[{"label":"Accueil","url":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr"},{"label":"\u00c9quipe","url":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/staff--equipe","section":{"id":1,"title_en":"About","title_fr":"\u00c0 propos"}},{"label":"Jamie Forsyth","url":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/staff--equipe\/jamie-forsyth","section":{"id":1,"title_en":"About","title_fr":"\u00c0 propos"}}]
L'information dont il est indiqué qu'elle est archivée est fournie à des fins de référence, de recherche ou de tenue de documents.

Jamie Forsyth

Analyste

Jamie Forsyth est analyste économique au Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget.

Jamie est titulaire d’une maîtrise en économie de l’Université Queen’s et d’un baccalauréat spécialisé en économie avec mineure en mathématiques de l’Université St. Francis Xavier.

Avant de se joindre au BDPB, Jamie a travaillé comme assistante à l’enseignement à l’Université Queen’s et comme assistante à la recherche à l’Université St. Francis Xavier.

Publications récentes

    {"id":"LEG-2223-011-M","is_published":"2022-08-30T12:57:03.000000Z","release_date":"2022-08-30T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2022-08-30T12:57:03.000000Z","type":"LEG","internal_id":"LEG-2223-011-M","title_en":"Estimate for the entirety of Bill C-221: An act to amend certain Acts in relation to survivor pension benefits","title_fr":"\u00c9valuation des d\u00e9penses li\u00e9es \u00e0 l\u2019int\u00e9gralit\u00e9 du projet de loi C-221, Loi modifiant certaines lois ayant trait aux prestations de pension du survivant","slug":"LEG-2223-011-M--estimate-entirety-bill-c-221-an-act-amend-certain-acts-in-relation-survivor-pension-benefits--evaluation-depenses-liees-integralite-projet-loi-c-221-loi-modifiant-certaines-lois-ayant-trait-pres","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2223-011-M--estimate-entirety-bill-c-221-an-act-amend-certain-acts-in-relation-survivor-pension-benefits--evaluation-depenses-liees-integralite-projet-loi-c-221-loi-modifiant-certaines-lois-ayant-trait-pres","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2223-011-M--estimate-entirety-bill-c-221-an-act-amend-certain-acts-in-relation-survivor-pension-benefits--evaluation-depenses-liees-integralite-projet-loi-c-221-loi-modifiant-certaines-lois-ayant-trait-pres"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2223-011-M--estimate-entirety-bill-c-221-an-act-amend-certain-acts-in-relation-survivor-pension-benefits--evaluation-depenses-liees-integralite-projet-loi-c-221-loi-modifiant-certaines-lois-ayant-trait-pres","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2223-011-M--estimate-entirety-bill-c-221-an-act-amend-certain-acts-in-relation-survivor-pension-benefits--evaluation-depenses-liees-integralite-projet-loi-c-221-loi-modifiant-certaines-lois-ayant-trait-pres"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/62a97a9c98d137cb25fad0d2ab04fddcd2a119015d3ea7ee3665842fa93a6d30"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/b3136c8f23ff5acfab07ace84c726e1cd87ea68983c191a485c2de48523969e1"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/dcbe4400a6c97d7b46caa0f7e9fb82c505c8e958b0ba2287565d227ab136d33a","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3bc7bee1e5207c32d975d41fb55ab65cf5c56749dbded2f42c7bfb6295349075","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b976b198b2a6a68d1bc7f4c564fae4a41a04ad174b7d60fad15f96b2f97baca6","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/af485e2d1b99efcecca0c627f0adbc0b08c7aa3ce9bab59cf869f9a6bb97c118","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/607daa719954ddef175040ee2599306ef2f56f1e58d0be64bbb444d2682a9209","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e380659de4b14dddcc459015a3b5a638c3fb2034d101979f03b87934fb0cec54","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/66da514c51828a4c1e1e08ef36bb74f9cfc174e27467b8c8e87afb757f3de9ee","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/baa9942370a59adb57630cbf3e93d6ca21930cc58ccdda6a4df446c6437a4d11"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/38076a658561e76153e48cc77e0c14bc690b2b81e4cc258fb6f8abedfdde59b0","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b2f51f8a0ee7469e7b92cc92d5f429b47df1a0e9bd21c33cd7c0b84a6f452e88","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/1d9f9766020e0f8d28f92850b575c3d41ad6741be3e8a5c6820f803ed054ce50","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f9bea4aa9246cb12caed17152dacf4ece7c664dc42589db4bd720d5d0171b189","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/c0faa548cbaadc590518d85626d13a04a771907deac4520c5225791efede0abb","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/c7aeffb6ae0cdc74d404d65ee803851d75a8197baa99903ca05fbcb151907de9","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b15b17de8d2824daf7cef9f1ac6a9b5fcd0c946c62340e847400034e5e05ebaf","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8970cf9f94b1473a1ac869254405216e9c279c22887497d226effe4bf09f1075"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This analysis provides the estimated gross expenditure for the entirety of Bill C-221, including the aspects pertaining to veterans. Currently, in certain situations, the spouse of a deceased pensioner is not eligible for a survivor pension. This occurs if the pensioner and the spouse married or began cohabiting in a conjugal relationship after the pensioner retired (in the case of the federal Public Service, Federally Appointed Judges, members of the House of Commons and Senators) or retired and was at least 60 years old (in the case of veterans and the RCMP). Under Bill C-221, all of these spouses would become eligible for survivor pensions. \n\nThe PBO estimates the expenditure from the Bill with an effective date of January 1, 2023. The PBO estimates Bill C-221 will result in a gross expenditure from pension plans of $68 million in 2022-23 for a total expenditure of $1.3 billion over the next 5 years.","abstract_fr":"La pr\u00e9sente analyse \u00e9value les d\u00e9penses brutes pour l\u2019int\u00e9gralit\u00e9 du projet de loi C-221, y compris pour les aspects touchant les anciens combattants. Actuellement, dans certaines situations, le conjoint d\u2019un retrait\u00e9 d\u00e9c\u00e9d\u00e9 n\u2019est pas admissible \u00e0 la prestation de pension du survivant. Ce sera le cas si le retrait\u00e9 et son conjoint se sont mari\u00e9s ou ont commenc\u00e9 \u00e0 cohabiter dans le cadre d\u2019une relation conjugale apr\u00e8s la retraite du retrait\u00e9 (dans le cas de la fonction publique, des juges de nomination f\u00e9d\u00e9rale, des d\u00e9put\u00e9s et des s\u00e9nateurs) ou s\u2019il a pris sa retraite et qu\u2019il avait au moins 60 ans (dans le cas des anciens combattants et des membres de la GRC). Selon le projet de loi C-221, tous ces conjoints deviendraient admissibles \u00e0 la prestation de pension du survivant. \n\nPour estimer les d\u00e9penses, le DPB a utilis\u00e9 le 1er janvier 2023 comme date d\u2019entr\u00e9e en vigueur du projet de loi. Le DPB estime que le projet de loi C-221 entra\u00eenera pour les r\u00e9gimes de pension des d\u00e9penses brutes de 68 millions de dollars en 2022-2023, pour des d\u00e9penses totales de 1,3 milliard de dollars au cours des cinq prochaines ann\u00e9es.","highlights":[]},"bills":[{"id":266,"created_at":"2021-12-16T14:00:09-05:00","updated_at":"2022-08-30T08:57:04-04:00","legisid":"44_1_C-221","parliament":44,"session":1,"prefix":"C","number":221,"title_en":"An Act to amend certain Acts in relation to survivor pension benefits","title_fr":"Loi modifiant certaines lois ayant trait aux prestations de pension du survivant","bill_num":"C-221","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/bills--projets-de-loi\/44-1\/C-221","legisinfo":"https:\/\/www.parl.ca\/legisinfo\/en\/bill\/44-1\/c-221"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/bills--projets-de-loi\/44-1\/C-221","legisinfo":"https:\/\/www.parl.ca\/LegisInfo\/fr\/projet-de-loi\/44-1\/c-221"}},"pivot":{"publication_id":703,"bill_id":266}}],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-LEG2223011M,\n author={Forsyth, Jamie and Michalyshyn, Katarina},\n title={Estimate for the entirety of Bill C-221: An act to amend certain Acts in relation to survivor pension benefits},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-LEG2223011M,\n author={Forsyth, Jamie and Michalyshyn, Katarina},\n title={\\\u0027{E}valuation des d\\\u0027{e}penses li\\\u0027{e}es \\`{a} l\u2019int\\\u0027{e}gralit\\\u0027{e} du projet de loi C-221, Loi modifiant certaines lois ayant trait aux prestations de pension du survivant},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"LEG-2223-009-M","is_published":"2022-06-21T12:57:11.000000Z","release_date":"2022-06-21T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2022-06-21T12:57:11.000000Z","type":"LEG","internal_id":"LEG-2223-009-M","title_en":"Cost estimate for the Veterans portion of Bill C-221: An act to amend certain Acts in relation to survivor pension benefits","title_fr":"\u00c9valuation du co\u00fbt de la partie du projet de loi C-221, Loi modifiant certaines lois ayant trait aux prestations de pension du survivant, qui porte sur les v\u00e9t\u00e9rans","slug":"LEG-2223-009-M--cost-estimate-veterans-portion-bill-c-221-an-act-amend-certain-acts-in-relation-survivor-pension-ben--evaluation-cout-partie-projet-loi-c-221-loi-modifiant-certaines-lois-ayant-trait-prestations-pension","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2223-009-M--cost-estimate-veterans-portion-bill-c-221-an-act-amend-certain-acts-in-relation-survivor-pension-ben--evaluation-cout-partie-projet-loi-c-221-loi-modifiant-certaines-lois-ayant-trait-prestations-pension","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2223-009-M--cost-estimate-veterans-portion-bill-c-221-an-act-amend-certain-acts-in-relation-survivor-pension-ben--evaluation-cout-partie-projet-loi-c-221-loi-modifiant-certaines-lois-ayant-trait-prestations-pension"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2223-009-M--cost-estimate-veterans-portion-bill-c-221-an-act-amend-certain-acts-in-relation-survivor-pension-ben--evaluation-cout-partie-projet-loi-c-221-loi-modifiant-certaines-lois-ayant-trait-prestations-pension","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2223-009-M--cost-estimate-veterans-portion-bill-c-221-an-act-amend-certain-acts-in-relation-survivor-pension-ben--evaluation-cout-partie-projet-loi-c-221-loi-modifiant-certaines-lois-ayant-trait-prestations-pension"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/dd6f8a70704ae9b66d3f8f92ff0132eb0becd337595815b7ac3295440124b0d6"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/709352a1d8bbe07ff6f12f1e6c6d0c493ebff3726a6d0783746d60281120ce26"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/c4e7caf53fc1adf55d0020a2702febbadb97de14b6e1e027b3b7828b490c8df5","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/9a78a79093b2b5d8b1b763ff2e8924a43e5dada2fed376eed34e39a26927542a","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f0334829e5e11ab940bf2500440657e325ea65748374b215b3fd85dac2719649","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7ad3cbfe90279dbc4f19c88e3a47df2254f4f0d38ec5bf9aa1a7b7dc40070437","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b8ad7303d3d01bf734048c10263dc2511995eb4196c4507f748141cb2edbca7c","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/92aae5513036ff438632e210c7b31ec1f85843e9c96c22dcda55a10f9e4d3906","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/6142a83ae64c30c9c8ba7f8cae8c9c6b39a3d18f4c1a07f24caf1d9f45928e0c","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/bab290bded28f23d1ab61ba2f88d201f5fd24d1a9701c4def4c778775cf3fb96"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/1bb64ab05774ec60e3e3b9d60f6f94842caba2b6546f95457d8fc593da75035e","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ab11aa7f5be750d735338fb5795b754753d65c0ef550183405642d428974e909","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2174e3ab4442212efd43beab20ebe87b56acfea49a5d948fbaceba8f9b48b560","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/147b31ceada787153ac93d1415ff82dd4ef34ddd2305d88f330e5f6bf6bda96c","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/377942e9ffe39e18ab9f59bd29f7c21b25a40e58ef9147d8b5ae2375f1b43222","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/1c0cc116b8fdde5213edf9b581c32e3f358d70d345953d4a900fd01d60ce868b","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f496542bac4a6fb146facb5a29f9933da8d18a34ae96c378a86c2ffb0d8ce19e","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/37c519e001e66354a005984db4d245801385c589d6dcffda498e0a707ad3b510"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This enactment amends certain Acts to allow the survivor of an eligible person to receive pension benefits after the death of the person even if the person and the survivor married or began cohabiting in a conjugal relationship after the person attained the age of 60 years or retired. The PBO estimates the cost of the Veterans portion of this Bill with an effective date of January 1, 2023.\n\nThe PBO estimates the Veterans portion of Bill C-221 will cost $15 million in 2022-23 for a total of $276 million over the next 5 years.","abstract_fr":"Le texte modifie certaines lois pour que les survivants des personnes admissibles puissent recevoir des prestations de pension apr\u00e8s le d\u00e9c\u00e8s des personnes en question m\u00eame si celles-ci se sont mari\u00e9es ou ont commenc\u00e9 \u00e0 cohabiter, dans le cadre d\u2019une relation conjugale, avec le survivant apr\u00e8s avoir eu 60 ans ou apr\u00e8s leur retraite. Pour estimer le co\u00fbt de la partie du projet de loi C-221 qui concerne les v\u00e9t\u00e9rans, le DPB a utilis\u00e9 le 1er janvier 2023 comme date d\u2019entr\u00e9e en vigueur du projet de loi.\n\nLe DPB estime que la partie du projet de loi C-221 qui porte sur les v\u00e9t\u00e9rans co\u00fbtera 15 millions de dollars en 2022-2023 et 276 millions de dollars en tout au cours des cinq prochaines ann\u00e9es.","highlights":[]},"bills":[{"id":266,"created_at":"2021-12-16T14:00:09-05:00","updated_at":"2022-08-30T08:57:04-04:00","legisid":"44_1_C-221","parliament":44,"session":1,"prefix":"C","number":221,"title_en":"An Act to amend certain Acts in relation to survivor pension benefits","title_fr":"Loi modifiant certaines lois ayant trait aux prestations de pension du survivant","bill_num":"C-221","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/bills--projets-de-loi\/44-1\/C-221","legisinfo":"https:\/\/www.parl.ca\/legisinfo\/en\/bill\/44-1\/c-221"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/bills--projets-de-loi\/44-1\/C-221","legisinfo":"https:\/\/www.parl.ca\/LegisInfo\/fr\/projet-de-loi\/44-1\/c-221"}},"pivot":{"publication_id":697,"bill_id":266}}],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-LEG2223009M,\n author={Forsyth, Jamie},\n title={Cost estimate for the Veterans portion of Bill C-221: An act to amend certain Acts in relation to survivor pension benefits},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-LEG2223009M,\n author={Forsyth, Jamie},\n title={\\\u0027{E}valuation du cout de la partie du projet de loi C-221, Loi modifiant certaines lois ayant trait aux prestations de pension du survivant, qui porte sur les v\\\u0027{e}t\\\u0027{e}rans},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"LEG-2223-005-S","is_published":"2022-05-20T12:57:04.000000Z","release_date":"2022-05-20T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2022-05-20T12:57:04.000000Z","type":"LEG","internal_id":"LEG-2223-005-S","title_en":"This enactment amends the Excise Tax Act in exempting psychotherapy services from the goods and services tax","title_fr":"Ce projet de loi modifie la Loi sur la taxe d\u2019accise afin d\u2019exempter les services de psychoth\u00e9rapie de la taxe sur les produits et 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PBO estimates that the implementation of Bill C-218 will reduce GST revenues by approximately $3 million in 2022-23 for a total of $76 million over the next 5 years. This cost estimate represents the reduction in GST revenues if all goods and services provided under North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) code 621330 (Offices of mental health practitioners (except physicians)) were to become GST exempt. The PBO assumes this Bill will be effective January 1, 2023.","abstract_fr":"Le DPB estime que la mise en \u0153uvre du projet de loi C-218 fera baisser les recettes provenant de la TPS d\u2019environ 3 millions de dollars en 2022-2023, et de 76 millions de dollars en tout au cours des cinq prochaines ann\u00e9es. Ces estimations de co\u00fbt correspondent \u00e0 la diminution des recettes issues de la TPS qu\u2019entra\u00eenerait l\u2019exemption de cette taxe pour tous les biens et services figurant dans le Syst\u00e8me de classification des industries de l\u2019Am\u00e9rique du Nord (SCIAN) sous le code 621330 (Cabinets de praticiens en sant\u00e9 mentale (sauf les m\u00e9decins)). 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report provides a baseline projection to help parliamentarians gauge potential economic and fiscal outcomes under current policy settings.","abstract_fr":"Ce rapport pr\u00e9sente des pr\u00e9visions de r\u00e9f\u00e9rence pour aider les parlementaires \u00e0 \u00e9valuer les r\u00e9sultats \u00e9conomiques et budg\u00e9taires possibles en vertu des cadres d\u2019action actuels.","highlights":[{"content":{"en":"PBO projects growth in the Canadian economy to rebound sharply in the second quarter and remain robust in the second half of 2022 as the reopening of the economy continues.","fr":"Le DPB pr\u00e9voit que la croissance de l\u2019\u00e9conomie canadienne reprendra nettement au cours du deuxi\u00e8me trimestre et qu\u2019elle demeurera solide durant la deuxi\u00e8me moiti\u00e9 de 2022 alors que se poursuit la r\u00e9ouverture progressive de l\u2019\u00e9conomie."}},{"content":{"en":"Based on our outlook for inflation and the output gap, PBO projects that the Bank of Canada will increase its policy interest rate by a cumulative 75 basis points, lifting its rate to 1.00 per cent by the end of 2022.","fr":"En s\u2019appuyant sur ses perspectives concernant l\u2019inflation et l\u2019\u00e9cart de production, le DPB pr\u00e9voit que la Banque du Canada va augmenter son taux directeur de 75 points de base cumulatifs, relevant le taux \u00e0 1 % d\u2019ici la fin de 2022."}},{"content":{"en":"PBO projects a budget deficit of $139.8 billion (5.6 per cent of GDP) in 2021-22 and $47.9 billion (1.8 per cent of GDP) in 2022-23. We project the federal debt-to-GDP ratio to peak at 47.7 per cent in 2021-22 and then gradually decline over the medium term to 42.3 per cent.","fr":"Le DPB pr\u00e9voit un d\u00e9ficit budg\u00e9taire de 139,8 milliards de dollars en 2021-2022 (5,6 % du PIB) et de 47,9 milliards de dollars en 2022-2023, soit 1,8 % du PIB. Le ratio de la dette f\u00e9d\u00e9rale au PIB devrait atteindre un sommet \u00e0 47,7 % du PIB en 2021-2022 avant de revenir progressivement \u00e0 moyen terme \u00e0 42,3 %."}},{"content":{"en":"Due to low interest rates, the cost of servicing the federal debt reached its lowest recorded level in 2020-21 of 7.2 per cent of tax revenues. While interest rates are projected to rise, the debt service ratio will remain low, reaching 11.5 per cent of tax revenues over the medium term.","fr":"\u00c9tant donn\u00e9 les faibles taux d\u2019int\u00e9r\u00eat, le co\u00fbt de service de la dette f\u00e9d\u00e9rale a atteint son niveau le plus bas enregistr\u00e9 en 2020-2021, \u00e0 7,2 % des recettes fiscales. Malgr\u00e9 la hausse anticip\u00e9e des taux d\u2019int\u00e9r\u00eat, le ratio du service de la dette du gouvernement demeurera bas, atteignant 11,5 % des recettes fiscales \u00e0 moyen terme."}}]},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2122030S,\n author={Nahornick, Nora and Nicol, Caroline and Stanton, Jason and Ammar, Nasreddine and Behrend, Robert and Cl\\\u0027{e}ophat, R\\\u0027{e}gine and Creighton, Mark and Duncan, Krista and Forsyth, Jamie and Giswold, Jill and MacPhee, Sarah and Michalyshyn, Katarina and Segel-Brown, Ben and Sourang, Diarra and Vanderwees, Kaitlyn},\n title={Economic and Fiscal Outlook - March 2022},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2122030S,\n author={Nahornick, Nora and Nicol, Caroline and Stanton, Jason and Ammar, Nasreddine and Behrend, Robert and Cl\\\u0027{e}ophat, R\\\u0027{e}gine and Creighton, Mark and Duncan, Krista and Forsyth, Jamie and Giswold, Jill and MacPhee, Sarah and Michalyshyn, Katarina and Segel-Brown, Ben and Sourang, Diarra and Vanderwees, Kaitlyn},\n title={Perspectives \\\u0027{e}conomiques et financi\\`{e}res - Mars 2022},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-2122-026-S","is_published":"2022-01-25T14:00:09.000000Z","release_date":"2022-01-25T14:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2022-01-25T19:19:59.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2122-026-S","title_en":"Estimated Cost of Cleaning Canada\u2019s Orphan Oil and Gas Wells","title_fr":"Co\u00fbt estimatif du nettoyage des puits de p\u00e9trole et de gaz orphelins du Canada","slug":"RP-2122-026-S--estimated-cost-cleaning-canada-orphan-oil-gas-wells--cout-estimatif-nettoyage-puits-petrole-gaz-orphelins-canada","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-026-S--estimated-cost-cleaning-canada-orphan-oil-gas-wells--cout-estimatif-nettoyage-puits-petrole-gaz-orphelins-canada","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-026-S--estimated-cost-cleaning-canada-orphan-oil-gas-wells--cout-estimatif-nettoyage-puits-petrole-gaz-orphelins-canada"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-026-S--estimated-cost-cleaning-canada-orphan-oil-gas-wells--cout-estimatif-nettoyage-puits-petrole-gaz-orphelins-canada","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-026-S--estimated-cost-cleaning-canada-orphan-oil-gas-wells--cout-estimatif-nettoyage-puits-petrole-gaz-orphelins-canada"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/44de649e994977a9771ff83959ba6b9563f5c1352ec3ba4f83c4d256f40a6b41"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/f585eece167a9e98232eb8d15328ed76e09bb696570696c30c74563b12fdf372"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d4e0ecf34f5d12d1b64dd5f4d9605becb8acc3fc302f78daa20f5d23986b3e45","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/298c53fb22cbe648e4e37495fc1b21c69380d10f3970664424ec3c9f49458570","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0f6d4cc449be234f168eed4104bdb9f7725e80b8cc3ad794bb8af3c485f9a889","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f17a98f0f15f2a195fb328720db39ede71a36c200344ea6bf95a216df3c6a220","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f8e6d08a42f5bec5259eb322484a5786b9b9329027553c01cfc989650329f015","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0e26f6be2f697a34dd41e3ceafacfedd608dabc21140656936408a3ae55f7345","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/55db93ffef1cb2e763f7f0d85d316b44d1260ccfc3b90924b37d23243a156c44","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7bab4d2a0100fd990d04585f292e06cfb07a8d377d20aad8cc9b103aaa76679c"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2b81d11ec243452923f8f8ee36b862734b4e6042f5f6b555a0d7520acafc535d","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2f158c1bb8186bb59a4197cf80ea0c1fca6ae3b40f2d8d8ac087f990e41cd262","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/28123725e5913a6c524bdb0cb7d25d14290c37a03da60f0d917d48687ae1489b","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/10bdca80b721d140a4a8fd8f44e8b606de47c470f8e104010480318af36bd825","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/bdd75b3fdfa6799ad884e571c4e745ee8d7968f5534fc2c83232881addfb2b87","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/bce6438977d2c57d79b3fec5cd6d6c503f235e66f81978075ebe458f79bcc768","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/c5ae7a640cd9847ecd75566f59aa51e5cfda63faea213b4ed39749a97880e1cd","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/501cffb7335188d56ffb5a137bb7e1ce225880338f49c2d7bf5dd0e767a04f04"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This report provides an independent estimate of the cost of cleaning Canada\u2019s orphan oil and gas wells.","abstract_fr":"Le pr\u00e9sent rapport fournit une estimation ind\u00e9pendante du co\u00fbt du nettoyage des puits de p\u00e9trole et de gaz orphelins du Canada.","highlights":[{"content":{"en":"As of 2020, roughly 36 per cent of all wells in Alberta and Saskatchewan are active, the lowest share in recorded history. Inactive and plugged wells make up roughly 37 per cent of all wells.","fr":"En 2020, environ 36 % de tous les puits de l\u2019Alberta et de la Saskatchewan \u00e9taient actifs, soit le taux le plus faible jamais enregistr\u00e9. Les puits inactifs et colmat\u00e9s repr\u00e9sentent environ 37 % de tous les puits."}},{"content":{"en":"Provincial regulators require oil and natural gas companies to close inactive well sites. In the case where there is no known, financially viable operator capable of addressing the environmental liabilities associated with closing their wells, the wells under the company are deemed orphaned.","fr":"Les organismes de r\u00e9glementation provinciaux exigent que les entreprises p\u00e9troli\u00e8res et gazi\u00e8res ferment les puits inactifs. Les puits d\u2019une entreprise sont consid\u00e9r\u00e9s comme orphelins dans le cas o\u00f9 il n\u2019y a pas d\u2019exploitant connu et financi\u00e8rement viable qui soit capable de s\u2019acquitter des responsabilit\u00e9s environnementales associ\u00e9es \u00e0 la fermeture de ceux-ci."}},{"content":{"en":"In Alberta, the number of orphaned wells has increased from 700 to more than 8,600 over the last 10 years.","fr":"En Alberta, le nombre de puits orphelins est pass\u00e9 de 700 \u00e0 plus de 8 600 au cours des dix derni\u00e8res ann\u00e9es."}},{"content":{"en":"PBO estimates the cumulative cost for orphan well clean-up, on a national level, to be $361 million as of 2020.","fr":"Le DPB estime le co\u00fbt cumulatif du nettoyage des puits orphelins \u00e0 361 millions de dollars, \u00e0 l\u2019\u00e9chelle nationale, en 2020."}},{"content":{"en":"PBO estimates the cost of orphan well clean-up in Canada to reach $1.1 billion by 2025.","fr":"Le DPB estime que le co\u00fbt du nettoyage des puits orphelins au Canada atteindra 1,1 milliard de dollars d\u2019ici 2025."}},{"content":{"en":"At face value, the $1.7 billion allocated by the federal government through the Covid-19 Economic Response should be sufficient to cover the estimated clean-up of inactive oil and gas wells in the medium term. However, current provincial allocations give rise to an outstanding risk in the medium-term that the projected liability could persist if funding continues to be allocated to firms that do not have acute financial risk.","fr":"\u00c0 premi\u00e8re vue, la somme de 1,7 milliard de dollars allou\u00e9e dans le cadre du Plan d\u2019intervention \u00e9conomique du Canada pour r\u00e9pondre \u00e0 la COVID-19 devrait \u00eatre suffisante pour couvrir le co\u00fbt estimatif du nettoyage des puits de p\u00e9trole et de gaz inactifs \u00e0 moyen terme. Toutefois, il existe un risque \u00e0 moyen terme que les passifs projet\u00e9s persistent si les provinces continuent d\u2019attribuer des fonds aux entreprises qui n\u2019ont pas de risque financier \u00e9lev\u00e9."}}]},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2122026S,\n author={Forsyth, Jamie and Nahornick, Nora},\n title={Estimated Cost of Cleaning Canada\u2019s Orphan Oil and Gas Wells},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2122026S,\n author={Forsyth, Jamie and Nahornick, Nora},\n title={Cout estimatif du nettoyage des puits de p\\\u0027{e}trole et de gaz orphelins du Canada},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} 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bill legislates 10 paid sick days for employees in federally regulated workplaces who do not have access to at least 10 paid sick days, including the federally regulated private sector (FRPS) and employees of federal Crown corporations.\nThe PBO estimates that this amendment will generate a total revenue of $229 million over four years (from 2021-22 to 2024-25).","abstract_fr":"Le projet de loi l\u00e9gif\u00e8re l\u2019octroi de 10 jours de cong\u00e9 de maladie pay\u00e9 aux employ\u00e9s travaillant dans des lieux de travail de comp\u00e9tence f\u00e9d\u00e9rale qui n\u2019ont pas acc\u00e8s \u00e0 au moins 10 jours de cong\u00e9 de maladie pay\u00e9, ce qui comprend les employ\u00e9s du secteur priv\u00e9 sous r\u00e9glementation f\u00e9d\u00e9rale (SPRF) et ceux des soci\u00e9t\u00e9s d\u2019\u00c9tat f\u00e9d\u00e9rales.\nLe DPB estime que cette modification g\u00e9n\u00e9rera au total des recettes de 229 millions de dollars sur quatre ans (de 2021-2022 \u00e0 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sector)},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-LEG2122024S,\n author={Forsyth, Jamie},\n title={\\\u0027{E}valuation du cout du projet de loi C-3, Loi modifiant le Code criminel et le Code canadien du travail (10 jours de cong\\\u0027{e} de maladie pay\\\u0027{e} par ann\\\u0027{e}e pour les travailleurs du secteur priv\\\u0027{e} sous r\\\u0027{e}glementation f\\\u0027{e}d\\\u0027{e}rale)},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-2122-015-M","is_published":"2021-11-24T14:00:08.000000Z","release_date":"2021-11-24T14:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-11-24T14:00:08.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2122-015-M","title_en":"Bill C-83 and the Cost of Structured Intervention Units","title_fr":"Le projet de loi C-83 et le co\u00fbt des unit\u00e9s d\u2019intervention 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This report was prepared at the request of Senator Kim Pate.","abstract_fr":"Ce rapport, r\u00e9dig\u00e9 \u00e0 la demande de la s\u00e9natrice Kim Pate, est une mise \u00e0 jour de l\u2019analyse du co\u00fbt de mise en \u0153uvre des unit\u00e9s d\u2019intervention structur\u00e9es pr\u00e9vues dans le projet de loi C 83.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2122015M,\n author={Forsyth, Jamie},\n title={Bill C-83 and the Cost of Structured Intervention Units},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2122015M,\n author={Forsyth, Jamie},\n title={Le projet de loi C-83 et le cout des unit\\\u0027{e}s d\u2019intervention structur\\\u0027{e}e},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} 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parliamentarians expressed interest in a PBO analysis, in both dollar and per-capita terms, of provincial\/territorial health care funding and funding for First Nations and Inuit by Indigenous Services Canada through the First Nations and Inuit Health Branch.\n\nThis report provides an analytical overview of federal and provincial\/territorial government health spending for the First Nations and Inuit population. It does not attempt to establish a spending gap between federal government health spending for First Nations and Inuit and provincial\/territorial government health spending for all residents of Canada.","abstract_fr":"Plusieurs parlementaires ont indiqu\u00e9 qu\u2019il serait utile que le DPB produise une analyse, en dollars et par habitant, du financement provincial et territorial des soins de sant\u00e9 ainsi que du financement que verse Services aux Autochtones Canada pour les Premi\u00e8res Nations et les Inuits par l\u2019interm\u00e9diaire de la Direction g\u00e9n\u00e9rale de la sant\u00e9 des Premi\u00e8res Nations et des Inuits.\n\nCe rapport offre un aper\u00e7u analytique des d\u00e9penses des gouvernements f\u00e9d\u00e9ral, provinciaux et territoriaux pour les soins de sant\u00e9 aux populations inuites et des Premi\u00e8res Nations. Il ne vise pas \u00e0 \u00e9tablir s\u2019il existe un \u00e9cart entre les d\u00e9penses du gouvernement f\u00e9d\u00e9ral pour les soins de sant\u00e9 aux Premi\u00e8res Nations et aux Inuits et les d\u00e9penses des gouvernements provinciaux et territoriaux pour tous les r\u00e9sidents du Canada.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2122005S,\n author={Behrend, Robert and Forsyth, Jamie and Mohamed Ahmed, Salma},\n title={Federal Spending on First Nations and Inuit Health Care},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2122005S,\n author={Behrend, Robert and Forsyth, Jamie and Mohamed Ahmed, Salma},\n title={D\\\u0027{e}penses f\\\u0027{e}d\\\u0027{e}rales pour les soins de sant\\\u0027{e} aux Premi\\`{e}res Nations et aux Inuits},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} 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Government of Canada proposes to provide up to $3.16 billion, over ten years, to partner with provinces, territories, non-governmental organizations, Indigenous communities and municipalities to plant 2 billion trees.","abstract_fr":"Le gouvernement du Canada propose de fournir jusqu\u2019\u00e0 3,16 milliards de dollars sur 10 ans en vue de permettre de planter 2 milliards d\u2019arbres, en partenariat avec les provinces, les territoires, des organisations non gouvernementales, des communaut\u00e9s autochtones et des municipalit\u00e9s.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-LEG2021060S,\n author={Forsyth, Jamie},\n title={Financial Support for Planting 2 Billion Trees},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-LEG2021060S,\n author={Forsyth, Jamie},\n title={Soutien financier pour la plantation de deux milliards d\u2019arbres},\n institution={Bureau du directeur 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Financial results for fiscal year 2019-20 shown in this report are PBO estimates and not final Public Accounts results.","abstract_fr":"Le pr\u00e9sent rapport propose une pr\u00e9vision de r\u00e9f\u00e9rence pour aider les parlementaires \u00e0 \u00e9valuer les r\u00e9sultats \u00e9conomiques et financiers possibles dans le cadre des politiques actuelles. **Les perspectives du DPB ne constituent pas une pr\u00e9diction des r\u00e9sultats \u00e9conomiques et financiers futurs.**\n\nCe rapport tient compte des mesures budg\u00e9taires f\u00e9d\u00e9rales annonc\u00e9es jusqu\u2019au 1er septembre 2020 inclusivement. Les r\u00e9sultats financiers de l\u2019exercice 2019-2020 pr\u00e9sent\u00e9s dans ce rapport sont des estimations du DPB et non les r\u00e9sultats d\u00e9finitifs des comptes publics.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2021027S,\n author={Grinshpoon, Kristina and Scholz, Tim and Behrend, Robert and Bergeron, \\\u0027{E}tienne and Devakos, Tessa and Elmarzougui, Eskandar and Forsyth, Jamie and Giswold, Jill and Liberge-Simard, Rapha\\\u0022{e}l and MacPhee, Sarah and Mohamed Ahmed, Salma and Nahornick, Nora and Nicol, Caroline and Sourang, Diarra and Wodrich, Nigel},\n title={Economic and Fiscal Outlook - September 2020},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2021027S,\n author={Grinshpoon, Kristina and Scholz, Tim and Behrend, Robert and Bergeron, \\\u0027{E}tienne and Devakos, Tessa and Elmarzougui, Eskandar and Forsyth, Jamie and Giswold, Jill and 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(PAIOTET)","slug":"LEG-2021-025-S--mandatory-isolation-support-temporary-foreign-workers-program-mistfwp--programme-aide-isolement-obligatoire-travailleurs-etrangers-temporaires-paiotet","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2021-025-S--mandatory-isolation-support-temporary-foreign-workers-program-mistfwp--programme-aide-isolement-obligatoire-travailleurs-etrangers-temporaires-paiotet","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2021-025-S--mandatory-isolation-support-temporary-foreign-workers-program-mistfwp--programme-aide-isolement-obligatoire-travailleurs-etrangers-temporaires-paiotet"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2021-025-S--mandatory-isolation-support-temporary-foreign-workers-program-mistfwp--programme-aide-isolement-obligatoire-travailleurs-etrangers-temporaires-paiotet","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2021-025-S--mandatory-isolation-support-temporary-foreign-workers-program-mistfwp--programme-aide-isolement-obligatoire-travailleurs-etrangers-temporaires-paiotet"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/fcc7721397f4e5327bfb1b4e330ce08702619afdafd7d9906f108e1418ad06bb"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/6ae09db012ccbf0e2349811f311d160ad6c7c15c32a0c1e3ddce4a9030fe2b39"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d39094f80dc96d2e26e860d82026636b6bbf5d69","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/06d665160ab7c79a4fabd5c2300dbd5257879063","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/baa1203bdf5185b9c882b3171146957b75b10ce5","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/709ed9086766c303b3b2ed558933abe5dcf3e007","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/07b334ad0f74919cd9eaa69d33a7f11752302704","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b98acd425b35e8aff7ad8de46b874374b15ccb61","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/530e7d3f3c6d82510b8825b128904a68c244559d","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/194a2f2260b1d849b55e99bd2ffe0cf80c0789a8"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b41742ac2f86d2c9d399dfc4df35f060e075738b","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/95c63cf043f54a20dd5e26a2e48286cd638e7e23","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/eb2301b487fa577cd5f1ae685f93ed781b1bf102","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8d1b0e1f26531dd01b9702a094b1a429354d2e26","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/cb39c707a8990c56aebddca2059cac8dd40f8914","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/decf54a314654644b195a9a0716cd3a33cbf220d","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0701b8fd1721dd61991e69a6455e976621956204","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/48a7c8f88896c24306c4613b4c18a743e4226c98"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"The 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The program reimburses employers for costs associated with the mandatory 14-day isolation period for temporary foreign workers after entering Canada. \nEmployers are reimbursed for expenses incurred after March 25th, 2020 up to a maximum of $1,500 per TFW.\nPBO estimates 39,689 workers will be eligible for the program and the program will have a total cost of $59.5 million in 2020-2021.","abstract_fr":"Le Programme d\u2019aide pour l\u2019isolement obligatoire des travailleurs \u00e9trangers temporaires (PAIOTET) est une subvention destin\u00e9e aux employeurs qui embauchent des travailleurs \u00e9trangers temporaires (TET) dans les m\u00e9tiers de l\u2019approvisionnement alimentaire, comme dans l\u2019agriculture, les p\u00eaches ainsi que la production et la transformation des aliments. Le programme permet de rembourser aux employeurs les d\u00e9penses encourues pour la p\u00e9riode d\u2019isolement obligatoire de 14 jours impos\u00e9e aux travailleurs \u00e9trangers temporaires \u00e0 leur entr\u00e9e au Canada.\nLes employeurs obtiennent ainsi un remboursement maximal de 1 500 dollars par travailleur \u00e9tranger temporaire pour les d\u00e9penses engag\u00e9es apr\u00e8s le 25 mars 2020.\nLe DPB \u00e9value \u00e0 39 689 le nombre de travailleurs admissibles, et estime que le programme co\u00fbtera en tout 59,5 millions de dollars en 2020 2021.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-LEG2021025S,\n author={Forsyth, Jamie and Worswick, Aidan},\n title={Mandatory Isolation Support for Temporary Foreign Workers Program (MISTFWP)},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-LEG2021025S,\n author={Forsyth, Jamie and Worswick, Aidan},\n 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report provides an updated scenario analysis that incorporates a revised economic scenario and new federal measures announced up to and including April 24, as well as updated estimates of previously announced measures.","abstract_fr":"Le pr\u00e9sent rapport fournit une mise \u00e0 jour de l\u2019analyse de sc\u00e9nario. Il comprend un sc\u00e9nario \u00e9conomique r\u00e9vis\u00e9 et des estimations de co\u00fbts mises \u00e0 jour pour les mesures annonc\u00e9es pr\u00e9c\u00e9demment. De plus, il tient compte des nouvelles mesures f\u00e9d\u00e9rales annonc\u00e9es jusqu\u2019au 24 avril inclusivement.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2021005S,\n author={Grinshpoon, Kristina and Nicol, Caroline and Scholz, Tim and Behrend, Robert and Bergeron, \\\u0027{E}tienne and Devakos, Tessa and Forsyth, Jamie and Giswold, Jill and Liberge-Simard, Rapha\\\u0022{e}l and MacPhee, Sarah and Mohamed Ahmed, Salma and Wodrich, Nigel},\n title={Scenario Analysis Update: COVID-19 Pandemic and Oil Price Shocks},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2021005S,\n author={Grinshpoon, Kristina and Nicol, Caroline and Scholz, Tim and Behrend, Robert and Bergeron, \\\u0027{E}tienne and Devakos, Tessa and Forsyth, Jamie and Giswold, Jill and Liberge-Simard, Rapha\\\u0022{e}l and MacPhee, Sarah and Mohamed Ahmed, Salma and Wodrich, Nigel},\n title={Mise \\`{a} jour de l\u2019analyse de sc\\\u0027{e}nario : chocs dus \\`{a} la pand\\\u0027{e}mie de la COVID-19 et \\`{a} la chute des prix du p\\\u0027{e}trole},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"LEG-2021-011-S","is_published":"2021-05-11T18:10:13.000000Z","release_date":"2020-04-24T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-05-11T19:08:46.000000Z","type":"LEG","internal_id":"LEG-2021-011-S","title_en":"Work-Sharing program for those affected by COVID-19","title_fr":"Programme de travail partag\u00e9 (TP) pour les personnes touch\u00e9es par la 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March 15, 2020 to March 14, 2021, and not limited to one specific sector or industry, the Government of Canada introduced temporary special measures to the Work-Sharing (WS) program to support employers and employees affected by COVID-19. These include extending the maximum duration of a WS agreement from 38 weeks to 76 weeks, waiving the mandatory cooling off period for those already using the WS program, easing recovery plan requirements, and expanding eligibility. PBO estimates total net cost of this measure to be $125 million in 2020-21. This includes an estimated program cost of $144 million and an estimated saving of $19 million from personal income taxes on the EI benefits. The EI Account is financed by employee and employer contributions; under legislation, any additional costs have to be recouped by contributions over the next seven years. The time horizon for this costing is aligned to the Economic and Fiscal Scenario PBO published on March 27, 2020, which only extends to 2020-21. There are likely fiscal impacts from this measure for subsequent years.","abstract_fr":"Le gouvernement du Canada a adopt\u00e9 des mesures sp\u00e9ciales temporaires dans le cadre du Programme de travail partag\u00e9 afin de venir en aide aux employeurs et aux travailleurs touch\u00e9s par la COVID-19. Ces mesures, qui seront en vigueur du 15 mars 2020 au 14 mars 2021 et ne se limiteront pas \u00e0 un secteur ou \u00e0 une industrie en particulier, consistent notamment \u00e0 prolonger la dur\u00e9e maximale d\u2019un accord de travail partag\u00e9 (qui passera de 38 \u00e0 76 semaines), \u00e0 supprimer la p\u00e9riode d\u2019attente obligatoire pour les employeurs qui utilisent d\u00e9j\u00e0 le Programme, \u00e0 r\u00e9duire les exigences relatives \u00e0 la planification de reprise et \u00e0 \u00e9largir l\u2019admissibilit\u00e9 au programme. Le DPB estime le co\u00fbt net total de cette mesure \u00e0 125 millions de dollars en 2020-2021. Ce montant comprend un co\u00fbt estim\u00e9 de 144 millions de dollars pour le Programme et une \u00e9conomie estimative de 19 millions de dollars au titre de l\u2019imp\u00f4t sur le revenu des particuliers retenu sur les prestations d\u2019assurance-emploi. Le Compte de l\u2019assurance-emploi est financ\u00e9 \u00e0 l\u2019aide des cotisations des employ\u00e9s et des employeurs; selon la loi, toutes les d\u00e9penses additionnelles doivent \u00eatre recouvr\u00e9es au moyen des cotisations au cours des sept ann\u00e9es suivantes. La p\u00e9riode de cette \u00e9valuation des co\u00fbts correspond au sc\u00e9nario \u00e9conomique et financier publi\u00e9 par le DPB le 27 mars 2020, qui s\u2019\u00e9tend uniquement jusqu\u2019en 2020-2021. La mesure aura vraisemblablement des r\u00e9percussions financi\u00e8res au cours des exercices suivants.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-LEG2021011S,\n author={Forsyth, Jamie and Giswold, Jill},\n title={Work-Sharing program for those affected by COVID-19},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-LEG2021011S,\n author={Forsyth, Jamie and Giswold, Jill},\n title={Programme de travail partag\\\u0027{e} (TP) pour les personnes touch\\\u0027{e}es par la COVID-19},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-1920-033-S","is_published":"2021-08-16T16:22:05.000000Z","release_date":"2020-03-27T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-10-29T17:38:09.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-1920-033-S","title_en":"Scenario Analysis: COVID-19 Pandemic and Oil Price Shocks","title_fr":"Analyse de sc\u00e9nario : chocs dus \u00e0 la pand\u00e9mie de la COVID-19 et \u00e0 la chute des prix du p\u00e9trole","slug":"RP-1920-033-S--scenario-analysis-covid-19-pandemic-oil-price-shocks--analyse-scenario-chocs-dus-pandemie-covid-19-chute-prix-petrole","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-1920-033-S--scenario-analysis-covid-19-pandemic-oil-price-shocks--analyse-scenario-chocs-dus-pandemie-covid-19-chute-prix-petrole","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-1920-033-S--scenario-analysis-covid-19-pandemic-oil-price-shocks--analyse-scenario-chocs-dus-pandemie-covid-19-chute-prix-petrole"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-1920-033-S--scenario-analysis-covid-19-pandemic-oil-price-shocks--analyse-scenario-chocs-dus-pandemie-covid-19-chute-prix-petrole","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-1920-033-S--scenario-analysis-covid-19-pandemic-oil-price-shocks--analyse-scenario-chocs-dus-pandemie-covid-19-chute-prix-petrole"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/e5fb85d35b55745a32a251ea1d899e238bd60756a8d0988790cdf04a403556d1"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/6c855322056c35206c7db49090b4ac6a11501bfef020688a3a4eddf1371e85c0"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/27ad35f229725585df81e11775d79589aec3c3d356f7c389671ef66d64474b17","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5b54921f3fe664f78155d1d405fa40915b6b1dcf3ffbd379da70af196d0ae330","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/1d184f5eb4e850c5c55f7e961d45cc00c7bc90cb68f184889fd18a7da48e1185","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/1d5b4bf8e9727662ee5f1e9105cd75275eab6c3aff72dd054afaf073ef5e715e","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/500bba7fd764409b754519e7090d908c13542568c3ba420d2a240cd892a31440","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/12ee63336eafc3220ccf16375feb89f1bd03feb51688f5edd4de7d92d4061f3b","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/346680eecc32cf2b8ce730032cc236a2dc0927b06731eb3b496d4dbcf0f2f7e2","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/615f1ee7a4c5daadeff8c89961d4920aa5dddf914e4379390eb52abf09c13db1"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/509cca6b04822adeca381ff59ef23817c5bba55caf29b8a12bdc623522eb0607","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/87b9bfb9d4eded2010992b8d3615a8233f02f9343238f8cd178245e4503b2274","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a7626f980dd3b8dd956e04989058a90e5d9ae29a141fd1d99d1ebcc80ebe3a48","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/39ab2300377061feca191aaf12cb825b20c7ef3f8de7cb50e60d6fa3c95b5ff7","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ce71cfb8a2af718e633e371979dbb8c476829fbef7b158a71c45ab119fd71b77","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/99c639ca2c734081a13345242a962f344bcaa06aeeccad0f8b26d644f9f1e349","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/94eb274b73fcf3790e0f6dbc8e24ae0eec073076409eacc4b22f35727049c3dd","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a223b8781d7f2cea853ed56670989cd1d5a6db3d4931f1b35278740323dfef78"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This report provides a scenario analysis to help parliamentarians gauge potential economic and fiscal implications of the COVID-19 pandemic and recent oil market developments. This report incorporates data available up to and including 23 March 2020. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are reported at annual rates.","abstract_fr":"Le pr\u00e9sent rapport propose une analyse de sc\u00e9nario pour aider les parlementaires \u00e0 \u00e9valuer les possibles r\u00e9percussions \u00e9conomiques et financi\u00e8res de la pand\u00e9mie de COVID-19 et des d\u00e9veloppements r\u00e9cents sur le march\u00e9 du p\u00e9trole. Ce rapport comprend les donn\u00e9es disponibles en date du 23 mars 2020. Sauf indication contraire, tous les taux sont annualis\u00e9s.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP1920033S,\n author={Behrend, Robert and Bergeron, \\\u0027{E}tienne and Devakos, Tessa and Forsyth, Jamie and Giswold, Jill and Grinshpoon, Kristina and Liberge-Simard, Rapha\\\u0022{e}l and MacPhee, Sarah and Nicol, Caroline and Scholz, Tim and Wodrich, Nigel},\n title={Scenario Analysis: COVID-19 Pandemic and Oil Price Shocks},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP1920033S,\n author={Behrend, Robert and Bergeron, \\\u0027{E}tienne and Devakos, Tessa and Forsyth, Jamie and Giswold, Jill and Grinshpoon, Kristina and Liberge-Simard, Rapha\\\u0022{e}l and MacPhee, Sarah and Nicol, Caroline and Scholz, Tim and Wodrich, Nigel},\n title={Analyse de sc\\\u0027{e}nario : chocs dus \\`{a} la pand\\\u0027{e}mie de la COVID-19 et \\`{a} la chute des prix du p\\\u0027{e}trole},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"LEG-1920-002-M","is_published":"2021-05-13T12:19:13.000000Z","release_date":"2020-03-25T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-05-13T12:29:26.000000Z","type":"LEG","internal_id":"LEG-1920-002-M","title_en":"Cost Estimate of Bill C-221, An Act to amend the Income Tax Act (oil and gas wells)","title_fr":"\u00c9valuation du co\u00fbt du projet de loi C-221, Loi modifiant la Loi de l\u2019imp\u00f4t sur le revenu (puits de p\u00e9trole ou de gaz)","slug":"LEG-1920-002-M--cost-estimate-bill-c-221-an-act-amend-income-tax-act-oil-gas-wells--evaluation-cout-projet-loi-c-221-loi-modifiant-loi-impot-revenu-puits-petrole-ou-gaz","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-1920-002-M--cost-estimate-bill-c-221-an-act-amend-income-tax-act-oil-gas-wells--evaluation-cout-projet-loi-c-221-loi-modifiant-loi-impot-revenu-puits-petrole-ou-gaz","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-1920-002-M--cost-estimate-bill-c-221-an-act-amend-income-tax-act-oil-gas-wells--evaluation-cout-projet-loi-c-221-loi-modifiant-loi-impot-revenu-puits-petrole-ou-gaz"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-1920-002-M--cost-estimate-bill-c-221-an-act-amend-income-tax-act-oil-gas-wells--evaluation-cout-projet-loi-c-221-loi-modifiant-loi-impot-revenu-puits-petrole-ou-gaz","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-1920-002-M--cost-estimate-bill-c-221-an-act-amend-income-tax-act-oil-gas-wells--evaluation-cout-projet-loi-c-221-loi-modifiant-loi-impot-revenu-puits-petrole-ou-gaz"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/8c218eeff31132bee838075f39b4511b40eb2520ad8834d11645696c118a2950"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/5468c35f9d5828cbece467f061359b7223387e926e5e7e1bdbe96924b67b7fd9"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/4069fd9e3cb775a4c232cc89071834f6c23d51a96eb1fa23f532867d9467fd26","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/466b827aab53ebc1fc10c01364dd50b0cad8d32522be29b444607cdf763f3d98","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/c089b47c42431e7861928dd8fdcc596f8e3f35cfdd879a823e2be3d70a41dedf","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/6e3b2fe8b9ae29bf5d9a922f7982f1cc269f83df259ada6c2bd4ed317e276679","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/eea75d95aaf5df8da6cb325e65011307b284e46971ac7fe89dbe8307508c55d2","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8f79f3797a36d80fd8c5f61804d0320aa889ebafee116b6d8d918dd5b5968f7e","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/491f9a3db3372a6a6049bb89f88b1dacc5099e760d672eeac9edbadf7d1e317e","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/16bcc86de4b5f9c8c989e052ebf5c2a45cd7f45cee169fe0f18dd1001c5b4ce8"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b6a6962d3f6ece3451e4b64cf129d69a98ac8687a69388b68d0318c5b3e9913e","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/60ee079d1180deb8bdfd2a2a7f1296e8ddf7d65b124f2fe7959c621c7c09368d","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/cefbb9187fa525b30238548a2dc87477f39fbbe11118abb4389c52d0f6ce9f56","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ccf5c02faf693618e7daad134d40986e38fa468ea6ddbee2db9e036f51a72afa","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/6f1f37a191b2bcf805f21d1ee64f50e14c9d835a96e3fcf857f234ef4b78f7de","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/c709fb620fd7597ccc6627299cefa5b9ea6fec3c12c9d20be29f4465d739db55","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e44e15d19e808d85c72a5047b4bd8549b3c9d364c9070b10c9b6f53eeabf8fb9","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7cf7f0ec1aa115d48f996e5cbb5aa54ef1303d0c32ad196c8057b57e1227aba5"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"The bill establishes an income tax credit for qualifying corporations equal to the corporation\u2019s general rate reduction percentage for the taxation year multiplied by the total of all expenses incurred by the corporation in that taxation year for the closure of an oil or gas well. This tax credit applies to expenses incurred after 2019 and before 2026. A qualifying corporation is defined as a corporation that owns one or more oil or gas wells in Canada which, for a taxation year, produced on average a total quantity of oil or gas that is less than 100,000 barrels of oil equivalent per day. To be considered for this tax credit the oil or gas well must be plugged and capped, surface structures and associated infrastructure dismantled, and the surface restored to its previous condition. PBO estimates the cost of this tax credit to be $264 million over its lifespan. The cost per year will depend on the total number of wells fully reclaimed in a given year.","abstract_fr":"Le projet de loi cr\u00e9e un cr\u00e9dit d\u2019imp\u00f4t pour les soci\u00e9t\u00e9s admissibles correspondant au produit du pourcentage de r\u00e9duction du taux g\u00e9n\u00e9ral qui leur est applicable pour l\u2019ann\u00e9e par le total des d\u00e9penses qu\u2019elles ont engag\u00e9es au cours de l\u2019ann\u00e9e pour la fermeture d\u2019un puits de p\u00e9trole ou de gaz. Ce cr\u00e9dit d\u2019imp\u00f4t s\u2019applique aux d\u00e9penses engag\u00e9es apr\u00e8s 2019, mais avant 2026. Par soci\u00e9t\u00e9 admissible, on entend une soci\u00e9t\u00e9 poss\u00e9dant un ou plusieurs puits de p\u00e9trole ou de gaz qui sont situ\u00e9s au Canada et qui, pour une ann\u00e9e d\u2019imposition, ont produit chaque jour en moyenne une quantit\u00e9 totale de p\u00e9trole ou de gaz inf\u00e9rieure \u00e0 100 000 barils \u00e9quivalent p\u00e9trole. Pour qu\u2019une soci\u00e9t\u00e9 puisse se pr\u00e9valoir de ce cr\u00e9dit d\u2019imp\u00f4t, il faut que les puits soient obtur\u00e9s et ferm\u00e9s, que les structures de surface et les infrastructures connexes aient \u00e9t\u00e9 d\u00e9mantel\u00e9es, et que la surface ait \u00e9t\u00e9 remise dans son \u00e9tat ant\u00e9rieur. Le DPB estime que ce cr\u00e9dit d\u2019imp\u00f4t co\u00fbtera, au bout du compte, 264 millions de dollars. Le co\u00fbt annuel d\u00e9pendra du nombre total de puits enti\u00e8rement remis en \u00e9tat une ann\u00e9e donn\u00e9e.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-LEG1920002M,\n author={Forsyth, Jamie},\n title={Cost Estimate of Bill C-221, An Act to amend the Income Tax Act (oil and gas wells)},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-LEG1920002M,\n author={Forsyth, Jamie},\n title={\\\u0027{E}valuation du cout du projet de loi C-221, Loi modifiant la Loi de l\u2019imp\\^{o}t sur le revenu (puits de p\\\u0027{e}trole ou de gaz)},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-1920-22","is_published":"2021-08-06T17:49:11.000000Z","release_date":"2019-11-14T14:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-08-06T18:23:05.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-1920-22","title_en":"Economic and Fiscal Outlook \u2013 November 2019","title_fr":"Perspectives \u00e9conomiques et financi\u00e8res - 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November 2019},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2019,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP192022,\n author={Grinshpoon, Kristina and Nicol, Caroline and Ammar, Nasreddine and Behrend, Robert and Bergeron, \\\u0027{E}tienne and Devakos, Tessa and Elmarzougui, Eskandar and Forsyth, Jamie and Giswold, Jill and Liberge-Simard, Rapha\\\u0022{e}l and MacPhee, Sarah and Scholz, Tim and Sourang, Diarra and Wodrich, Nigel},\n title={Perspectives \\\u0027{e}conomiques et financi\\`{e}res - Novembre 2019},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2019,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}}