[{"label":"Accueil","url":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr"},{"label":"\u00c9quipe","url":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/staff--equipe","section":{"id":1,"title_en":"About","title_fr":"\u00c0 propos"}},{"label":"Rolande Kpekou Tossou","url":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/staff--equipe\/rolande-kpekou-tossou","section":{"id":1,"title_en":"About","title_fr":"\u00c0 propos"}}]

Rolande Kpekou Tossou

Analyste

Rolande Kpekou est analyste économique au Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget. Récemment, elle a été économiste principale au Conference Board du Canada.

Avant de se joindre au Conference Board du Canada, elle a passé beaucoup de temps à la Banque du Canada en tant que stagiaire au niveau du doctorat, consultante et analyste en statistique.

Rolande est titulaire d’un doctorat en économie de l’Université Laval et d’une maîtrise en statistique et en économétrie de l’École d’économie de Toulouse.

Publications récentes

    {"id":"RP-2223-020-S","is_published":"2022-11-10T13:57:05.000000Z","release_date":"2022-11-10T14:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2022-11-10T13:57:05.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2223-020-S","title_en":"Risk Scenario Analysis \u2014 November 2022","title_fr":"Analyse de sc\u00e9nario de risque \u2014 Novembre 2022","slug":"RP-2223-020-S--risk-scenario-analysis-november-2022--analyse-scenario-risque-novembre-2022","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2223-020-S--risk-scenario-analysis-november-2022--analyse-scenario-risque-novembre-2022","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2223-020-S--risk-scenario-analysis-november-2022--analyse-scenario-risque-novembre-2022"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2223-020-S--risk-scenario-analysis-november-2022--analyse-scenario-risque-novembre-2022","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2223-020-S--risk-scenario-analysis-november-2022--analyse-scenario-risque-novembre-2022"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/1784db049839a6abc9fce1862c044808c8f5395a2e6cd4ff6bc72ed642de352b"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/4add25f0f3fe0524f9c433ba45ef4924dabde62e3e5d5e7f973ae656a4d43a70"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/9ba2db66a0231ab8aa5b2c0099153c6042de983e216631333fdbd030fee443a4","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3caca905b6e0bb2962ed687fe19c6cc86a1090a6d695b4da233285a878bb7919","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3f6fa1760a0bae5d2a6d3edcab270fa53a490feb8e2d12f1de11d6ebfe3f3a7e","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/24b7f01db1ed2e1c05e4a4bf3855260440c9a2f9b0bc21dbe5d1295689d019c3","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b386a4acb137ce93d95c5a358bb89f1aa3ec86457664e9b9549510e0825ba487","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3cebe4cb090ff42b371b22f59326e72a57591b65f30ec28d03598f32480052d2","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/06c5f829ec5b71c436108ae2031e4d47400ddf6a28bfac56fe983426945cf640","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/19244a50c1cc10599289bd9f560870402a1ff345f376c67c23c2ee3b62fa45b3"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/864e05e30bbd443b983df6ce74adab5067394fe483ea07485cd980baa419e8ad","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/fb87d4f0ee7ef2867e8305574cac5ecfef7af2015a1ba90ceae30a5f78413daa","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0203f253d0c718aa7dd4f59961cce2266f702b91a880a4a1ef5ad47609d59bb7","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/df6b5342fbd6e3c834bdcede16ffd86a9f015d4425335d87cb995278bc326167","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/1bb0219a6f866dec9f554e01e6d484ecd1c3718e2dfbc4ffae181a3e82571e1c","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/39d9221f1edfd01bd00c9fe70a99a207e66eeac8e5eab755c9c37b31cff16ce3","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2cf79e87b40ad197102eaeafb72b079efa16750e211bd59913dca52069867edb","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2c5bb7701b5ea810495b8bef191eeacf5d1cb8b27de3e88fbe7da744d15081ab"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This report provides a risk scenario analysis to help parliamentarians gauge potential economic and fiscal implications of central banks over-tightening monetary policy. **The scenario is not a most-likely forecast. It is an illustrative scenario of one possible outcome.**","abstract_fr":"Ce rapport propose une analyse de sc\u00e9nario de risque pour aider les parlementaires \u00e0 \u00e9valuer les possibles r\u00e9percussions \u00e9conomiques et financi\u00e8res d\u2019un resserrement excessif de la politique mon\u00e9taire par les banques centrales. **Le sc\u00e9nario ne constitue pas une pr\u00e9vision. Il ne montre qu\u2019une des issues possibles \u00e0 la situation.**","highlights":[{"content":{"en":"Our risk scenario assumes that the U.S. Federal Reserve and the Bank of Canada will continue to rapidly raise their policy interest rates to 5.25 per cent and 5.0 per cent, respectively, in early 2023 (100 basis points above our October outlook). We assume that the Federal Reserve and Bank of Canada will begin to lower their policy rates in early 2024.","fr":"Dans notre sc\u00e9nario de risque, nous supposons que la R\u00e9serve f\u00e9d\u00e9rale am\u00e9ricaine et la Banque du Canada continueront d\u2019augmenter rapidement leur taux directeur, de sorte qu\u2019il atteigne 5,25 % et 5,0 % respectivement au d\u00e9but de 2023 (100 points de base de plus que dans nos perspectives d\u2019octobre). Nous supposons qu\u2019elles commenceront \u00e0 abaisser leur taux au d\u00e9but de 2024."}},{"content":{"en":"With the over-tightening of monetary policy, real GDP in Canada begins to contract in the fourth quarter of 2022 and declines further over the course of 2023 in our risk scenario. Annual real GDP growth in 2023 and 2024 is -0.3 per cent and 1.3 per cent, respectively, which is 1.5 and 1.0 percentage points lower compared to our October outlook.","fr":"Compte tenu du resserrement excessif de la politique mon\u00e9taire pr\u00e9vu dans notre sc\u00e9nario de risque, le PIB r\u00e9el du Canada commence \u00e0 se contracter au quatri\u00e8me trimestre de 2022 et continue de diminuer en 2023. La croissance annuelle du PIB r\u00e9el en 2023 et en 2024 est de 0,3 % et 1,3 % respectivement, ce qui repr\u00e9sente une baisse de 1,5 et 1,0 point de pourcentage par rapport \u00e0 nos perspectives d\u2019octobre."}},{"content":{"en":"Under our risk scenario, employment growth essentially stalls in late 2022 and over the course of 2023. Employment falls below levels projected in our October outlook, resulting in a loss of 177,000 (net) jobs by the end of 2024. The unemployment rate rises to 6.2 per cent in early 2024 in our risk scenario, which is 0.5 percentage points above our October outlook.","fr":"Dans notre sc\u00e9nario de risque, la croissance de l\u2019emploi stagne essentiellement \u00e0 la fin de 2022 et en 2023. L\u2019emploi tombe sous les niveaux pr\u00e9vus dans nos perspectives d\u2019octobre, ce qui se traduit par une perte de 177 000 emplois (nets) d\u2019ici la fin de 2024. Le taux de ch\u00f4mage passe \u00e0 6,2 % au d\u00e9but de 2024 dans notre sc\u00e9nario de risque, soit 0,5 point de pourcentage de plus que ce que nous pr\u00e9voyions dans nos perspectives d\u2019octobre."}},{"content":{"en":"Due to weaker economic activity and higher interest rates in 2023 and 2024 under our risk scenario, the budgetary deficit reaches $42.9 billion in 2023-24 (1.5 per cent of GDP) and $36.5 billion in 2024-25 (1.3 per cent of GDP). Compared to our October outlook, the budgetary deficit is $15.6 billion higher per year, on average, over 2023-24 to 2027-28.","fr":"En raison du ralentissement de l\u2019activit\u00e9 \u00e9conomique et de la hausse des taux d\u2019int\u00e9r\u00eat, en 2023 et 2024 pr\u00e9vus dans notre sc\u00e9nario de risque, le d\u00e9ficit budg\u00e9taire s\u2019\u00e9l\u00e8ve \u00e0 42,9 milliards de dollars en 2023-2024 (1,5 % du PIB) et \u00e0 36,5 milliards en 2024-2025 (1,3 % du PIB). Par rapport \u00e0 nos perspectives d\u2019octobre, il est plus \u00e9lev\u00e9 de 15,6 milliards de dollars par ann\u00e9e, en moyenne, de 2023-2024 \u00e0 2027-2028."}},{"content":{"en":"Under our risk scenario, the federal debt-to-GDP ratio increases to 43.2 per cent of GDP in 2023-24 and remains elevated before gradually falling to 39.2 per cent in 2027-28. The debt service ratio (that is public debt charges relative to tax revenues) reaches 14.3 per cent in 2024-25 and then declines to 12.0 per cent in 2027-28.","fr":"Dans notre sc\u00e9nario de risque, le ratio de la dette f\u00e9d\u00e9rale au PIB augmente pour passer \u00e0 43,2 % du PIB en 2023-2024 et reste \u00e9lev\u00e9 avant de revenir graduellement \u00e0 39,2 % en 2027-2028. Le ratio du service de la dette (soit le rapport entre les frais de la dette publique et les recettes fiscales) atteint 14,3 % en 2024-2025 avant de retomber \u00e0 12,0 % en 2027-2028."}}]},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2223020S,\n author={Nahornick, Nora and Nicol, Caroline and Stanton, Jason and Behrend, Robert and Creighton, Mark and Kpekou Tossou, Rolande and Laurin, Marianne and Michalyshyn, Katarina and Vanderwees, Kaitlyn},\n title={Risk Scenario Analysis \\textemdash November 2022},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2223020S,\n author={Nahornick, Nora and Nicol, Caroline and Stanton, Jason and Behrend, Robert and Creighton, Mark and Kpekou Tossou, Rolande and Laurin, Marianne and Michalyshyn, Katarina and Vanderwees, Kaitlyn},\n title={Analyse de sc\\\u0027{e}nario de risque \\textemdash Novembre 2022},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-2223-018-S","is_published":"2022-10-13T12:57:05.000000Z","release_date":"2022-10-13T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2022-10-13T12:57:05.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2223-018-S","title_en":"Economic and Fiscal Outlook \u2013 October 2022","title_fr":"Perspectives \u00e9conomiques et financi\u00e8res \u2013 Octobre 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report provides a baseline projection to help parliamentarians gauge potential economic and fiscal outcomes under current policy settings.","abstract_fr":"Ce rapport pr\u00e9sente une projection de r\u00e9f\u00e9rence pour aider les parlementaires \u00e0 \u00e9valuer les r\u00e9sultats \u00e9conomiques et financiers possibles dans le cadre des politiques actuelles.","highlights":[{"content":{"en":"Since the beginning of March, the Bank of Canada has increased its policy rate by a total of 300 basis points. We expect the Bank to increase its policy rate further, reaching 4 per cent by the end of this year. With the tightening of monetary policy, PBO projects real GDP growth in Canada to slow considerably in the second half of 2022 and remain weak through 2023.","fr":"Depuis le d\u00e9but du mois de mars, la Banque du Canada a relev\u00e9 son taux directeur de 300 points de base au total et on peut s\u2019attendre \u00e0 ce qu\u2019elle le rel\u00e8ve encore pour qu\u2019il atteigne 4 % d\u2019ici la fin de l\u2019ann\u00e9e. Avec le resserrement de la politique mon\u00e9taire, le DPB pr\u00e9voit un net ralentissement de la croissance du PIB r\u00e9el du Canada pendant la seconde moiti\u00e9 de 2022 et une faible croissance tout au long de 2023."}},{"content":{"en":"As supply constraints ease and commodity prices recede from elevated levels in the first half of 2022, softer demand in 2023 is expected to contribute to sustained reductions in CPI inflation. With CPI inflation solidly on track to return to its 2 per cent target, we expect the Bank of Canada to start lowering its policy interest rate in late 2023.","fr":"Les difficult\u00e9s d\u2019approvisionnement s\u2019estompant et le cours des produits de base baissant par rapport aux niveaux \u00e9lev\u00e9s dans la premi\u00e8re moiti\u00e9 de 2022, le fl\u00e9chissement de la demande en 2023 devrait contribuer \u00e0 la baisse continue de l\u2019inflation des prix \u00e0 la consommation (IPC). Celle-ci \u00e9tant alors en tr\u00e8s bonne voie pour revenir \u00e0 la cible de 2 %, nous nous attendons \u00e0 ce que la Banque du Canada commence \u00e0 baisser son taux directeur \u00e0 la fin de 2023."}},{"content":{"en":"In the absence of final financial results for the past fiscal year, PBO estimates that there was a budgetary deficit of $97.0 billion (3.9 per cent of GDP) in 2021-22. For the current fiscal year 2022-23, PBO projects the deficit to decline to $25.8 billion (0.9 per cent of GDP) under status quo policy.","fr":"En l\u2019absence de r\u00e9sultats financiers d\u00e9finitifs pour le dernier exercice, le DPB estime que le d\u00e9ficit budg\u00e9taire pour 2021-2022 s\u2019\u00e9l\u00e8vait \u00e0 97 milliards de dollars (3,9 % du PIB). Pour l\u2019exercice en cours, 2022-2023, il devrait revenir \u00e0 25,8 milliards de dollars (0,9 % du PIB), si la politique demeure inchang\u00e9e."}},{"content":{"en":"Assuming no new measures are introduced and existing temporary measures sunset as scheduled, the budgetary deficit is projected to decline further, reaching $3.1 billion (0.1 per cent of GDP) in 2027-28, as growth in tax revenue tracks gains in nominal GDP and growth in program spending remains constrained.","fr":"En supposant qu\u2019aucune nouvelle mesure ne sera introduite et que les mesures temporaires actuelles prendront fin comme pr\u00e9vu, le d\u00e9ficit budg\u00e9taire devrait continuer de baisser pour atteindre 3,1 milliards de dollars (0,1 % du PIB) en 2027-2028, la croissance des recettes fiscales suivant la hausse du PIB nominal et l\u2019augmentation des d\u00e9penses de programmes restant limit\u00e9e."}},{"content":{"en":"PBO projects the federal debt-to-GDP ratio to continue to decline from its peak in 2020-21, gradually reaching 36.2 per cent in 2027-28, but remain above its pre-pandemic level. We project the debt service ratio (public debt charges relative to tax revenues) will peak at 11.5 per cent in 2024-25 and then decline gradually, reaching 10.9 per cent in 2027-28.","fr":"Le DPB pr\u00e9voit que le ratio de la dette f\u00e9d\u00e9rale au PIB continuera de baisser par rapport au pic atteint en 2020-2021 pour revenir graduellement \u00e0 36,2 % en 2027-2028, mais qu\u2019il restera sup\u00e9rieur \u00e0 ce qu\u2019il \u00e9tait avant la pand\u00e9mie. Nous pr\u00e9voyons que le ratio du service de la dette (soit le rapport entre les frais de la dette publique et les recettes fiscales) atteindra 11,5 % en 2024-2025, avant de redescendre graduellement \u00e0 10,9 % en 2027-2028."}}]},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2223018S,\n author={Nahornick, Nora and Nicol, Caroline and Stanton, Jason and Barkova, Lisa and Behrend, Robert and Cl\\\u0027{e}ophat, R\\\u0027{e}gine and Creighton, Mark and Kpekou Tossou, Rolande and Laurin, Marianne and Michalyshyn, Katarina and Vanderwees, Kaitlyn},\n title={Economic and Fiscal Outlook - October 2022},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2223018S,\n author={Nahornick, Nora and Nicol, Caroline and Stanton, Jason and Barkova, Lisa and Behrend, Robert and Cl\\\u0027{e}ophat, R\\\u0027{e}gine and Creighton, Mark and Kpekou Tossou, Rolande and Laurin, Marianne and Michalyshyn, Katarina and Vanderwees, Kaitlyn},\n title={Perspectives \\\u0027{e}conomiques et financi\\`{e}res - Octobre 2022},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-2223-017-M","is_published":"2022-10-06T12:57:03.000000Z","release_date":"2022-10-06T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2022-10-06T12:57:03.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2223-017-M","title_en":"Cost Estimate for Bill C-18: Online News Act","title_fr":"Estimation des co\u00fbts li\u00e9s au projet de loi C-18 : Loi sur les nouvelles en ligne","slug":"RP-2223-017-M--cost-estimate-bill-c-18-online-news-act--estimation-couts-lies-projet-loi-c-18-loi-nouvelles-ligne","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2223-017-M--cost-estimate-bill-c-18-online-news-act--estimation-couts-lies-projet-loi-c-18-loi-nouvelles-ligne","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2223-017-M--cost-estimate-bill-c-18-online-news-act--estimation-couts-lies-projet-loi-c-18-loi-nouvelles-ligne"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2223-017-M--cost-estimate-bill-c-18-online-news-act--estimation-couts-lies-projet-loi-c-18-loi-nouvelles-ligne","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2223-017-M--cost-estimate-bill-c-18-online-news-act--estimation-couts-lies-projet-loi-c-18-loi-nouvelles-ligne"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/cc009955611c336af6d46f82af210ac3445e6c551b3841adae30c1088f487b41"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/8e58b0db4a0a907ebd7b590079d0b74db8640c75dae7ce703cbe4844bf77d65b"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a54d4103e2bdc0538133341f79ccd7f924672a169468d1d4665bfeb5d4338c1c","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/9224faaab8454a1686793ab1661b2b24c59d6eb14c1d4a25b74242e64f679e4a","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8f1687b1c16e2ef7c7b18440b42b50e44b51265a51a78964be000b70d04f6819","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ab4dc3fcf1dd069c94a9d903e0dcd6574879f753d09c8189d51d49291d410480","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/9e2ac16c97cfceb92a9f617edae705ea30bfbf3842f8c0ab6e3fa5b693cb72f3","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d8817c0ea942295a078d0cccff4ed307bc180e5634fca732af4887f96045a0e8","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/efa5cf3d9e4987d25bc6da297031934107a5d12c3bfd1239d87adbad866937a1","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/afdee8eed8c11e2219edece016601ef37d6048d253fe38816101f3d81fe1770d"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f7e7d8fb86c889b9b4235b60dae68c8d6f91a67e791d8340bd33f17a510c89f4","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d52cb36df6621f789f82045c167176f45629624aeb56bcdcaa9e595bc6c59969","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/da73d1679a3d98ea0bb0a4b6797dc4dfccc360e7694a99b0b4d842877b726748","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/c9cf026d5cf216bf12eb7e3cf8b048cccf72659793e8d444b50e5ac99800ca98","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/33178dd7b7f572725c89df8966878a71b8b6ab7a7c42f38f0e99f670df0f64c1","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/860d643b694a7129e03c652c0bc11ea63b61a73c4a89324c5a906186e5d50d88","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d97b6592665d3d6273db839f4e8700c5f334edb833fb6a542cd413735b1b6f84","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b3c3a4da254455c9f30b04948f064da4c2fc90bc38fe30783945708ea78ca4a9"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This report presents the PBO\u2019s response to the request from a Member of Parliament to provide an independent analysis of the financial cost for implementing Bill C-18, An Act respecting online communication platforms that make news content available to persons in Canada.","abstract_fr":"Ce rapport pr\u00e9sente la r\u00e9ponse du DPB \u00e0 la demande d\u2019un d\u00e9put\u00e9 qui souhaitait obtenir une analyse ind\u00e9pendante du co\u00fbt financier de la mise en \u0153uvre du projet de loi C-18, Loi concernant les plateformes de communication en ligne rendant disponible du contenu de nouvelles aux personnes se trouvant au Canada.","highlights":[{"content":{"en":"The financial costs of the Bill to the federal government arise mainly from legislative development by Canadian Heritage and administration by the Canadian Radio-Television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC). The private sector, essentially news businesses, incur transaction and compliance costs under the Bill.","fr":"Les co\u00fbts financiers du projet de loi pour le gouvernement f\u00e9d\u00e9ral d\u00e9coulent principalement de l\u2019\u00e9laboration de la loi par Patrimoine canadien et de son application par le Conseil de la radiodiffusion et des t\u00e9l\u00e9communications canadiennes (CRTC). Le secteur priv\u00e9, compos\u00e9 principalement d\u2019entreprises de nouvelles, s\u2019expose \u00e0 des co\u00fbts de transaction et de conformit\u00e9 en vertu du projet de loi."}},{"content":{"en":"We expect the total public cost to develop and implement Bill C-18 to be an average of $5.6 million per year over 5 years for Canadian Heritage and the CRTC. Budget 2022 allocated $8.5 million over two years, starting in 2022-23, to the CRTC to support the implementation of the Bill. In response to PBO inquiries, the CRTC and Canadian Heritage stated that \u201cthe funding in Budget 2022 would not be ongoing, as the CRTC\u2019s administration of the regime would initiate a cost recovery process\u201d.","fr":"Nous nous attendons \u00e0 ce que les d\u00e9penses publiques totales li\u00e9es \u00e0 l\u2019\u00e9laboration et \u00e0 la mise en \u0153uvre du projet de loi C-18 s\u2019\u00e9l\u00e8vent en moyenne \u00e0 5,6 millions par an sur cinq ans pour Patrimoine canadien et le CRTC. Le Budget de 2022 alloue au CRTC 8,5 millions de dollars sur deux ans, \u00e0 compter de 2022-2023, pour la mise en \u0153uvre du projet de loi. En r\u00e9ponse aux demandes de renseignements du DPB, le CRTC et Patrimoine canadien ont fait savoir que \u00ab le financement pr\u00e9vu au Budget de 2022 ne sera pas permanent, car le CRTC lancera un processus de recouvrement des co\u00fbts dans le cadre de l\u2019administration du r\u00e9gime \u00bb."}},{"content":{"en":"We expect news businesses to receive from digital platforms a total compensation of $329.2 million per annum and spend about $20.8 million in transaction and compliance costs for negotiating their first deals under the Bill.","fr":"Nous nous attendons \u00e0 ce que les entreprises de nouvelles re\u00e7oivent au total des plateformes num\u00e9riques une indemnisation de 329,2 millions de dollars par an et \u00e0 ce qu\u2019elles d\u00e9pensent environ 20,8 millions de dollars en co\u00fbts de transaction et de conformit\u00e9 dans la n\u00e9gociation de leurs premi\u00e8res ententes pr\u00e9vues par le projet de loi."}}]},"bills":[{"id":336,"created_at":"2022-04-05T14:00:10-04:00","updated_at":"2022-10-04T14:46:40-04:00","legisid":"44_1_C-18","parliament":44,"session":1,"prefix":"C","number":18,"title_en":"An Act respecting online communications platforms that make news content available to persons in Canada","title_fr":"Loi concernant les plateformes de communication en ligne rendant disponible du contenu de nouvelles aux personnes se trouvant au Canada","bill_num":"C-18","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/bills--projets-de-loi\/44-1\/C-18","legisinfo":"https:\/\/www.parl.ca\/legisinfo\/en\/bill\/44-1\/c-18"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/bills--projets-de-loi\/44-1\/C-18","legisinfo":"https:\/\/www.parl.ca\/LegisInfo\/fr\/projet-de-loi\/44-1\/c-18"}},"pivot":{"publication_id":711,"bill_id":336}}],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2223017M,\n author={Kpekou Tossou, Rolande},\n title={Cost Estimate for Bill C-18: Online News Act},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2223017M,\n author={Kpekou Tossou, Rolande},\n title={Estimation des couts li\\\u0027{e}s au projet de loi C-18 : Loi sur les nouvelles en ligne},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"LEG-2223-013-S","is_published":"2022-09-22T12:57:05.000000Z","release_date":"2022-09-22T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2022-09-22T12:57:05.000000Z","type":"LEG","internal_id":"LEG-2223-013-S","title_en":"Additional Tax on Banks and Life Insurers","title_fr":"Taxe suppl\u00e9mentaire aux banques et aux 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2022 introduced an increase of the corporate income tax rate of 1.5 percentage points on the taxable income of banking and life insurance groups above $100 million. This will increase the overall federal corporate income tax rate above this threshold from 15.0 per cent to 16.5 per cent for all taxation years that end after Budget Day 2022. For a taxation year that includes Budget Day, the additional tax is prorated based on the number of days in the taxation year after Budget Day.\n\nThe PBO estimates the total revenue from the Additional Tax on Banks and Life Insurers to be $2.3 billion.","abstract_fr":"Le budget de 2022 pr\u00e9voit une augmentation de 1,5 point de pourcentage du taux d\u2019imposition du revenu des soci\u00e9t\u00e9s sur le revenu imposable des groupes de banques et d\u2019assureurs-vie au-del\u00e0 d\u2019un seuil de 100 millions de dollars. Au-del\u00e0 de ce seuil, le taux f\u00e9d\u00e9ral global d\u2019imposition du revenu des soci\u00e9t\u00e9s passera de 15,0 pour cent \u00e0 16,5 pour cent pour toutes les ann\u00e9es d\u2019imposition se terminant apr\u00e8s le jour du budget de 2022. Dans le cas d\u2019une ann\u00e9e d\u2019imposition comprenant le jour du budget, l\u2019imp\u00f4t suppl\u00e9mentaire est calcul\u00e9 au prorata selon le nombre de jours compris dans l\u2019ann\u00e9e d\u2019imposition apr\u00e8s le jour du budget.\n\nLe DPB estime \u00e0 2,3 milliards de dollars les recettes totales de la taxe suppl\u00e9mentaire aux banques et aux assureurs-vie.","highlights":[]},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-LEG2223013S,\n author={Kpekou Tossou, Rolande and Nicol, Caroline},\n title={Additional Tax on Banks and Life Insurers},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-LEG2223013S,\n author={Kpekou Tossou, Rolande and Nicol, Caroline},\n title={Taxe suppl\\\u0027{e}mentaire aux banques et aux assureurs-vie},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"LEG-2223-014-S","is_published":"2022-09-22T12:57:01.000000Z","release_date":"2022-09-22T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2022-09-22T12:57:01.000000Z","type":"LEG","internal_id":"LEG-2223-014-S","title_en":"Canada Recovery Dividend","title_fr":"Dividende pour la relance au Canada","slug":"LEG-2223-014-S--canada-recovery-dividend--dividende-relance-canada","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2223-014-S--canada-recovery-dividend--dividende-relance-canada","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2223-014-S--canada-recovery-dividend--dividende-relance-canada"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2223-014-S--canada-recovery-dividend--dividende-relance-canada","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2223-014-S--canada-recovery-dividend--dividende-relance-canada"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/f32c8c959f20ab81f51320b6613b4cb03c712a723270eee3554374dfd8ed64c4"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/07ad9fd932fab276cfad6e1fe1606b4b6d3febc60219fbe7725cab7fa6a0606d"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f0f93a5617abbab7d0cc80539cacdde1fe5ea138e3b59c140fa484bb40cee2a5","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ff79eefb29b8ba525a87c8d46e89bef663d50cc337c2bb3dc895ccd131254f6d","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/20c68f88f1456241c31c356ecc336aa9e8bacaa6f757b84f3fe00439584d5bcd","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8193c939c12957e506b8746485e848ae7923ce807f52e7d859a8406e8d2c031d","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/822d12d46832e9ad99d90e718db6ea823e47f46306c1795ed28d8af4bafde30d","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/dfcac3c316967c86990126138c834bdcc1441f5a71bd024a5e8c9030120e21bd","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/18fc146a33e6e945566fb3c4ddc68c5d8487268b327292ab43633600e06c8730","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/c4e14cc6d234d2fd1d0ae18a0ff1a6e3f251292db1cad727cd206d027d22e6a3"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3ccf49498d0ba095b606ef4b894bbcc8d17d06b7ad0a2808bb781901c99d57d8","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/4eeaa3ffd6315d1759f525179e0197fe9b83d96f8fb09e07987ce8b1875e0bda","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/eb957ad1e559a6443a5a63fc933f4428c241c27f8c9cd14e7e7365b08ce8f3c2","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/63ea35bf8db4345b642ddf2032c0ec632e99b185e8d6dc7e0a6c6c2e348c7cb9","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/78ce26dd3e71aeacd14aab2211f61d78dce0752875dff0c6f18b6f734407134a","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/dbb4cbacbe9eb406a662e1db45c0012a482348bdc67aec505b16f7935c24ddee","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/49f455b46f793fd85eed81a40c0e9ad81d4ac243b0f33babeedc6b215c33a4e4","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2186bfe22c9b11b97cdc2cec00ec5eb7e9a5b2b4df1d12286ddd9dbb2ee5e30b"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"The Canada Recovery Dividend is a one-time tax on banking and life insurance groups. The amount payable is calculated as 15% of the average Canadian-based taxable income over 2020 and 2021 minus a 1 billion deduction. It will be imposed for the 2022 taxation year and will be paid in equal installments over five years.\n\nIt is to be noted that this definition follows what is laid out in the draft legislation and differs from what was published in Budget 2022. The initially proposed tax base for this measure was the 2021 Canadian-based taxable income instead of the two-year average.\n\nThe PBO estimates the total revenue from the corporate surtax of financial institutions to be $3.0 billion.","abstract_fr":"Le Dividende pour la relance au Canada est un imp\u00f4t ponctuel impos\u00e9 aux groupes de banques et d\u2019assureurs-vie. Le montant \u00e0 payer est calcul\u00e9 comme \u00e9tant 15 % du revenu imposable moyen bas\u00e9 au Canada pour 2020 et 2021, moins une d\u00e9duction de 1 milliard. Celui-ci sera impos\u00e9 pour l\u2019ann\u00e9e d\u2019imposition 2022 et sera payable en montants \u00e9gaux sur cinq ans.\n\nIl est \u00e0 noter que cette d\u00e9finition suit ce qui est pr\u00e9vu dans l\u2019avant-projet de loi et diff\u00e8re de ce qui a \u00e9t\u00e9 publi\u00e9 dans le budget 2022. L\u0027assiette fiscale initialement propos\u00e9e pour cette mesure \u00e9tait le revenu imposable de 2021 bas\u00e9 au Canada au lieu de la moyenne sur deux ans.\n\nLe DPB estime \u00e0 3,0 milliards de dollars les recettes totales de la surtaxe sur les profits des institutions financi\u00e8res.","highlights":[]},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-LEG2223014S,\n author={Kpekou Tossou, Rolande and Nicol, Caroline and Scholz, Tim},\n title={Canada Recovery Dividend},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-LEG2223014S,\n author={Kpekou Tossou, Rolande and Nicol, Caroline and Scholz, Tim},\n title={Dividende pour la relance au Canada},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}}