[{"label":"Accueil","url":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr"},{"label":"\u00c9quipe","url":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/staff--equipe","section":{"id":1,"title_en":"About","title_fr":"\u00c0 propos"}},{"label":"Christopher Penney","url":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/staff--equipe\/christopher-penney","section":{"id":1,"title_en":"About","title_fr":"\u00c0 propos"}}]

Christopher est conseiller-analyste dans l’équipe de l’Analyse budgétaire et des coûts du BDPB. Avant d’entrer au Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget, Christopher a travaillé comme scientifique en recherche opérationnelle au ministère de la Défense nationale. Il est titulaire d’une maîtrise en économie de l’Université Queen’s.

Publications récentes

    {"id":"RP-2223-003-S","is_published":"2022-05-12T12:57:05.000000Z","release_date":"2022-05-12T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2022-05-12T12:57:05.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2223-003-S","title_en":"The Industrial and Technological Benefits Policy: An Analysis of Contractor Obligations and Fulfillment","title_fr":"Politique des retomb\u00e9es industrielles et technologiques : analyse des obligations contractuelles et de leur ex\u00e9cution","slug":"RP-2223-003-S--industrial-technological-benefits-policy-an-analysis-contractor-obligations-fulfillment--politique-retombees-industrielles-technologiques-analyse-obligations-contractuelles-leur-execution","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2223-003-S--industrial-technological-benefits-policy-an-analysis-contractor-obligations-fulfillment--politique-retombees-industrielles-technologiques-analyse-obligations-contractuelles-leur-execution","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2223-003-S--industrial-technological-benefits-policy-an-analysis-contractor-obligations-fulfillment--politique-retombees-industrielles-technologiques-analyse-obligations-contractuelles-leur-execution"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2223-003-S--industrial-technological-benefits-policy-an-analysis-contractor-obligations-fulfillment--politique-retombees-industrielles-technologiques-analyse-obligations-contractuelles-leur-execution","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2223-003-S--industrial-technological-benefits-policy-an-analysis-contractor-obligations-fulfillment--politique-retombees-industrielles-technologiques-analyse-obligations-contractuelles-leur-execution"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/cdae8df20c63dd08820ba553a37151863d4e5112ae56def60eb2ca27fba302f0"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/a051717dda0837e7ce62b0be42457f5be3ac97d8dd68d9260a6118ac5619396d"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/10cd2757f0307770e125fc170544a40d862bd2bda2e14a33d181021d94997d4f","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/bdd0ed5df7135d9554038d4257995c45bdaced62b1a431a8bb2fc78774cc3333","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/1858add0d0b49b8c91854e0efde71739deeae3e06c02b031f02b49ca2c80455b","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2f4a399d982844af3d4cc49b23ea598614bb933e24755b496f329a7679a61296","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a0698a2c4c37c1d5ff56209104607ecf0d8812abeae3349f93f1336788b838ba","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7cdaa2084a52a06c5b3a8d2b6c319e86d23a10a8dba4bd04659784d31d849b2f","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/da6f013e109c3e8fe781fb29172e66d99c8ac26fb36c146026e265b46ee64c52","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/59c5c05dbb69be60639c44bddc9d85295b003b478a73b3c2648e8fa7f52d808a"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a99e661f590ab8406835a57b7b933b5729a07274d6d8b87b26ba3d757f7cbc68","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2c389f45309083b31363909c1c976185f89d2aa98d9cd23a2dd8b60a7034da41","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/bd02ce758f90230b2d21c1d4342fe3c26ffeae9b0c0e86d0d47549c4d7675881","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/dd8ef88799f4cadcb28a027c704bc9d3105ae6741b41e340481694ef6ce379ad","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b49708cd9d577e10ee5436308f8a4fbc6bc124b12ec800b3275b0cda7527de1e","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d54446f6d943a09734a80e73f4ddfdfd4e2ecf00d119ba80495e68fc0777e755","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8ea4e0542d51cd6582b66ba4b8dacacc04bb5d255793a22140d27efe56379d0b","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/32265881fdead9e0b1ad868576a06ccb76d40771f37e767e3213b7abe5c291d5"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This report analyses transactions and investments made from 2015-2019 under the Industrial and Technological Benefits Policy for Canadian defence and security procurement, as administered by Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada.","abstract_fr":"Ce rapport r\u00e9sume l\u2019analyse des engagements en mati\u00e8re d\u2019investissement pris au cours de la p\u00e9riode allant de 2015 \u00e0 2019 conform\u00e9ment \u00e0 la Politique des retomb\u00e9es industrielles et technologiques dans le domaine de l\u2019approvisionnement de d\u00e9fense et de s\u00e9curit\u00e9 du Canada, dont l\u2019application est assur\u00e9e par Innovation, Sciences et D\u00e9veloppement \u00e9conomique Canada.","highlights":[{"content":{"en":"ITB transactions over the 2015 to 2019 period total $18.3 billion in Canadian dollars.","fr":"Les transactions li\u00e9es aux RIT au cours de la p\u00e9riode de 2015 \u00e0 2019 totalisent 18,3 milliards de dollars canadiens."}},{"content":{"en":"Credit multipliers do not play a significant role in obligation fulfillment, accounting for only 0.8% of total transactions.","fr":"Les multiplicateurs de cr\u00e9dit ne contribuent pas beaucoup \u00e0 l\u2019ex\u00e9cution des obligations (ne repr\u00e9sentent que 0,8 % du total des transactions)."}},{"content":{"en":"\u201cIndirect\u201d transactions, which concern work unrelated to the procurement, account for nearly half (47.1%) of the total dollar value of transactions.","fr":"Les transactions \u00ab indirectes \u00bb, qui concernent des travaux sans lien avec l\u2019approvisionnement, repr\u00e9sentent pr\u00e8s de la moiti\u00e9 (47,1 %) de la valeur totale en dollars des transactions."}},{"content":{"en":"While Small and Medium Enterprises are engaged in over 50 percent of ITB transactions, they account for only 12.2% of total transaction amounts.","fr":"M\u00eame si les petites et moyennes entreprises participent \u00e0 plus de la moiti\u00e9 des transactions li\u00e9es aux RIT, elles ne comptent que pour 12,2 % de leur montant total."}},{"content":{"en":"Of the total dollar value in ITB transactions with large partner firms, Canadian-owned firms account for 30.8%.","fr":"Les entreprises appartenant \u00e0 des int\u00e9r\u00eats canadiens repr\u00e9sentent 30,8 % de la valeur totale en dollars des transactions li\u00e9es aux RIT avec de grandes entreprises partenaires."}}]},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2223003S,\n author={Kho, Albert and Penney, Christopher},\n title={The Industrial and Technological Benefits Policy: An Analysis of Contractor Obligations and Fulfillment},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2223003S,\n author={Kho, Albert and Penney, Christopher},\n title={Politique des retomb\\\u0027{e}es industrielles et technologiques : analyse des obligations contractuelles et de leur ex\\\u0027{e}cution},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-2122-033-S","is_published":"2022-03-11T14:00:03.000000Z","release_date":"2022-03-11T14:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2022-03-11T14:00:03.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2122-033-S","title_en":"Planned Capital Spending Under Strong, Secure, Engaged \u2013 Canada\u2019s Defence Policy: 2022 Update","title_fr":"D\u00e9penses en capital pr\u00e9vues au titre de la politique de d\u00e9fense du Canada Protection, S\u00e9curit\u00e9, Engagement : Mise \u00e0 jour de 2022","slug":"RP-2122-033-S--planned-capital-spending-under-strong-secure-engaged-canada-defence-policy-2022-update--depenses-capital-prevues-titre-politique-defense-canada-protection-securite-engagement-mise-jour-202","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-033-S--planned-capital-spending-under-strong-secure-engaged-canada-defence-policy-2022-update--depenses-capital-prevues-titre-politique-defense-canada-protection-securite-engagement-mise-jour-202","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-033-S--planned-capital-spending-under-strong-secure-engaged-canada-defence-policy-2022-update--depenses-capital-prevues-titre-politique-defense-canada-protection-securite-engagement-mise-jour-202"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-033-S--planned-capital-spending-under-strong-secure-engaged-canada-defence-policy-2022-update--depenses-capital-prevues-titre-politique-defense-canada-protection-securite-engagement-mise-jour-202","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-033-S--planned-capital-spending-under-strong-secure-engaged-canada-defence-policy-2022-update--depenses-capital-prevues-titre-politique-defense-canada-protection-securite-engagement-mise-jour-202"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/c7a9b6d526158fb08858faa6012bbe61777939997eb35e4fd6c510e843f21dc1"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/5514acb3ab249bb02d2c6005cb22ea01ef3e7443f87744ab869e303458d17c5b"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0d894fc95e4773d61803a7d3dca6382838aa0f05957eb33ea59c6cfbf475bfcd","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ac0d1ac62d23ca41e266b30e2ef154f53c6de7ff34639711059003a0fe6763bb","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/46c26fa3b1e6dedc5c5275868f0d11be770b3ae7b8069ea7737710154a69e31a","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d4dc44604a9d9a84bdea0bf2efc69d51c5cb571840aa951419764249fa0abe1d","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ce9e92dc526ae22569b59bd0fd84d21efe5549b73010dc1dd1e7805411aeed5d","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7f147c10667345eabe0b12eecf3077bc5ec83baa5c00897439ced5bcedd19cd2","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/fea2e406e93996e0eb77a05bcfa8d77b762d15d6a298aa9fbc39b1c7d26d2e4d","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8112eb19f5a920ebdb53830d2f946dc199c813ab2897be57be640a0fc2a8cdf0"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ad15bf28f62a338c9cfec5e90249a900de10779596bd5525a4d408497abf2346","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/650ff1d134ab945dcfac5bba6cf91eea26362bbf2cdfe6b79f166545f96fc17f","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/aecdb69c091d3b2db63b66999583867e44b78126271aa1232e6b75fb1a5ce94e","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ce580c886d31c9c8c0d514630080b6f71255b4b33dd72bd8b54e96e9056a9302","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a5d9de09f104d17f62f6f185aecc9d7fd21771856c9439153f4782b78fb3d43c","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/20efbd37d0b95f1924821ac0ce60a101d803fc94bd8324ed67581800d92484f3","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/dc95028e259f464dec4037c7edca049ea7288a71b527cfd2467331ed6009824c","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8918c335218165b7cd0b66a8579ffc4365abc4abf85c0c7aeb4080bbae827803"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This report analyses Department of National Defence planned capital spending under Strong, Secure, Engaged, announced in 2017, as of 2022.","abstract_fr":"Ce rapport analyse, en date de 2022, les d\u00e9penses en capital pr\u00e9vues du minist\u00e8re de la D\u00e9fense nationale au titre de la politique de d\u00e9fense Protection, S\u00e9curit\u00e9, Engagement annonc\u00e9e en 2017.","highlights":[{"content":{"en":"For the first time, all $164 billion earmarked for capital spending in the Strong, Secure, Engaged (SSE) envelope is reconciled.","fr":"Pour la premi\u00e8re fois, le rapprochement est maintenant effectu\u00e9 pour l\u2019int\u00e9gralit\u00e9 des 164 milliards de dollars de l\u2019enveloppe des d\u00e9penses en capital au titre de la politique Protection, S\u00e9curit\u00e9, Engagement (PSE)."}},{"content":{"en":"There are additional delays in planned spending, raising concerns on the sufficiency of the SSE envelope due to inflation.","fr":"En raison de l\u2019inflation, les retards additionnels dans les d\u00e9penses pr\u00e9vues font craindre que l\u2019enveloppe de la politique PSE soit insuffisante."}},{"content":{"en":"The highest planned annual capital expenditure increases from $12.6 billion to $16.3 billion.","fr":"Les d\u00e9penses en capital annuelles pr\u00e9vues les plus \u00e9lev\u00e9es sont pass\u00e9es de 12,6 \u00e0 16,3 milliards de dollars."}}]},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2122033S,\n author={Kho, Albert and Penney, Christopher},\n title={Planned Capital Spending Under Strong, Secure, Engaged - Canada\u2019s Defence Policy: 2022 Update},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2122033S,\n author={Kho, Albert and Penney, Christopher},\n title={D\\\u0027{e}penses en capital pr\\\u0027{e}vues au titre de la politique de d\\\u0027{e}fense du Canada Protection, S\\\u0027{e}curit\\\u0027{e}, Engagement : Mise \\`{a} jour de 2022},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-2122-024-S","is_published":"2021-12-16T14:00:11.000000Z","release_date":"2021-12-16T14:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-12-16T14:00:11.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2122-024-S","title_en":"The Polar Icebreaker Project: A Fiscal Analysis","title_fr":"Le projet de brise-glace polaire : analyse financi\u00e8re","slug":"RP-2122-024-S--polar-icebreaker-project-fiscal-analysis--projet-brise-glace-polaire-analyse-financiere","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-024-S--polar-icebreaker-project-fiscal-analysis--projet-brise-glace-polaire-analyse-financiere","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-024-S--polar-icebreaker-project-fiscal-analysis--projet-brise-glace-polaire-analyse-financiere"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-024-S--polar-icebreaker-project-fiscal-analysis--projet-brise-glace-polaire-analyse-financiere","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-024-S--polar-icebreaker-project-fiscal-analysis--projet-brise-glace-polaire-analyse-financiere"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/d8c1cae885be92c964a0216e28e5ff1867e56bc0d63d14af361d24a6ef94cd81"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/6a0f37ba3708323bda7495d838a3f02d3bd21a50a36d20b4891090bea5c73123"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b22520bfd6aa583826bfb9b06f113705ed2c48b3ae39c9280c0fa996419ba60b","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/93f149344359e0394bff6458c62c25524cfe72457699e8d44850df25895ca086","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/be1a558c8c8d52e22a6f3dec37269055ac009906ab4214d643b1bc8c43647775","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3dfe8b5bbf51ff7c521be298137b50fa41660e41272aad76594aa1b0905d1a3a","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/41ed8dba62827ea3111a712401f3dbbb76ef9f5302e92b86f4238badfb08df89","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0ab51ce9010a1a9f356cf26507c37292780776d5e9890c3399e9ac427a8a3464","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e3a9e6505bb011a4e2e50f5e9fea75bfd60814fbfe20fcf04cfcf28051d68bd3","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2b620eb2a33296bbdde9819368deb1c9e847559c120fbafac30139e937d61876"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5b9a99f94814eea4254c23eb42e74a8bb1291228f4f4bcaf95ff7d22aa3ada42","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2df31f10f9554541e822498dfd430793bd707ccb766a5f65e997e07682737ade","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/53359cd6ab51faea12bb14a96f24d796541c26b2f011be3114436202edf56504","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0597e65760163e3bad91e79b74f3b794b98961b41428bdeff71b3579f109b3f5","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e8a161abb7dbc7e0764d25d9001b3927010768ca76a660442d9c70be41854f33","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/1c3ee56752ac6d63ee2baa8d70630b0042cc03126232d7846f9f131bb6bc4c62","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/14ecef3fa59085ca4f1c0cccc152d7f94b82d31d72250f6dd5abd523746ece40","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e036826e5330ebc277206af521d88dd678b699fe7f090aef9bd589b5028b9da2"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This report provides an independent cost estimate of the Development and Acquisition phases of the Polar Icebreaker Project. The Polar Icebreaker Project aims to replace the Canadian Coast Guard\u2019s existing fleet of heavy icebreakers with two new heavy icebreakers built to modern specifications.","abstract_fr":"Ce rapport pr\u00e9sente une estimation ind\u00e9pendante des co\u00fbts des phases de d\u00e9veloppement et d\u2019acquisition relatives au projet de brise-glaces polaires. Ce projet vise \u00e0 remplacer la flotte actuelle de brise-glaces lourds de la Garde c\u00f4ti\u00e8re canadienne par deux nouveaux brise-glaces lourds construits selon des sp\u00e9cifications modernes.","highlights":[{"content":{"en":"PBO estimates the total cost of the icebreaker project at $7.25 billion, inclusive of project management costs of $346 million, design costs of $820 million, and acquisition costs of $6.1 billion.","fr":"Le DPB estime le co\u00fbt total du projet de brise-glaces \u00e0 7,25 milliards de dollars, ce qui comprend les co\u00fbts de gestion de projet (346 millions de dollars), les co\u00fbts de conception (820 millions de dollars) et les co\u00fbts d\u2019acquisition (6,1 milliards de dollars)."}},{"content":{"en":"A sensitivity analysis suggests that delays of either one or two years in the start of the construction for both vessels at each partner shipyard would increase total project costs by $235 million or $472 million, respectively.","fr":"Selon une analyse de sensibilit\u00e9, si le d\u00e9but de la construction des deux navires dans chacun des chantiers navals partenaires tarde d\u2019un an ou deux, le co\u00fbt total du projet augmenterait de 235 millions de dollars ou de 472 millions de dollars, respectivement."}}]},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2122024S,\n author={Penney, Christopher and Elmarzougui, Eskandar},\n title={The Polar Icebreaker Project: A Fiscal Analysis},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2122024S,\n author={Penney, Christopher and Elmarzougui, Eskandar},\n title={Le projet de brise-glace polaire : analyse financi\\`{e}re},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"LEG-2122-016-S","is_published":"2021-06-23T13:00:12.000000Z","release_date":"2021-06-23T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-06-23T13:00:12.000000Z","type":"LEG","internal_id":"LEG-2122-016-S","title_en":"Interest-free Loans for Home Retrofits","title_fr":"Pr\u00eats sans int\u00e9r\u00eat pour r\u00e9novations r\u00e9sidentielles","slug":"LEG-2122-016-S--interest-free-loans-home-retrofits--prets-sans-interet-renovations-residentielles","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2122-016-S--interest-free-loans-home-retrofits--prets-sans-interet-renovations-residentielles","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2122-016-S--interest-free-loans-home-retrofits--prets-sans-interet-renovations-residentielles"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2122-016-S--interest-free-loans-home-retrofits--prets-sans-interet-renovations-residentielles","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2122-016-S--interest-free-loans-home-retrofits--prets-sans-interet-renovations-residentielles"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/26d61e5bbc51c2077a7f15b764a0edb467d7c308d6de1d97d85f4767336ea877"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/1c8cfba5a7e321a77d880d9b7b728c91cdd0a026ea8006ef7efc6cb74b80489e"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/fd6e9f567440dff0bba567dc88949e479991ef8c937bfc7d94f74894538bc9fa","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ce0098c8016646a71c293aeef261f74c512e79aced57f28a4904413cd7080661","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/be768a0a52726682bc087ba6c8a06dd6d3413523ad41c73a9a1812d3aa342903","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d97db13807f0403d4cefff3c26d1dd490f5e86998ae40367c4e24500e5e01b81","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d73553d8b620981d67f081f52f06b01a1f8e429d520c02c7269654636206cba6","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/45470e1614cc0ec74800d316648e3afa9d658e57795ae4838cef7520144bc6bc","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/4d40385aa701341caca3d90c6af491d2806905c22b807a6a38ce4df01e7b7262","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/9283501209a9616460c97d07b2d0f0083414edae00875cd4a4232fd79c96e5f2"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/015c478b15ccd61d2a139a35af8953818ce093e8fc4b4c9fe0608d001f0fc26d","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/28fe1ab56f2735bbd2ce4929cf0fae3db1d9d31ae79453c98ab15eb55c5086e8","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/45db37284084b40bf21255ca639f18aabe03912110605b7938e9ca1fe8732b42","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/040dc06a009cf6d09f6eac747b7dec62cf43770921826af9e52705890321692c","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2447c47ad15a62c9196844244c959e198c6b69e6de7e69191f84806bae47302f","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/df0f1f26f4fcc1be8b623d2018e94aa53aaf5170f6c28640980654c912014266","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/02beaea9782ec2b0dfdd492b16a7f8c0e830b5247c28460ffbdae152149b7a59","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d9a5f35777ed7aaeecf7f897338a3668a661e591ab0e2c3d163d99e5a9421139"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This measure offers up to $40,000 in interest-free loans to eligible homeowners and landlords to complete deep home retrofits recommended through an authorized EnerGuide energy assessment. \n\nThis measure builds on a program put forward in the 2020 Fall Economic Statement, which provided funding for up to one million free energy audits and up to 700,000 grants of up to $5,000 for homeowners to complete energy efficient home improvements.","abstract_fr":"Cette mesure offre aux propri\u00e9taires occupants et aux propri\u00e9taires bailleurs admissibles des pr\u00eats sans int\u00e9r\u00eat d\u2019une valeur pouvant atteindre 40 000 $ pour effectuer des r\u00e9novations r\u00e9sidentielles profondes recommand\u00e9es par une \u00e9valuation \u00c9nerGuide de l\u2019efficacit\u00e9 \u00e9nerg\u00e9tique autoris\u00e9e.\n\nCette mesure s\u2019appuie sur un programme pr\u00e9sent\u00e9 dans l\u2019*\u00c9nonc\u00e9 \u00e9conomique de l\u2019automne 2020*, qui visait \u00e0 financer jusqu\u2019\u00e0 un million d\u2019\u00e9valuations de l\u2019efficacit\u00e9 \u00e9nerg\u00e9tique et \u00e0 offrir jusqu\u2019\u00e0 700 000 subventions pouvant atteindre 5 000 $ \u00e0 des propri\u00e9taires pour qu\u2019ils puissent effectuer des am\u00e9liorations \u00e9conerg\u00e9tiques r\u00e9sidentielles.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-LEG2122016S,\n author={Penney, Christopher},\n title={Interest-free Loans for Home Retrofits},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-LEG2122016S,\n author={Penney, Christopher},\n title={Pr\\^{e}ts sans int\\\u0027{e}r\\^{e}t pour r\\\u0027{e}novations r\\\u0027{e}sidentielles},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-2021-040-C","is_published":"2021-02-24T14:00:05.000000Z","release_date":"2021-02-24T14:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-02-24T14:00:05.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2021-040-C","title_en":"The Cost of Canada\u2019s Surface Combatants: 2021 Update and Options Analysis","title_fr":"Le co\u00fbt des navires de combat canadiens : Mise \u00e0 jour de 2021 et analyse des options","slug":"RP-2021-040-C--cost-canada-surface-combatants-2021-update-options-analysis--cout-navires-combat-canadiens-mise-jour-2021-analyse-options","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2021-040-C--cost-canada-surface-combatants-2021-update-options-analysis--cout-navires-combat-canadiens-mise-jour-2021-analyse-options","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2021-040-C--cost-canada-surface-combatants-2021-update-options-analysis--cout-navires-combat-canadiens-mise-jour-2021-analyse-options"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2021-040-C--cost-canada-surface-combatants-2021-update-options-analysis--cout-navires-combat-canadiens-mise-jour-2021-analyse-options","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2021-040-C--cost-canada-surface-combatants-2021-update-options-analysis--cout-navires-combat-canadiens-mise-jour-2021-analyse-options"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/b2559c27bdd1bb8703d979c8a3dafc7ad10460acdd7d3b87c223e1b58bd09018"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/097b0da16f077128eaf721101751b8d1b67cf673e5aaacddc2111a8e4808408e"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/4ec60993ee881bf02236e737a1151a8f51717673","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/fb57b5cebcd600c2b9d7d6d13bb8a4c199e61c42","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8b495335a918953b012ecacb2efa73311224ec26","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/4d946af8893559da1d73a7ca43a443bacf04e2ec","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5eb1c3043fc560b4be4e4d8d00c934f3e42a3a11","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2d861758f5bcc0921dc80f978a9cf4773f70350f","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/92b29e5090b44122fecb7d95570810d138de1074","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/20237144e7355258efcf3771796004e45ac1eec6"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/400acd8a8823763c43f87289ff9b0642db1a502f","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d6bef1bbe624b830eb0d19ea4d7b539ab7e69b6c","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d84940f61d3899da0d0c8ccebe1ab25cfaa43c7f","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/fc32ccbcb8162a6ce3260f1723bdcb9bcf05547d","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/813ca9508a27b6db8f9f4dd62274bf55de3d5ab2","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2c7e7f563833cb6760021307a0114c0826a54af6","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/9420c2145eba0808c11a215b55d6e2237ead3082","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/65bc8cc1971087be4999b95e50a93428794aa617"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"In response to a request by the House of Commons Standing Committee on Government Operations and Estimates (OGGO), this report presents a costing analysis of building Canadian Surface Combatants (CSC) with the continuation of the Type 26, as well as the cost for two alternate designs: the FREMM and the Type 31e.","abstract_fr":"En r\u00e9ponse \u00e0 une demande du Comit\u00e9 permanent des op\u00e9rations gouvernementales et des pr\u00e9visions budg\u00e9taires de la Chambre des communes (le Comit\u00e9 OGGO), le pr\u00e9sent rapport pr\u00e9sente une analyse des co\u00fbts de la poursuite de la construction de navires de combat canadiens (NCC) de type 26, ainsi que du co\u00fbt de deux autres mod\u00e8les : la fr\u00e9gate europ\u00e9enne multi-mission (FREMM) et le navire de type 31e.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2021040C,\n author={Busby, Carleigh and Penney, Christopher},\n title={The Cost of Canada\u2019s Surface Combatants: 2021 Update and Options Analysis},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2021040C,\n author={Busby, Carleigh and Penney, Christopher},\n title={Le cout des navires de combat canadiens : Mise \\`{a} jour de 2021 et analyse des options},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-2021-029-C","is_published":"2021-01-26T20:16:02.000000Z","release_date":"2020-11-17T14:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-01-26T20:16:02.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2021-029-C","title_en":"The Joint Support Ship program and the MV Asterix: a Fiscal Analysis","title_fr":"Programme de navires de soutien interarm\u00e9es et NM Ast\u00e9rix : analyse financi\u00e8re","slug":"RP-2021-029-C--joint-support-ship-program-mv-asterix-fiscal-analysis--programme-navires-soutien-interarmees-nm-asterix-analyse-financiere","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2021-029-C--joint-support-ship-program-mv-asterix-fiscal-analysis--programme-navires-soutien-interarmees-nm-asterix-analyse-financiere","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2021-029-C--joint-support-ship-program-mv-asterix-fiscal-analysis--programme-navires-soutien-interarmees-nm-asterix-analyse-financiere"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2021-029-C--joint-support-ship-program-mv-asterix-fiscal-analysis--programme-navires-soutien-interarmees-nm-asterix-analyse-financiere","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2021-029-C--joint-support-ship-program-mv-asterix-fiscal-analysis--programme-navires-soutien-interarmees-nm-asterix-analyse-financiere"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/9d0e25fff86059f31c1ba5507e916fd8d81c695dda4327180df8336c27800d9f"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/10dcf661a1978057c84119baaca398dc522fd8d4cf0b9c8e5a98805228854e41"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e4a0162d6ec1c9a71693b1287917842c7d2127c0","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/822b0ebca254b904d4a5f0a0f68025463c2fb23f","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/230236dc4bcf2d41cff79bc28dc6a938b3802c73","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/84a67e0c37ed65e72c6f63f88f4aa37ce50dfb9b","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/59f54a598d2c111c70940e93c80c69934b736466","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/19c9e311e51fa2ee75dae3c8eefc426722ee89bd","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/df7e5e1f463a54195d699cb10ab960947ef9826d","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/87496587d33774a0e28adde60e3251961b9ce0d6"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/cc48b12453e9b30bbd54c292001f5fcad1f3c490","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a6f46f29a98ef931deaf33ea005769638b8f7a1f","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/9f048388b56db1cf3f963550c7996d903fd3b005","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5c0090c31d67cd261c7db84f4851fc2563ca2332","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/1dc4567af048beb76efd1fdc1b928bfddd4e35e0","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3c1f37392c4a482febf9c04091a85a5b3750bc7b","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/473a37f33868e645b2c803c221363d2791463459","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/19824ac417e6f172a817cd1d079761816102acea"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"In response to a request from the House of Commons Government Operations and Estimates Committee (OGGO), this report estimates the construction costs of the Joint Support Ship program to build two supply ships and costs of contracting converted commercial vessels named the MV Asterix and the Obelix to provide military support. This report also attempts to compare the two projects by incorporating additional project cost elements.\nOur independent point estimate of the construction cost is $2.4 billion, with an additional estimated $0.6 billion to account for budgetary contingency, producing a total of $3.0 billion. Accounting for the non-construction costs stated by the Department of National Defence, we estimate the total project cost of the JSS to be $4.1 billion, inclusive of provincial sales tax. \n\nThe total potential net cost of the government\u2019s contracting of the MV Asterix is $733 million, inclusive of provincial sales tax. We project that a five-year provision of service contract of the Obelix would cost the government $801 million, inclusive of any applicable taxes.\n\nAs the project costs of the JSS cannot be directly compared to the costs associated with the provision of service contract of the Asterix or any potential similar contract for the Obelix, we opt for a comparison of the JSS project to the cost of the purchase options for the Asterix and Obelix. Our calculations suggest that the Asterix and Obelix replenishment vessels could be obtained by the Government of Canada for a total of approximately $1.4 billion, as compared to our estimated $4.1 billion JSS project cost.","abstract_fr":"Le pr\u00e9sent rapport a \u00e9t\u00e9 produit en r\u00e9ponse \u00e0 une demande du Comit\u00e9 permanent des op\u00e9rations gouvernementales et des pr\u00e9visions budg\u00e9taires de la Chambre des communes (le Comit\u00e9 OGGO). Il propose une estimation des co\u00fbts du programme de navires de soutien interarm\u00e9es (NSI) pour la construction de deux navires ravitailleurs, ainsi que des co\u00fbts d\u2019un contrat de conversion des navires maritimes (NM) Ast\u00e9rix et Ob\u00e9lix pour fournir un appui militaire. Il tente \u00e9galement de comparer les deux projets en int\u00e9grant des \u00e9l\u00e9ments de co\u00fbt suppl\u00e9mentaires.\n\nNotre estimation ponctuelle ind\u00e9pendante des co\u00fbts de construction s\u2019\u00e9l\u00e8ve \u00e0 2,4 milliards de dollars, auxquels il faut ajouter un montant suppl\u00e9mentaire estim\u00e9 \u00e0 0,6 milliard de dollars pour couvrir d\u2019\u00e9ventuels impr\u00e9vus budg\u00e9taires, ce qui donne un total de 3,0 milliards de dollars.\n\nLe co\u00fbt total net \u00e9ventuel de la conclusion d\u2019un march\u00e9 gouvernemental pour le NM Ast\u00e9rix est de 733 millions de dollars, taxe de vente provinciale incluse. Nous avons fait des projections concernant un contrat de service de cinq ans pour l\u2019Ob\u00e9lix, et nous avons estim\u00e9 que cela co\u00fbterait au gouvernement 801 millions de dollars, toutes taxes comprises.\n\nComme les co\u00fbts du projet de NSI ne peuvent \u00eatre compar\u00e9s directement aux co\u00fbts associ\u00e9s au contrat de service concernant le NM Ast\u00e9rix ou \u00e0 tout autre contrat similaire \u00e9ventuel pour l\u2019Ob\u00e9lix, nous avons choisi de faire une comparaison des co\u00fbts du projet de NSI avec les co\u00fbts d\u2019option d\u2019achat du NM Ast\u00e9rix et de l\u2019Ob\u00e9lix. Nos calculs indiquent que le gouvernement du Canada devrait d\u00e9bourser environ 1,4 milliard de dollars au total pour acheter les navires de ravitaillement NM Ast\u00e9rix et Ob\u00e9lix, comparativement \u00e0 4,1 milliards de dollars, selon nos estimations, pour le projet de NSI.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2021029C,\n author={Busby, Carleigh and Penney, Christopher},\n title={The Joint Support Ship program and the MV Asterix: a Fiscal Analysis},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2021029C,\n author={Busby, Carleigh and Penney, Christopher},\n title={Programme de navires de soutien interarm\\\u0027{e}es et NM Ast\\\u0027{e}rix : analyse financi\\`{e}re},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"LEG-2021-015-S","is_published":"2021-05-11T17:43:10.000000Z","release_date":"2020-04-28T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-05-11T19:08:06.000000Z","type":"LEG","internal_id":"LEG-2021-015-S","title_en":"The Incremental Cost of Employing 10,000 Reservists as Part of CAF Readiness Efforts in Response to COVID-19","title_fr":"Co\u00fbt suppl\u00e9mentaire li\u00e9 \u00e0 l\u2019emploi de 10 000 r\u00e9servistes dans le cadre des activit\u00e9s de pr\u00e9paration des Forces arm\u00e9es canadiennes face \u00e0 la COVID-19","slug":"LEG-2021-015-S--incremental-cost-employing-10-000-reservists-as-part-caf-readiness-efforts-in-response-covid-19--cout-supplementaire-lie-emploi-10-000-reservistes-dans-cadre-activites-preparation-forces-armees-can","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2021-015-S--incremental-cost-employing-10-000-reservists-as-part-caf-readiness-efforts-in-response-covid-19--cout-supplementaire-lie-emploi-10-000-reservistes-dans-cadre-activites-preparation-forces-armees-can","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2021-015-S--incremental-cost-employing-10-000-reservists-as-part-caf-readiness-efforts-in-response-covid-19--cout-supplementaire-lie-emploi-10-000-reservistes-dans-cadre-activites-preparation-forces-armees-can"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2021-015-S--incremental-cost-employing-10-000-reservists-as-part-caf-readiness-efforts-in-response-covid-19--cout-supplementaire-lie-emploi-10-000-reservistes-dans-cadre-activites-preparation-forces-armees-can","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2021-015-S--incremental-cost-employing-10-000-reservists-as-part-caf-readiness-efforts-in-response-covid-19--cout-supplementaire-lie-emploi-10-000-reservistes-dans-cadre-activites-preparation-forces-armees-can"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/787bc922efd64d26c307a869932d379a75af71c3c15a58d33858eab28a2d5721"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/6ca5643170a0d6272d43bd42269caabf13419e1b973c7fd1d19fe6145ac3f810"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ba2672e92a043f97f8fa662767766464a002d1c277cf152e03ff56dc68e638ad","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7432dd35eb567642259cdef49c4bf8b135c1cfda1fe84c0e872266960edd147d","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/fd65ef1523c23e67ae15d9bed8b890797d43fea8246252f92abb71756b1b1332","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2e18314ee550ebdc01f0bb5fea62562933bb43f74af78c35a358a89753e23691","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/1e3855c58ca143cf67da24f6b32ad8b57416c144df4a02a16b2539b10b163561","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/21e9363f255178294b31787e14e4df39ed4a2f3b55581737450d3e6903cbdeff","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/aadeef581c3f6d65c5f855d8b88bb9a66b5c4fe671935f51a6bcba2d6b4c06c6","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8861c40221c1b49d5f6670ec360f3cc422e1bb1ff0dc81285aedf4ae111daf5f"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/10c70d4e987638ae4c7ee473fd8f6f9c1e8f0590930efd209e1e81a7bfac2912","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3d074492b964510d5dd7cf93154432f399a932ca5417258d08ec4c65f29339da","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5815b7b7a982e663f7373693b0bbbf40791da55304c24cd855aec2df3274ae2f","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ca04418df29a3923d548e335a8f9ea307f2e25b4b54e8bcb2594771b51589b02","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a3abf6f2bf329fb6189e21913f30dd3b3d0e7c214731a788439f5e016c8eeac4","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/18cb9ac8bd08833d5643a8d5157e06a06d4cbbe40d390b2269933dab73159ec4","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3403e35be74d697fc8fd2354b95c7dc98a5dec95c42863905ee49bdb5f2a5ba2","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e7f29ba76fe07413e97128f481cf5e26a3e26804198e4c7fe2dc8c3b436a8fd6"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"The Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) are employing a projected total of 10,000 reservists on full-time contracts in response to the current COVID-19 pandemic and potential operational requirements associated with seasonal flooding and forest fires during the Spring and Summer months. This estimate covers the incremental salary cost of employing reservists on full-time contracts for a period beginning in April, 2020 and ending on August 31st for a total of 144 days and includes employee benefit costs, temporary duty allowances, deployment costs, and support costs. This policy has an estimated total cost of 456 million in the 2020-2021 fiscal year.","abstract_fr":"Les Forces arm\u00e9es canadiennes (FAC) emploient un total pr\u00e9vu de 10 000 r\u00e9servistes sur une base de contrats \u00e0 temps plein pour faire face \u00e0 la pand\u00e9mie de COVID-19 qui s\u00e9vit et pour r\u00e9pondre \u00e0 d\u2019\u00e9ventuels besoins op\u00e9rationnels li\u00e9s aux inondations et aux feux de for\u00eat pouvant survenir au printemps et \u00e0 l\u2019\u00e9t\u00e9. Cette estimation porte sur le co\u00fbt salarial suppl\u00e9mentaire de l\u2019emploi de r\u00e9servistes \u00e0 temps plein pendant une p\u00e9riode commen\u00e7ant en avril 2020 et se terminant le 31 ao\u00fbt, soit 144 jours au total, et comprend les avantages sociaux, les indemnit\u00e9s de service temporaire, le co\u00fbt de d\u00e9ploiement et le co\u00fbt du soutien. Le co\u00fbt estimatif total de cette mesure est de 456 millions de dollars pendant l\u2019exercice 2020-2021.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-LEG2021015S,\n author={Penney, Christopher},\n title={The Incremental Cost of Employing 10,000 Reservists as Part of CAF Readiness Efforts in Response to COVID-19},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-LEG2021015S,\n author={Penney, Christopher},\n title={Cout suppl\\\u0027{e}mentaire li\\\u0027{e} \\`{a} l\u2019emploi de 10 000 r\\\u0027{e}servistes dans le cadre des activit\\\u0027{e}s de pr\\\u0027{e}paration des Forces arm\\\u0027{e}es canadiennes face \\`{a} la COVID-19},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"LEG-2021-004-S","is_published":"2021-05-12T19:29:10.000000Z","release_date":"2020-04-02T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-05-12T19:31:29.000000Z","type":"LEG","internal_id":"LEG-2021-004-S","title_en":"Decreasing the minimum withdrawal rate from Registered Retirement Income Funds by 25%","title_fr":"R\u00e9duction de 25 % du montant minimal des retraits du Fonds enregistr\u00e9 de revenu de retraite","slug":"LEG-2021-004-S--decreasing-minimum-withdrawal-rate-from-registered-retirement-income-funds-25--reduction-25-montant-minimal-retraits-fonds-enregistre-revenu-retraite","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2021-004-S--decreasing-minimum-withdrawal-rate-from-registered-retirement-income-funds-25--reduction-25-montant-minimal-retraits-fonds-enregistre-revenu-retraite","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2021-004-S--decreasing-minimum-withdrawal-rate-from-registered-retirement-income-funds-25--reduction-25-montant-minimal-retraits-fonds-enregistre-revenu-retraite"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2021-004-S--decreasing-minimum-withdrawal-rate-from-registered-retirement-income-funds-25--reduction-25-montant-minimal-retraits-fonds-enregistre-revenu-retraite","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2021-004-S--decreasing-minimum-withdrawal-rate-from-registered-retirement-income-funds-25--reduction-25-montant-minimal-retraits-fonds-enregistre-revenu-retraite"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/ca4a9b79fca90bfc3e26694883fb492644c1a2df8fef717007325dee07ea87de"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/66b130b28a37af78fa3df6c3f230e0a19b99f64e2531c00b63399156b080be02"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/6ff990d4d190d95a84f17cf0f008215bd4959aecc6fb726cb9236f9e9f0b77b4","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/835b36534bca253707b024dfa24aae87e661d9a623e6ef42636354ebcc208b8f","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/839c7d341b38520e275f98028daeffcf6d53fd7211b327a0eca6bac1debab1b5","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/55b8b4fef220ce66272ff6148f149c56ee8fbedaabc4481898e00ddfa8968fe6","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/fe5a286e2008f2ac723e458f8cea99b0447cbab823ec14811abef77ee2c41006","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/71f6d022afafea040f1976cec7b1a381fca399c44fe5f390bc85aac77f47d86b","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/495fbed828cf61d5f0e84c9e24a6210f9202bc42f1a72e5dce70dbec38d0c658","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e6a53a5f66d99685eb01849b6b06726e93ce4cc610ffd469c1ed5d4ea6afa3ac"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/462bc19e68b7aef41da6001e7c45687aaac9df5f6f0e8ea115da9241115d9e46","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/cfaa51d02419cab6cdb1188426d22ea4c6432a74ddc5afa719787ca9b6894c59","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2725b3434132c1d00ea403854763999d320e65488014d3afb0ecab42df0fa6bc","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3e2670d6cc69899cd1b1d92417105ce3065e09b4d9037752157ca3f35cd957f4","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/14970c449126cb81c9dc139b4aab0c39c366d52e7d84b97fa6c264d1a739da9c","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/64a16275340643f8feac0fa26b2f29f24087494e3a3de5dc6b6754da5c52be41","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/13ecd53fb38ebd0e3b44141c8700736f33f80042c1c08790cffc016526ade51c","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/4f5ed3e11b2193a070cd965ec98944fe01208ed3bf3402b486975c6110b0cc90"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF) holders are required to withdraw a prescribed percentage of their RRIF each year. The prescribed amounts are determined by the holder\u2019s age, or optionally the age of their spouse. This policy calls for the reduction of the prescribed minimum withdrawal rates from RRIFs by 25% across all ages. This would be in effect for the 2020 calendar year only. This policy has an estimated total cost of 506.5 million in the 2020-2021 fiscal year. Consistent with the current time horizon for our Economic and Fiscal Scenario, costs are only presented up to March 31st, 2021.","abstract_fr":"Les titulaires d\u2019un Fonds enregistr\u00e9 de revenu de retraite (FERR) sont tenus de retirer chaque ann\u00e9e un pourcentage prescrit de leur FERR. Les montants prescrits varient selon l\u2019\u00e2ge du titulaire ou, \u00e9ventuellement, celui de son conjoint. Cette politique pr\u00e9voit la r\u00e9duction de 25 % du montant des retraits minimaux prescrits du FERR, et ce, pour tous les groupes d\u2019\u00e2ge. Cette mesure serait en vigueur pour l\u2019ann\u00e9e civile 2020 seulement. Le co\u00fbt total de la politique est estim\u00e9 \u00e0 506,5 millions de dollars pour l\u2019exercice financier 2020-2021. Conform\u00e9ment \u00e0 l\u2019horizon pr\u00e9visionnel actuel de notre situation \u00e9conomique et financi\u00e8re, les co\u00fbts ne sont pr\u00e9sent\u00e9s que jusqu\u2019au 31 mars 2021.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-LEG2021004S,\n author={Penney, Christopher},\n title={Decreasing the minimum withdrawal rate from Registered Retirement Income Funds by 25%},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-LEG2021004S,\n author={Penney, Christopher},\n title={R\\\u0027{e}duction de 25 % du montant minimal des retraits du Fonds enregistr\\\u0027{e} de revenu de retraite},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-1920-021","is_published":"2021-08-06T16:11:04.000000Z","release_date":"2019-06-21T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-08-06T16:12:46.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-1920-021","title_en":"The Cost of Canada\u2019s Surface Combatants: 2019 Update","title_fr":"Le co\u00fbt des navires de combat canadiens : Mise \u00e0 jour de 2019","slug":"RP-1920-021--cost-canada-surface-combatants-2019-update--cout-navires-combat-canadiens-mise-jour-2019","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-1920-021--cost-canada-surface-combatants-2019-update--cout-navires-combat-canadiens-mise-jour-2019","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-1920-021--cost-canada-surface-combatants-2019-update--cout-navires-combat-canadiens-mise-jour-2019"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-1920-021--cost-canada-surface-combatants-2019-update--cout-navires-combat-canadiens-mise-jour-2019","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-1920-021--cost-canada-surface-combatants-2019-update--cout-navires-combat-canadiens-mise-jour-2019"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/fa5348077353f5f41f0291aabf85815c50b43555ca4940cea6eeece3936e6ebf"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/35de1c1e5c88b1e0db8ac4071a036fdaccf9335acb52e8d98af2f19970266667"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/339342b0bed6091a70c61c055903ffe318b738c89b5b66534767b0d81b229752","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/6e2224cc7ba62ffb046179cd9d5536f7a2f084bd2ab5d2ebcb84a40a337cd705","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8d917599aa683e82f3453469ece9fda77c72144a6f8724eacf646cdc21533e4f","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/54b263051adb854c5139ab985a29d5deda81b224951a4d47e646c7c8265e4b55","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/4761a95c42929b74dd5918896ef70921466abcda111a487105b21733630da4ea","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b2e409ad80669956a76b088dcc92acca8d39de846c997782ef85540f3de5f1e1","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0afc8ad61857e124f5550ad1ab0a596bb6426319ee16fbd671a1acf645eb348d","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d81aa57738a7a6e8154ed01a25f8380da07478c8e925445fbe8c813658028ece"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e70bd9268c8458a15e5c8ac6afc2146a5cb67644afdc0967e013446c119b1758","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7a9049d6453afbc98ebe312e916c11a99c867583e1c9eff94463593c5feee48e","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f81356449c8fe465d1524667934de17799789541c7495b9b1ac0b2487b3bef39","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/6416e46a97a28c0d64f929ec1980707a591977af0c6078719c888cd4e020a34a","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e2ce7d552152a36057960a735f8def29e6a3e2fd8338ff4abe3acc94eb588212","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/1117777089136f3f046213afaac05fb7ec8607b01a6b8db8c23befade5adc405","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2cb9e1439c7da55e223c19ca1b1d36d76a8248b440e1abb6abd18ae20d15751f","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7e0ccad3e967423374050545f546936effc30d7b9601c4b4ac0cb4a11391ba97"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This report provides an updated cost estimate of the Canadian Surface Combatant (CSC) program from the 2017 PBO report, \u201cThe Cost of Canada\u2019s Surface Combatants.\u201d At the time of the previous cost analysis, the government had not yet selected a design for the new generation of warships. This update considers characteristics specific to the Type 26 design chosen by the government while incorporating updated information on the project\u2019s timeline.","abstract_fr":"Ce rapport est une mise \u00e0 jour de l\u2019estimation du co\u00fbt du programme des navires de combat canadiens (NCC) figurant dans le rapport de 2017 du DPB intitul\u00e9 Le co\u00fbt des navires de combat canadiens. Au moment de l\u2019analyse des co\u00fbts pr\u00e9c\u00e9dente, le gouvernement n\u2019avait pas encore choisi de mod\u00e8le pour la prochaine g\u00e9n\u00e9ration de navires de guerre. Cette mise \u00e0 jour tient compte des caract\u00e9ristiques propres au Type 26 choisi par le gouvernement, de m\u00eame que de renseignements actualis\u00e9s sur l\u2019\u00e9ch\u00e9ancier du projet.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP1920021,\n author={MacPhee, Sarah and Penney, Christopher},\n title={The Cost of Canada\u2019s Surface Combatants: 2019 Update},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2019,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP1920021,\n author={MacPhee, Sarah and Penney, Christopher},\n title={Le cout des navires de combat canadiens : Mise \\`{a} jour de 2019},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2019,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} 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report presents a fiscal analysis of the Government of Canada\u2019s purchase of 18 used F-18 aircraft from Australia.","abstract_fr":"Le pr\u00e9sent rapport renferme une analyse financi\u00e8re de l\u2019achat, par le gouvernement du Canada, de 18 chasseurs F-18 d\u2019occasion de l\u2019Australie.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP1819397,\n author={Penney, Christopher},\n title={Fiscal Analysis of the Interim F-18 Aircraft},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2019,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP1819397,\n author={Penney, Christopher},\n title={Analyse financi\\`{e}re des chasseurs F-18 temporaires},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2019,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}}