[{"label":"Home","url":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en"},{"label":"Team","url":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/staff--equipe","section":{"id":1,"title_en":"About","title_fr":"\u00c0 propos"}},{"label":"Tim Scholz","url":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/staff--equipe\/tim-scholz","section":{"id":1,"title_en":"About","title_fr":"\u00c0 propos"}}]

Tim Scholz

Advisor-Analyst

Tim Scholz is an Advisor-Analyst to the OPBO.

Prior to joining the OPBO, Tim worked with Finance Canada on international policy analysis and economic development.

Tim holds an MA in economics from the University of Guelph and a BSc (honours) in economics from the University of Windsor.

Latest publications

    {"id":"LEG-2223-010-S","is_published":"2022-07-06T12:57:11.000000Z","release_date":"2022-07-06T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2022-07-07T12:35:33.000000Z","type":"LEG","internal_id":"LEG-2223-010-S","title_en":"Increasing access to the small business tax rate","title_fr":"Augmentation de l\u2019acc\u00e8s au taux d\u2019imposition des petites entreprises","slug":"LEG-2223-010-S--increasing-access-small-business-tax-rate--augmentation-acces-taux-imposition-petites-entreprises","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2223-010-S--increasing-access-small-business-tax-rate--augmentation-acces-taux-imposition-petites-entreprises","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2223-010-S--increasing-access-small-business-tax-rate--augmentation-acces-taux-imposition-petites-entreprises"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2223-010-S--increasing-access-small-business-tax-rate--augmentation-acces-taux-imposition-petites-entreprises","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2223-010-S--increasing-access-small-business-tax-rate--augmentation-acces-taux-imposition-petites-entreprises"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/5a3379ae6e2d9ddc711a352422319ba5fbbef32125253fce91d8018104f27171"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/8c58f699e5bf947e72b26dccb9318c0ab76665e834e311e8fe2126a983f60770"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0b434e2a0b8b16610f7fb4829b9396de8e8ee8dae7c176e8004608b3b8139b58","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2b2a3af04457decfd3532e747a8a5336c7e704e70cc33d4297f2c07a68c02f5f","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/bf4c5d09d519138947c8aa72071effc81783169dbad0b153c8964524f6948f64","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/fc33cb4319f6634b096aa6177546cb7d16b76d73bdd277efdaeae137ed3a62bd","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3fc2a420e7df8dbcff02d66796fdcfaa3caa502f9acbfd00f8faced268da05b0","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e807d101eb87fabe73202745482294de1a952031c96aff26d055c6b819a20a2b","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5ba5b075701a5016f65bbc26b7f24ec4a282c6cc1f0c9f152fa03ed703b15046","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/709ec2d2c5afaf2fa276d1e0ef909bde085e46df599b5215d733528e9828eb21"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2bc42a75e24080b8d5b00f7fe9da3ca974b5f8e4ef55782a316b3903b59d5c0e","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a5e978648672313670391d5eb852dd1e752152b0cf2a55b69f81f8b8b81ae132","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/afdeab5632d9170b25f809e773790870d50560bb3f13ac1ce1f0dca82656dd78","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e89d61e454ac302330587510d90bcf3d528d2364c4666a6064ce720997b1ba57","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/30441ec751a21bfa1fb5bd1e61c749149fb4bc73f2d968164c3904fa23158f34","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/07f5295e31ea52de06251ff691b583808f9e98c26aa603a6da05c8d364e9a608","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f8805f956c8a04cd07910b493a65d383e2d93c3301d3185dfea75e34523cd2bf","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e5b29c438feb396c4265d26549413345be31c7acf189f7d3ec129a2731b899a7"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"Canadian Controlled Private Corporations (CCPCs) can benefit from a tax rate of 9 per cent on up to $500,000 of active business income compared to the general corporate tax rate of 15 per cent. Access to this preferential rate begins to be phased out when a CCPC\u2019s taxable capital employed in Canada exceeds $10 million and is fully phased out when taxable capital reaches $15 million. \n\nBudget 2022 proposes to phase out access to the small business tax rate more gradually, with access to be fully phased out when taxable capital employed in Canada reaches $50 million, rather than at $15 million.","abstract_fr":"Les soci\u00e9t\u00e9s priv\u00e9es sous contr\u00f4le canadien (SPCC) peuvent b\u00e9n\u00e9ficier d\u2019un taux d\u2019imposition de 9 % sur un maximum de 500 000 $ en revenu provenant d\u2019une entreprise exploit\u00e9e activement, comparativement au taux g\u00e9n\u00e9ral d\u2019imposition des soci\u00e9t\u00e9s de 15 %. L\u2019acc\u00e8s \u00e0 ce taux pr\u00e9f\u00e9rentiel diminue progressivement lorsque le capital imposable utilis\u00e9 au Canada par une SPCC d\u00e9passe 10 millions de dollars et il est compl\u00e8tement \u00e9limin\u00e9 lorsque le capital imposable atteint 15 millions de dollars.\n\nLe budget de 2022 propose de r\u00e9duire plus progressivement l\u2019acc\u00e8s au taux d\u2019imposition des petites entreprises et de l\u2019\u00e9liminer enti\u00e8rement lorsque le capital imposable utilis\u00e9 au Canada atteint 50 millions de dollars au lieu de 15 millions de dollars.","highlights":[]},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-LEG2223010S,\n author={Scholz, Tim},\n title={Increasing access to the small business tax rate},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-LEG2223010S,\n author={Scholz, Tim},\n title={Augmentation de l\u2019acc\\`{e}s au taux d\u2019imposition des petites entreprises},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-2122-032-S","is_published":"2022-03-24T13:00:01.000000Z","release_date":"2022-03-24T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2022-03-24T13:00:01.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2122-032-S","title_en":"A Distributional Analysis of Federal Carbon Pricing under A Healthy Environment and A Healthy Economy","title_fr":"Une analyse distributive de la tarification f\u00e9d\u00e9rale du carbone dans le cadre du plan \u00ab Un environnement sain et une \u00e9conomie saine \u00bb","slug":"RP-2122-032-S--distributional-analysis-federal-carbon-pricing-under-healthy-environment-healthy-economy--une-analyse-distributive-tarification-federale-carbone-dans-cadre-plan-un-environnement-sain-une-eco","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-032-S--distributional-analysis-federal-carbon-pricing-under-healthy-environment-healthy-economy--une-analyse-distributive-tarification-federale-carbone-dans-cadre-plan-un-environnement-sain-une-eco","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-032-S--distributional-analysis-federal-carbon-pricing-under-healthy-environment-healthy-economy--une-analyse-distributive-tarification-federale-carbone-dans-cadre-plan-un-environnement-sain-une-eco"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-032-S--distributional-analysis-federal-carbon-pricing-under-healthy-environment-healthy-economy--une-analyse-distributive-tarification-federale-carbone-dans-cadre-plan-un-environnement-sain-une-eco","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-032-S--distributional-analysis-federal-carbon-pricing-under-healthy-environment-healthy-economy--une-analyse-distributive-tarification-federale-carbone-dans-cadre-plan-un-environnement-sain-une-eco"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/6399abff7887b53208a1e97cfb397801ea9f4e729c15dfb85998d1eb359ea5c7"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/4dee5e1a1e2c2e1b08a83cb76568cdcae2f520ca0c2a5fb9ffc1ef0f9e1b0efc"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8db8f49ad11c1e52c66a5835d50d52e5c8d259cee64c7d0a772800d4f4059f55","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ab7349515c1227f20760be771d4b6104e941c17bb435e8a321c0098364f3aaf5","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/fa43c75b696587fed0e7db15b8989918616612d6b6d1f086a63a6581e1559427","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8ffa5503b879f25badafaf40d3a8aa19c860ded3603b6cbc74b97941b7faba63","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/4c8601a6ee7523923cc76dad0757aec9313fb9d844ffac91735ffda310f77e39","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f4d92277baa5464feccfe18c516285593c2e8b93fa82812712ff80dce3e71c57","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7dda017c4fc10410b761d9d374d8d2b42e006b4f50cd9fa5513315a94b338723","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ce85235453c99e367089e8600e03f34c0d8135fd891d664a2a8ea60053f41b62"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f76062665173fea78678d58a9c902ec1141ed546aeca70e9c7b21a4b075e7c9b","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/1e183ff6c1a06d40cf7b2aec1a92c71bac3be82bc91a781a92f0387c501d60a7","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/fdd583ccf32d83aaa4af73d537c6b394953df21c182e7c0c4ca3dbb2958a719d","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/78de16a86f06487fd72b5d00b68ecaab42f139ff14efde795d9a8ff80f197d41","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/499ee1da44201b305266118cc3f2206878d49b5755086efa1e27f1f9dc8d9c84","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e3e6a3b18c1e209c29c6aa2f21f75377f7b56435045660ca38919b5614153ddf","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3bc84094812e4fcf174d22e9d306a578ef8b450b98f79640566ee053e5fe5e4f","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/df7dae0058f06c2aa6988615b11c583a051e96aca003f84933097b1256c8f12f"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This report provides a distributional analysis of federal carbon pricing under the Government\u2019s A Healthy Environment and A Healthy Economy plan.","abstract_fr":"Ce rapport fournit une analyse distributive de la tarification f\u00e9d\u00e9rale du carbone dans le cadre du plan du gouvernement intitul\u00e9 \u00ab Un environnement sain et une \u00e9conomie saine \u00bb.","highlights":[{"content":{"en":"Under the Government\u2019s A Healthy Environment and A Healthy Economy (HEHE) climate plan, the federal carbon levy is set to rise by $15 per year from $50 per tonne in 2022 until it reaches $170 per tonne in 2030.","fr":"Dans le cadre du plan climatique du gouvernement intitul\u00e9 Un environnement sain et une \u00e9conomie saine (plan climatique), la taxe f\u00e9d\u00e9rale sur le carbone devrait augmenter de 15 dollars par ann\u00e9e, passant de 50 dollars par tonne en 2022 \u00e0 170 dollars par tonne en 2030."}},{"content":{"en":"When losses in economic efficiency are added to fiscal impacts of federal carbon pricing, the net carbon cost increases for all households in Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta.","fr":"Lorsque les pertes d\u2019efficacit\u00e9 \u00e9conomique sont ajout\u00e9es aux incidences fiscales de la tarification f\u00e9d\u00e9rale du carbone, le co\u00fbt net du carbone augmente pour tous les m\u00e9nages de l\u2019Ontario, du Manitoba, de la Saskatchewan et de l\u2019Alberta."}},{"content":{"en":"Most households in provinces under the backstop will see a net loss resulting from federal carbon pricing under the HEHE plan. That is, household carbon costs will exceed the Climate Action Incentive payments households receive.","fr":"La plupart des m\u00e9nages des provinces o\u00f9 le filet de s\u00e9curit\u00e9 s\u2019applique subiront une perte nette r\u00e9sultant de la tarification f\u00e9d\u00e9rale du carbone dans le cadre du plan climatique. C\u2019est-\u00e0-dire que le co\u00fbt du carbone pour les m\u00e9nages sera sup\u00e9rieur aux paiements de l\u2019incitatif \u00e0 agir pour le climat que les m\u00e9nages re\u00e7oivent."}},{"content":{"en":"Relative to disposable income, our estimates of household net carbon costs continue to show a progressive impact that is, larger net costs for higher income households.","fr":"En ce qui concerne le revenu disponible, nos estimations des co\u00fbts nets du carbone pour les m\u00e9nages continuent de montrer une incidence progressive, c\u2019est-\u00e0-dire des co\u00fbts nets plus importants pour les m\u00e9nages \u00e0 revenu \u00e9lev\u00e9."}},{"content":{"en":"We estimate that carbon pricing under HEHE will reduce the budgetary balance (increase the budgetary deficit) by $0.9 billion in 2021-22 and ultimately by $5.2 billion in 2030-31.","fr":"Nous estimons que la tarification du carbone dans le cadre du plan Un environnement sain et une \u00e9conomie saine r\u00e9duira le solde budg\u00e9taire (augmentera le d\u00e9ficit budg\u00e9taire) de 0,9 milliard de dollars en 2021-2022 et, \u00e0 terme, de 5,2 milliards de dollars en 2030-2031."}}]},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2122032S,\n author={Ammar, Nasreddine and Bagnoli, Philip and Duncan, Krista and Scholz, Tim},\n title={A Distributional Analysis of Federal Carbon Pricing under A Healthy Environment and A Healthy Economy},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2122032S,\n author={Ammar, Nasreddine and Bagnoli, Philip and Duncan, Krista and Scholz, Tim},\n title={Une analyse distributive de la tarification f\\\u0027{e}d\\\u0027{e}rale du carbone dans le cadre du plan \u00ab Un environnement sain et une \\\u0027{e}conomie saine \u00bb},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} 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fiscales","slug":"RP-2122-022-M--energy-sector-agriculture-federal-revenue-forgone-from-tax-provisions--secteur-energie-agriculture-recettes-auxquelles-renonce-gouvernement-federal-titre-certaines-disposi","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-022-M--energy-sector-agriculture-federal-revenue-forgone-from-tax-provisions--secteur-energie-agriculture-recettes-auxquelles-renonce-gouvernement-federal-titre-certaines-disposi","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-022-M--energy-sector-agriculture-federal-revenue-forgone-from-tax-provisions--secteur-energie-agriculture-recettes-auxquelles-renonce-gouvernement-federal-titre-certaines-disposi"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-022-M--energy-sector-agriculture-federal-revenue-forgone-from-tax-provisions--secteur-energie-agriculture-recettes-auxquelles-renonce-gouvernement-federal-titre-certaines-disposi","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-022-M--energy-sector-agriculture-federal-revenue-forgone-from-tax-provisions--secteur-energie-agriculture-recettes-auxquelles-renonce-gouvernement-federal-titre-certaines-disposi"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/029fb18234298361a15aa64c506b329a84eba642a4957c93fad34614991fe4b2"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/ec940c04067dc441fed535f395d2bb40a8df00a0dca3ee5c33043078bdd9702c"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3ee4e878f27e119205fbdaa0fd31ddb4d67465de8c43b212c0af91f66785f1c7","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/27ce42e9cb1932c44e170dffa2108f85a3e7ae8c7ccbb130dae57df6a5952e6b","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/78d8bf1f4fe3d3ab6c81770d9bd1f776593d83209d6a52d73c8101db2561ab4d","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2642db2b5cefce469c8c324d0f8c26b5a84d105cda857ac8a2b10282f4a0e796","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2d61732a29be2833aae856c0c570da6651717f93317352fd527fb31facc7a032","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/eedaaace02e5fe0f8f56531d645b164be39b5d1af98d98425ab5f2470f5a8e95","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3459fa27bd7733ecd14cc237604b3385afde28d8b1fa66fd0c305bcf64d14056","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0cf160a4a6ba2130713faf8662715d4e5f21e06ec8dae741ad92b00305e9a260"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/6e7b95d1de46b9bbf20f966160db62315c7eacea4e3c627ad356765072a65c88","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/693a02f3966d95cb9400c417965e891d5b26bdd0ee5c0e52359b7d5ef5bb27a7","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/800fe8a0507f1d0e74b749db3197be96b8e87bbdb334286c036e11255438e483","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8561f8a82a31e5e6635e0d855153d1788c78ecd2ef7dbc4dfe95c8183a7e95be","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3272f27a7de4b474dd6408af4abc70c325b93b2ad306eefb294cd3e4139d4d74","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5b42c615f35318ce6af05e9628db9e23bb95e9ec3ddab46905b9468dba5b0fcf","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3583e8485b0e16cf6bf79dce372d70bac4b0281986e9cdee39d23d81d29e092d","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/91b64bee3fe76d92712d0894ce93eaca49688920aeb40fa3dfe0adc84b0c0ed4"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"Senator Rosa Galvez requested that the PBO estimate the cost of tax provisions specific to fossil fuel development including the deduction of resource related expenses and incentives for liquid natural gas (LNG) capital investment. She also requested an estimate of the lost revenue from exemptions to the carbon levy for agriculture. This report provides estimated revenue impacts for the items requested.","abstract_fr":"La s\u00e9natrice Rosa Galvez a demand\u00e9 au DPB d\u2019\u00e9valuer le co\u00fbt de dispositions fiscales portant sur l\u2019exploitation des combustibles fossiles, notamment la d\u00e9duction pour les d\u00e9penses li\u00e9es aux ressources, les mesures visant \u00e0 encourager l\u2019investissement dans les immobilisations de gaz naturel liqu\u00e9fi\u00e9 (GNL) et l\u2019exon\u00e9ration de certaines activit\u00e9s de la taxe sur le carbone. Elle a aussi demand\u00e9 une estimation des recettes c\u00e9d\u00e9es au titre de l\u2019exon\u00e9ration de l\u2019activit\u00e9 agricole de la taxe sur le carbone. Le pr\u00e9sent rapport fournit une estimation des r\u00e9percussions des \u00e9l\u00e9ments demand\u00e9s sur les recettes.","highlights":[{"content":{"en":"Oil, gas and coal mining corporations have reduced their exploration and development expenses since 2014 due to economic factors and policy changes.","fr":"Les soci\u00e9t\u00e9s p\u00e9troli\u00e8res, gazi\u00e8res et charbonni\u00e8res ont r\u00e9duit leurs activit\u00e9s d\u2019exploration et d\u2019exploitation depuis 2014 en raison de facteurs \u00e9conomiques et de changements de politique."}},{"content":{"en":"PBO estimates that resource specific expense claims by oil, gas and coal mining corporations reduced annual federal tax revenue by $1.8 billion, on average, from 2015 to 2019.","fr":"Le DPB estime que les demandes de remboursement de d\u00e9penses li\u00e9es aux ressources par les soci\u00e9t\u00e9s p\u00e9troli\u00e8res, gazi\u00e8res et charbonni\u00e8res ont r\u00e9duit les recettes fiscales f\u00e9d\u00e9rales annuelles de 1,8 milliard de dollars, en moyenne, de 2015 \u00e0 2019."}},{"content":{"en":"Carbon levy exemption for agriculture was worth an estimated $179 million in 2019 when levy was $20 per tonne. This will rise dramatically as the levy increases to $170 per tonne.","fr":"On a estim\u00e9 \u00e0 179 millions de dollars la valeur de l\u2019exemption de la taxe sur le carbone pour l\u2019activit\u00e9 agricole en 2019, lorsque la taxe \u00e9tait de 20 dollars la tonne. Ce montant grimpera en fl\u00e8che lorsque la taxe passera \u00e0 170 $ la tonne."}},{"content":{"en":"Simple removal of the exemption may overstate potential revenue gains since Pan-Canadian Framework has provisions for other trade-exposed industries (OBPS).","fr":"La simple suppression de l\u2019exemption pourrait surestimer les gains de revenus potentiels puisque le Cadre pancanadien pr\u00e9voit des dispositions pour d\u2019autres secteurs tributaires du commerce (STFR)."}}]},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2122022M,\n author={Bagnoli, Philip and Scholz, Tim},\n title={Energy sector and agriculture: federal revenue forgone from tax provisions},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2122022M,\n author={Bagnoli, Philip and Scholz, Tim},\n title={Le secteur de l\u2019\\\u0027{e}nergie et l\u2019agriculture : les recettes auxquelles renonce le gouvernement f\\\u0027{e}d\\\u0027{e}ral au titre de certaines dispositions fiscales},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"ADM-2122-002-X","is_published":"2021-08-09T13:30:09.000000Z","release_date":"2021-08-09T13:30:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-08-09T13:30:09.000000Z","type":"ADM","internal_id":"ADM-2122-002-X","title_en":"Ready Reckoner User Guide","title_fr":"Guide d\u2019utilisation du Simulateur budg\u00e9taire (Bar\u00e8me)","slug":"ADM-2122-002-X--ready-reckoner-user-guide--guide-utilisation-simulateur-budgetaire-bareme","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/ADM-2122-002-X--ready-reckoner-user-guide--guide-utilisation-simulateur-budgetaire-bareme","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/ADM-2122-002-X--ready-reckoner-user-guide--guide-utilisation-simulateur-budgetaire-bareme"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/ADM-2122-002-X--ready-reckoner-user-guide--guide-utilisation-simulateur-budgetaire-bareme","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/ADM-2122-002-X--ready-reckoner-user-guide--guide-utilisation-simulateur-budgetaire-bareme"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/276d04a19a8e2257286e3336b80f116cde61b6d8f71a0d8213b60fb945186019"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/0052cd2da85ecad17139dabcbf8805773f57d0788f53466fd046a1dabad3eec1"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/fc31c3920f05064d376853679dcbfe849921b46292d260f40be277e000e034dd","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/08af92b6585b3fed25f90cdda883d5f6031ef2628d086a0dda0aa85ae08f874c","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/916cdc17015b589cfb5bb36ec42c630932692f56e6a23a20e260a021895908cd","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/536fa1614b94fbdc5164fc02d6a01ab9e3c9eb6cdb047d0bb4398ca8f7909053","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f842692d18541f22a0706e6bad4f5cb55700a25f4767e2b2c144813a99ed989f","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5d1844193655c9d451553327bfc4bffaad1fbe25f2ea51dcc1a20217b4155a87","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f119e89d04dc032d37396b3481055659a0895b99e48822b2a1ce07a995b90ca6","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/26f814b18bbd64625932db033196cd56744be0fb57ce09031af4073931f7c658"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ebedc76f1ab6f13451cf929f4f29fa0c94339f98ff612ef18d0effde1cf98eec","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/929bf67c3838b4a5cbf10725febcb8849a7f43d91e18a369339f090824ce7148","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/466af90eadba58fee1060579170376fc6f8b40db65a2caa0ab4f122c4025af83","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/41bf3b033f1d5082d8dbb98e0535dfd3095a350c3d44b8dac23d26651dc9eecb","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/aaaae6e039f04551704ea6038fe90c5babd6f3bc874a43af0a3a8b46b09facd6","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a98ad50c3559763e7a073717d03d38551121e766d9427953dea38a064dd7e47b","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2f5260bd37c49b9a31a9a1fa50cbc54ea646b7df3ae05ec116f9f7e644076900","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/1a72d7e1dab8b8ba28cf37ccd3036eb1625cf94dda71ccfafd28545c02f44235"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"The PBO\u2019s Ready Reckoner is an online tool to estimate the potential impacts on federal budgetary revenues that would arise from adjusting various federal tax rates, credits, and brackets. This is a brief guide to assist users with technical questions.","abstract_fr":"Le Simulateur budg\u00e9taire (Bar\u00e8me) du DPB est un outil en ligne qui permet d\u2019estimer les r\u00e9percussions potentielles sur les revenus budg\u00e9taires f\u00e9d\u00e9raux qu\u2019aurait l\u2019ajustement de divers taux d\u2019imposition, cr\u00e9dits d\u2019imp\u00f4t et tranches d\u2019imposition. Il s\u2019agit d\u2019un bref guide pour r\u00e9pondre aux questions techniques des utilisateurs.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-ADM2122002X,\n author={Busby, Carleigh and Bernier, Govindadeva and Michalyshyn, Katarina and Scholz, Tim},\n title={Ready Reckoner User Guide},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-ADM2122002X,\n author={Busby, Carleigh and Bernier, Govindadeva and Michalyshyn, Katarina and Scholz, Tim},\n title={Guide d\u2019utilisation du Simulateur budg\\\u0027{e}taire (Bar\\`{e}me)},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-2122-009-S","is_published":"2021-06-23T15:30:07.000000Z","release_date":"2021-06-23T15:30:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-06-23T15:30:07.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2122-009-S","title_en":"Beyond Paris: Reducing Canada\u2019s GHG Emissions by 2030","title_fr":"Au-del\u00e0 de Paris : R\u00e9duire les \u00e9missions de gaz \u00e0 effet de serre du Canada d\u2019ici 2030","slug":"RP-2122-009-S--beyond-paris-reducing-canada-ghg-emissions-2030--dela-paris-reduire-emissions-gaz-effet-serre-canada-ici-2030","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-009-S--beyond-paris-reducing-canada-ghg-emissions-2030--dela-paris-reduire-emissions-gaz-effet-serre-canada-ici-2030","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-009-S--beyond-paris-reducing-canada-ghg-emissions-2030--dela-paris-reduire-emissions-gaz-effet-serre-canada-ici-2030"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-009-S--beyond-paris-reducing-canada-ghg-emissions-2030--dela-paris-reduire-emissions-gaz-effet-serre-canada-ici-2030","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-009-S--beyond-paris-reducing-canada-ghg-emissions-2030--dela-paris-reduire-emissions-gaz-effet-serre-canada-ici-2030"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/1df9b64ac4e1885028a02c05d5f15b82622d3ace28a473159d59301fb636c6e3"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/22061676acc9e957b233a2a04fe26600615b268c7ca51cf2402d79c74a3fa040"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/80a95fadee6057ca2973dbb430b3f84c46ab4aecf579ef3e19f01787d91d6500","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b8b451930e5eda6e2b373952fa49e6eaf3fc0e02997d67145e531c60895e03c8","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a8eecf6b395d1e614e9c33c3392e4a6134e91c4da94487108598595be184f702","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/347a11de35153b45774a1db94f55250d50e8ca543a6e9417363ba690ebde5e46","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/dac2c0c629c5570cc779eb1d661b75bc240b12eaaf1924b6a2b82ae8a024abda","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2d51dececcf712b23eab4dea50fa23ad1a89ac69ab8158c183c25f6d5896c79f","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/137d3ed8c44f213ae3f0b9480066ca24b084a5ce4e9daa781c134774aa42e754","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e090c9212d0923f872099a607e0ac07ec3d2b77c72dd64f62f5f635886b3a40e"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5aa452a5d9eaa157fdd3c256db4a2286e09a591ffd650988aea706f5a556b034","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/290a8be04f0c1d3dc06cdc2963121c892f032d98f63298028e310bc984fca7e9","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/84cba6ed416f3553807940698cb15587416cce2dbf17ceb042b98ae6f15a75c1","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3358ee6a96dc24e62ffa9b295df135f02e90597ec110971c725426367ac35598","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e203f0a35576d24eda8e48f500602294bf7a41dcdcfcc985e5f82125dec4b3a3","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/73c9515920ef009ae461f54fd32eb4812def3ae8de037da94d7fb1b293fa26f3","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/08c05c4de6ae8fe33ac2893cee141274a502410649345d1f5d7d03beb335c732","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ba16733314d5dfd083c05e3fa08ac1e3a143ff087d8448a6edb35253430baa24"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This report assesses the impacts of the Government\u2019s plan to exceed the 2030 reduction target for Canada\u2019s greenhouse gas emissions under the Paris Agreement.","abstract_fr":"Le pr\u00e9sent rapport \u00e9value les effets du plan du gouvernement pour d\u00e9passer, d\u2019ici 2030, la cible de r\u00e9duction des \u00e9missions de gaz \u00e0 effet de serre du Canada en vertu de l\u2019Accord de Paris.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2122009S,\n author={Bagnoli, Philip and Scholz, Tim},\n title={Beyond Paris: Reducing Canada\u2019s GHG Emissions by 2030},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2122009S,\n author={Bagnoli, Philip and Scholz, Tim},\n title={Au-del\\`{a} de Paris : R\\\u0027{e}duire les \\\u0027{e}missions de gaz \\`{a} effet de serre du Canada d\u2019ici 2030},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n 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l\u2019offre","slug":"LEG-2021-066-S--financial-compensation-supply-managed-sectors--indemnisation-secteurs-soumis-gestion-offre","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2021-066-S--financial-compensation-supply-managed-sectors--indemnisation-secteurs-soumis-gestion-offre","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2021-066-S--financial-compensation-supply-managed-sectors--indemnisation-secteurs-soumis-gestion-offre"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2021-066-S--financial-compensation-supply-managed-sectors--indemnisation-secteurs-soumis-gestion-offre","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2021-066-S--financial-compensation-supply-managed-sectors--indemnisation-secteurs-soumis-gestion-offre"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/4c2e8f11381832b028ffcfc76ab849af60fa43fd5fa310c94f81f64439cd9006"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/50c9857c48f6e71a6445c6a70602443c7f946705357629fec9dbde3c8072b9ee"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/fa0f2b06787a84fdcf0406715f274d9b9c49e174","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b0606bdbb8c6d2c6af415b66cdab0f5535f9558b","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/de5714e1d9edc29fd65ea9f4c126b55bd37287d8","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/92029abb52b72b164582f46bb870b1182281da64","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a9ac174a32f9041359a1d4a8f7ec2e5962e76b72","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2786805c60384556bd75e78360375eda6745c3cc","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b457521b8738f974467ad5de875cfd409816c217","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/4eda72778f2e75f0bd9d4c36c2693a86f33fa9c8"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d12ce2044c4d74a454740a0608ad39f290018c35","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f6e059352ccdcf60e5c3a08262ee0fdd93bec732","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/682a3ef32c78d70a2f84f0258ffa762d5af40c2a","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b220c4ba3b9daf92901b710fc515f5dfc87a74a9","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/93911a7a75b1fe45fc07930e518a1e4af01bd623","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8881755d6e1207ec0d13c432284f374a210e16e6","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/45ecc8d2c88e7887939af93a80e04ef6f8e13c0c","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/796184995d19ba256e20f82dcc97ad1e560f786e"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"The Canada-United States-Mexico Agreement (CUSMA) provided increased access to domestic markets for dairy, poultry and egg. Given Canada\u2019s supply management system in those sectors, this will lead to reduced market share for existing producers and processors. Past trade agreements such as CETA and CPTPP have resulted in compensation to supply managed sectors. This note estimates the cost of the Government\u2019s CUSMA-related commitment to provide full and fair compensation to existing producers and processors.\n\nFall Economic Statement 2020 reiterated the Government\u2019s commitment to compensate the supply managed sector for CUSMA but did not provide a cost estimate.","abstract_fr":"L\u2019Accord \u00c9tats-Unis\u2013Mexique-Canada (ACEUM) a accru l\u2019acc\u00e8s des importations de produits laitiers, de poulet et d\u2019\u0153ufs aux march\u00e9s canadiens. \u00c9tant donn\u00e9 le syst\u00e8me canadien de gestion de l\u2019offre dans ces secteurs, cette ouverture se traduira par une part de march\u00e9 r\u00e9duite pour les producteurs et transformateurs existants. D\u2019autres accords commerciaux, comme l\u2019AECG et le PTPGC, avaient entra\u00een\u00e9 le versement d\u2019indemnit\u00e9s aux secteurs sous gestion de l\u2019offre. La pr\u00e9sente note renferme une estimation du co\u00fbt de la promesse du gouvernement d\u2019indemniser pleinement et \u00e9quitablement les producteurs et transformateurs existants touch\u00e9s par l\u2019ACEUM.\n\nL\u2019\u00c9nonc\u00e9 \u00e9conomique de l\u2019automne 2020 a r\u00e9it\u00e9r\u00e9 l\u2019engagement du gouvernement \u00e0 compenser le secteur sous gestion de l\u2019offre pour l\u2019ACEUM, mais n\u2019a pas fourni d\u2019estimation des co\u00fbts.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-LEG2021066S,\n author={Bagnoli, Philip and Scholz, Tim},\n title={Financial compensation for supply-managed sectors},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-LEG2021066S,\n author={Bagnoli, Philip and Scholz, Tim},\n title={Indemnisation pour les secteurs soumis \\`{a} la gestion de l\u2019offre},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du 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Il inclut des mesures financi\u00e8res f\u00e9d\u00e9rales et provinciales jusqu\u0027au 1er septembre et au 30 octobre, respectivement.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2021033S,\n author={Bergeron, \\\u0027{E}tienne and MacPhee, Sarah and Busby, Carleigh and Nicol, Caroline and Scholz, Tim and Sourang, Diarra},\n title={Fiscal Sustainability Report 2020: Update},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2021033S,\n author={Bergeron, \\\u0027{E}tienne and MacPhee, Sarah and Busby, Carleigh and Nicol, Caroline and Scholz, Tim and Sourang, Diarra},\n title={Rapport sur la viabilit\\\u0027{e} financi\\`{e}re de 2020 : Mise \\`{a} jour},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-2021-027-S","is_published":"2021-01-26T20:16:02.000000Z","release_date":"2020-09-29T04:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-01-26T20:16:02.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2021-027-S","title_en":"Economic and Fiscal Outlook \u2013 September 2020","title_fr":"Perspectives \u00e9conomiques et financi\u00e8res \u2013 Septembre 2020","slug":"RP-2021-027-S--economic-fiscal-outlook-september-2020--perspectives-economiques-financieres-septembre-2020","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2021-027-S--economic-fiscal-outlook-september-2020--perspectives-economiques-financieres-septembre-2020","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2021-027-S--economic-fiscal-outlook-september-2020--perspectives-economiques-financieres-septembre-2020"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2021-027-S--economic-fiscal-outlook-september-2020--perspectives-economiques-financieres-septembre-2020","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2021-027-S--economic-fiscal-outlook-september-2020--perspectives-economiques-financieres-septembre-2020"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/8059b833d83a3c8eeef55a64fe8229d860c3224f72f87882e6a2689107db96cc"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/cd6fc56f52dd24674b4ab3b58ae193ae09c121ff716798c904497880793f7399"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/04e180f534ebbd5434b4e42b9a2abb17f894d5e6","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b6a33221f0a83495d2feb46766ae5edb21ea8074","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d39288ff1ddda4506695f5d5126064f69e4d9f4c","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/dbdcd5ae9785d0ddd01c1e16fcdf7f232d726a6a","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8f1b138a0dce94f3cd943f8e2293440f7013a237","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2bfe982efaeae12fa678368aece1a937fd9b534f","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5ae5e0d6b7097c9bbd1458ee381f4136e63b022f","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/62d3dcfad42c3d5dfe148c03c2b5e5ded478982e"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7cf000de2c3d22e6e7337e14c748f647fef4a1c7","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7b5393d01473a0408e33e0308b25c2c6abf0b533","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a7a4169e3c04466fe0b0cb1020257445bc8e78db","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d827f5112f1ac0dbd1a570fab6bde1961088155d","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/4db54f1a9d78884d78f03cb1fa830d4e8999bd7b","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ec39254e1a77524171d23106e02c78bf2f04c14c","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/9fc986fe1074f04ce74ec1cb1c7c0def3cbab5ca","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e85080154ec3c0bc6a74d54788c5cb0dceb5018b"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This report provides a baseline projection to help parliamentarians gauge potential economic and fiscal outcomes under current policy settings. **PBO\u2019s outlook is not a prediction of future economic and budgetary outcomes.**\n\nThis report incorporates announced federal budgetary measures up to and including 1 September 2020. 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The Canadian economy continued to operate above its potential output in the first half of 2018. Fuelled by strong export growth, real GDP growth averaged 2.2 per cent in the first two quarters of the year. As underlying inflation moved up to the 2 per cent target and wage growth improved, the Bank of Canada raised its policy interest rate by 25 basis points in January and again in July.","abstract_fr":"Conform\u00e9ment \u00e0 son mandat l\u00e9gislatif, le directeur parlementaire du budget pr\u00e9sente ici ses perspectives \u00e9conomiques et financi\u00e8res. Au cours de la premi\u00e8re moiti\u00e9 de 2018, l\u2019\u00e9conomie canadienne a continu\u00e9 de progresser \u00e0 un rythme sup\u00e9rieur \u00e0 son rendement potentiel. Stimul\u00e9e par la vigueur des exportations, la croissance du PIB r\u00e9el s\u2019est maintenue, en moyenne, \u00e0 2,2 % au cours des deux premiers trimestres de l\u2019ann\u00e9e. L\u2019inflation sous-jacente a augment\u00e9 pour atteindre la cible de 2 % et la croissance des salaires s\u2019est am\u00e9lior\u00e9e, ce qui a amen\u00e9 la Banque du Canada \u00e0 relever son taux directeur de 25 points de base en janvier et encore une fois en juillet.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP1819382,\n author={Scholz, Tim and Shaw, Trevor and Bagnoli, Philip and Behrend, Robert and Bergeron, \\\u0027{E}tienne and Busby, Carleigh and Devakos, Tessa and Grinshpoon, Kristina and MacPhee, Sarah and Nahornick, Nora and Nicol, Caroline and Scutaru, Tiberiu and Wodrich, Nigel},\n title={Economic and Fiscal Outlook - October 2018 - Revised Oct. 31, 2018},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2018,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP1819382,\n author={Scholz, Tim and Shaw, Trevor and Bagnoli, Philip and Behrend, Robert and Bergeron, \\\u0027{E}tienne and Busby, Carleigh and Devakos, Tessa and Grinshpoon, Kristina and MacPhee, Sarah and Nahornick, Nora and Nicol, Caroline and Scutaru, Tiberiu and Wodrich, Nigel},\n title={Perspectives \\\u0027{e}conomiques et financi\\`{e}res Octobre 2018 - 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L\u2019objectif du pr\u00e9sent rapport est de d\u00e9terminer s\u2019il convient de modifier la politique budg\u00e9taire actuelle pour \u00e9viter l\u2019accumulation non viable de la dette publique et d\u2019estimer l\u2019ampleur des modifications requises.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP1819379,\n author={Ammar, Nasreddine and Busby, Carleigh and Haile, Negash and Scholz, Tim and Shaw, Trevor},\n title={Fiscal Sustainability Report 2018},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2018,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP1819379,\n author={Ammar, Nasreddine and Busby, Carleigh and Haile, Negash and Scholz, Tim and Shaw, Trevor},\n title={Rapport sur la viabilit\\\u0027{e} financi\\`{e}re de 2018},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2018,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-1819-499","is_published":"2021-06-21T19:23:56.000000Z","release_date":"2018-07-18T04:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-06-21T19:23:56.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-1819-499","title_en":"Extended April 2018 Economic and Fiscal Outlook","title_fr":"Perspectives \u00e9conomique et financi\u00e8res \u00e9largies Avril 2018","slug":"RP-1819-499--extended-april-2018-economic-and-fiscal--perspectives-economique-et-financieres-elargies-avril","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-1819-499--extended-april-2018-economic-and-fiscal--perspectives-economique-et-financieres-elargies-avril","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-1819-499--extended-april-2018-economic-and-fiscal--perspectives-economique-et-financieres-elargies-avril"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-1819-499--extended-april-2018-economic-and-fiscal--perspectives-economique-et-financieres-elargies-avril","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-1819-499--extended-april-2018-economic-and-fiscal--perspectives-economique-et-financieres-elargies-avril"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/0680694536611220f65a5116606779824f08ac07e6034c5512a7f3e0d21a9492"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/94f291cd88caa6bd176f8e76a7bfe9861b7b45bab7d217febed56f307f6b8ad8"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/400d17ea63875526951297130f71e7c4ed4e588571346e2913fd0faa42e32e1c","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a12eb23db6719db17608c21a0de5bd2fcf0a9662a16b68461396efe9babf28f1","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/9281d82052415b15814111c96e1188cc70908a5fb4247899a66042da1644ff8a","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/75d7ecdca48e13bed6da2d9a35dc1efa7785b5eff3a8f081f2ae3b6a41a8637c","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b5a16a3bccf4a665ad1c7f98f811e92e7e7f597bf716f07700538d480436e38a","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/c455a4ef55055dbdb846bc59562d4708c078b353cc165778ef6362d2230bab4e","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/c56eab95b78bb003c30d3b1f2c5fb6daa0161ff5ac828e293357383e5c09e450","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e07364122298cf5cb88e33f9068367e1b0c0446caefadd10ba0ab09b5b40176d"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/cc346485c6b556073b9d3ae974d47a1d64478099fc58d105556f97213800d2a4","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/85b0292aa1495d2d0ccde1b67fd8d9771945adfdd8997c7db08143fc7df640bd","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/99415c7cfcb9387bb454112c5c9d79a8130e72ef0b2359b1228d3e0d8d59f0fe","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ef50fc233281345a8843da0e4cefd163cb7b30d7a00212230f03701bc4348738","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/9d5bd42cba9f83df0b92616c13282c7175917276576db42da095be8e12a5b837","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3e1f6770d08f5d3784a6080c579fae36d51ba01be12a9ff2e737f5100e32dfae","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/9338c5f447487cb3ed32fce7b9328e655dcc4e6b34e241a74ff86a77bb5c6ecf","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/c4509e64e18dec333ba826f7e73224f6a56f0a2b79f1c4473f894e10d7482791"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"In preparation for the financial costing of election campaign proposals in 2019, the PBO is taking this opportunity to produce an extended outlook and line-item costing. The PBO encourages parliamentarians and their political parties to provide feedback regarding this initiative.","abstract_fr":"En pr\u00e9vision d\u2019\u00e9valuer le co\u00fbt financier des mesures propos\u00e9es en campagne \u00e9lectorale de 2019, le DPB profite de l\u2019occasion pour produire une perspective et une estimation \u00e9largie des co\u00fbts par article. Le DPB encourage les parlementaires et leurs partis politiques \u00e0 fournir des r\u00e9troactions au sujet de cette initiative.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP1819499,\n author={Busby, Carleigh and Scholz, Tim and Shaw, Trevor},\n title={Extended April 2018 Economic and Fiscal Outlook},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2018,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP1819499,\n author={Busby, Carleigh and Scholz, Tim and Shaw, Trevor},\n title={Perspectives \\\u0027{e}conomique et financi\\`{e}res \\\u0027{e}largies Avril 2018},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2018,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-1819-372","is_published":"2021-09-17T19:46:11.000000Z","release_date":"2018-04-23T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-09-17T19:51:07.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-1819-372","title_en":"Economic and Fiscal Outlook - April 2018 - Report revised May 14, 2018","title_fr":"Perspectives \u00e9conomiques et financi\u00e8res - Avril 2018 - Rapport r\u00e9vis\u00e9 le 14 mai 2018","slug":"RP-1819-372--economic-fiscal-outlook-april-2018-report-revised-may-14-2018--perspectives-economiques-financieres-avril-2018-rapport-revise-14-mai-2018","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-1819-372--economic-fiscal-outlook-april-2018-report-revised-may-14-2018--perspectives-economiques-financieres-avril-2018-rapport-revise-14-mai-2018","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-1819-372--economic-fiscal-outlook-april-2018-report-revised-may-14-2018--perspectives-economiques-financieres-avril-2018-rapport-revise-14-mai-2018"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-1819-372--economic-fiscal-outlook-april-2018-report-revised-may-14-2018--perspectives-economiques-financieres-avril-2018-rapport-revise-14-mai-2018","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-1819-372--economic-fiscal-outlook-april-2018-report-revised-may-14-2018--perspectives-economiques-financieres-avril-2018-rapport-revise-14-mai-2018"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/ade01e88f97e2c3d41c4f04d0321a7b38a81e13d36e3a2ed8b2f308828416392"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/58823ae0895a3f673e5aa68eb075e6463b741490bee7d7c09d825c7f797e41e8"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b8ca363a78283a3658235d13b6df3d19c13216c79dad3407d614e067959f6fc1","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8f80bd4fecc711c0429de90e7bcff9e13cbfc4afd0652ca4fd7366121ab45795","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/17b7dfbd268ec6d7f3bbe477fe970fc4d9a31dd2a6805e0c28fd051edf52fe07","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2afacb9622cffff008003d87ff56a9e2e2f8298972aabc1c56658f87da743e5a","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e35d4f9afffc1fa98a7cba524c0f3092e1fd7532c7d23c4f6961a5e764d8f2eb","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5bb75fb03ea6d447bbea2038db7f07e8257388547a0f831f7056e484873c7643","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/392af133eabbfea4cf15d82e189e7c0e58792c22375f3d84df908045cade466b","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7badac8328ed88d6102664f372b8018f0518bac9b88c903d6bee092a0faeb8ad"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b2fd202a59a2b0ba6516794933aa10441b1857fc54ddff08e0b3fe6c540d34af","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/72a2b3f2fb74e54a2f3b44991589df8e02ed699ed4e1c588c34c0c6a245547e8","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7acdc66ad4e56413e4872c7ce23b9396b37f98c33d2adc5b14df183089efd1eb","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/567c1ff91ad866baaf91a966490bbe04e5ef5a6196e593d13cf6e6a4470e2710","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/02d4ff606fed18b11cb05f1b78a1cdc8f164e502ac9579b54db493643d3842a6","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/43907db6d20381a1adad216feca73b7df784352d5013ec22a94c05ab04551871","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/31941831838fba44c57885a0f4f8aa0a869cb5aaf69de029feb22bfdeef30dc7","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ead614ba4acb8f3c20bd69f4b2103d0da2cff5d365da1bbe57d83a96d8f036ad"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"Consistent with the Parliamentary Budget Officer\u2019s legislated mandate, this report provides PBO\u2019s economic and fiscal outlook. Growth in the Canadian economy slowed sharply in the second half of 2017 following robust advances in the first half of the year. Beginning in 2018, we project that growth in exports will rebound from a weak second half of 2017 as consumer spending decelerates and residential investment contracts.","abstract_fr":"Conform\u00e9ment \u00e0 son mandat l\u00e9gislatif, le directeur parlementaire du budget pr\u00e9sente ici ses perspectives \u00e9conomiques et financi\u00e8res. 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