11ed5a63f917f7e6058c3b3b077e68025001e0cafd0f75"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/be6f837b389b625fd850fc9ca3278f77a0fb83e3ab54fe5c16855ac40aaa7191","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0f73a40219fb2e321116ddbcbcef166d8c5336b453096da91b40850cad6fb5c2","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/cf72a606ea8d168d39970e0e6baf9e4232ac122ceccc944578803e23733ee48c","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/25a127153c039610d573bf4b3dcf8a5cbcebe5e7712ddd9d6f300151de486d83","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/00397ef6450363ac813f27d87394c26e6e7537eab80a10e71f381811d3be3ab8","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/85e5e998b3e07e3946865fce1cf9d8b335a949d39b044a79dfc0f61c6de4a0a3","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/dfbf243d05183e72a6805c94f9b31007a1ff4b257ff04daa51722ddc404b07d3","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8a6f3fbe437d6e638c714d37a0fe46687315dbabab5f53cfa8735a495fda8670"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This report provides additional detail related to the economic impact of the carbon pricing levy presented in PBO\u2019s April 2018 Economic and Fiscal Outlook. In PBO\u2019s April 2018 Economic and Fiscal Outlook (EFO), we incorporated the economic impact of a carbon pricing levy, rising to $50 per tonne in 2022, that would apply over our medium-term projection horizon.","abstract_fr":"Le DPB a pr\u00e9par\u00e9 un estim\u00e9 de l\u2019incidence financi\u00e8re que pourrait avoir l\u2019inclusion de la couverture des soins de sant\u00e9 pay\u00e9e par l\u2019employeur dans le revenu imposable des employ\u00e9s. Les Perspectives \u00e9conomiques et financi\u00e8res (PEF) d\u2019avril 2018 du DPB tiennent compte de l\u2019incidence \u00e9conomique d\u2019une redevance sur le carbone augmentant \u00e0 50 $ la tonne en 2022, sur notre p\u00e9riode de projection \u00e0 moyen terme.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP1819377,\n author={Bagnoli, Philip and Matier, Chris},\n title={The Impact of a Pan-Canadian Carbon Pricing Levy on PBO\u2019s GDP Projection},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2018,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP1819377,\n author={Bagnoli, Philip and Matier, Chris},\n title={Incidence sur le PIB d\u2019une redevance pancanadienne sur le carbone : Hypoth\\`{e}se du DPB},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2018,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-1819-374","is_published":"2021-09-17T20:07:11.000000Z","release_date":"2018-04-26T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-09-17T20:24:46.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-1819-374","title_en":"Patent restoration and the cost of pharmaceuticals","title_fr":"La prolongation de la dur\u00e9e des brevets et le co\u00fbt des m\u00e9dicaments","slug":"RP-1819-374--patent-restoration-cost-pharmaceuticals--prolongation-duree-brevets-cout-medicaments","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-1819-374--patent-restoration-cost-pharmaceuticals--prolongation-duree-brevets-cout-medicaments","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-1819-374--patent-restoration-cost-pharmaceuticals--prolongation-duree-brevets-cout-medicaments"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-1819-374--patent-restoration-cost-pharmaceuticals--prolongation-duree-brevets-cout-medicaments","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-1819-374--patent-restoration-cost-pharmaceuticals--prolongation-duree-brevets-cout-medicaments"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/fce17931f43ecc22a9fa2d0aa2a94d2a39c769b092c4321911c7a4281dbad5a2"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/58bb46e3e419d8c7513122612202e4f027052e94d3bba324ecacbe1e463eeb9a"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/478e4f9ee7ed5db850975f0a2a6e28aff0fba3df5a81d7a189cad69b8cd24d91","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/42a648014d4b2b7e67d846a155188326f16a143488eb513bd84ffcda50cbcf62","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e3560c1775ecbb2405d24b82d5aed1128a0042e6e6daffef16fcb3f50ea11b36","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ce8107167c480dc2b88c82a33b78b1e6f4d24e3a32016052a6b9b8e21f763920","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8e0820351dcd75c0570bbc190322df64aa2eeaab0aa097173c9c29f20e6a641b","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/09f461545d64e64cde1903df4c905eddccf866f936a7062c9c498b511022cf56","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2a445a1a7031561dd99afe81774aaa4ccfba9707c64073f81ffce8a0b8f61c7c","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/538993b705aa1f3a4aa8a31a21d2aac7dd82a1a7352710b777205696b921c2b5"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d8198a1b03c39ff5902e0f9ad9a63d6922417e0b08a8cca6935da97ea63220f8","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/86940bd5bccba7c1a397897e5f0ca66ed7db96ca5f3b5eff69709746ca79ca39","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/29d1175f638499eae684a886bec1dbf2acc69ed718eb570bf42891d674c6925f","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f80c25feec6ba75a447e76bf4b0390377af3db39f396730ac46c6cc34ee1ca10","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/24660acfa76319b3f2d4e59e2a92b06d91072352e44d7f1737706429929a26a0","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f79ceb5bde3d75d8cdc31fd77b11694494b0468a335188ab2bf9d1ac25aff927","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8c49e13dc88d139ea2c40e56415efa0be6929ca69f80bf2c3a24713a0bbdb377","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/c444e39993b3b75fb7cefa6848580bebeb04187337cbc1ef34b9a606c091bc04"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This report pulls together a number of databases so as to estimate the cost of recent regulatory changes governing patented pharmaceuticals. It compares the cost of patented innovative medicines with that of non-patented prescription medicines. That comparison is then used to make inferences regarding the annual cost of prolonging market exclusivity for a class of drugs similar to patented innovative medicines.","abstract_fr":"Ce rapport rassemble un certain nombre de bases de donn\u00e9es afin d\u0027estimer le co\u00fbt des modifications r\u00e9glementaires r\u00e9gissant les produits pharmaceutiques brevet\u00e9s. Il compare le co\u00fbt des m\u00e9dicaments innovateurs brevet\u00e9s \u00e0 ceux des m\u00e9dicaments non brevet\u00e9s sur ordonnance. Cette comparaison est ensuite utilis\u00e9e pour tirer des conclusions sur le co\u00fbt annuel de la prolongation de l\u0027exclusivit\u00e9 commerciale pour une cat\u00e9gorie de m\u00e9dicaments similaires aux m\u00e9dicaments innovants brevet\u00e9s.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP1819374,\n author={Bagnoli, Philip and Busby, Carleigh},\n title={Patent restoration and the cost of pharmaceuticals},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2018,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP1819374,\n author={Bagnoli, Philip and Busby, Carleigh},\n title={La prolongation de la dur\\\u0027{e}e des brevets et le cout des m\\\u0027{e}dicaments},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2018,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-1819-372","is_published":"2021-09-17T19:46:11.000000Z","release_date":"2018-04-23T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-09-17T19:51:07.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-1819-372","title_en":"Economic and Fiscal Outlook - April 2018 - Report revised May 14, 2018","title_fr":"Perspectives \u00e9conomiques et financi\u00e8res - Avril 2018 - Rapport r\u00e9vis\u00e9 le 14 mai 2018","slug":"RP-1819-372--economic-fiscal-outlook-april-2018-report-revised-may-14-2018--perspectives-economiques-financieres-avril-2018-rapport-revise-14-mai-2018","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-1819-372--economic-fiscal-outlook-april-2018-report-revised-may-14-2018--perspectives-economiques-financieres-avril-2018-rapport-revise-14-mai-2018","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-1819-372--economic-fiscal-outlook-april-2018-report-revised-may-14-2018--perspectives-economiques-financieres-avril-2018-rapport-revise-14-mai-2018"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-1819-372--economic-fiscal-outlook-april-2018-report-revised-may-14-2018--perspectives-economiques-financieres-avril-2018-rapport-revise-14-mai-2018","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-1819-372--economic-fiscal-outlook-april-2018-report-revised-may-14-2018--perspectives-economiques-financieres-avril-2018-rapport-revise-14-mai-2018"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/ade01e88f97e2c3d41c4f04d0321a7b38a81e13d36e3a2ed8b2f308828416392"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/58823ae0895a3f673e5aa68eb075e6463b741490bee7d7c09d825c7f797e41e8"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b8ca363a78283a3658235d13b6df3d19c13216c79dad3407d614e067959f6fc1","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8f80bd4fecc711c0429de90e7bcff9e13cbfc4afd0652ca4fd7366121ab45795","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/17b7dfbd268ec6d7f3bbe477fe970fc4d9a31dd2a6805e0c28fd051edf52fe07","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2afacb9622cffff008003d87ff56a9e2e2f8298972aabc1c56658f87da743e5a","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e35d4f9afffc1fa98a7cba524c0f3092e1fd7532c7d23c4f6961a5e764d8f2eb","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5bb75fb03ea6d447bbea2038db7f07e8257388547a0f831f7056e484873c7643","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/392af133eabbfea4cf15d82e189e7c0e58792c22375f3d84df908045cade466b","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7badac8328ed88d6102664f372b8018f0518bac9b88c903d6bee092a0faeb8ad"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b2fd202a59a2b0ba6516794933aa10441b1857fc54ddff08e0b3fe6c540d34af","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/72a2b3f2fb74e54a2f3b44991589df8e02ed699ed4e1c588c34c0c6a245547e8","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7acdc66ad4e56413e4872c7ce23b9396b37f98c33d2adc5b14df183089efd1eb","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/567c1ff91ad866baaf91a966490bbe04e5ef5a6196e593d13cf6e6a4470e2710","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/02d4ff606fed18b11cb05f1b78a1cdc8f164e502ac9579b54db493643d3842a6","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/43907db6d20381a1adad216feca73b7df784352d5013ec22a94c05ab04551871","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/31941831838fba44c57885a0f4f8aa0a869cb5aaf69de029feb22bfdeef30dc7","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ead614ba4acb8f3c20bd69f4b2103d0da2cff5d365da1bbe57d83a96d8f036ad"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"Consistent with the Parliamentary Budget Officer\u2019s legislated mandate, this report provides PBO\u2019s economic and fiscal outlook. Growth in the Canadian economy slowed sharply in the second half of 2017 following robust advances in the first half of the year. Beginning in 2018, we project that growth in exports will rebound from a weak second half of 2017 as consumer spending decelerates and residential investment contracts.","abstract_fr":"Conform\u00e9ment \u00e0 son mandat l\u00e9gislatif, le directeur parlementaire du budget pr\u00e9sente ici ses perspectives \u00e9conomiques et financi\u00e8res. La croissance de l\u2019\u00e9conomie canadienne a brutalement ralenti au second semestre de 2017 apr\u00e8s une \u00e9volution vigoureuse au cours du premier semestre. \u00c0 compter de 2018, nous pr\u00e9voyons que la croissance des exportations rebondira apr\u00e8s le faible deuxi\u00e8me semestre de 2017, alors que les d\u00e9penses des consommateurs et les contrats d\u2019investissement r\u00e9sidentiel ont connu un ralentissement.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP1819372,\n author={Scholz, Tim and Shaw, Trevor and Bagnoli, Philip},\n title={Economic and Fiscal Outlook - April 2018 - Report revised May 14, 2018},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2018,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP1819372,\n author={Scholz, Tim and Shaw, Trevor and Bagnoli, Philip},\n title={Perspectives \\\u0027{e}conomiques et financi\\`{e}res - Avril 2018 - Rapport r\\\u0027{e}vis\\\u0027{e} le 14 mai 2018},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2018,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-1819-371","is_published":"2021-06-21T20:05:57.000000Z","release_date":"2018-04-23T04:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-06-21T20:05:57.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-1819-371","title_en":"Costing Budget 2018 Measures","title_fr":"Estimation du co\u00fbt des mesures pr\u00e9vues dans le budget de 2018","slug":"RP-1819-371--costing-budget-2018-measures--estimation-du-cout-des-mesures-prevues","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-1819-371--costing-budget-2018-measures--estimation-du-cout-des-mesures-prevues","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-1819-371--costing-budget-2018-measures--estimation-du-cout-des-mesures-prevues"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-1819-371--costing-budget-2018-measures--estimation-du-cout-des-mesures-prevues","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-1819-371--costing-budget-2018-measures--estimation-du-cout-des-mesures-prevues"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/8815afe194d62a1cd793ad9282c3821e390f69e5ffe3f3163a2d6b0317d019f0"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/0ee81a1e916877aae17ace5d6f7c6ca2be2e41668b14e5664afe1c24c8c26f34"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/dec0c9c00d88ab44df2f756dbe0c32989402332a7e34ce8ad0471254e8ca55f5","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/35a3b760bbfe980dea419f9a01636d1c97a8579373c803cf3521753ff89e2ed6","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/58ea75a4c5e9ee55de517d4d2eb001770d5fec075b1c4606bd21c6a45a5d8aa4","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/867cc7cd6a1feffedc66aa166e2c59902f63fdd544b860fef1323f8940a33002","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/293ee4c0fa4c3a95549bce5e65e1781f6c6190c16d7e4badeef17b8e51563456","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f32f8e901ce72f0a20765af104258ae8eeb6a81edf27e3762679af4f0f938da2","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ff056e32ee86b8444f3a03901a34dad51cc5939f5d1698d29cd91ff9934746dc","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/889b477802f15e2f3f3d827100a709bb7ad8bb8bde3ec4f48f1a97510d08a822"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/dc5a8ca589ecfd8e9c05fc13ea6811102f69c669f1a5e18dd2ab5e58d13bca5e","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ea6d631b0ba49ca5720b31f7d994636ca2dc14a487b66cbf1812b64decc2f6b6","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/929097080a5e48c2c382b35a1d22190f510a23e9b4560898e142a935313ea9f3","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ff22332e24cf69099644bc32ee16cc44391aee67f3209982ff06021c37555f24","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7cca20147820e76396ddad880be53a20155c06b2a0ef5110d9d0ce190f8130c3","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b0c6d9f215a294312d1820eb4b345d3d4b708be262d7bf39c31bbde75c845efe","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a313972b08d18548d8adfa9409b297fb462ce6ef76bbede87e40ba1b1b490e22","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/15ee42ba5b81c61d7b7e00211bfa165bb872471f3ab452624276ea672d5c8b74"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"In preparation of the upcoming 2019 federal general election, PBO used Budget 2018 as an opportunity to assess its existing capacity to cost a variety of policy initiatives within a short period of time. 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Apr\u00e8s la publication du budget de 2018, le DPB a \u00e9valu\u00e9 toutes les nouvelles mesures pour d\u00e9terminer lesquelles se pr\u00eataient \u00e0 une estimation des co\u00fbts distincte.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP1819371,\n author={Ammar, Nasreddine and Bagnoli, Philip and Behrend, Robert and Bernier, Govindadeva and Busby, Carleigh and Cameron, Scott and Haile, Negash and Jacques, Jason and Mark, Mahabir and Stanton, Jason},\n title={Costing Budget 2018 Measures},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2018,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP1819371,\n author={Ammar, Nasreddine and Bagnoli, Philip and Behrend, Robert and Bernier, Govindadeva and Busby, Carleigh and Cameron, Scott and Haile, Negash and Jacques, Jason and Mark, Mahabir and Stanton, Jason},\n title={Estimation du cout des mesures pr\\\u0027{e}vues dans le budget de 2018},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2018,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"LIBARC-1718-340","is_published":"2021-06-09T13:02:10.000000Z","release_date":"2017-05-02T04:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-06-09T13:02:10.000000Z","type":"LIBARC","internal_id":"LIBARC-1718-340","title_en":"The Canada-EU Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement: A Prospective Analysis","title_fr":"L\u2019Accord \u00e9conomique et commercial global entre le Canada et l\u2019UE : Analyse prospective","slug":"LIBARC-1718-340--the-canada-eu-comprehensive-economic-and-trade--laccord-economique-et-commercial-global-entre","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LIBARC-1718-340--the-canada-eu-comprehensive-economic-and-trade--laccord-economique-et-commercial-global-entre","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LIBARC-1718-340--the-canada-eu-comprehensive-economic-and-trade--laccord-economique-et-commercial-global-entre"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LIBARC-1718-340--the-canada-eu-comprehensive-economic-and-trade--laccord-economique-et-commercial-global-entre","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LIBARC-1718-340--the-canada-eu-comprehensive-economic-and-trade--laccord-economique-et-commercial-global-entre"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/18a9f9d0042ed120fe7eda7b9417e663f5996f1a2813421a9cacf03340aba51a"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/df887704af47fec7345b635af933fe85c5e82dfa6341cac387fffcb1e637b7db"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/de9bca75035f8fbbd0493069243b8ae813ba2681e02285ce5b89e33f469564aa","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/34742430960b4ed51254d95830579ed50eff4b91b170b3d7097b8c8dc61af6d9","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/619e153f702bb8fc2b801f6afeee8ddd3a842140e5d10d7de97615f8a01a530c","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f9f267b58d2cca6f130c299952845eb45b23cd8ec170c3733ea7fa7ed6d8f447","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f29d4f8eac4bf35bb70033504d5279cc767080f307ed463612babffa77459f49","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/66db67736d1f7a66ae3a30659bc56362a9e645fe3a9b0e74161913a400dbd58d","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/16438ae7982f5efaa57222e312692f19eb2fd067d8ac2cb4734ee4b2cb4279d3","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3939d63827da88f802ed29df0a04478b5ff3af651f609e7fc2f7f0c0454f7293"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8d42b9255a815cb3f989af42e39cb36e6b6dc65126ca48641db6958ff933799e","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3df07e8f4b7d2a4a119699ec4b06b85746b5f5ad69deea4813f06a772a5432eb","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0b62efc631511c951650ebb19a6f0f76e4ff1d142d27f1eafc798e316defc8a7","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e651ed18548574312feabc7d94f94a833b825af55def62fa40e7f0884ecee7a5","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8a87896a0c6201d560ffa072104c637d148d8e984fbd79321125fc648c5735dc","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/bff262395ad9d52bd76817df71323f1f06834929b11aeeab669ace00f2f3cd81","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/56d34ed86747a01972f6cc52f266b89e95e6f2f0ad8fb0a75011b34e0ea52742","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ff7b608341e28e9f491e8368641ea6b1c60c3c87efea15bb384c23fdb87e3e5e"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"PBO looks at the projected impact on Canada of the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA). Though the agreement is extensive, its impact in aggregate on the Canadian economy is likely to be small in comparison to NAFTA. Nonetheless, for individual sectors the impact could be significant since there are quite a few sectors whose goods currently have tariffs that exceed 10 per cent.","abstract_fr":"Le DPB s\u2019est pench\u00e9 sur l\u2019incidence pr\u00e9vue de l\u2019Accord \u00e9conomique et commercial global (AECG) sur le Canada. M\u00eame si l\u2019accord est de grande envergure, il ne devrait pas avoir une incidence globale importante sur l\u2019\u00e9conomie canadienne par rapport \u00e0 celle qu\u2019a eue l\u2019ALENA. Certains secteurs pourraient n\u00e9anmoins \u00eatre touch\u00e9s de mani\u00e8re consid\u00e9rable, notamment ceux dont les biens se voient actuellement appliquer des droits de douane sup\u00e9rieurs \u00e0 10 %.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-LIBARC1718340,\n author={Askari, Mostafa and Bagnoli, Philip and MacDonald, Duncan and Matier, Chris},\n title={The Canada-EU Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement: A Prospective Analysis},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2017,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-LIBARC1718340,\n author={Askari, Mostafa and Bagnoli, Philip and MacDonald, Duncan and Matier, Chris},\n title={L\u2019Accord \\\u0027{e}conomique et commercial global entre le Canada et l\u2019UE : Analyse prospective},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2017,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}}