[{"label":"Home","url":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en"},{"label":"Team","url":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/staff--equipe","section":{"id":1,"title_en":"About","title_fr":"\u00c0 propos"}},{"label":"Robert Behrend","url":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/staff--equipe\/robert-behrend","section":{"id":1,"title_en":"About","title_fr":"\u00c0 propos"}}]

Robert Behrend

Advisor-Analyst

Robert Behrend is a Senior Financial Analyst with the Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer.

Prior to joining the OPBO, Robert worked at Employment and Social Development Canada in the Canada Student Loans Program and at the Department of Finance Canada in the Federal-Provincial Relations Division.

Robert holds an MA in Economics from Carleton University, and a BSc in Mathematics from Brock University.

Latest publications

    {"id":"RP-2223-013-C","is_published":"2022-08-16T12:57:11.000000Z","release_date":"2022-08-16T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2022-08-16T12:57:11.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2223-013-C","title_en":"Research and Comparative Analysis of Fisheries and Oceans Canada","title_fr":"\u00c9tude et analyse comparatives du minist\u00e8re des P\u00eaches et des Oc\u00e9ans","slug":"RP-2223-013-C--research-comparative-analysis-fisheries-oceans-canada--etude-analyse-comparatives-ministere-peches-oceans","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2223-013-C--research-comparative-analysis-fisheries-oceans-canada--etude-analyse-comparatives-ministere-peches-oceans","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2223-013-C--research-comparative-analysis-fisheries-oceans-canada--etude-analyse-comparatives-ministere-peches-oceans"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2223-013-C--research-comparative-analysis-fisheries-oceans-canada--etude-analyse-comparatives-ministere-peches-oceans","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2223-013-C--research-comparative-analysis-fisheries-oceans-canada--etude-analyse-comparatives-ministere-peches-oceans"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/7c8cf0a83efb8d2b3347925cff15267d694998832361c4996a291263a84dbf25"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/108d392a94e0e764a5128a0dc8fe9315cc661cb77f6da6eab6b88e002977e1b2"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/20e6f2b256bc1defe83ee82db6b077c105cdc631c9f1a6f57b12b2b288235985","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e15f3d6420be3d7fb73098f2c06deea6aaca4bc1a237855aee289b69f8bb457e","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/dc698c1904e3cf4cd17fb91c8e0ed8641d16ef4ef93de51f63fce9820d910d7d","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/70a08348e8035ae5eafe7a3dc1b8b204d4676ecc1d97c43992f81dba05ad888d","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/1ac6fb8779ae06b672edf50f8c5f96edc3631c0aaa99a7c35d2b8d93aa18ecbd","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/125729d984ce48cbeedb5d4bac00b65dbdf9bfad54307a3a59a010017dbd81e7","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2cd17d1c1ee014f2f7d6fd10f97155240c83c2f1a760fcd870f97b9a82a196c6","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/1297db8de449b39eba1b67b85b67d3aa7b74eec44a67efab4318b37525513794"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ac910fc6e143f72ea078a38c4584d168330d3299cf3ae9fe1c29238e2806c6d2","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/11cd310090a0e341ef526a820599a1de870e03e9f4cf7d7604d274437c5b0ceb","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/eed13f5a6fb37f8d5e1efd15bc444da51aa57eaa300944c503c1309806217a4c","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/9c18341af6ef86d5b0fd08c0415b24beab74657170a061e4a85b3328b260d72f","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/6aa6d5c2f85edea78cf3560d818ceecb7ed31c4a1236a3c1909fdc36bda48bf9","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a63050a007cf4c4afb909c61e4f7992ad9552f32443ff32f2ac496d50c593668","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/70607cb36c7f4d206b8da940c6ea98069c0ac304436a015e55f23cc6422cb720","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2a99f293b07f9e02dc406cae2b24e05171ee1bce1b968a26149ec79fef962bac"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This report presents the PBO\u2019s response to a request by the Standing Committee on Fisheries and Oceans to conduct research and a comparative analysis on the Estimates of Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO).","abstract_fr":"Ce rapport r\u00e9pond \u00e0 la demande d\u2019\u00e9tude et d\u2019analyse comparatives du budget du minist\u00e8re des P\u00eaches et des Oc\u00e9ans (MPO) pr\u00e9sent\u00e9e au DPB par le Comit\u00e9 permanent des p\u00eaches et des oc\u00e9ans.","highlights":[{"content":{"en":"A review of departmental reports from 2011-2012 to 2022-2023 shows planned funding and human resources allocated to Fisheries and Oceans Canada increasing since 2014-2015.","fr":"Un examen des rapports minist\u00e9riels allant de 2011-2012 \u00e0 2022-2023 montre que les d\u00e9penses et les ressources humaines pr\u00e9vues et affect\u00e9es \u00e0 P\u00eaches et Oc\u00e9ans Canada augmentent depuis 2014-2015."}},{"content":{"en":"Planned total annual spending for the department overall were significantly missed twice (out of possible 10 times). Underlying this result, planned spending targets for each core responsibility are more likely to be missed.","fr":"Les d\u00e9penses annuelles totales pr\u00e9vues pour le minist\u00e8re n\u2019ont pas \u00e9t\u00e9 respect\u00e9es \u00e0 deux reprises (sur un total de 10 exercices) et les \u00e9carts \u00e9taient importants. Par cons\u00e9quent, les cibles de d\u00e9penses pr\u00e9vues pour chaque responsabilit\u00e9 essentielle sont plus susceptibles de ne pas \u00eatre respect\u00e9es."}},{"content":{"en":"Missed targets are due to additional incremental funding from Supplementary Estimates and funding carry forward from the previous year.","fr":"Les cibles non respect\u00e9es sont attribuables \u00e0 un financement suppl\u00e9mentaire provenant du Budget suppl\u00e9mentaire des d\u00e9penses et \u00e0 un report de financement de l\u2019exercice pr\u00e9c\u00e9dent."}},{"content":{"en":"The number of departmental result indicators (DRIs) has remained consistent. However, the percentage of active DRIs achieved has declined since 2018-2019 likely due to an outcome-based approach to DRI monitoring coupled with newly created DRIs having insufficient time to mature.","fr":"Le nombre d\u2019indicateurs de r\u00e9sultats des minist\u00e8res (IRM) est demeur\u00e9 constant. Toutefois, le pourcentage d\u2019IRM actifs a diminu\u00e9 depuis l\u2019exercice 2018-2019, probablement en raison d\u2019une approche de surveillance des IRM fond\u00e9e sur les r\u00e9sultats et du fait que les nouveaux IRM existent depuis trop peu de temps encore pour \u00eatre arriv\u00e9s \u00e0 maturit\u00e9."}}]},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2223013C,\n author={Behrend, Robert},\n title={Research and Comparative Analysis of Fisheries and Oceans Canada},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2223013C,\n author={Behrend, Robert},\n title={\\\u0027{E}tude et analyse comparatives du minist\\`{e}re des P\\^{e}ches et des Oc\\\u0027{e}ans},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"LEG-2223-006-M","is_published":"2022-05-26T12:57:04.000000Z","release_date":"2022-05-26T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2022-05-26T12:57:04.000000Z","type":"LEG","internal_id":"LEG-2223-006-M","title_en":"Luxury goods sales tax (update)","title_fr":"Taxe sur les ventes de produits de luxe (mise \u00e0 jour)","slug":"LEG-2223-006-M--luxury-goods-sales-tax-update--taxe-ventes-produits-luxe-mise-jour","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2223-006-M--luxury-goods-sales-tax-update--taxe-ventes-produits-luxe-mise-jour","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2223-006-M--luxury-goods-sales-tax-update--taxe-ventes-produits-luxe-mise-jour"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2223-006-M--luxury-goods-sales-tax-update--taxe-ventes-produits-luxe-mise-jour","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2223-006-M--luxury-goods-sales-tax-update--taxe-ventes-produits-luxe-mise-jour"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/03ffbeef04658a0828c035bec9ef4b2e7a4de065014f64918bc50a6afca3b043"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/7aa5c001c1695074e275e9b707266682306ac81c9066800000d61ced7b8b93b6"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/63b6a0f923a8fa23624fe9b1fac747675878c8f6a499827f08e3165954fd3fe7","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/9ea48dfc17bf9f65fc05ac589de695110deb4a8e46a9813d076b38cc10fbbc58","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/58d53e37872327625de7a08bfbaaaebddfd691a0f2ad3cd9f651947c88779ed9","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f3e0358e37cd8b77a67c6decd6f12f1200eba9a0015475f6be8f95f69e9040e5","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0c9c1b74054ae16df2cb43ca21bce28b23ccc14d3c55d56eaf3292a91732334a","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/563277209aaffa5a1f267b12801f854d7efa8425fdc7971ddb927741a6672e73","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/673ccd0cd7b21ddf35998f5ba6df40b327146498cb4aa81a1154b4524b5197b1","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/6e1fe9b916a0cf50f2cca1b61379818f184f959d0b38029a61cfa5be57703a6e"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/bfcef8e30fb1f9fdde78f256ffcf84c506494bfea83ba410d537e4779916d2f5","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/04955edf6e5eea6db4726c6b4437b4d43c9bba0399d1e6334c9bbfa375e7b216","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a2cf40f57d8c0061350a642a45b4bf6336fcef9ffbae1421d5e944ef367cd97d","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/113c71ce1627655879bd3154b8bf25f3b0f313d566a21139ed9d80e979102874","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/9ff33113296eb78bef31100ed4cd2dfd2a79360370915d7454357f2d5218aa7f","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f0298e98dd268438f1ff09f6d90e48a363b9a3cf143cbe80c5ff1484eb19bfe2","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/83e217a73aae164f5bea6078102a9e68f396e96e9db55e44cc7f55850fdcab9a","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f114441ae3b2529c33daf36ae81767eba5c1061094ffa3e91c13271ef02f26db"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"The PBO estimates that introduction of a luxury goods sales tax will generate $163 million of revenue in 2023-2024.","abstract_fr":"Le DPB estime que l\u2019instauration d\u2019une taxe sur les ventes de produits de luxe produira des revenus de 163 millions de dollars en 2023-2024.","highlights":[]},"bills":[{"id":340,"created_at":"2022-04-29T06:00:09-04:00","updated_at":"2022-06-21T13:18:56-04:00","legisid":"44_1_C-19","parliament":44,"session":1,"prefix":"C","number":19,"title_en":"An Act to implement certain provisions of the budget tabled in Parliament on April 7, 2022 and other measures","title_fr":"Loi portant ex\u00e9cution de certaines dispositions du budget d\u00e9pos\u00e9 au Parlement le 7 avril 2022 et mettant en oeuvre d\u0027autres mesures","bill_num":"C-19","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/bills--projets-de-loi\/44-1\/C-19","legisinfo":"https:\/\/www.parl.ca\/legisinfo\/en\/bill\/44-1\/c-19"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/bills--projets-de-loi\/44-1\/C-19","legisinfo":"https:\/\/www.parl.ca\/LegisInfo\/fr\/projet-de-loi\/44-1\/c-19"}},"pivot":{"publication_id":687,"bill_id":340}}],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-LEG2223006M,\n author={Behrend, Robert},\n title={Luxury goods sales tax (update)},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-LEG2223006M,\n author={Behrend, Robert},\n title={Taxe sur les ventes de produits de luxe (mise \\`{a} jour)},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"LEG-2223-001-S","is_published":"2022-04-05T12:57:10.000000Z","release_date":"2022-04-05T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2022-04-05T12:57:10.000000Z","type":"LEG","internal_id":"LEG-2223-001-S","title_en":"Tuition grant for persons with a Disability Tax Credit certificate","title_fr":"Bourse de scolarit\u00e9 aux personnes ayant un certificat pour le cr\u00e9dit d\u2019imp\u00f4t pour personnes handicap\u00e9es","slug":"LEG-2223-001-S--tuition-grant-persons-with-disability-tax-credit-certificate--bourse-scolarite-personnes-ayant-un-certificat-credit-impot-personnes-handicapees","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2223-001-S--tuition-grant-persons-with-disability-tax-credit-certificate--bourse-scolarite-personnes-ayant-un-certificat-credit-impot-personnes-handicapees","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2223-001-S--tuition-grant-persons-with-disability-tax-credit-certificate--bourse-scolarite-personnes-ayant-un-certificat-credit-impot-personnes-handicapees"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2223-001-S--tuition-grant-persons-with-disability-tax-credit-certificate--bourse-scolarite-personnes-ayant-un-certificat-credit-impot-personnes-handicapees","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2223-001-S--tuition-grant-persons-with-disability-tax-credit-certificate--bourse-scolarite-personnes-ayant-un-certificat-credit-impot-personnes-handicapees"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/852bdf35e7cfb5826c67d584fc58dcf5736145661d834ab8a18a73f8f467b990"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/2c23bf0c9c44ea7b3f73eb6fc84f16e666076f4fa7e962fd77ce009d708a64bb"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/16fb5a0eb0a3893c33fda50ed3b324ef86eaf673beaaec0fef9d7816ef26d732","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f342c09307ec24ee9074c92f0ed54145b8307324ba76ce2539321728aa09370c","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/1fe851a50bfee8548ccdcf98dd95d12d4bd8c6cfaecb960f684b88cb4eb60484","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/378db7ce358316d445e1e645f37290a4627ce753c72be664fb3acb3c804d41c9","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/9395f8738f6596dece15581d01459494adbe3ed3519bd79298427ebc7295207b","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f87514c35ea2bd10f0d2c1f3b5ae2ab059a7caa3d81cc4e2d40c942a467c450f","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d75b3e096214389291d9f71edd9bdbc34923e214d84ca2d00742a0fc41077c4d","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/222efe5f8b2e804fdffe6515b763932f51cd78d6c8cd9ab8d0c192c3ad693275"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/1a8364b4dcea2e4eb6641119b614f3392dbd0198357a43ff3c4d7cdb6ada55bf","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3591afd721d44ee09d2f0082144df3fa2fd40a83562411b3fbf3d1651f8c0a9d","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a38d25b214f7f91b7cb696c6d740eec9931d2405691b4e3ae97e45a2a8725737","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0619041b29664199f7a512ba93993ed59682be02064c465e903ae634d4bc236e","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/9f8ec3cf3c1bb56d23f185577174f856c01ada532125259128c86a0dec67a921","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/4ee2edf03a8c4af2e564e658568ad921d4fec575577064660afae311e2abc23e","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/1d24ffd7689ab2f705f967823fce1aba1db4bf9d9bae21b6333c2a4aa2e2139b","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/202f19f14f47db8a9e5cd6a29c4b62fa05af47b88cda7217a50d323bf2cf0bfc"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"Private member\u2019s bill C-255 proposes amending the *Income Tax Act* and the *Canada Student Financial Assistance Act* so that students enrolled in a designated post-secondary educational institution with a Disability Tax Credit (DTC) certificate will receive a grant equal to their annual tuition fees. It is assumed that the bill will be effective August 1, 2022, the start of the 2022-23 loan year.\n\nThe PBO estimates the proposed tuition grant for persons with a Disability Tax Credit certificate will generate a 5-year total cost of $402 million. This includes a gross cost of $591 million and a cost recovery of $189 million.","abstract_fr":"Le projet de loi d\u2019initiative parlementaire C-255 propose de modifier la *Loi de l\u2019imp\u00f4t sur le revenu* et la *Loi f\u00e9d\u00e9rale sur l\u2019aide financi\u00e8re aux \u00e9tudiants* afin que les \u00e9tudiants qui sont inscrits \u00e0 un \u00e9tablissement d\u2019enseignement postsecondaire d\u00e9sign\u00e9 et qui ont un certificat pour le cr\u00e9dit d\u2019imp\u00f4t pour personnes handicap\u00e9es (CIPH) re\u00e7oivent une bourse \u00e9gale \u00e0 leurs frais de scolarit\u00e9. On suppose que la loi entrera en vigueur le 1er ao\u00fbt 2022, date du commencement de l\u2019ann\u00e9e de pr\u00eat 2022-2023.\n\nLe DPB estime que la bourse de scolarit\u00e9 aux personnes ayant un certificat pour le cr\u00e9dit d\u2019imp\u00f4t pour personnes handicap\u00e9es aura un co\u00fbt total sur cinq ans de 402 millions de dollars. Cela comprend un co\u00fbt brut de 591 millions de dollars et un recouvrement de co\u00fbts de 189 millions de dollars.","highlights":[]},"bills":[{"id":308,"created_at":"2022-02-17T14:00:11-05:00","updated_at":"2022-04-05T08:57:10-04:00","legisid":"44_1_C-255","parliament":44,"session":1,"prefix":"C","number":255,"title_en":"An Act to amend the Income Tax Act and the Canada Student Financial Assistance Act","title_fr":"Loi modifiant la Loi de l\u2019imp\u00f4t sur le revenu et la Loi f\u00e9d\u00e9rale sur l\u2019aide financi\u00e8re aux \u00e9tudiants","bill_num":"C-255","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/bills--projets-de-loi\/44-1\/C-255","legisinfo":"https:\/\/www.parl.ca\/legisinfo\/en\/bill\/44-1\/c-255"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/bills--projets-de-loi\/44-1\/C-255","legisinfo":"https:\/\/www.parl.ca\/LegisInfo\/fr\/projet-de-loi\/44-1\/c-255"}},"pivot":{"publication_id":678,"bill_id":308}}],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-LEG2223001S,\n author={Behrend, Robert and Vanderwees, Kaitlyn},\n title={Tuition grant for persons with a Disability Tax Credit certificate},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-LEG2223001S,\n author={Behrend, Robert and Vanderwees, Kaitlyn},\n title={Bourse de scolarit\\\u0027{e} aux personnes ayant un certificat pour le cr\\\u0027{e}dit d\u2019imp\\^{o}t pour personnes handicap\\\u0027{e}es},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-2122-030-S","is_published":"2022-03-01T14:00:03.000000Z","release_date":"2022-03-01T14:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2022-03-01T14:00:03.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2122-030-S","title_en":"Economic and Fiscal Outlook \u2013 March 2022","title_fr":"Perspectives \u00e9conomiques et financi\u00e8res \u2013 Mars 2022","slug":"RP-2122-030-S--economic-fiscal-outlook-march-2022--perspectives-economiques-financieres-mars-2022","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-030-S--economic-fiscal-outlook-march-2022--perspectives-economiques-financieres-mars-2022","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-030-S--economic-fiscal-outlook-march-2022--perspectives-economiques-financieres-mars-2022"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-030-S--economic-fiscal-outlook-march-2022--perspectives-economiques-financieres-mars-2022","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-030-S--economic-fiscal-outlook-march-2022--perspectives-economiques-financieres-mars-2022"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/3b26ede6fae896559139165f58afe8e6bf10ca44163553a90673a2a202748f9b"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/ce266b874d5cf5681fc702ab435a15c3c5d220171125b8351c1ad6451d5665fc"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/adad829cca697f0c4c01bfc56c21242a1dc12f688663fc0c3908c990f335e1f8","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7280200957304b941e0e9011a9bcbfce3a44857dd754d179c0c181510426b924","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d4f43663ae762caa859a06ffaec35e55cff64724a49af75c7b6b63221ae89a99","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/32d182a695a4a33e141d2c9d2c7cf497e370a3c6774d9f7bc19e44adeea3c0d2","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/152810610eb1b2c1567c437df5e8429c3d3a840f5c3306f302f031eb9476d576","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5a62e91991aa8a240d5b65e6cff55c7d7d0312103bcb0df4cf94b7ac0d0d19a9","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ca5d1a67a614892f90f33d231548f7e94524c24bf0fea1227fdb8228467088d4","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/07797ba08dc2b3c77a49bf89ac8eb690f32cd1f10de694767fce8f1f853cdd82"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/6da24b5271909c06c819dbb56e2ef3d689d8d0ebd56ebf951356e09a63f19502","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e4727c7519d9e95edb531319af7ee5916ad89394e7ea6f5a4db90dfd9745386c","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/126ed143c863b1a2c8a83b72f79e6463b5e0fef81479cf16f9293f003e05a23a","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/687dd5d99ac9d127d8226bf86f1d0c3cbfa222416b749d7cb31d42fa5428ebb1","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7640d17462dd1a6607140ceab75103832587a70d1e9ee3d7dc571f3fad141aee","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0d15b7bbcb508c547f55240af627127e1dbc89c50752f3d988a7d7c546b082be","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/19126bb571aade4c047d611e196e589cf85c986fb7b04cadb68f40d971faa89a","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/6bf5bf0d768ead3b26017514afef4c804fba4a57bbc2faf673e1ac6ac8950ba8"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This report provides a baseline projection to help parliamentarians gauge potential economic and fiscal outcomes under current policy settings.","abstract_fr":"Ce rapport pr\u00e9sente des pr\u00e9visions de r\u00e9f\u00e9rence pour aider les parlementaires \u00e0 \u00e9valuer les r\u00e9sultats \u00e9conomiques et budg\u00e9taires possibles en vertu des cadres d\u2019action actuels.","highlights":[{"content":{"en":"PBO projects growth in the Canadian economy to rebound sharply in the second quarter and remain robust in the second half of 2022 as the reopening of the economy continues.","fr":"Le DPB pr\u00e9voit que la croissance de l\u2019\u00e9conomie canadienne reprendra nettement au cours du deuxi\u00e8me trimestre et qu\u2019elle demeurera solide durant la deuxi\u00e8me moiti\u00e9 de 2022 alors que se poursuit la r\u00e9ouverture progressive de l\u2019\u00e9conomie."}},{"content":{"en":"Based on our outlook for inflation and the output gap, PBO projects that the Bank of Canada will increase its policy interest rate by a cumulative 75 basis points, lifting its rate to 1.00 per cent by the end of 2022.","fr":"En s\u2019appuyant sur ses perspectives concernant l\u2019inflation et l\u2019\u00e9cart de production, le DPB pr\u00e9voit que la Banque du Canada va augmenter son taux directeur de 75 points de base cumulatifs, relevant le taux \u00e0 1 % d\u2019ici la fin de 2022."}},{"content":{"en":"PBO projects a budget deficit of $139.8 billion (5.6 per cent of GDP) in 2021-22 and $47.9 billion (1.8 per cent of GDP) in 2022-23. We project the federal debt-to-GDP ratio to peak at 47.7 per cent in 2021-22 and then gradually decline over the medium term to 42.3 per cent.","fr":"Le DPB pr\u00e9voit un d\u00e9ficit budg\u00e9taire de 139,8 milliards de dollars en 2021-2022 (5,6 % du PIB) et de 47,9 milliards de dollars en 2022-2023, soit 1,8 % du PIB. Le ratio de la dette f\u00e9d\u00e9rale au PIB devrait atteindre un sommet \u00e0 47,7 % du PIB en 2021-2022 avant de revenir progressivement \u00e0 moyen terme \u00e0 42,3 %."}},{"content":{"en":"Due to low interest rates, the cost of servicing the federal debt reached its lowest recorded level in 2020-21 of 7.2 per cent of tax revenues. While interest rates are projected to rise, the debt service ratio will remain low, reaching 11.5 per cent of tax revenues over the medium term.","fr":"\u00c9tant donn\u00e9 les faibles taux d\u2019int\u00e9r\u00eat, le co\u00fbt de service de la dette f\u00e9d\u00e9rale a atteint son niveau le plus bas enregistr\u00e9 en 2020-2021, \u00e0 7,2 % des recettes fiscales. Malgr\u00e9 la hausse anticip\u00e9e des taux d\u2019int\u00e9r\u00eat, le ratio du service de la dette du gouvernement demeurera bas, atteignant 11,5 % des recettes fiscales \u00e0 moyen terme."}}]},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2122030S,\n author={Nahornick, Nora and Nicol, Caroline and Stanton, Jason and Ammar, Nasreddine and Behrend, Robert and Cl\\\u0027{e}ophat, R\\\u0027{e}gine and Creighton, Mark and Duncan, Krista and Forsyth, Jamie and Giswold, Jill and MacPhee, Sarah and Michalyshyn, Katarina and Segel-Brown, Ben and Sourang, Diarra and Vanderwees, Kaitlyn},\n title={Economic and Fiscal Outlook - March 2022},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2122030S,\n author={Nahornick, Nora and Nicol, Caroline and Stanton, Jason and Ammar, Nasreddine and Behrend, Robert and Cl\\\u0027{e}ophat, R\\\u0027{e}gine and Creighton, Mark and Duncan, Krista and Forsyth, Jamie and Giswold, Jill and MacPhee, Sarah and Michalyshyn, Katarina and Segel-Brown, Ben and Sourang, Diarra and Vanderwees, Kaitlyn},\n title={Perspectives \\\u0027{e}conomiques et financi\\`{e}res - Mars 2022},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-2122-031-S","is_published":"2022-02-28T14:00:07.000000Z","release_date":"2022-02-28T14:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2022-02-28T14:00:07.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2122-031-S","title_en":"Supplementary Estimates (C) 2021-22","title_fr":"Budget suppl\u00e9mentaire des d\u00e9penses (C), 2021-2022","slug":"RP-2122-031-S--supplementary-estimates-c-2021-22--budget-supplementaire-depenses-c-2021-2022","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-031-S--supplementary-estimates-c-2021-22--budget-supplementaire-depenses-c-2021-2022","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-031-S--supplementary-estimates-c-2021-22--budget-supplementaire-depenses-c-2021-2022"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-031-S--supplementary-estimates-c-2021-22--budget-supplementaire-depenses-c-2021-2022","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-031-S--supplementary-estimates-c-2021-22--budget-supplementaire-depenses-c-2021-2022"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/b408ae675e444bd11fa924d51aff0cde2ff21df4be0db2e9b7d1227d3a8a5564"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/2a0a70589c33444fb900b3b54d3d10019772d00ad1e000b1cdc9854dfac07c55"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/111d704fb4fe00b4d83e87647d4f2a16f257e0644972f712187a7888899f70e5","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/72df0394d4fd0bd9a495edf066c0856ad214356e555eb32a4526be8a16510acb","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b817623c94141f511f349a99371734a1df4bc73070440ca542777c4adaeef83e","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/df3b7200d31fd0165e935920f9c15c804e9a3ab72a76f2ecb4e27b532184fe95","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e9d10816e0d0c0f83ad4a46ce026dc821efc4533e092d50e490c74f4481b530b","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b43a012093727a2d4e51317d8dab660aff9f391a421fe3c540768ab45bb3ea0e","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/69973027cf7239bf7357774c9e2b2184ceebb57743b76ba876d76db3d32ffe70","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5411727d7a3f25a247c74c248b7f212bdbe599088db45d20a5480b3402918ac3"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/c4bb0c227e7dbfcc057b90a3986125f4475fad1f0cef8ecfde88ef7b60a9464e","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a268d0372504743aaaa07607c8583aae9c393f88988fe52608a8c56ba2a343a3","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3ce3b1c5013f54ddcfaff5b5542e31cc676269ad5670a279b757087c262e6075","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8b53ad027563478f28bdcbfcf5a153665b1e3f1bb0981cdd1b1930d39988c4a7","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/4a318d43643ec30160133959c79c02d205008183659c840b98facd92e49b5f18","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/9641550061dc52b6f3b4ea0cfe6c934bcca79d58e4c9eb5b5a2ff06489768061","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/90260a0fbcd3d92ce2120a5786402fbae54b9667d90650fea7295c28379cf67e","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/87e942487799949e5980f7b6701478cf763d591ef5c4da83bbafcc26128dcad7"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This report presents a detailed analysis of the Government\u2019s third Supplementary Estimates for the 2021-22 fiscal year, which seeks Parliament\u2019s approval of $13.2 billion.","abstract_fr":"Dans le pr\u00e9sent rapport figure une analyse d\u00e9taill\u00e9e du troisi\u00e8me budget suppl\u00e9mentaire des d\u00e9penses de l\u2019exercice 2021-2022, qui vise \u00e0 faire approuver par le Parlement des cr\u00e9dits de 13,2 milliards de dollars.","highlights":[{"content":{"en":"COVID-19 measures account for the majority (57.6 per cent, or $9.8 billion) of budgetary authorities.","fr":"Les mesures li\u00e9es \u00e0 la COVID-19 repr\u00e9sentent la majorit\u00e9 (57,6 %, soit 9,8 milliards de dollars) des autorisations budg\u00e9taires."}},{"content":{"en":"$4.0 billion in proposed spending relates to the procurement and distribution of COVID-19 rapid test kits.","fr":"Des d\u00e9penses propos\u00e9es de 4,0 milliards de dollars sont li\u00e9es \u00e0 l\u2019approvisionnement en trousses de d\u00e9pistage rapide de la COVID-19 et \u00e0 la distribution de celles-ci."}},{"content":{"en":"The Government\u2019s forecast for the Canada Worker Lockdown Benefit is increasing by $2.4 billion.","fr":"La pr\u00e9vision du gouvernement concernant la Prestation canadienne pour les travailleurs en cas de confinement augmente de 2,4 milliards de dollars."}},{"content":{"en":"The Government\u2019s forecast for interest on unmatured debt is increasing by $1.6 billion.","fr":"La pr\u00e9vision du gouvernement concernant l\u2019int\u00e9r\u00eat sur la dette non \u00e9chue augmente de 1,6 milliard de dollars."}}]},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2122031S,\n author={Giswold, Jill and Vanderwees, Kaitlyn and Behrend, Robert},\n title={Supplementary Estimates (C) 2021-22},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2122031S,\n author={Giswold, Jill and Vanderwees, Kaitlyn and Behrend, Robert},\n title={Budget suppl\\\u0027{e}mentaire des d\\\u0027{e}penses (C), 2021-2022},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-2122-029-S","is_published":"2022-02-17T14:00:09.000000Z","release_date":"2022-02-17T14:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2022-02-17T14:00:09.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2122-029-S","title_en":"House Price Assessment: A Borrowing Capacity Perspective","title_fr":"\u00c9valuation du prix des propri\u00e9t\u00e9s \u2013 Un portrait de la capacit\u00e9 d\u2019emprunt","slug":"RP-2122-029-S--house-price-assessment-borrowing-capacity-perspective--evaluation-prix-proprietes-un-portrait-capacite-emprunt","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-029-S--house-price-assessment-borrowing-capacity-perspective--evaluation-prix-proprietes-un-portrait-capacite-emprunt","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-029-S--house-price-assessment-borrowing-capacity-perspective--evaluation-prix-proprietes-un-portrait-capacite-emprunt"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-029-S--house-price-assessment-borrowing-capacity-perspective--evaluation-prix-proprietes-un-portrait-capacite-emprunt","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-029-S--house-price-assessment-borrowing-capacity-perspective--evaluation-prix-proprietes-un-portrait-capacite-emprunt"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/785783963a71613e7b560358ac7043a18300b26e53fffc2469543c1f13299989"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/dcc780f1a5a243d75d75d39335c535cb10029a023af33f3502ab87628fa01063"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5df06b2e6fd0bc96d6c3ba72ac6efe98baf0a8dbbbefc4c45d6f3527e0b5731d","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ab073c78653237bf6ec41fefee4b588af9b586f837cc11ad90d106f2dfd247ec","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/df0a3dd0e975075909c402708975583a03cc061663ad036b07fcf4cc28262beb","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/bd6245bcc4680166426225c5977fb1d14d0d7e31c278a8058074c816600c92c4","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/68faf2bf5fd5a5be015c12aaae72375b3c51e8970f1d2f1a7ebae0a2d5778a44","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e1c12ce3cc7a88554cbf01355b372ab17ebf9b316cba4551619b941bb6bfdd07","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2de79b91d7148cad87eb7f287f1507c9660051848065e7d2d15dcbdff1ade16c","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/62427ee29a4a6e07869b49a00990b4ec55946337570b3316ebf24fe6c8e676b3"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/89be24fcca51102bd68c17faaddb6d56cf44ad960ee624b5023444adaf6b95c3","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/32fe26ca936946d5e866765f7b19edcf2377c3a06898fb7d321f27d55615dfca","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/945db5bb2bca16c51da29f28ceba3ea79b7326f9432da7fc93c19ec83774b104","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/05054378adced749acea1b5107ec2bfa5219593520af8e7f9f02a19584f511ce","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2a10e336ee0e686fd9eac0030224933260261ab251973e3b93213537f8e88b5a","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/03663ba04ce574bd38ce52d34e87523450898858179eaca5f8c142bbe68f40fa","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/cc1de44b819438275c47defab6f6ef66f045a1f50d327dcba2b50c504607ed96","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f861b27d432488d2539fcc8f556983c5e229b96c0f1cbb9ff5bde248c65c0afb"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This report provides an assessment of house prices relative to a household\u2019s capacity to borrow and pay for the purchase of a house in selected Canadian cities.","abstract_fr":"Ce rapport pr\u00e9sente une \u00e9valuation du prix des propri\u00e9t\u00e9s par rapport \u00e0 la capacit\u00e9 des m\u00e9nages d\u2019emprunter et de payer pour l\u2019achat d\u2019une maison dans certaines villes canadiennes.","highlights":[{"content":{"en":"Beginning in 2015\u2014and prior to the pandemic\u2014house prices in several cities (Hamilton, Toronto, Ottawa, Victoria, Halifax and Vancouver) \u201cde-linked\u201d from household borrowing capacity, rising 20 per cent, or higher, above affordable prices.","fr":"\u00c0 partir de 2015, et avant la pand\u00e9mie, le prix des propri\u00e9t\u00e9s dans plusieurs villes (Hamilton, Toronto, Ottawa, Victoria, Halifax et Vancouver) s\u2019est \u00ab dissoci\u00e9 \u00bb de la capacit\u00e9 d\u2019emprunt des m\u00e9nages, s\u2019\u00e9levant \u00e0 20 %, ou m\u00eame plus, au-dessus des prix abordables."}},{"content":{"en":"Household borrowing capacity increased during the pandemic due to lower interest rates and COVID-19 financial support. However, further increases in house prices far outpaced gains in borrowing capacity, resulting in wider gaps in affordability.","fr":"La capacit\u00e9 d\u2019emprunt des m\u00e9nages a augment\u00e9 pendant la pand\u00e9mie en raison de la baisse des taux d\u2019int\u00e9r\u00eat et du soutien financier li\u00e9 \u00e0 la COVID-19. Toutefois, les nouvelles augmentations du prix des propri\u00e9t\u00e9s ont largement d\u00e9pass\u00e9 les gains sur le plan de la capacit\u00e9 d\u2019emprunt, ce qui a entra\u00een\u00e9 des \u00e9carts d\u2019accessibilit\u00e9 plus importants."}},{"content":{"en":"At the end of 2021, the average house price nationally was $811,700\u2014an increase of 43 per cent from December 2019 and a 97 per cent increase compared to January 2015.","fr":"\u00c0 la fin de 2021, le prix moyen des propri\u00e9t\u00e9s \u00e0 l\u2019\u00e9chelle nationale \u00e9tait de 811 700 $ \u2013 soit 43 % de plus qu\u2019en d\u00e9cembre 2019 et 97 % de plus qu\u2019en janvier 2015."}},{"content":{"en":"We estimate that in December 2021, average house prices in Hamilton, Toronto, Halifax and Ottawa were more than 50 per cent above affordable levels, based on household borrowing capacity.","fr":"Nous estimons que, en d\u00e9cembre 2021, le prix moyen des propri\u00e9t\u00e9s \u00e0 Hamilton, Toronto, Halifax et Ottawa \u00e9taient sup\u00e9rieurs de plus de 50 % aux niveaux abordables, selon la capacit\u00e9 d\u2019emprunt des m\u00e9nages."}},{"content":{"en":"While approximate, our results suggest that household financial vulnerability is elevated in several cities for households that have recently purchased homes.","fr":"Bien qu\u2019approximatifs, nos r\u00e9sultats sugg\u00e8rent que la vuln\u00e9rabilit\u00e9 financi\u00e8re des m\u00e9nages qui ont r\u00e9cemment achet\u00e9 une maison est \u00e9lev\u00e9e dans plusieurs villes."}}]},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2122029S,\n author={Behrend, Robert and Liberge-Simard, Rapha\\\u0022{e}l},\n title={House Price Assessment: A Borrowing Capacity Perspective},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2122029S,\n author={Behrend, Robert and Liberge-Simard, Rapha\\\u0022{e}l},\n title={\\\u0027{E}valuation du prix des propri\\\u0027{e}t\\\u0027{e}s - Un portrait de la capacit\\\u0027{e} d\u2019emprunt},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-2122-018-S","is_published":"2021-11-30T14:00:09.000000Z","release_date":"2021-11-30T14:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-11-30T14:00:09.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2122-018-S","title_en":"Expanded Fiscal Analysis of Federal Pay Equity","title_fr":"Analyse financi\u00e8re d\u00e9taill\u00e9e du r\u00e9gime f\u00e9d\u00e9ral d\u0027\u00e9quit\u00e9 salariale","slug":"RP-2122-018-S--expanded-fiscal-analysis-federal-pay-equity--analyse-financiere-detaillee-regime-federal-equite-salariale","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-018-S--expanded-fiscal-analysis-federal-pay-equity--analyse-financiere-detaillee-regime-federal-equite-salariale","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-018-S--expanded-fiscal-analysis-federal-pay-equity--analyse-financiere-detaillee-regime-federal-equite-salariale"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-018-S--expanded-fiscal-analysis-federal-pay-equity--analyse-financiere-detaillee-regime-federal-equite-salariale","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-018-S--expanded-fiscal-analysis-federal-pay-equity--analyse-financiere-detaillee-regime-federal-equite-salariale"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/bfa95fd90907fd61de65b0955ee7e3c9dcb15eae4d587c888ac980ed4c671935"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/204eef904fe88abc47458c1717e728a119766b97fd75a723ae434533de54d55b"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/77b74a3549aa0f075af94a28b19a15364e8f2cc2eccda5681e6a9743b86dc2ab","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/6c7fb62acdf0c48fb93864c890f357ce3c7624b872d0d6640550435d4cb50ae3","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/61e31ad48cb00ce8b1ba9dd3b59ea32ad2e77a0cc41cba2829742b2ba9c1ea3c","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0cbdcd36bca1334302cbd1e0f53b23f6d5abd583893b4fffe5428f338057b98c","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/28f09f3335e83f375d6617256316badb02bbb8847f0c248430dd78f3b795bf2e","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b0ad5ea401820e9008d0da3cc1bd8abd8d929018ede5062951634c325976f8a0","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/fe300a6770b5847fc049c73aaf3e92cdad5ada4e1c69a59292c100d8aab515c9","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/02da0d4705ba28331b56c148fbc8a51ea75b8674c6cb0c79e98bb1fbb5015f56"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f0afbf5b65f91e7f216d5ab547ae1f224b11640de476e5970f80cd786b5e6c6e","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/198c141caafac998ac7a12133623e00dee81f28790b8c5ce9558671d7da4188a","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/dcb9e43f1b205c5fcaee1966239df8fcd0219e2fa59ef973b52058987f70b319","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/68c06ebd95b5c99f6898e0738c6d0516c389a32a4cec5f5dfb58c7366103c3fe","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b5fc7167c68add68a060893f5b05d9f18ce212fdb50d5a7791100555785cea01","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/4e8dc17643bcc76657cdd58f19113a780ecc47890ce5835b8f3683eec6068864","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f6c4b57547316082f87601a732dbbe437cd430fed0f3384efa55b0ed789d1fc7","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/71c286b559f834af9ef14ff5a38400ffa1f3845e962f00220fdaf2fcf0eaaab3"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"During the 43rd Parliament, Ms. Jag Sahota, M.P. (Calgary Skyview), Ms Nelly Shin, M.P. (Port Moody - Coquitlam) and The Honourable Alice Wong, M.P. (Richmond Centre) requested the PBO provide an update to his report Fiscal Analysis of Federal Pay Equity, particularly in reference to regulations related to the Pay Equity Act posted in the Canada Gazette.","abstract_fr":"Durant la 43e l\u00e9gislature, les d\u00e9put\u00e9es Jag Sahota (Calgary - Skyview), Nelly Shin (Port Moody - Coquitlam) ainsi que l\u2019honorable d\u00e9put\u00e9e Alice Wong (Richmond Centre) ont demand\u00e9 au DPB une mise \u00e0 jour de son rapport intitul\u00e9 Analyse financi\u00e8re du r\u00e9gime f\u00e9d\u00e9ral d\u2019\u00e9quit\u00e9 salariale, notamment \u00e0 la lumi\u00e8re du r\u00e8glement relatif \u00e0 la Loi sur l\u2019\u00e9quit\u00e9 salariale paru dans la Gazette du Canada.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2122018S,\n author={Behrend, Robert and Mohamed Ahmed, Salma},\n title={Expanded Fiscal Analysis of Federal Pay Equity},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2122018S,\n author={Behrend, Robert and Mohamed Ahmed, Salma},\n title={Analyse financi\\`{e}re d\\\u0027{e}taill\\\u0027{e}e du r\\\u0027{e}gime f\\\u0027{e}d\\\u0027{e}ral d\u0027\\\u0027{e}quit\\\u0027{e} salariale},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-2122-016-S","is_published":"2021-08-16T13:00:03.000000Z","release_date":"2021-08-16T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-09-16T16:47:11.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2122-016-S","title_en":"2021 Election Proposal Costing Baseline","title_fr":"Co\u00fbt des mesures propos\u00e9es pendant la campagne \u00e9lectorale de 2021 : pr\u00e9vision de r\u00e9f\u00e9rence","slug":"RP-2122-016-S--2021-election-proposal-costing-baseline--cout-mesures-proposees-pendant-campagne-electorale-2021-prevision-reference","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-016-S--2021-election-proposal-costing-baseline--cout-mesures-proposees-pendant-campagne-electorale-2021-prevision-reference","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-016-S--2021-election-proposal-costing-baseline--cout-mesures-proposees-pendant-campagne-electorale-2021-prevision-reference"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-016-S--2021-election-proposal-costing-baseline--cout-mesures-proposees-pendant-campagne-electorale-2021-prevision-reference","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-016-S--2021-election-proposal-costing-baseline--cout-mesures-proposees-pendant-campagne-electorale-2021-prevision-reference"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/0c1012241fb6faad32a0bccebbc2e2895ae46af211c4c75eba22edf5aa75d611"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/aecf888dd10e4c14cf15e1f916894103fcbed9c3b6b475e11a361363b1571ac7"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/fda8c00bad689d6a23cbc69bb9db22866be6231cc738e4f9993fb125425d8bb3","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/fe50b1dce3d2a98d216293416081b0e632a1dd89d1f08f5379e69b4999dfe030","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8f7e1aaf1119b97fd0365b6cd93556ac3b4f465ad2b63c57c42d6750d73d96cb","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/4979a40a2dcfb50dc2fa5f9ab9e1894e2de5c5ceda5997dfb645bd020c4c12c4","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/9024b0a5a8cb947beb321914c0d50bec535b769c40670d1f2b123609b88be86b","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/75b10d28d0908a3d1c5630c50ef4b5c3349edc52f44b363f571f3f4b9400ded0","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/96a22e674b7f5046676041a3b96678c0ed2ecbd70f5bfc2a07bae38607f55efb","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/1351c5f34545cbf649db985bcec354dcfbf40dceebccb36db9f1b7d971a69a2f"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5ead501ed7fa0e14c0d96d175afabfd16dcc2a1cbe78390c5d9d91e7b50d6eac","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/4d0100066e4a18da726fc416c4e47a8901403edf386462bc59eba424fd6297cf","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2c4b0c9382e2ea2ce00e753fd1ff6b2b30be8ec87ca641976004c68963115e9c","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/06d96336cb1030a348db2400a7e4859ca8ad3321d0b716e5aadf76820945d874","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0af6503ffe14bc21a78706559c760a77015ded2fad76882c4acdd7f9851a8cbb","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e9563aee1b3ced4ed80a814cd8bb6619c3f28f5c3645f7dd7aa5620d97e3905b","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/63aa29a8f4626e62e109a190bfcd61e5275a5ce76aa62ad9216b0ec59469b9f6","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b32aec6918189e7fc569ffb13ea2ba3c10a10e80483bc38938f8a270d1afb33b"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This report presents PBO\u2019s economic and fiscal baseline projection for the 2021 election proposal costing period.","abstract_fr":"Ce rapport contient des pr\u00e9visions \u00e9conomiques et financi\u00e8res de r\u00e9f\u00e9rence pour les estimations du co\u00fbt des promesses \u00e9lectorales de 2021.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2122016S,\n author={Grinshpoon, Kristina and Nicol, Caroline and Behrend, Robert and Bergeron, \\\u0027{E}tienne and Creighton, Mark and Elmarzougui, Eskandar and Forsyth, Jamie and Giswold, Jill and Liberge-Simard, Rapha\\\u0022{e}l and MacPhee, Sarah and Michalyshyn, Katarina and Segel-Brown, Ben},\n title={2021 Election Proposal Costing Baseline},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2122016S,\n author={Grinshpoon, Kristina and Nicol, Caroline and Behrend, Robert and Bergeron, \\\u0027{E}tienne and Creighton, Mark and Elmarzougui, Eskandar and Forsyth, Jamie and Giswold, Jill and Liberge-Simard, Rapha\\\u0022{e}l and MacPhee, Sarah and Michalyshyn, Katarina and Segel-Brown, Ben},\n title={Cout des mesures propos\\\u0027{e}es pendant la campagne \\\u0027{e}lectorale de 2021 : pr\\\u0027{e}vision de r\\\u0027{e}f\\\u0027{e}rence},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"LEG-2122-012-S","is_published":"2021-06-10T13:00:06.000000Z","release_date":"2021-06-10T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-06-10T13:00:06.000000Z","type":"LEG","internal_id":"LEG-2122-012-S","title_en":"Modifications to federal financial assistance supports for students and recent graduates","title_fr":"Changements aux mesures f\u00e9d\u00e9rales d\u2019aide financi\u00e8re aux \u00e9tudiants et aux nouveaux dipl\u00f4m\u00e9s","slug":"LEG-2122-012-S--modifications-federal-financial-assistance-supports-students-recent-graduates--changements-mesures-federales-aide-financiere-etudiants-nouveaux-diplomes","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2122-012-S--modifications-federal-financial-assistance-supports-students-recent-graduates--changements-mesures-federales-aide-financiere-etudiants-nouveaux-diplomes","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2122-012-S--modifications-federal-financial-assistance-supports-students-recent-graduates--changements-mesures-federales-aide-financiere-etudiants-nouveaux-diplomes"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2122-012-S--modifications-federal-financial-assistance-supports-students-recent-graduates--changements-mesures-federales-aide-financiere-etudiants-nouveaux-diplomes","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2122-012-S--modifications-federal-financial-assistance-supports-students-recent-graduates--changements-mesures-federales-aide-financiere-etudiants-nouveaux-diplomes"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/980c051c198ebc975c97b167767fcebea681e22da283d7182855191d3a47433c"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/fdef27d7b00c53146f47074de61466b28f710311c766a04ca2829b8c098e9615"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ad4c281cc22196e94441502c958b2128a96ba465e4dfec37e424fa3b80481ca5","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/33c1f9a7f6a870a4f907bd587305892e01ed31cc8876e110deb00691b52aab7d","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d02adffcc9308493898d92f7fe3b1154922b0749cb117c557de1d96ca9da1615","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/1f624cf98b64d7f943f0cc47d589e8de581c698047edc515ff4b3c2fb2ed891c","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/28d875e2f27a727b9878cf06c964b82ef8a4b5debd9bc651f46edbeb779112af","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/fd6f24fda9d2f9aeee2bd245fa65bfb653523a93b1c9012964007888405001ad","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e640dfdbb62b0497619822222587fdcf4961ba0d3464980ef8ed42767b9b3672","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/cd1e305a89215ba8dfa1effdb77c721bb7c823a29ed678ee948fa5c99295f24c"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/1cd27858c76b14f04a7dfd741523ab4dfaa7ee17cdafcd6608f005b40a3a8e5c","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/516cefd068c01ed8d4c7fe1b6d16a2071259ef3a7c6dc49d1d193c27abd9836e","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2b6f3c9045d6e3369a078676891bbd6a27fece2e0816e7899347e4971f529c6f","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/27b9cc57ed12c5863d52bf11448d5e102684871c116cff3408145aa214b03214","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f8da7013d964e91471511d2bb05c369a24753a9d4385048c3007eb5e21acc502","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/c6bd1f79f34aa34d4b19f45e904ec75821e029f06e7ec2e447f0a2778e40a6ab","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/fb2a1bf2c1643900cb1c7fe6304a32f1cb164006a14c95490e08e4f5a9736be9","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5f3229e6417f92d6f4015d0e65752689d40b475d1de8e8f50a6dd5ea8c81ab7a"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"Modifying federal student financial assistance, including support under the Canada Student Loans Program (CSLP).","abstract_fr":"Changement \u00e0 l\u2019aide financi\u00e8re f\u00e9d\u00e9rale aux \u00e9tudiants, y compris l\u2019aide en vertu du Programme canadien de pr\u00eats aux \u00e9tudiants (PCPE).","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-LEG2122012S,\n author={Behrend, Robert and Creighton, Mark},\n title={Modifications to federal financial assistance supports for students and recent graduates},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-LEG2122012S,\n author={Behrend, Robert and Creighton, Mark},\n title={Changements aux mesures f\\\u0027{e}d\\\u0027{e}rales d\u2019aide financi\\`{e}re aux \\\u0027{e}tudiants et aux nouveaux dipl\\^{o}m\\\u0027{e}s},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-2122-006-M","is_published":"2021-05-19T13:00:12.000000Z","release_date":"2021-05-19T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-05-19T13:00:12.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2122-006-M","title_en":"Cost Analysis of a Post-secondary Student Relief Package","title_fr":"Analyse des co\u00fbts d\u2019un programme d\u2019aide aux \u00e9tudiants de niveau postsecondaire","slug":"RP-2122-006-M--cost-analysis-post-secondary-student-relief-package--analyse-couts-un-programme-aide-etudiants-niveau-postsecondaire","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-006-M--cost-analysis-post-secondary-student-relief-package--analyse-couts-un-programme-aide-etudiants-niveau-postsecondaire","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-006-M--cost-analysis-post-secondary-student-relief-package--analyse-couts-un-programme-aide-etudiants-niveau-postsecondaire"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-006-M--cost-analysis-post-secondary-student-relief-package--analyse-couts-un-programme-aide-etudiants-niveau-postsecondaire","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-006-M--cost-analysis-post-secondary-student-relief-package--analyse-couts-un-programme-aide-etudiants-niveau-postsecondaire"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/2ba9ab4d21a643a1f0a0a4a4142b70db26c211b0ee58c68f45be968b5b4d545d"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/fef11f2fee23ab0145f7e222bfab4fcb6843c03d79e449c5cf100910aff782b2"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/9a7344655a70fe7cf148958129ad77fe44024d07a2ac83232d1ce8656dcc3ebe","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f964676c75c4037a8efaf4af4ae8d1f25e617fddccadfda2b5689ddfc3c28d9d","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/c9136be99d555c3869cfa4a7c7405196068a5c3baffafab8c07be84c323dae1e","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/aecddd1548393c3185a688caa39225b7e75ec04260eff71118cad8c9906412ef","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/c7684ff8518f48b376b13a0d80e9acbe8f9d8dcd778ffcd622af53cd6296a23c","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/c483de78cb9b20080df3c137f388cf3ac539849da60a1c9f4469aeb4e852ce82","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/de6e0ba3d86e7999b9ebd4a32cc95ee66921263e634410049c4d31b30ced2e55","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e31b78f4abeb607461d857e5bccc15433e3e9059bc0a6baee5de0e188ad8ea2e"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/9536c54102c040875278b0c961a08ff23f033ff3523235884b94d7cad6231557","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5b20b13c3a10e89bb731381627963025b0efe80e8fa02c393bcf4dc43893f69d","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/dbc52bbe2b7d35b36fddfc9177cbfb58d535a535e312a624a7e152093fc2c1d8","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/21ef27649c5a1c900f1503509c4aca1833e6c4b4269d82cfaf0d3e24634ac9c6","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7cfc9174c7a3f62fdff2b218cade4460a84926b698d78b0bd2843ada3b6b2b30","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/284c81d9d996546e4203feb4c74d17310c866c655e610992a19ec61321bdd68f","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/df66517532a5549a1c592ac43eaef1ad9337256755a6df69ee1fb571ec0e5da3","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/30358d9eef0ffc728f4848b80c55956cdfde9f3c6b557053ef717d447e13db04"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This report is in response to a request by Members of Parliament Leah Gazan (Winnipeg Centre) and Lindsay Mathyssen (London-Fanshawe) to examine the cost of a set of post-secondary education measures outlined in Private Member\u2019s Motion M-75, *Implementation of a Post-secondary Student Relief Package*.","abstract_fr":"Le pr\u00e9sent rapport donne suite \u00e0 une demande pr\u00e9sent\u00e9e par les d\u00e9put\u00e9es Leah Gazan (Winnipeg Centre) et Lindsay Mathyssen (London \u2013 Fanshawe) pour que le DPB examine les co\u00fbts d\u2019un train de mesures en mati\u00e8re d\u2019\u00e9tudes postsecondaires, d\u00e9crit dans la motion d\u2019initiative parlementaire M 75, *Mise en place d\u2019un programme d\u2019aide aux \u00e9tudiants postsecondaires*.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2122006M,\n author={Behrend, Robert and Creighton, Mark},\n title={Cost Analysis of a Post-secondary Student Relief Package},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2122006M,\n author={Behrend, Robert and Creighton, Mark},\n title={Analyse des couts d\u2019un programme d\u2019aide aux \\\u0027{e}tudiants de niveau postsecondaire},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-2122-005-S","is_published":"2021-05-18T13:00:12.000000Z","release_date":"2021-05-18T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-05-18T13:00:12.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2122-005-S","title_en":"Federal Spending on First Nations and Inuit Health Care","title_fr":"D\u00e9penses f\u00e9d\u00e9rales pour les soins de sant\u00e9 aux Premi\u00e8res Nations et aux Inuits","slug":"RP-2122-005-S--federal-spending-first-nations-inuit-health-care--depenses-federales-soins-sante-premieres-nations-inuits","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-005-S--federal-spending-first-nations-inuit-health-care--depenses-federales-soins-sante-premieres-nations-inuits","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-005-S--federal-spending-first-nations-inuit-health-care--depenses-federales-soins-sante-premieres-nations-inuits"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-005-S--federal-spending-first-nations-inuit-health-care--depenses-federales-soins-sante-premieres-nations-inuits","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-005-S--federal-spending-first-nations-inuit-health-care--depenses-federales-soins-sante-premieres-nations-inuits"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/9bee4c701b89b6285aa9b66e68a21806ca91473fd4d74b86d817e56ef673a89a"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/b56e3981cd73a18cfc4d4a03de1c5613b62e7b11e4ca9723c5ab1f462a798be1"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ef431b3088ec2e8bc2c8643d6f5e101166edc7f6cd7f33f2ddc33a5e50b775f1","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/71616eae5b79902652a9c0339585f4b4afeae7fe5b0499af58965a7eb8871015","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d765127032aef78c60b74006c9ee6dff56736e6ec79850e39310a9166d634370","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/691250183a5c420163d78d8b52f8f06104f7c70a901d3c7788370acfa16076ec","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2dfe4b8e12d65bfd6a9653a1e2367742693610b856d1ce1390c424a27ddd3149","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f3fbfabbab3d5548f1908b36f0b810306a53e707eae413153984433e5ca1cf15","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7001f6cb1b2f2284d9077c7fcfed1a70a846951c85fdbb5fc7030a18d0d64037","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/262b25cb147339f1af8f76e031a9e28d0f99faa73380301b2d1c39a87a331f7f"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/02d60b6b8cdf52f1f5203e2a1714544d5b66e90228660664bc9053063107b28d","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5f4b9919ad88fd12d2ead8884c24b31756bd8b096a7b0e4125ec48d24b4db339","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/1c43912697a03ec06ceceac078230d0eaa128942d4dd6d6281b861ca329a1aa0","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d2b30c449bcca01977835b20cc93603b01ce600536ced9fa0209a95686627724","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2cc23f7ea059b04a8404e13e9fcddffd06d2bcc041d0591857eedcb9ceb8ef49","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/54f5e5822cdb2b8e07b396e7726f44b02acb8303e9e5d998cbff34d7e1ed6062","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/373ddbfdfc4a564e30baf47df4a9d151671c02c7f87223428981599641865f4b","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/cf23fbe123e34eb9d63c53b91cddc70778cbd681e3e5abf655d01411f2863c16"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"Several parliamentarians expressed interest in a PBO analysis, in both dollar and per-capita terms, of provincial\/territorial health care funding and funding for First Nations and Inuit by Indigenous Services Canada through the First Nations and Inuit Health Branch.\n\nThis report provides an analytical overview of federal and provincial\/territorial government health spending for the First Nations and Inuit population. It does not attempt to establish a spending gap between federal government health spending for First Nations and Inuit and provincial\/territorial government health spending for all residents of Canada.","abstract_fr":"Plusieurs parlementaires ont indiqu\u00e9 qu\u2019il serait utile que le DPB produise une analyse, en dollars et par habitant, du financement provincial et territorial des soins de sant\u00e9 ainsi que du financement que verse Services aux Autochtones Canada pour les Premi\u00e8res Nations et les Inuits par l\u2019interm\u00e9diaire de la Direction g\u00e9n\u00e9rale de la sant\u00e9 des Premi\u00e8res Nations et des Inuits.\n\nCe rapport offre un aper\u00e7u analytique des d\u00e9penses des gouvernements f\u00e9d\u00e9ral, provinciaux et territoriaux pour les soins de sant\u00e9 aux populations inuites et des Premi\u00e8res Nations. Il ne vise pas \u00e0 \u00e9tablir s\u2019il existe un \u00e9cart entre les d\u00e9penses du gouvernement f\u00e9d\u00e9ral pour les soins de sant\u00e9 aux Premi\u00e8res Nations et aux Inuits et les d\u00e9penses des gouvernements provinciaux et territoriaux pour tous les r\u00e9sidents du Canada.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2122005S,\n author={Behrend, Robert and Forsyth, Jamie and Mohamed Ahmed, Salma},\n title={Federal Spending on First Nations and Inuit Health Care},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2122005S,\n author={Behrend, Robert and Forsyth, Jamie and Mohamed Ahmed, Salma},\n title={D\\\u0027{e}penses f\\\u0027{e}d\\\u0027{e}rales pour les soins de sant\\\u0027{e} aux Premi\\`{e}res Nations et aux Inuits},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-2021-046-S","is_published":"2021-03-31T13:00:05.000000Z","release_date":"2021-03-31T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-04-09T14:19:48.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2021-046-S","title_en":"Pre-Budget Outlook","title_fr":"Perspectives pr\u00e9budg\u00e9taires","slug":"RP-2021-046-S--pre-budget-outlook--perspectives-prebudgetaires","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2021-046-S--pre-budget-outlook--perspectives-prebudgetaires","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2021-046-S--pre-budget-outlook--perspectives-prebudgetaires"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2021-046-S--pre-budget-outlook--perspectives-prebudgetaires","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2021-046-S--pre-budget-outlook--perspectives-prebudgetaires"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/923ac2d46e9e3f74e58ed697dffd79237d497232daed02d5078abb52377b4da3"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/526df86442cb7a71b56a2a84a1344054519f866f5a1fe81feecb98529f1db07e"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/06a84746a7434be1c6e9273fda65037d2d1ded33","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0c53f23c15c20f8fa3d83dd1fccec580bbe0bf43","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e4ecfe10f44e3d1fa6062b99f04ff0610fe535a8","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d8d77c991f48fc31cec48fac8292a8875628f4eb","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/c3de769600833df1fbec3daaf3351ba3c543ed3c","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b932d3cec3012fd7bddab51fd1f6b57a87a134d2","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b992b14d320aa683c64281ec851f8d7f31cc5501","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2c7982b5d81e3c896c55c376b70aea2712898850"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/1ee75927dd064d61439bf24ddcfbf6890bd314ae","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/6ccc0dfd17bf3b6a2f3fee95041314f756552350","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/82bf6ba6f85452e9dca0a1fcee8a0e8bfc385ce5","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/dae4bf2c9adf302962981136bfa2e3c7379a4d87","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/40052956476baf807fb6bb7acd4641c6a3257ce7","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b79c40daece5a760b7d0d90352944b52c68ef637","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/c4a7f55f6814f12befb5e1dbf46f238d47c6f319","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/aaa6be4ea0bd013fdd55117aad8a2e59f9786f97"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This report updates PBO\u2019s September 2020 Economic and Fiscal Outlook in advance of Budget 2021.","abstract_fr":"Le pr\u00e9sent rapport actualise les Perspectives \u00e9conomiques et financi\u00e8res de septembre 2020 du DPB en pr\u00e9vision du budget de 2021.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2021046S,\n author={Grinshpoon, Kristina and Nicol, Caroline and Ammar, Nasreddine and Behrend, Robert and Bergeron, \\\u0027{E}tienne and Creighton, Mark and Elmarzougui, Eskandar and Forsyth, Jamie and Giswold, Jill and Liberge-Simard, Rapha\\\u0022{e}l and MacPhee, Sarah and Mohamed Ahmed, Salma and Nahornick, Nora and Segel-Brown, Ben and Wodrich, Nigel},\n title={Pre-Budget Outlook},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2021046S,\n author={Grinshpoon, Kristina and Nicol, Caroline and Ammar, Nasreddine and Behrend, Robert and Bergeron, \\\u0027{E}tienne and Creighton, Mark and Elmarzougui, Eskandar and Forsyth, Jamie and Giswold, Jill and Liberge-Simard, Rapha\\\u0022{e}l and MacPhee, Sarah and Mohamed Ahmed, Salma and Nahornick, Nora and Segel-Brown, Ben and Wodrich, Nigel},\n title={Perspectives pr\\\u0027{e}budg\\\u0027{e}taires},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-2021-043-S","is_published":"2021-02-24T14:00:05.000000Z","release_date":"2021-02-24T14:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-02-24T14:00:05.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2021-043-S","title_en":"Supplementary Estimates (C) 2020-21","title_fr":"Budget suppl\u00e9mentaire des d\u00e9penses (C) 2020-2021","slug":"RP-2021-043-S--supplementary-estimates-c-2020-21--budget-supplementaire-depenses-c-2020-2021","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2021-043-S--supplementary-estimates-c-2020-21--budget-supplementaire-depenses-c-2020-2021","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2021-043-S--supplementary-estimates-c-2020-21--budget-supplementaire-depenses-c-2020-2021"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2021-043-S--supplementary-estimates-c-2020-21--budget-supplementaire-depenses-c-2020-2021","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2021-043-S--supplementary-estimates-c-2020-21--budget-supplementaire-depenses-c-2020-2021"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/0f40fa782d18cd2cf59008064e09af9f34783d6344b32a0c71c507db44ab6f64"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/f2243e15536477b6105c957e9585750925653dbcae7db24a8010be81f9b17af4"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/9776e6914c25a09a6182d5f74a47aa4598f513c0","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/442d08c6d89e0eb0c85ac92f98106ff79131f3d2","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3028ab35eb5a9a4d496e4f06a63a5d8272a8450f","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/4f582ecfddf9405ffe07659632e3c632d8d040c5","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e9791085a124ad0c08739d651b898e02f4cebaa6","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/25aedfb4d85643119c8d2b7cb73c5981de2a5a00","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/10fd2e3f4e64f6395f5fd42a611d9f6f740bbb03","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/aabd6689352bb14bd6adfd143ae53d2d977dda38"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e2df92a0ff5b64e00d4625f6f681ac9a2fc7b9f4","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/335fa6056e7db159177962b753b984a2fb9cfa7a","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b46b30b904f99ec859ce9fae13185ffe9ec9e0b3","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/4f031f72af4e35bb5e5b2d9cadc52b2a2875a1a3","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5623707cc98e2201809627f1c30ccc441498a5ad","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/9f25c8ca3adbd17f089fd6c0b9b12a0bde68ec8e","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/cd5dc85e0f5a2a8ce05976dc7015fc807ba7686d","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a6e36e19e43d42fe238a3eeb8a22c77ec913759e"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This report presents a detailed analysis of the Government\u2019s third and final supplementary estimates for the 2020-21 fiscal year, which seeks Parliament\u2019s approval of $13.4 billion.","abstract_fr":"Le pr\u00e9sent rapport fournit une analyse d\u00e9taill\u00e9e du troisi\u00e8me et dernier budget suppl\u00e9mentaire des d\u00e9penses du gouvernement pour l\u2019exercice 2020-2021, dans lequel ce dernier demande au Parlement d\u2019approuver des d\u00e9penses totalisant 13,4 milliards de dollars.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2021043S,\n author={Giswold, Jill and Stanton, Jason and Behrend, Robert},\n title={Supplementary Estimates (C) 2020-21},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2021043S,\n author={Giswold, Jill and Stanton, Jason and Behrend, Robert},\n title={Budget suppl\\\u0027{e}mentaire des d\\\u0027{e}penses (C) 2020-2021},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"LEG-2021-054-S","is_published":"2021-01-26T20:16:03.000000Z","release_date":"2021-01-14T14:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-01-26T20:16:03.000000Z","type":"LEG","internal_id":"LEG-2021-054-S","title_en":"Elimination of interest on Canada Student Loans","title_fr":"\u00c9limination des int\u00e9r\u00eats sur les pr\u00eats d\u2019\u00e9tudes canadiens","slug":"LEG-2021-054-S--elimination-interest-canada-student-loans--elimination-interets-prets-etudes-canadiens","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2021-054-S--elimination-interest-canada-student-loans--elimination-interets-prets-etudes-canadiens","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2021-054-S--elimination-interest-canada-student-loans--elimination-interets-prets-etudes-canadiens"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2021-054-S--elimination-interest-canada-student-loans--elimination-interets-prets-etudes-canadiens","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2021-054-S--elimination-interest-canada-student-loans--elimination-interets-prets-etudes-canadiens"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/51db3a9b3f7a3975a8329a73bd37136f39e252c12d8e30854cafdce55b77e506"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/566e0fb3685f9dea97087966e4db7a5f82dbfcdd51bf0b2cb7d1095a00ea20a9"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2d6c72feba9702d0dfa1abda3b494fb69e4cd7bd","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3c49807a051aed48a091c6a36bc9c7c8318950db","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/97d7005e25ae88b35d7669d3324f047da4ff9dbe","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/1b8b173ae06796905c3a790b298d5eb00d34ac15","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/4c425b0e86d3ebaa8890e6fd3d7822ec5646ad95","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/6414b0e3e1fcc0b1dd6a8ec68ae023e661d0e361","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/18176dfe3c09e26c2f45d1eb667d5044fa41c36c","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/280db6ac03031c532184454cd427c6192f034ffe"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/1c3c43738c85b9d610d06eb51132d1796ea9a81d","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/fa22b6e7f2f6d5cc8582d0f4d2f7e71cdb1c1a11","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/56ebd72d5b4fdc1a9d3396395bbb427b10e10708","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/bb3919d4aa0bc3b4bef61ff75bfab85055eb6101","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/55bd87464dbe7e7d722db837cedd96bcbe0c215e","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f8aa6d20f4e9a104b0017db1f2952af788891a34","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/aa353af7a2cc5e288c5ad1abe40c78d86b8152f0","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/4d8ee3df4886958975b7643307598729bfa2e8d7"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"Removing interest charges on the repayment of the federal portion of Canada Student Loans (CSL) and on Canada Apprentice Loans (CAL) for the fiscal year 2021-22.","abstract_fr":"\u00c9limination des int\u00e9r\u00eats sur la partie f\u00e9d\u00e9rale des pr\u00eats d\u2019\u00e9tudes canadiens (PEC) et des pr\u00eats canadiens aux apprentis (PCA) pour l\u2019exercice 2021-2022.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-LEG2021054S,\n author={Behrend, Robert},\n title={Elimination of interest on Canada Student Loans},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-LEG2021054S,\n author={Behrend, Robert},\n title={\\\u0027{E}limination des int\\\u0027{e}r\\^{e}ts sur les pr\\^{e}ts d\u2019\\\u0027{e}tudes canadiens},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-2021-032-S","is_published":"2021-01-26T20:16:02.000000Z","release_date":"2020-11-04T14:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-01-26T20:16:02.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2021-032-S","title_en":"Fiscal Analysis of Federal Pay Equity","title_fr":"Analyse financi\u00e8re du r\u00e9gime f\u00e9d\u00e9ral d\u2019\u00e9quit\u00e9 salariale","slug":"RP-2021-032-S--fiscal-analysis-federal-pay-equity--analyse-financiere-regime-federal-equite-salariale","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2021-032-S--fiscal-analysis-federal-pay-equity--analyse-financiere-regime-federal-equite-salariale","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2021-032-S--fiscal-analysis-federal-pay-equity--analyse-financiere-regime-federal-equite-salariale"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2021-032-S--fiscal-analysis-federal-pay-equity--analyse-financiere-regime-federal-equite-salariale","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2021-032-S--fiscal-analysis-federal-pay-equity--analyse-financiere-regime-federal-equite-salariale"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/091377e784bace70a7c09613a64a645b350294d3c56d1d8dd7a8d084f1f72217"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/efe152df3956003c04723bfb4d8fb54dbf4236cd5cc22d9634a32f92f8c3836a"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/03d64411f9869ed26fa3cc41decf0ba5e57dd9aa","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/89dc8104e942be2cf0fc5f112d825a8e04315e89","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8da20484069274f689d57e83bc0471168d87de34","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/1e06a2f69803d0818484919f9d9a6339906d4304","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/1574f1dfe9b2836963b83957e661245a2f065c0d","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e47d111709674af45587998185ce4f4c420f1de5","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/49ccc54c5619c13bd747207be429ad77da92b6c1","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b6946f609ef7df4b400175dc92d8c0c6a58f1558"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2fcc410848b245c16c9224fa65b3e09d7673bcdd","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2eb5f946203d1d4a817da7ef870f494311d8bb2d","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/94453e795843f40e885625a630579bbfc1e59cf1","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/85979565914eefba1c0f340f2257be86fd928890","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3daa429bf0780cfc418a464d6fd38ee502720604","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/311863117e4f08dae4221041171e8952127a2481","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f73c6f4fb0a91225d13ff112d5003712630d3c3d","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/979960da6a4b3d36c039aa2a7e9e7f36e52ae593"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"To assist parliamentarians in their role to scrutinize the raising and spending of public monies, this report provides an overview of the spending measures associated with the Government of Canada\u2019s proactive pay equity regime within the federal public and private sectors.","abstract_fr":"Afin d\u2019aider les parlementaires \u00e0 s\u2019acquitter de leur r\u00f4le \u00e0 l\u2019\u00e9gard de l\u2019examen des recettes et des d\u00e9penses de l\u2019\u00c9tat, ce rapport pr\u00e9sente un aper\u00e7u des mesures de d\u00e9pense li\u00e9es au r\u00e9gime proactif d\u2019\u00e9quit\u00e9 salariale du gouvernement du Canada dans les secteurs f\u00e9d\u00e9raux public et priv\u00e9.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2021032S,\n author={Behrend, Robert and Mohamed Ahmed, Salma},\n title={Fiscal Analysis of Federal Pay Equity},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2021032S,\n author={Behrend, Robert and Mohamed Ahmed, Salma},\n title={Analyse financi\\`{e}re du r\\\u0027{e}gime f\\\u0027{e}d\\\u0027{e}ral d\u2019\\\u0027{e}quit\\\u0027{e} salariale},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-2021-027-S","is_published":"2021-01-26T20:16:02.000000Z","release_date":"2020-09-29T04:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-01-26T20:16:02.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2021-027-S","title_en":"Economic and Fiscal Outlook \u2013 September 2020","title_fr":"Perspectives \u00e9conomiques et financi\u00e8res \u2013 Septembre 2020","slug":"RP-2021-027-S--economic-fiscal-outlook-september-2020--perspectives-economiques-financieres-septembre-2020","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2021-027-S--economic-fiscal-outlook-september-2020--perspectives-economiques-financieres-septembre-2020","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2021-027-S--economic-fiscal-outlook-september-2020--perspectives-economiques-financieres-septembre-2020"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2021-027-S--economic-fiscal-outlook-september-2020--perspectives-economiques-financieres-septembre-2020","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2021-027-S--economic-fiscal-outlook-september-2020--perspectives-economiques-financieres-septembre-2020"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/8059b833d83a3c8eeef55a64fe8229d860c3224f72f87882e6a2689107db96cc"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/cd6fc56f52dd24674b4ab3b58ae193ae09c121ff716798c904497880793f7399"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/04e180f534ebbd5434b4e42b9a2abb17f894d5e6","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b6a33221f0a83495d2feb46766ae5edb21ea8074","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d39288ff1ddda4506695f5d5126064f69e4d9f4c","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/dbdcd5ae9785d0ddd01c1e16fcdf7f232d726a6a","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8f1b138a0dce94f3cd943f8e2293440f7013a237","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2bfe982efaeae12fa678368aece1a937fd9b534f","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5ae5e0d6b7097c9bbd1458ee381f4136e63b022f","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/62d3dcfad42c3d5dfe148c03c2b5e5ded478982e"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7cf000de2c3d22e6e7337e14c748f647fef4a1c7","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7b5393d01473a0408e33e0308b25c2c6abf0b533","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a7a4169e3c04466fe0b0cb1020257445bc8e78db","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d827f5112f1ac0dbd1a570fab6bde1961088155d","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/4db54f1a9d78884d78f03cb1fa830d4e8999bd7b","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ec39254e1a77524171d23106e02c78bf2f04c14c","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/9fc986fe1074f04ce74ec1cb1c7c0def3cbab5ca","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e85080154ec3c0bc6a74d54788c5cb0dceb5018b"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This report provides a baseline projection to help parliamentarians gauge potential economic and fiscal outcomes under current policy settings. **PBO\u2019s outlook is not a prediction of future economic and budgetary outcomes.**\n\nThis report incorporates announced federal budgetary measures up to and including 1 September 2020. Financial results for fiscal year 2019-20 shown in this report are PBO estimates and not final Public Accounts results.","abstract_fr":"Le pr\u00e9sent rapport propose une pr\u00e9vision de r\u00e9f\u00e9rence pour aider les parlementaires \u00e0 \u00e9valuer les r\u00e9sultats \u00e9conomiques et financiers possibles dans le cadre des politiques actuelles. **Les perspectives du DPB ne constituent pas une pr\u00e9diction des r\u00e9sultats \u00e9conomiques et financiers futurs.**\n\nCe rapport tient compte des mesures budg\u00e9taires f\u00e9d\u00e9rales annonc\u00e9es jusqu\u2019au 1er septembre 2020 inclusivement. Les r\u00e9sultats financiers de l\u2019exercice 2019-2020 pr\u00e9sent\u00e9s dans ce rapport sont des estimations du DPB et non les r\u00e9sultats d\u00e9finitifs des comptes publics.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2021027S,\n author={Grinshpoon, Kristina and Scholz, Tim and Behrend, Robert and Bergeron, \\\u0027{E}tienne and Devakos, Tessa and Elmarzougui, Eskandar and Forsyth, Jamie and Giswold, Jill and Liberge-Simard, Rapha\\\u0022{e}l and MacPhee, Sarah and Mohamed Ahmed, Salma and Nahornick, Nora and Nicol, Caroline and Sourang, Diarra and Wodrich, Nigel},\n title={Economic and Fiscal Outlook - September 2020},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2021027S,\n author={Grinshpoon, Kristina and Scholz, Tim and Behrend, Robert and Bergeron, \\\u0027{E}tienne and Devakos, Tessa and Elmarzougui, Eskandar and Forsyth, Jamie and Giswold, Jill and Liberge-Simard, Rapha\\\u0022{e}l and MacPhee, Sarah and Mohamed Ahmed, Salma and Nahornick, Nora and Nicol, Caroline and Sourang, Diarra and Wodrich, Nigel},\n title={Perspectives \\\u0027{e}conomiques et financi\\`{e}res - Septembre 2020},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-2021-020-S","is_published":"2021-01-26T20:16:02.000000Z","release_date":"2020-09-03T04:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-01-26T20:16:02.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2021-020-S","title_en":"Federal Support through Major Transfers to Provincial and Territorial Governments","title_fr":"Soutien f\u00e9d\u00e9ral : Principaux transferts aux gouvernements provinciaux et territoriaux","slug":"RP-2021-020-S--federal-support-through-major-transfers-to-provincial-territorial-governments--soutien-federal-principaux-transferts-aux-gouvernements-provinciaux-territoriaux","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2021-020-S--federal-support-through-major-transfers-to-provincial-territorial-governments--soutien-federal-principaux-transferts-aux-gouvernements-provinciaux-territoriaux","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2021-020-S--federal-support-through-major-transfers-to-provincial-territorial-governments--soutien-federal-principaux-transferts-aux-gouvernements-provinciaux-territoriaux"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2021-020-S--federal-support-through-major-transfers-to-provincial-territorial-governments--soutien-federal-principaux-transferts-aux-gouvernements-provinciaux-territoriaux","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2021-020-S--federal-support-through-major-transfers-to-provincial-territorial-governments--soutien-federal-principaux-transferts-aux-gouvernements-provinciaux-territoriaux"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/aec36df21a0e4392855f082c4217cc2f726c223fa32f03babce922bec68ce5c7"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/47f789542f4dfd1d269f4c10248c9d930a315b04d7f4d7afc246bcbab25d22ab"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/26027adedafa1e7c1c52619e7355fc5c3cebddf9","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/46661f966b30b88bbe39c56b4d7a86333a23a838","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/9de56e5713ada33c994308f2fb644b7cc7fc71a4","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/008fdde184a29d9b57d57aa9758043656c0c8f19","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7e90f62c8995be0f10fd0fef1f51448889b9e9c5","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/301cb880d5e26489eacf49c83810eebe5b7ccc0c","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/deb9a76e6bd57945c1dc9015f4cbc5b78708c781","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/68fd973e31ff33041e07c11fa9653a3f968fff4f"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/17b0d04e1937e42d4ae211a7c3532f00a9dacdb7","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ac5cd93c70177225beda02e371dfba93a9ec054f","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0d73481b9a1135f9203cfcd304f184b9faf4e3bb","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ad7b2233e919a703aa3d09fef3c04a25b302bf18","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/75fd40b1a0abb813d2c8043d01f18d8798efc92e","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/c07825507cd615ffa31252c2b7d986b924f3a215","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8afba52804a1086cea6563e69e20edabb937e3e2","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0a3d9177bd09851f3e5bb6265f02448103092571"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This report examines federal support through major transfers to provincial and territorial governments over 2008-09 to 2018-19.","abstract_fr":"Le pr\u00e9sent rapport examine le soutien que le gouvernement f\u00e9d\u00e9ral a apport\u00e9 aux gouvernements provinciaux et territoriaux entre 2008 2009 et 2018-2019 au moyen des principaux paiements de transfert.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2021020S,\n author={Busby, Carleigh and Behrend, Robert},\n title={Federal Support through Major Transfers to Provincial and Territorial Governments},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2021020S,\n author={Busby, Carleigh and Behrend, Robert},\n title={Soutien f\\\u0027{e}d\\\u0027{e}ral : Principaux transferts aux gouvernements provinciaux et territoriaux},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-2021-009-S","is_published":"2021-01-26T20:16:02.000000Z","release_date":"2020-06-18T04:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-07-20T18:54:22.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2021-009-S","title_en":"Scenario Analysis Update: COVID-19 Pandemic and Oil Price Shocks","title_fr":"Mise \u00e0 jour de l\u2019analyse de sc\u00e9nario : chocs dus \u00e0 la pand\u00e9mie de la COVID-19 et \u00e0 la chute des prix du p\u00e9trole","slug":"RP-2021-009-S--scenario-analysis-update-covid-19-pandemic-oil-price-shocks--mise-jour-analyse-scenario-chocs-dus-pandemie-covid-19-chute-prix-petrole","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2021-009-S--scenario-analysis-update-covid-19-pandemic-oil-price-shocks--mise-jour-analyse-scenario-chocs-dus-pandemie-covid-19-chute-prix-petrole","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2021-009-S--scenario-analysis-update-covid-19-pandemic-oil-price-shocks--mise-jour-analyse-scenario-chocs-dus-pandemie-covid-19-chute-prix-petrole"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2021-009-S--scenario-analysis-update-covid-19-pandemic-oil-price-shocks--mise-jour-analyse-scenario-chocs-dus-pandemie-covid-19-chute-prix-petrole","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2021-009-S--scenario-analysis-update-covid-19-pandemic-oil-price-shocks--mise-jour-analyse-scenario-chocs-dus-pandemie-covid-19-chute-prix-petrole"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/1db1d0d4eacedb3f2f1b1ef08ab36f802f5c3a758e562dd11574c57b143c4ef4"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/6f88b6ea3b83a8472303467b91f3e4969ea97f4290623fec354711254ff9b3c8"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7f38c7c8e4898644cbc382fc299d889476c2ac59","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/fc9decf395b7e3f0a56fbaf51c5c92f9739cbc96","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/20ed4163a68ead017cb0bf396accc87cc0ef6182","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/061688c2206886a1e1902da3d227b8ba0739cc4b","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/dd404991c0ebfaf61cfeafced1b4de9e63da1cdc","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ae5bc66544e4ec986baafc92da2cce9b0e55d23f","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f7a239572fdf92f2475ea82a2b953b59bc285c25","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/cbe53d45806e96f4157c203e61d3d989c1e52b04"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8bd6c59d533127d9d9638542391b8a8bbba6141a","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/68e45b805e4c6f7abc370318dec8c3ab257aa1c9","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/281770366663561a563506babd2a907530a4507a","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/6d64e91d585d3c82c9c88ab900e69d02acadd623","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e63abe04f99db2578e78e12f21664c0f66fc7517","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/54b27b3f2aaf4d2fbcac814c5422f7c63eb3c19f","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/948f75ee2ee7f2f1cf265a8fd65d742cd7770e5d","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a7ab304b835e9077c78430c77ea5d6a0f66084a9"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This report provides an updated scenario analysis to help parliamentarians gauge potential economic and fiscal implications of the COVID-19 pandemic and recent oil market developments.\nThis report incorporates announced federal budgetary measures up to and including 12 June 2020.","abstract_fr":"Le pr\u00e9sent rapport propose une mise \u00e0 jour de l\u2019analyse de sc\u00e9nario pour aider les parlementaires \u00e0 \u00e9valuer les possibles r\u00e9percussions \u00e9conomiques et financi\u00e8res de la pand\u00e9mie de COVID-19 et des d\u00e9veloppements r\u00e9cents sur le march\u00e9 du p\u00e9trole.\nCe rapport tient compte des mesures f\u00e9d\u00e9rales annonc\u00e9es jusqu\u2019au 12 juin 2020 inclusivement.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2021009S,\n author={Grinshpoon, Kristina and Scholz, Tim and Behrend, Robert and Bergeron, \\\u0027{E}tienne and Devakos, Tessa and Elmarzougui, Eskandar and Forsyth, Jamie and Giswold, Jill and Liberge-Simard, Rapha\\\u0022{e}l and MacPhee, Sarah and Mohamed Ahmed, Salma and Nicol, Caroline and Wodrich, Nigel},\n title={Scenario Analysis Update: COVID-19 Pandemic and Oil Price Shocks},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2021009S,\n author={Grinshpoon, Kristina and Scholz, Tim and Behrend, Robert and Bergeron, \\\u0027{E}tienne and Devakos, Tessa and Elmarzougui, Eskandar and Forsyth, Jamie and Giswold, Jill and Liberge-Simard, Rapha\\\u0022{e}l and MacPhee, Sarah and Mohamed Ahmed, Salma and Nicol, Caroline and Wodrich, Nigel},\n title={Mise \\`{a} jour de l\u2019analyse de sc\\\u0027{e}nario : chocs dus \\`{a} la pand\\\u0027{e}mie de la COVID-19 et \\`{a} la chute des prix du p\\\u0027{e}trole},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"LEG-2021-027-S","is_published":"2021-01-26T20:16:02.000000Z","release_date":"2020-06-09T04:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-01-26T20:16:02.000000Z","type":"LEG","internal_id":"LEG-2021-027-S","title_en":"Canada Emergency Student Benefit (CESB)","title_fr":"Prestation canadienne d\u2019urgence pour les \u00e9tudiants (PCUE)","slug":"LEG-2021-027-S--canada-emergency-student-benefit-cesb--prestation-canadienne-urgence-etudiants-pcue","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2021-027-S--canada-emergency-student-benefit-cesb--prestation-canadienne-urgence-etudiants-pcue","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2021-027-S--canada-emergency-student-benefit-cesb--prestation-canadienne-urgence-etudiants-pcue"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2021-027-S--canada-emergency-student-benefit-cesb--prestation-canadienne-urgence-etudiants-pcue","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2021-027-S--canada-emergency-student-benefit-cesb--prestation-canadienne-urgence-etudiants-pcue"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/581022ebe013e6b8d6a0c5df41b3ff863609b5e1e8e391f45689877489a152f2"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/100e804ec2370dce2d623d65dc0f6d9ac5a49091d4d9ab9f340b5f5ec701637c"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ac367af577a3cd3951e7b2bed892ce2426874977","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5ae4302504b63f5dd6c8ce5c018139c822b00187","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3f4c69d2cea79fed0cdf1ca1aefa164d6a13ccc7","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/56dd8fabb5d9fc65d25411ef4b70f9d34054ab20","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/6b6ef04900f544b0a0bc6ffde9497c12ebdd8c77","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/58daf498e80b21e2516498135d226e9b11a4eb84","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/25c119650ddcbd6a2545eb9ca2fec7a11e3101a9","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/482e023a825a133f9381d624ac08e9b2091c36ce"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a70d43632cd4483c718c8652033f21b2f1527914","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ac1d82dd4f91bcac108d0e34089fa5df0baab503","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/38ad597830464f68d150f9ecd549576ffcc59bc2","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/4cf7baf82973fb0c1f3e16c19478a54df8268d9c","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/af502ab496cc45e500141a3cb25d077f0e1ec8c6","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/9f743341633656a0e3cc3b80970919e90aa0c0f3","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/35f4bb70a6a4382dd1d47c3410a7ff4817589c64","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8b5e57b9bfa2c70afbfaa6a1703badf6d11e3f43"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"Providing $1,250 per month for eligible students or $2,000 per month for eligible students with dependents or a disability from May to August 2020.\nCanada Emergency Student Benefit (CESB) is a taxable benefit that would provide support to students and new graduates who are not eligible for the Canada Emergency Response Benefit or Employment Insurance or who are unable to work due to COVID-19. Students who earn less than $1,000 in a 4-week period are also eligible for the CESB. \nStudents are defined as Canadian citizens or permanent residents in Canada enrolled in a post-secondary educational program that leads to a degree, diploma or certificate, at any time between December 1, 2019, and August 31, 2020. In addition, secondary school graduates this year that applied for or plan to enroll in programs that will begin before February 1, 2021, are eligible. \nPBO estimates total net cost of this measure to be $5.9 billion in 2020-21 reaching approximately 1.1 million unique recipients. This includes an estimated cost of $6.0 billion for the benefit and an estimated cost recovery of $163 million for 2020 tax revenues. No additional administrative costs are anticipated. \nThe time horizon for this costing is aligned to PBO\u2019s current Economic and Fiscal Scenario, although there may be potential fiscal impacts for subsequent years.","abstract_fr":"De mai \u00e0 ao\u00fbt 2020, verser aux \u00e9tudiants admissibles 1 250 dollars par mois, ou 2 000 dollars par mois \u00e0 ceux qui ont des personnes \u00e0 charge ou un handicap.\nLa Prestation canadienne d\u2019urgence pour les \u00e9tudiants (PCUE) est imposable; elle s\u2019adresse aux \u00e9tudiants et aux nouveaux dipl\u00f4m\u00e9s qui ne sont pas admissibles \u00e0 la Prestation canadienne d\u2019urgence (PCU) ni \u00e0 l\u2019assurance emploi ou qui sont incapables de travailler \u00e0 cause de la COVID 19. Les \u00e9tudiants gagnant moins de 1 000 dollars sur une p\u00e9riode de quatre semaines ont aussi droit \u00e0 la PCUE.\nPour \u00eatre admissibles, les \u00e9tudiants doivent \u00eatre citoyens canadiens ou r\u00e9sidents permanents au Canada et \u00eatre inscrits \u00e0 un programme d\u2019\u00e9tudes postsecondaires menant \u00e0 un dipl\u00f4me ou un certificat, \u00e0 un moment ou \u00e0 un autre entre le 1er d\u00e9cembre 2019 et le 31 ao\u00fbt 2020. Sont aussi admissibles les dipl\u00f4m\u00e9s du secondaire de cette ann\u00e9e qui se sont inscrits ou pr\u00e9voient s\u2019inscrire \u00e0 des programmes qui commenceront avant le 1er f\u00e9vrier 2021.\nLe DPB estime que cette mesure, destin\u00e9e \u00e0 environ 1,1 million de prestataires uniques, aura un co\u00fbt total net de 5,9 milliards de dollars en 2020 2021. Cela comprend un co\u00fbt estim\u00e9 \u00e0 6,0 milliards de dollars pour la prestation elle m\u00eame et un recouvrement estim\u00e9 \u00e0 163 millions de dollars au titre des recettes fiscales pour 2020. Aucun co\u00fbt administratif suppl\u00e9mentaire n\u2019est pr\u00e9vu.\nL\u2019horizon temporel de cette \u00e9valuation de co\u00fbt est align\u00e9 sur le sc\u00e9nario \u00e9conomique et fiscal actuel du DPB, bien qu\u2019il puisse y avoir des impacts fiscaux potentiels pour les ann\u00e9es suivantes.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-LEG2021027S,\n author={Behrend, Robert and Devakos, Tessa},\n title={Canada Emergency Student Benefit (CESB)},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-LEG2021027S,\n author={Behrend, Robert and Devakos, Tessa},\n title={Prestation canadienne d\u2019urgence pour les \\\u0027{e}tudiants (PCUE)},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"LEG-2021-023-S","is_published":"2021-01-26T20:16:02.000000Z","release_date":"2020-06-02T04:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-01-26T20:16:02.000000Z","type":"LEG","internal_id":"LEG-2021-023-S","title_en":"Temporary changes to the Canada Student Loans Program in loan year 2020-21","title_fr":"Modifications temporaires du Programme canadien de pr\u00eats aux \u00e9tudiants pendant l\u2019ann\u00e9e de pr\u00eat 2020-2021","slug":"LEG-2021-023-S--temporary-changes-to-canada-student-loans-program-in-loan-year-2020-21--modifications-temporaires-programme-canadien-prets-aux-etudiants-pendant-annee-pret-2020-2021","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2021-023-S--temporary-changes-to-canada-student-loans-program-in-loan-year-2020-21--modifications-temporaires-programme-canadien-prets-aux-etudiants-pendant-annee-pret-2020-2021","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2021-023-S--temporary-changes-to-canada-student-loans-program-in-loan-year-2020-21--modifications-temporaires-programme-canadien-prets-aux-etudiants-pendant-annee-pret-2020-2021"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2021-023-S--temporary-changes-to-canada-student-loans-program-in-loan-year-2020-21--modifications-temporaires-programme-canadien-prets-aux-etudiants-pendant-annee-pret-2020-2021","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2021-023-S--temporary-changes-to-canada-student-loans-program-in-loan-year-2020-21--modifications-temporaires-programme-canadien-prets-aux-etudiants-pendant-annee-pret-2020-2021"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/516f0c09a86baa141dc5ea58935ded06740b845a83951804b55fb0ae0509c5cc"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/5069a6b96c6c85a10184f462b53b2bf8639bba1ff02765f21f26ce487c27c5a5"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/808a9e1f55a04add0ac004a647bde0d8933b8d5d","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/781a0c63c8685b714129fe898afdf13562d9bef7","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/85e803edb0d7b48a82396893fb510c79f6879e99","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/63de7ffa704123d31f4fcddaa5a55b1f73c7baa9","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/85504b40a497e95b13b28f9ac296d26b0e31f281","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/efaefea0454b71f8a5d80e639c0900055e7dfc9e","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/feda42408a6b5054789b53cdac55df42ed26a0c9","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/08a2c543f2b4aa7299740e89e6721f7a46a91949"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/33e84054bf4f0b7f910519f83b8110fe58da9ba5","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b9d80bba0758d841686316e698b315c7f6a0c283","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0056ebd0cdeb16297d489dfba8803a318175cfeb","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/af11df0a0cf197e68a3edff29a425ada1743a3bf","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e9acdc980a987caf264968d8bc59890407c619ea","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/4764cf752a822091b47ea14e72322ca77831a9b8","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/57d97e18b3b013cc3a9244a6acbfc9c6fce5604e","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/98df80b3e8143b88c1b1de5ccff1d48f9ec8ccc9"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"A series of temporary changes to the Canada Student Loans Program (CSLP) that are in effect for one loan year, 2020-21 :\n- Doubling of maximum Canada Student Grant (CSG) amounts for full-time students and part-time students, as well as for students with permanent disabilities and students with dependents;\n- Suspending student and spousal contributions; and\n- Raising the maximum weekly Canada Student Loan (CSL) amount from $210 per week to $350 per week.\nPBO estimates total net cost of this measure to be $1.4 billion in fiscal year 2020-21. This includes $259 million in additional compensation to Quebec, the Northwest Territories, and Nunavut. \nPBO does not expect a financial cost in federal tax expenditures for the Student Loan Interest Credit in fiscal year 2020-21. \nThe time horizon for this costing is aligned to PBO\u2019s current Economic and Fiscal Scenario, although there may be potential fiscal impacts for subsequent years.","abstract_fr":"Une s\u00e9rie de modifications temporaires au Programme canadien de pr\u00eats aux \u00e9tudiants (PCPE) en vigueur pendant l\u2019ann\u00e9e de pr\u00eat 2020-2021 :\n- Duplication du montant maximal de la bourse canadienne accord\u00e9e aux \u00e9tudiants \u00e0 temps plein ou \u00e0 temps partiel, aux \u00e9tudiants ayant une incapacit\u00e9 permanente et aux \u00e9tudiants ayant une personne \u00e0 charge;\n- Suspension des cotisations de l\u2019\u00e9tudiant et du conjoint;\n- Augmentation du montant maximal hebdomadaire du pr\u00eat d\u2019\u00e9tudes canadien, de 210 \u00e0 350 $ par semaine.\nLe DPB estime le co\u00fbt total net de cette mesure \u00e0 1,4 milliard de dollars pour l\u2019exercice 2020-2021. Ce co\u00fbt comprend 259 millions de dollars en transferts compensatoires suppl\u00e9mentaires au Qu\u00e9bec, aux Territoires du Nord-Ouest et au Nunavut.\nLe DPB ne pr\u00e9voit pas de co\u00fbt financier dans les d\u00e9penses fiscales du f\u00e9d\u00e9ral relativement au cr\u00e9dit d\u2019imp\u00f4t pour int\u00e9r\u00eats pay\u00e9s sur un pr\u00eat \u00e9tudiant pour l\u2019exercice 2020-2021.\nL\u2019horizon temporel de la pr\u00e9sente \u00e9valuation du co\u00fbt suit le sc\u00e9nario \u00e9conomique et fiscal actuel du DPB, mais il pourrait y avoir des r\u00e9percussions fiscales sur les ann\u00e9es suivantes.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-LEG2021023S,\n author={Behrend, Robert},\n title={Temporary changes to the Canada Student Loans Program in loan year 2020-21},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-LEG2021023S,\n author={Behrend, Robert},\n title={Modifications temporaires du Programme canadien de pr\\^{e}ts aux \\\u0027{e}tudiants pendant l\u2019ann\\\u0027{e}e de pr\\^{e}t 2020-2021},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-2021-005-S","is_published":"2021-08-16T19:23:01.000000Z","release_date":"2020-04-30T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-10-29T17:32:15.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2021-005-S","title_en":"Scenario Analysis Update: COVID-19 Pandemic and Oil Price Shocks","title_fr":"Mise \u00e0 jour de l\u2019analyse de sc\u00e9nario : chocs dus \u00e0 la pand\u00e9mie de la COVID-19 et \u00e0 la chute des prix du p\u00e9trole","slug":"RP-2021-005-S--scenario-analysis-update-covid-19-pandemic-oil-price-shocks--mise-jour-analyse-scenario-chocs-dus-pandemie-covid-19-chute-prix-petrole","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2021-005-S--scenario-analysis-update-covid-19-pandemic-oil-price-shocks--mise-jour-analyse-scenario-chocs-dus-pandemie-covid-19-chute-prix-petrole","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2021-005-S--scenario-analysis-update-covid-19-pandemic-oil-price-shocks--mise-jour-analyse-scenario-chocs-dus-pandemie-covid-19-chute-prix-petrole"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2021-005-S--scenario-analysis-update-covid-19-pandemic-oil-price-shocks--mise-jour-analyse-scenario-chocs-dus-pandemie-covid-19-chute-prix-petrole","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2021-005-S--scenario-analysis-update-covid-19-pandemic-oil-price-shocks--mise-jour-analyse-scenario-chocs-dus-pandemie-covid-19-chute-prix-petrole"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/affa93faaeb476f65badaaf993190b02976fdd5911191fba2987edcb7573aa0a"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/5bdae9add5128d6e45539066d70ea0158c10c18f41abb85c83663ce8152d357a"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7a76a24086329a321e34493d8d4f280759c9bb48612d3636c24c2a03e6fc10d1","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/50c25deb5d437b0f4c99bd19c50b61acfd08c2e019d1477bc4f4f454cde9f190","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/163fc29ce0ccd448febfb76327295647a3b4f02c4e9d98ab5ec90aa7380faccc","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/65cde005ddf657150dd315d29e6b182b608af66040d006b86ac9e7d771f4469f","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a7d1a4a95f80a3a4f932e51aa51bc95776fe2fa6da4bc2b1ce5e51870308013d","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/98a50db56b2f4f7692229ffc39c30e032f755c4efa81cf710f37c82feedb8c5c","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/fb69754115cd62fe48e3f5c46d70f91a88d4333fe7142fdb2723032c6400fcc3","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ace6e9e4bdb4eb873d73a23aff50adcf3937d1de7a16e9a60e620740b4e63c39"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f47806341c0a9b2dbc6659cea7083f746d0dbfbc7c738bdbdb922839adc96501","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8773f36cdeafa3352cb6177687538413c64145dfa2dab6a65d995ef8d25c582d","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/907a54d8e266a1ac76534078b49de5e4b6650f3c1544ef3cc9e8f9a0dcdfa78d","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/c16486c54390113429915b96dc6eb4e9270b07acd47942601ffcca7cb8a89ef6","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5b695d9b8233b6a91446705f37a520e88193115980200935c984d3029cec41f7","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/1558d6192304d8d6a28453eb25c3861703a3eaf487e726315f0fb41e83d9f285","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e03bb93f6a0bb0abb2eda0616df0a55faac119c52013662632bc3e22d2ba158e","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/c9bdd0aaab493f78601bd8195a6c67e1740822b2cc59226a4dac4066d5f30c7b"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This report provides an updated scenario analysis that incorporates a revised economic scenario and new federal measures announced up to and including April 24, as well as updated estimates of previously announced measures.","abstract_fr":"Le pr\u00e9sent rapport fournit une mise \u00e0 jour de l\u2019analyse de sc\u00e9nario. Il comprend un sc\u00e9nario \u00e9conomique r\u00e9vis\u00e9 et des estimations de co\u00fbts mises \u00e0 jour pour les mesures annonc\u00e9es pr\u00e9c\u00e9demment. De plus, il tient compte des nouvelles mesures f\u00e9d\u00e9rales annonc\u00e9es jusqu\u2019au 24 avril inclusivement.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2021005S,\n author={Grinshpoon, Kristina and Nicol, Caroline and Scholz, Tim and Behrend, Robert and Bergeron, \\\u0027{E}tienne and Devakos, Tessa and Forsyth, Jamie and Giswold, Jill and Liberge-Simard, Rapha\\\u0022{e}l and MacPhee, Sarah and Mohamed Ahmed, Salma and Wodrich, Nigel},\n title={Scenario Analysis Update: COVID-19 Pandemic and Oil Price Shocks},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2021005S,\n author={Grinshpoon, Kristina and Nicol, Caroline and Scholz, Tim and Behrend, Robert and Bergeron, \\\u0027{E}tienne and Devakos, Tessa and Forsyth, Jamie and Giswold, Jill and Liberge-Simard, Rapha\\\u0022{e}l and MacPhee, Sarah and Mohamed Ahmed, Salma and Wodrich, Nigel},\n title={Mise \\`{a} jour de l\u2019analyse de sc\\\u0027{e}nario : chocs dus \\`{a} la pand\\\u0027{e}mie de la COVID-19 et \\`{a} la chute des prix du p\\\u0027{e}trole},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"LEG-2021-005-S","is_published":"2021-05-12T18:00:06.000000Z","release_date":"2020-04-09T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-05-12T18:02:09.000000Z","type":"LEG","internal_id":"LEG-2021-005-S","title_en":"A Moratorium on the Repayment of Canada Student Loans","title_fr":"Interruption du remboursement de pr\u00eats canadiens aux \u00e9tudiants","slug":"LEG-2021-005-S--moratorium-repayment-canada-student-loans--interruption-remboursement-prets-canadiens-etudiants","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2021-005-S--moratorium-repayment-canada-student-loans--interruption-remboursement-prets-canadiens-etudiants","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2021-005-S--moratorium-repayment-canada-student-loans--interruption-remboursement-prets-canadiens-etudiants"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2021-005-S--moratorium-repayment-canada-student-loans--interruption-remboursement-prets-canadiens-etudiants","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2021-005-S--moratorium-repayment-canada-student-loans--interruption-remboursement-prets-canadiens-etudiants"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/6e54aead0c1e9cfa92bceb13e81e93998b6ad8ae325d50321c8f348d588c3de0"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/b5008cd68bdb132ee6ec5cc6675151af1729bf50cebcf233def8634565bad1ad"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5a0ba653ef20437d4bfa39628e181410ac6386bb12ae77992b8c11c31e693714","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a3b3e255eefef777dc6d398a87108f7f14316ea2733107c750bc4ac9775c46e4","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/aef3a358fa063758db357b7409c748e618a7ff9b7350a9f81e3591dc0add4b2f","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/12aef3e9991c09907b5c2d4e633e6f55b318e8e22b1f23b530e0906cb8988fa1","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a4a8978409dc31a75a4081b8a568904f72c37fbc28376613773c6d3cf64cdbbf","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3029c99ab47699f32e9bcd6c28bdc25e4bc0a53a2742e05c9e7a8f8e8e32361c","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/129848796415f3871a4531d85d371e43dffd4413e3781f78157d8ed33c778532","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/00d97cdbc0966585e7c34f7d61cfbcaca8f9d5b23241a0e76cf4459c2b575eee"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ab3f5f9f9e7a34c66e1360ec2629b183b08ef1de17c246e7fe735131ba58db70","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2764e023d68b6d2e4fe638266349eb132f37f4a74c036cb11d4800beb043cacf","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e59346cca6ee2743cfb9cef9fc7c0c40221ed1f71ddd706a10f7f55a06192e99","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e178c4bc41d6da14e9fc96c2ae106634adc89aa10d54b5348891b62a2412dc7c","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/9c24b1452e19874ec277531db7f86b9cd0877056f2677e7d168b1f48ce6055be","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8393a1cac8629ffa2737249de7c4ed66583bc2794a45301403dea348d3cc1be4","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/c19b5e986164438e1eabcb6db4390b2cb01bb1a05e539ebc0d9fa82d6852a717","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/91e9ab63efac7d98895928340e603339873696926e1ea8bfe00b07f8f6c8dea6"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"Automatically pausing the repayment of Canada Student Loans (CSL) and Canada Apprentice Loans (CAL) for six months, starting March 30, 2020 until September 30, 2020. Interest will not accrue during this time. PBO estimates total net cost of this measure to be $150 million in 2020-21. This includes an estimated program cost of $153 million for CSL and CAL combined and an estimated saving of $4 million from the Student Loan Interest Credit to federal tax expenditures. The time horizon for this costing is aligned to PBO\u2019s current Economic and Fiscal Scenario, although there may be potential fiscal impacts for subsequent years.","abstract_fr":"Interruption automatique du remboursement des pr\u00eats canadiens aux \u00e9tudiants (PCE) et des pr\u00eats canadiens aux apprentis (PCA) pendant six mois, du 30 mars 2020 au 30 septembre 2020. Les int\u00e9r\u00eats ne courent pas pendant l\u2019interruption. Le DPB estime que le co\u00fbt total net de la mesure s\u2019\u00e9l\u00e8ve \u00e0 150 millions de dollars en 2020-2021. Cela repr\u00e9sente un co\u00fbt pour le programme estim\u00e9 \u00e0 153 millions de dollars pour les PCE et les PCA combin\u00e9s et des \u00e9conomies pour les d\u00e9penses fiscales f\u00e9d\u00e9rales d\u00e9coulant du cr\u00e9dit d\u2019imp\u00f4t pour int\u00e9r\u00eats sur les pr\u00eats aux \u00e9tudiants estim\u00e9es \u00e0 4 millions de dollars. L\u2019\u00e9ch\u00e9ancier de cette estimation de co\u00fbts correspond \u00e0 l\u2019actuel sc\u00e9nario \u00e9conomique et fiscal du DPB, quoiqu\u2019il puisse y avoir des r\u00e9percussions fiscales au cours des exercices subs\u00e9quents.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-LEG2021005S,\n author={Behrend, Robert},\n title={A Moratorium on the Repayment of Canada Student Loans},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-LEG2021005S,\n author={Behrend, Robert},\n title={Interruption du remboursement de pr\\^{e}ts canadiens aux \\\u0027{e}tudiants},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-1920-033-S","is_published":"2021-08-16T16:22:05.000000Z","release_date":"2020-03-27T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-10-29T17:38:09.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-1920-033-S","title_en":"Scenario Analysis: COVID-19 Pandemic and Oil Price Shocks","title_fr":"Analyse de sc\u00e9nario : chocs dus \u00e0 la pand\u00e9mie de la COVID-19 et \u00e0 la chute des prix du p\u00e9trole","slug":"RP-1920-033-S--scenario-analysis-covid-19-pandemic-oil-price-shocks--analyse-scenario-chocs-dus-pandemie-covid-19-chute-prix-petrole","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-1920-033-S--scenario-analysis-covid-19-pandemic-oil-price-shocks--analyse-scenario-chocs-dus-pandemie-covid-19-chute-prix-petrole","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-1920-033-S--scenario-analysis-covid-19-pandemic-oil-price-shocks--analyse-scenario-chocs-dus-pandemie-covid-19-chute-prix-petrole"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-1920-033-S--scenario-analysis-covid-19-pandemic-oil-price-shocks--analyse-scenario-chocs-dus-pandemie-covid-19-chute-prix-petrole","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-1920-033-S--scenario-analysis-covid-19-pandemic-oil-price-shocks--analyse-scenario-chocs-dus-pandemie-covid-19-chute-prix-petrole"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/e5fb85d35b55745a32a251ea1d899e238bd60756a8d0988790cdf04a403556d1"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/6c855322056c35206c7db49090b4ac6a11501bfef020688a3a4eddf1371e85c0"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/27ad35f229725585df81e11775d79589aec3c3d356f7c389671ef66d64474b17","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5b54921f3fe664f78155d1d405fa40915b6b1dcf3ffbd379da70af196d0ae330","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/1d184f5eb4e850c5c55f7e961d45cc00c7bc90cb68f184889fd18a7da48e1185","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/1d5b4bf8e9727662ee5f1e9105cd75275eab6c3aff72dd054afaf073ef5e715e","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/500bba7fd764409b754519e7090d908c13542568c3ba420d2a240cd892a31440","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/12ee63336eafc3220ccf16375feb89f1bd03feb51688f5edd4de7d92d4061f3b","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/346680eecc32cf2b8ce730032cc236a2dc0927b06731eb3b496d4dbcf0f2f7e2","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/615f1ee7a4c5daadeff8c89961d4920aa5dddf914e4379390eb52abf09c13db1"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/509cca6b04822adeca381ff59ef23817c5bba55caf29b8a12bdc623522eb0607","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/87b9bfb9d4eded2010992b8d3615a8233f02f9343238f8cd178245e4503b2274","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a7626f980dd3b8dd956e04989058a90e5d9ae29a141fd1d99d1ebcc80ebe3a48","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/39ab2300377061feca191aaf12cb825b20c7ef3f8de7cb50e60d6fa3c95b5ff7","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ce71cfb8a2af718e633e371979dbb8c476829fbef7b158a71c45ab119fd71b77","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/99c639ca2c734081a13345242a962f344bcaa06aeeccad0f8b26d644f9f1e349","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/94eb274b73fcf3790e0f6dbc8e24ae0eec073076409eacc4b22f35727049c3dd","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a223b8781d7f2cea853ed56670989cd1d5a6db3d4931f1b35278740323dfef78"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This report provides a scenario analysis to help parliamentarians gauge potential economic and fiscal implications of the COVID-19 pandemic and recent oil market developments. This report incorporates data available up to and including 23 March 2020. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are reported at annual rates.","abstract_fr":"Le pr\u00e9sent rapport propose une analyse de sc\u00e9nario pour aider les parlementaires \u00e0 \u00e9valuer les possibles r\u00e9percussions \u00e9conomiques et financi\u00e8res de la pand\u00e9mie de COVID-19 et des d\u00e9veloppements r\u00e9cents sur le march\u00e9 du p\u00e9trole. Ce rapport comprend les donn\u00e9es disponibles en date du 23 mars 2020. Sauf indication contraire, tous les taux sont annualis\u00e9s.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP1920033S,\n author={Behrend, Robert and Bergeron, \\\u0027{E}tienne and Devakos, Tessa and Forsyth, Jamie and Giswold, Jill and Grinshpoon, Kristina and Liberge-Simard, Rapha\\\u0022{e}l and MacPhee, Sarah and Nicol, Caroline and Scholz, Tim and Wodrich, Nigel},\n title={Scenario Analysis: COVID-19 Pandemic and Oil Price Shocks},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP1920033S,\n author={Behrend, Robert and Bergeron, \\\u0027{E}tienne and Devakos, Tessa and Forsyth, Jamie and Giswold, Jill and Grinshpoon, Kristina and Liberge-Simard, Rapha\\\u0022{e}l and MacPhee, Sarah and Nicol, Caroline and Scholz, Tim and Wodrich, Nigel},\n title={Analyse de sc\\\u0027{e}nario : chocs dus \\`{a} la pand\\\u0027{e}mie de la COVID-19 et \\`{a} la chute des prix du p\\\u0027{e}trole},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-1920-028-S","is_published":"2021-08-06T20:21:02.000000Z","release_date":"2020-02-26T14:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-08-26T17:42:16.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-1920-028-S","title_en":"Supplementary Estimates (B) 2019-20","title_fr":"Budget suppl\u00e9mentaire des d\u00e9penses (B) 2019-2020","slug":"RP-1920-028-S--supplementary-estimates-b-2019-20--budget-supplementaire-depenses-b-2019-2020","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-1920-028-S--supplementary-estimates-b-2019-20--budget-supplementaire-depenses-b-2019-2020","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-1920-028-S--supplementary-estimates-b-2019-20--budget-supplementaire-depenses-b-2019-2020"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-1920-028-S--supplementary-estimates-b-2019-20--budget-supplementaire-depenses-b-2019-2020","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-1920-028-S--supplementary-estimates-b-2019-20--budget-supplementaire-depenses-b-2019-2020"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/11830adbb70e9c481934a53e31aedc2816aa3c95f8ae08c37f9679e8a3b6d7d6"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/69499366449450916c18b6b1a1e64bf710eb9d247d3e2b6622a7076f43e60a26"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0f8053780103144aecb851e5971e9f1318b6236b37974e12a4658b3bcd684e45","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e06706ea43bc40cc2f92a2b0a92eb865e7c4402ce63eb2a8ba979e5fc3bd4b71","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/53f2c70a6dbb464ecfc39f52e66669eabbe63c6c531569be69a4da8d53664928","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/9d09c68a8c1da0aaa16cc6e7ce6e997b6f3e4a9c9a6b1187a656e1c3098c72df","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/cbe9552f4b54b2efc750667b8ca1697b4eb438d5a85e0f8c0f3fde782c431522","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b529a42cb5ed75f95c3388dd126f77229db05c05ec18e587115e4b445cb022e6","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0e5adafc1117d7da3d4c42f962c3ad6340cd8cef496dcad35f27c7a3193ae3e6","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d6945a0a2b5f88a29ebb04e863d2832ffb09ca2f6bcfde75e140eb7aec824d86"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5da4ff74640c9ee7642fe062e08e279f78d0c491fdc911395cbfbaafedf42255","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/841b7d925f017a81253c7e6f66056da321b41ba1edd63d1e973af2494da4e22e","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/beb481d37afd98538a3a258451eb016f0c10658b6a177c0fdc8132aeb99e2004","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/26e171737fe518dac696dde8d5ff472aae61706a8deb1edeed280885b9af50cb","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0c1180ee440b7ea55ec71508aef83522ede729172f35d284cac2e0793029428a","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/dd1c36ce63254496dcc7e97ad4f0347840727ab8ee4256896859c045da14ffc3","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/124940a26cf8e9faa4f15f2d26bd54ac301f1befbe994cf1c0399780a137fb35","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8d605cf636515df706bfd1d5cf3e3fe0a6db308e3c1f2022f7ce2df30fab336b"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This note presents a detailed analysis of the Government\u2019s second supplementary estimates for the 2019-20 fiscal year, which seeks Parliament\u2019s approval of $3.8 billion to be spent before March 31, 2020.\n\n---\n\nSupplementary Estimates (B), tabled February 18, 2020 in the House of Commons, outline an additional $5.6 billion in budgetary authorities: $3.8 billion in spending which requires Parliament\u2019s approval and $1.8 billion for which legislative permission already exists.\n\nIncluding these supplementary estimates, the total proposed year-to-date budgetary authorities are $312 billion, which represents a $21.8 billion (7.5 per cent) increase over the 2018-19 estimates to date.\n\nMajor spending items in these estimates include:\n\n- $919 million to the Department of Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs for loan forgiveness and reimbursement for comprehensive land claims negotiations;\n- $487 million to the Department of National Defence for funding capital investments as part of the department\u2019s defence policy, Strong, Secure, Engaged (SSE);\n- $180 million to the Department of Employment and Social Development to write-off unrecoverable debts for Canada Student Loans; and,\n- $950 million in statutory authorities to the Department of Natural Resources for the Green Municipal Fund.\n\nThese estimates will be the last under the temporary change to Standing Order 81, which took effect in 2018-19 and aimed to better align the estimates process with the Budget. As of the 2020-21 fiscal year, the original process will be reintroduced, meaning that the Main Estimates will be tabled prior to the Budget. This will also likely bring back the need for three Supplementary Estimates (in the spring, fall and winter).\n\nAs a result of these changes, all Budget items will be required to go through detailed Treasury Board (a Committee of Ministers chaired by the President of the Treasury Board) scrutiny prior to funding being sought from Parliament. At the same time, this may mean a longer delay between the announcement of new initiatives and their implementation, as the earliest opportunity to receive approval for the funds will be in the spring Supplementary Estimates (A).\n\nPBO also notes that given that the 2018-19 Departmental Results Reports were not presented to Parliament prior to the tabling of the 2019-20 Supplementary Estimates, parliamentarians are required to consider (and approve) the proposed spending without knowing whether any of the organizations achieved their intended results for the previous year.","abstract_fr":"Cette note pr\u00e9sente une analyse d\u00e9taill\u00e9e du deuxi\u00e8me budget suppl\u00e9mentaire des d\u00e9penses du gouvernement pour l\u2019exercice 2019-2020, dans lequel ce dernier demande au Parlement d\u2019approuver des d\u00e9penses de 3,8 milliards de dollars avant le 31 mars 2020.\n\n---\n\nLe Budget suppl\u00e9mentaire des d\u00e9penses (B) d\u00e9pos\u00e9 le 18 f\u00e9vrier 2020 \u00e0 la Chambre des communes porte sur des autorisations budg\u00e9taires suppl\u00e9mentaires totalisant 5,6 milliards de dollars : les autorisations vot\u00e9es, qui doivent \u00eatre approuv\u00e9es par le Parlement, s\u2019\u00e9l\u00e8vent au total \u00e0 3,8 milliards de dollars, tandis que les autorisations l\u00e9gislatives, pour lesquelles le gouvernement a d\u00e9j\u00e0 re\u00e7u la permission de d\u00e9penser du Parlement, se chiffrent \u00e0 1,8 milliard de dollars.\n\nLe montant total des autorisations budg\u00e9taires propos\u00e9es \u00e0 ce jour, y compris le pr\u00e9sent budget suppl\u00e9mentaire des d\u00e9penses, s\u2019\u00e9l\u00e8ve \u00e0 312 milliards de dollars, soit 21,8 milliards de dollars (7,5 %) de plus par rapport au budget des d\u00e9penses \u00e0 ce jour 2018-2019.\n\nParmi les grands postes de d\u00e9penses du pr\u00e9sent budget suppl\u00e9mentaire des d\u00e9penses, mentionnons :\n\n- 919 millions de dollars pour le minist\u00e8re des Relations Couronne\u2011Autochtones et des Affaires du Nord pour la renonciation aux dettes des pr\u00eats relatifs aux n\u00e9gociations des revendications territoriales globales et au remboursement des pr\u00eats repay\u00e9s;\n- 487 millions de dollars pour le minist\u00e8re de la D\u00e9fense nationale pour les d\u00e9penses en immobilisations \u00e0 l\u2019appui de la politique Protection, S\u00e9curit\u00e9, Engagement;\n- 180 millions de dollars pour le minist\u00e8re de l\u2019Emploi et du D\u00e9veloppement social pour la radiation des dettes irr\u00e9couvrables d\u00e9coulant de pr\u00eats d\u2019\u00e9tudes canadiens;\n- 950 millions de dollars pour le minist\u00e8re des Ressources naturelles pour le Fonds municipal vert.\n\nLe pr\u00e9sent budget suppl\u00e9mentaire des d\u00e9penses sera le dernier budget pr\u00e9sent\u00e9 au titre des modifications apport\u00e9es temporairement \u00e0 l\u2019article 81 du R\u00e8glement, qui sont entr\u00e9es en vigueur en 2018-2019 et qui visaient \u00e0 mieux harmoniser le processus budg\u00e9taire et le budget. \u00c0 compter de l\u2019exercice 2020-2021, le processus initial sera r\u00e9introduit, ce qui signifie que le budget principal des d\u00e9penses sera d\u00e9pos\u00e9 avant le budget et qu\u2019il faudra fort probablement pr\u00e9senter \u00e0 nouveau trois budgets suppl\u00e9mentaires des d\u00e9penses (au printemps, \u00e0 l\u2019automne et \u00e0 l\u2019hiver).\n\nEn raison de ces changements, les postes budg\u00e9taires devront faire l\u2019objet d\u2019un examen d\u00e9taill\u00e9 par le Conseil du Tr\u00e9sor (un comit\u00e9 de ministres pr\u00e9sid\u00e9 par le pr\u00e9sident du Conseil du Tr\u00e9sor) avant qu\u2019il soit possible de demander des fonds au Parlement. Parall\u00e8lement, il pourrait s\u2019\u00e9couler plus de temps entre l\u2019annonce de nouvelles initiatives et leur r\u00e9alisation, puisque le budget suppl\u00e9mentaire des d\u00e9penses du printemps (A) sera la premi\u00e8re occasion de faire approuver les fonds.\n\nLe DPB tient aussi \u00e0 faire observer qu\u2019\u00e9tant donn\u00e9 que les rapports sur les r\u00e9sultats minist\u00e9riels 2018-2019 n\u2019ont pas \u00e9t\u00e9 pr\u00e9sent\u00e9s au Parlement avant le d\u00e9p\u00f4t des budgets suppl\u00e9mentaires des d\u00e9penses de 2019-2020, les parlementaires doivent examiner (et approuver) les d\u00e9penses propos\u00e9es sans savoir si les organismes ont atteint les r\u00e9sultats escompt\u00e9s au cours de l\u2019ann\u00e9e pr\u00e9c\u00e9dente.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP1920028S,\n author={Giswold, Jill and Stanton, Jason and Behrend, Robert},\n title={Supplementary Estimates (B) 2019-20},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP1920028S,\n author={Giswold, Jill and Stanton, Jason and Behrend, Robert},\n title={Budget suppl\\\u0027{e}mentaire des d\\\u0027{e}penses (B) 2019-2020},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-1920-22","is_published":"2021-08-06T17:49:11.000000Z","release_date":"2019-11-14T14:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-08-06T18:23:05.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-1920-22","title_en":"Economic and Fiscal Outlook \u2013 November 2019","title_fr":"Perspectives \u00e9conomiques et financi\u00e8res - Novembre 2019","slug":"RP-1920-22--economic-fiscal-outlook-november-2019--perspectives-economiques-financieres-novembre-2019","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-1920-22--economic-fiscal-outlook-november-2019--perspectives-economiques-financieres-novembre-2019","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-1920-22--economic-fiscal-outlook-november-2019--perspectives-economiques-financieres-novembre-2019"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-1920-22--economic-fiscal-outlook-november-2019--perspectives-economiques-financieres-novembre-2019","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-1920-22--economic-fiscal-outlook-november-2019--perspectives-economiques-financieres-novembre-2019"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/f83bc7895be41611c3717e826ac8339a77e6275cbf7d8608a433ba724149b74e"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/3afbdb161735ca04b4faccde68a78147e9380140a49048d7a3a31cd8adb8d0a1"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b71b827fe025ee88c81a8e966ee8972ee0ff1690ab9edd75762432de8ec3fe75","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f5ce0a90c81c953ac3d9c49f1cc7f2aa02b5e879e9ac474d2d790687c45d9e24","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a368ca1c2a83ea51027741bf46be7b7303c75ec09fee59c874b38a63714b656f","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/9baa457c8653f322d864fae2817094dd50080e27eac13bb3e48913f3a40b94a6","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ca6c81e182e05eb7f2e9a79786ab4747976a47a4e83e6b44fc6dcade7f996d8a","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f53d98a3d44811b1659df58cffa270b9871a40f86899d1e406164c6c18182f1f","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f7e45bcd51113838365eeb53da5def0f0d794de604525903387f28e40353b5d5","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ea18e652774825c899bc9f44b24a74012465e0bc2d0c990a3c2bfad3aee43b60"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b3871c352a2e31588f4fcd6c2771e60ca4cec884104dfeec2e32fdff677d2539","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f46811900c0631448fa1be021af821c735c4eeff2296f26b5484569bf6dfdd10","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/74c908e72cc801968b4e0aa6d85f7561ffd97ea22b882bd3ee37e4e01e26ba47","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/cb13cb433d75c7485eb7eeca5a06f177c1079bebef5bc1487af5fbfc0fbde8eb","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/abcc924dd86a77773349395571a51d5dc1f33aece3f6ae0b8111a5da1a8088ab","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/95de884642e606e4fb2ddd5b15ae02b621787302a590767d88a32820cf3cc0b3","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/9415b4f258a3d4354f41857b22fbfc0bcdc000165100a1f4e24357a47e448737","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7f5ce615e49ecd7bc4edf2e9d84cbd79c993e32f1fc18ee3371deeafdcc34e03"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"Consistent with the Parliamentary Budget Officer\u2019s legislated mandate, this report provides PBO\u2019s economic and fiscal outlook.","abstract_fr":"Conform\u00e9ment \u00e0 son mandat l\u00e9gislatif, le directeur parlementaire du budget pr\u00e9sente ici ses perspectives \u00e9conomiques et financi\u00e8res.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP192022,\n author={Grinshpoon, Kristina and Nicol, Caroline and Ammar, Nasreddine and Behrend, Robert and Bergeron, \\\u0027{E}tienne and Devakos, Tessa and Elmarzougui, Eskandar and Forsyth, Jamie and Giswold, Jill and Liberge-Simard, Rapha\\\u0022{e}l and MacPhee, Sarah and Scholz, Tim and Sourang, Diarra and Wodrich, Nigel},\n title={Economic and Fiscal Outlook - November 2019},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2019,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP192022,\n author={Grinshpoon, Kristina and Nicol, Caroline and Ammar, Nasreddine and Behrend, Robert and Bergeron, \\\u0027{E}tienne and Devakos, Tessa and Elmarzougui, Eskandar and Forsyth, Jamie and Giswold, Jill and Liberge-Simard, Rapha\\\u0022{e}l and MacPhee, Sarah and Scholz, Tim and Sourang, Diarra and Wodrich, Nigel},\n title={Perspectives \\\u0027{e}conomiques et financi\\`{e}res - Novembre 2019},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2019,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}}