[{"label":"Accueil","url":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr"},{"label":"\u00c9quipe","url":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/staff--equipe","section":{"id":1,"title_en":"About","title_fr":"\u00c0 propos"}},{"label":"Tim Scholz","url":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/staff--equipe\/tim-scholz","section":{"id":1,"title_en":"About","title_fr":"\u00c0 propos"}}]

Tim Scholz

Directeur, Analyse économique

Tim Scholz est conseiller-analyste économique au sein de l’équipe d’analyse économique et financière. Avant de se joindre au BDPB, Tim travaillait au ministère des Finances Canada dans le secteur de l’analyse des politiques et du développement économique international.

Tim a obtenu une maîtrise en économique à l’Université de Guelph et un BSc spécialisé en économique à l’Université de Windsor.

Publications récentes

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This note contains the costing of the ITC for CCUS. It covers the announcement in Budget 2022 which introduced the refundable tax credit for CCUS as well as Budget 2023 which announced revisions to the credit.","abstract_fr":"Comme il l\u2019avait propos\u00e9 initialement dans son budget de 2021, le gouvernement a instaur\u00e9 un cr\u00e9dit d\u2019imp\u00f4t \u00e0 l\u2019investissement (CII) pour le capital investi dans des projets de captage, d\u2019utilisation et de stockage du carbone (CUSC). Cette note pr\u00e9sente l\u2019\u00e9valuation des co\u00fbts du CII pour le CUSC. Elle tient compte de l\u2019annonce faite dans le budget de 2022 concernant l\u2019instauration du cr\u00e9dit d\u2019imp\u00f4t remboursable pour le CUSC, et de celle faite dans le budget de 2023 concernant des r\u00e9visions apport\u00e9es au cr\u00e9dit.","highlights":[]},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-LEG2324022S,\n author={Kpekou Tossou, Rolande and Nahornick, Nora and Scholz, Tim},\n title={Investment Tax Credit for Carbon Capture, Utilization and Storage},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2024,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-LEG2324022S,\n author={Kpekou Tossou, Rolande and Nahornick, Nora and Scholz, Tim},\n title={Cr\\\u0027{e}dit d\u2019imp\\^{o}t \\`{a} l\u2019investissement pour le captage, l\u2019utilisation et le stockage du carbone},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2024,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"LEG-2324-021-S","is_published":"2024-02-01T13:57:09.000000Z","release_date":"2024-02-01T14:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2024-02-01T13:57:09.000000Z","type":"LEG","internal_id":"LEG-2324-021-S","title_en":"Investment Tax Credit for Clean Hydrogen","title_fr":"Cr\u00e9dit d\u2019imp\u00f4t \u00e0 l\u2019investissement pour l\u2019hydrog\u00e8ne propre","slug":"LEG-2324-021-S--investment-tax-credit-clean-hydrogen--credit-impot-investissement-hydrogene-propre","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2324-021-S--investment-tax-credit-clean-hydrogen--credit-impot-investissement-hydrogene-propre","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2324-021-S--investment-tax-credit-clean-hydrogen--credit-impot-investissement-hydrogene-propre"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2324-021-S--investment-tax-credit-clean-hydrogen--credit-impot-investissement-hydrogene-propre","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2324-021-S--investment-tax-credit-clean-hydrogen--credit-impot-investissement-hydrogene-propre"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/1bbdefd7a85988c60b360eac7e7f555c515ef9cf03fb906427b2a579342499d8"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/2a9cbbc6f72f6f200d37cf0a03965932bac166e118dd213d9cf51090203d8a8a"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/bc3244a7e206b94b3ea5252db571de294552b9e7df8fe764058825db1b760e81","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d2cd774e63d72d00a687d983d490031e09b02b38365cbd6263a54e102bd79c64","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d1eaaa255f2d3b3e3a1710b5f40cf316b9a67a6caba59a32b55e6297d059c4f2","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e0ccca5926c9b02308ed7af769408df503d9220eaa3de177a4c468880af0759d","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e559ed42b9d8e1414e3bb455748eb8dcb34d7806a50f32f7eb837248af853504","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7b505c4c5694340e35197cd3a1c55d10c47132a4c38475e48848643f9dd1d639","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/49f7a6e087167dbb0a3eb97a536b3939825490de7070b6bd4c93944b03ffbce3","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7412416aefeda92370cf4939508d0d858943d7d615bebf718db56f31557712bd"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/9d2276956ab32544a658def4d70593bcd4566aca32e1a215b207e2a53595eaa7","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/cc100626fe5dd8e9f7bd5229589f15d37bd3e4861b6f7baa1b4cfd849c1c98a9","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0c5559aa1f709b11cda736fb5041545412067e964cc5911322a19329a618b936","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e5213c1f8e0e5532377ad5386b83dfbbffadd118ed3bf1c8326648cf86311157","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/fa624a1c55cabb58180ee01a33cceeffe4adf1e8002b084edf129f07c2775c63","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/566dd92ca14a4c61284a29ddfa137e90e7bbf7c1d1c61d58ed21823464fe85a2","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/56474c66372ee92ae6799021d533e858b5962e4f9c9e6a743e09110d0a87241a","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/62548eff4fd64ecbef65151d340b71f72151de9dab880d489563960157066ee8"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"The Clean Hydrogen Investment Tax Credit (ITC), first announced in the 2022 Fall Economic Statement and described in Budget 2023, will provide a 15 to 40 per cent refundable tax credit for investments in projects that produce all, or substantially all, hydrogen through their production process. This measure would apply to property that is acquired and that becomes available for use on or after March 28, 2023.","abstract_fr":"Le Cr\u00e9dit d\u2019imp\u00f4t \u00e0 l\u2019investissement (CII) pour l\u2019hydrog\u00e8ne propre, annonc\u00e9 pour la premi\u00e8re fois dans l\u2019\u00c9nonc\u00e9 \u00e9conomique de l\u2019automne de 2022 et d\u00e9crit dans le budget de 2023, consistera en un cr\u00e9dit d\u2019imp\u00f4t remboursable de 15 \u00e0 40 % pour les investissements dans des projets qui produisent enti\u00e8rement, ou presque, de l\u2019hydrog\u00e8ne dans le cadre de leur processus de production. Cette mesure s\u2019appliquera aux biens acquis et mis en service \u00e0 partir du 28 mars 2023.","highlights":[]},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-LEG2324021S,\n author={Kpekou Tossou, Rolande and Nahornick, Nora and Scholz, Tim},\n title={Investment Tax Credit for Clean Hydrogen},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2024,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-LEG2324021S,\n author={Kpekou Tossou, Rolande and Nahornick, Nora and Scholz, Tim},\n title={Cr\\\u0027{e}dit d\u2019imp\\^{o}t \\`{a} l\u2019investissement pour l\u2019hydrog\\`{e}ne propre},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2024,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"LEG-2324-020-S","is_published":"2024-01-18T13:57:06.000000Z","release_date":"2024-01-18T14:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2024-01-18T13:57:06.000000Z","type":"LEG","internal_id":"LEG-2324-020-S","title_en":"Enhancements to the Oil to Heat Pump Affordability program","title_fr":"Am\u00e9liorations apport\u00e9es au Programme pour la conversion abordable du mazout \u00e0 la thermopompe","slug":"LEG-2324-020-S--enhancements-oil-heat-pump-affordability-program--ameliorations-apportees-programme-conversion-abordable-mazout-thermopompe","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2324-020-S--enhancements-oil-heat-pump-affordability-program--ameliorations-apportees-programme-conversion-abordable-mazout-thermopompe","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2324-020-S--enhancements-oil-heat-pump-affordability-program--ameliorations-apportees-programme-conversion-abordable-mazout-thermopompe"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2324-020-S--enhancements-oil-heat-pump-affordability-program--ameliorations-apportees-programme-conversion-abordable-mazout-thermopompe","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2324-020-S--enhancements-oil-heat-pump-affordability-program--ameliorations-apportees-programme-conversion-abordable-mazout-thermopompe"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/942f39cf8e05746d52a08109741123fd4c6c00a6df9b06aee5ca4c05c99a030c"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/f5fd3e513feea242b67f0c9b349ce5c67261500fb3176936646840b8e8d53ef2"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b9e21b88b2e10ee2fef8e9410ccb049b809b796d63aa766672a9f422a29b54ce","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/fb7023b405870239222611a5bdefe9615423b5d8696ef7996567e1a2c23ad98b","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/97536e9502c645cef2039effb4ac52b3b086c8a77f8b79755e97ea53aee3c991","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/6b214ea10580daef78b981694544883a31c6ed66695f41847d059faf5e0eb2ee","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ef69e74218e4654366341421dad9ac485b581ae0887b785ef394eda9adf82433","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/dbd238342791ff7faab1b4004925488be859289447c578185f00edefb7db0a59","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0aab33dea99092e87242b7a2d06b0db3fb4212d20368f185bf6bb32c33ce41c9","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7498f48d06d1c7173f16a6b99fc1baa1944b2c4dc9df4c70db9377f7334993e9"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/4ea865f1a16b86219a5df640216867ed33d33fe768f30ab40dbc4a754d13a189","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e380f9ef3f5ef4a904f7573150521dfb509b5261f7d914865c594f5ed9bf318a","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a24650c69e9ec4c6b99c036f9b876a9f9cc4ad0656583c55adbb5c2f12ca74d0","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/13585b278b7eba24ae69845fcf2222a4f7182b8c9b29c4d6582d2c6ce5e6d74a","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/4ef9e64b505d10e03e114773dc4d5cbb6fa916ea7255ac2afd1e223f78a07051","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ab41024bdb80f6b0dc20101bd0a96d229e989b69497b89cf92fed8beae33e7f7","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/661c82bbf466efd05c213ffcbafa11dfba18375f129a108e2b8768ae42929ed9","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/24d5b1b90d919272f967f0216271fa6ef30db61d010a9a9a456607e90ee7cb52"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"From March 2023 to October 2023, the OHPA program offered eligible households a grant of up to $10,000 toward the cost of a qualified heat pump. After October 2023 and until March 2027, the enhanced OHPA program offers eligible households in co-delivery provinces a federal grant of up to $15,000, supplementary provincial grants, and a one-time bonus payment of $250.","abstract_fr":"De mars \u00e0 octobre 2023, le PCAMT a offert aux m\u00e9nages admissibles une subvention pouvant atteindre 10 000 $ pour le co\u00fbt d\u0027une thermopompe admissible. Depuis octobre 2023 et jusqu\u2019en mars 2027, le PCAMT am\u00e9lior\u00e9 offrira une subvention f\u00e9d\u00e9rale allant jusqu\u2019\u00e0 15 000 $, des subventions provinciales suppl\u00e9mentaires et une prime unique de 250 $ aux m\u00e9nages admissibles des provinces ayant conclu une entente de prestation conjointe.","highlights":[]},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-LEG2324020S,\n author={Scholz, Tim and Vrhovsek, Zachary},\n title={Enhancements to the Oil to Heat Pump Affordability program},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2024,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-LEG2324020S,\n author={Scholz, Tim and Vrhovsek, Zachary},\n title={Am\\\u0027{e}liorations apport\\\u0027{e}es au Programme pour la conversion abordable du mazout \\`{a} la thermopompe},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2024,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-2324-022-S","is_published":"2023-12-07T13:57:09.000000Z","release_date":"2023-12-07T14:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2023-12-07T18:18:04.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2324-022-S","title_en":"Fall Economic Statement 2023: Issues for Parliamentarians","title_fr":"\u00c9nonc\u00e9 \u00e9conomique de l\u2019automne 2023 \u2014 Enjeux pour les parlementaires","slug":"RP-2324-022-S--fall-economic-statement-2023-issues-parliamentarians--enonce-economique-automne-2023-enjeux-parlementaires","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2324-022-S--fall-economic-statement-2023-issues-parliamentarians--enonce-economique-automne-2023-enjeux-parlementaires","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2324-022-S--fall-economic-statement-2023-issues-parliamentarians--enonce-economique-automne-2023-enjeux-parlementaires"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2324-022-S--fall-economic-statement-2023-issues-parliamentarians--enonce-economique-automne-2023-enjeux-parlementaires","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2324-022-S--fall-economic-statement-2023-issues-parliamentarians--enonce-economique-automne-2023-enjeux-parlementaires"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/e4131fb83809889ff9a0acfe037e601163e30d2207c31e640c02835b47462f52"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/a83f29e58e2a14a717bb76d66d640c2c0848f43e20abbe5f6366b14d8111916f"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ff28b242181eaec3d8daa7ce2980ab346e68e2e66bdf70063f1f4978d8d16483","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d104a6e8d6cfe89f8cd7a99bdb69e570cc2f6e09e9863a7bd425db102e83cefd","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ca8092df23aab7d6e779377d6061d677d3fc8c63669c83f93f951419b7f21e10","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/4ccfb3ec134d14a256bd303a903214fe230e29f6aed11447f98267b01affaab6","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/38b858e1f3c5aef5959d519374d7511ef4c6075e4d0be9d0eb36aa1223a4ab52","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a8f780a6285c6c085de9bf6afb25395f5ae99d3de6447f5910672ad98b4c5e70","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ce0d0a6b22b54f7cf9d2fe379cf2d6b671c0932f9188f4bfdc429ad3d3a3ac95","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3914ec7a7c37dc5f8cb1eec8663ce529edb2e4cd8d2f1f92c3cf970b5bccbc33"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e8d9a3f64ace45ce0c4b9bc1385da7c3171c6167a46458309590f21c79481c6e","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/75f154f1653be778553c56c3bae5d15c86a72638aa84020827d800f12a1ae5b6","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b0c31aa2dc39de26b48ee4896382f9f9f0c709bf8ed68ccb2df2c9de9f2afa41","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2fb953e844b6031ad3a8324798d700b0a17bf3ce39a562a03f0a944c318ddb72","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b7da0a6863c0b3822be9e441efabb20311ee79b8f943c8fd5264b5a49c98c8d1","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/c7822c17e6fdb952cebf1d62d365fb91e2774af559cf0f09a674f2d84d73f961","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2eaf408f31f54b1e0995904956bc0c80a26a20776d180a232ef3c02cd3f7c478","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f182933c3b9a90cebaa800aaf8c6b65daf8d050650473473eb8fb32f97941c2d"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"To assist parliamentarians in their budgetary deliberations, this report highlights key issues arising from the 2023 Fall Economic Statement.","abstract_fr":"Ce rapport fait ressortir les faits saillants de l\u2019\u00c9nonc\u00e9 \u00e9conomique de l\u2019automne de 2023 pour aider les parlementaires dans leurs d\u00e9lib\u00e9rations budg\u00e9taires.","highlights":[{"content":{"en":"Revisions to the private sector economic outlook and fiscal developments in the Fall Economic Statement lower the outlook for the budgetary balance by $18.7 billion (or $3.7 billion per year, on average) over 2023-24 to 2027 28 relative to Budget 2023.","fr":"Les r\u00e9visions apport\u00e9es aux perspectives \u00e9conomiques du secteur priv\u00e9 et l\u2019\u00e9volution de la situation financi\u00e8re dans l\u2019\u00c9nonc\u00e9 \u00e9conomique de l\u2019automne donnent lieu \u00e0 des perspectives inf\u00e9rieures pour le solde budg\u00e9taire de 18,7 milliards de dollars (ou 3,7 milliards de dollars par ann\u00e9e, en moyenne) de 2023-2024 \u00e0 2027 2028 par rapport au budget de 2023."}},{"content":{"en":"The Government announced $23.6 billion in new spending that was partially offset by $2.9 billion in \u201crefocusing and reallocation\u201d spending measures. On a net basis, new measures further reduce the budgetary balance by $20.7 billion (or $3.4 billion per year, on average) over 2023-24 to 2028-29.","fr":"Le gouvernement a annonc\u00e9 23,6 milliards de dollars de nouvelles d\u00e9penses, partiellement compens\u00e9es par 2,9 milliards de dollars de mesures consistant \u00e0 \u00ab\u2009recentrer et \u00e0 r\u00e9affecter\u2009\u00bb les d\u00e9penses. Sur une base nette, les nouvelles mesures r\u00e9duisent le solde budg\u00e9taire de 20,7 milliards de dollars (ou 3,4 milliards de dollars par ann\u00e9e, en moyenne) de 2023-2024 \u00e0 2028-2029."}},{"content":{"en":"The Fall Economic Statement expands on the Budget 2023 commitment to refocus government spending, with the goal to identify an additional $2.4 billion in savings over 2025-26 to 2028-29. In addition, the Government intends to reallocate $0.5 billion in originally planned spending.","fr":"L\u2019\u00c9nonc\u00e9 \u00e9conomique de l\u2019automne d\u00e9veloppe l\u2019engagement pris dans le budget de 2023 de recentrer les d\u00e9penses publiques, avec l\u2019objectif de d\u00e9gager 2,4 milliards de dollars d\u2019\u00e9conomies suppl\u00e9mentaires sur la p\u00e9riode de 2025-2026 \u00e0 2028-2029. De plus, le gouvernement a l\u2019intention de r\u00e9affecter 0,5 milliard de dollars de d\u00e9penses initialement pr\u00e9vues."}},{"content":{"en":"There is currently little information available on the status of $15.4 billion in Budget 2023 spending reviews and the additional $2.4 billion in savings announced in the Fall Economic Statement. Further, there is currently no publicly available information related to the $3.6 billion in spending to be reallocated in 2023-24.","fr":"Peu de renseignements sont actuellement disponibles sur l\u2019\u00e9tat des 15,4 milliards de dollars concernant les examens des d\u00e9penses pr\u00e9vus dans le budget de 2023 et des 2,4 milliards de dollars en \u00e9conomies suppl\u00e9mentaires annonc\u00e9es dans l\u2019\u00c9nonc\u00e9 \u00e9conomique de l\u2019automne. En outre, il n\u2019existe actuellement aucun renseignement public li\u00e9 aux 3,6 milliards de dollars de d\u00e9penses qui seront r\u00e9affect\u00e9s en 2023-2024."}},{"content":{"en":"Since Budget 2021, the Government has projected a total of $212.8 billion in new fiscal room. Essentially all of this fiscal room has now been exhausted through increased spending (on a net basis), with only $0.5 billion used to reduce the deficit (on a cumulative basis). Of the $212.8 billion in new fiscal room, $188.8 billion (89 per cent) has been used to finance new non-COVID 19 measures over 2021-22 to 2028-29.","fr":"Depuis le budget de 2021, le gouvernement a projet\u00e9 une nouvelle marge de man\u0153uvre financi\u00e8re totale de 212,8 milliards de dollars. Pratiquement toute cette marge de man\u0153uvre financi\u00e8re a \u00e9t\u00e9 \u00e9puis\u00e9e sous l\u2019effet de l\u2019augmentation des d\u00e9penses (sur une base nette); seulement 0,5 milliard de dollars ont \u00e9t\u00e9 utilis\u00e9s pour r\u00e9duire le d\u00e9ficit (sur une base cumulative). Des 212,8 milliards de dollars de nouvelle marge de man\u0153uvre financi\u00e8re, 188,8 milliards (89 %) ont \u00e9t\u00e9 utilis\u00e9s pour financer de nouvelles mesures non li\u00e9es \u00e0 la COVID 19 sur la p\u00e9riode de 2021-2022 \u00e0 2028-2029."}}]},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2324022S,\n author={Nahornick, Nora and Scholz, Tim and Stanton, Jason and Vanderwees, Kaitlyn},\n title={Fall Economic Statement 2023: Issues for Parliamentarians},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2023,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2324022S,\n author={Nahornick, Nora and Scholz, Tim and Stanton, Jason and Vanderwees, Kaitlyn},\n title={\\\u0027{E}nonc\\\u0027{e} \\\u0027{e}conomique de l\u2019automne 2023 \\textemdash Enjeux pour les parlementaires},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2023,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"LEG-2324-006-S","is_published":"2023-06-29T12:57:09.000000Z","release_date":"2023-06-29T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2023-06-29T12:57:09.000000Z","type":"LEG","internal_id":"LEG-2324-006-S","title_en":"Investment Tax Credit for Clean Electricity","title_fr":"Cr\u00e9dit d\u2019imp\u00f4t \u00e0 l\u2019investissement dans l\u2019\u00e9lectricit\u00e9 propre","slug":"LEG-2324-006-S--investment-tax-credit-clean-electricity--credit-impot-investissement-dans-electricite-propre","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2324-006-S--investment-tax-credit-clean-electricity--credit-impot-investissement-dans-electricite-propre","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2324-006-S--investment-tax-credit-clean-electricity--credit-impot-investissement-dans-electricite-propre"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2324-006-S--investment-tax-credit-clean-electricity--credit-impot-investissement-dans-electricite-propre","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2324-006-S--investment-tax-credit-clean-electricity--credit-impot-investissement-dans-electricite-propre"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/ce95563ab1009fbcb5a5af3493c98c55e42ed5782a67b1633e343902c052be94"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/80f3191a2e12640ff0346cb8b0011399eb6ac8eeabf2ec052562856c96839912"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/43e041f664c49dde7db8389d6f801d34049f591b7c5e658edd394c5d6ba72d67","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/9a2f47ee07010c17305bb37431dfa7aef099415fd5bb499937b1d3131cc61b22","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/54e4ebf8c8804757d25af4143f5bc33bb63193708dcac1d56159063fd3dc1bdf","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e1ec6f5d1e380b3e582a58ff940d969dd3bb91a41b8550c04e23df9c1c0a6dcb","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d09b34ae4c49fa35962346e3afd1b47fb40a15df447f1394821b4cac9f785ce0","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/84cda3820dd7e38ee8b3a2f20c17a62806059e81840b34104ff6b62f62524d7a","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3f11f167ffb3940be669894d9b06c857e114ac3f6ef8b0d63748a58d860cbf13","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2e6eb4a044e1d7ce0e32a03cc4198fa6f111223f19244ff8cd7ca2b2ff08acd5"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/571f9c79a0ab5c9c01e03b4c473ec008565c5f60a454156b79eeecd6105869a0","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f0030a9cc1577ee4fb514321f1f8e351c3f179f592e5495dac933e1340cb5f21","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2f0fc530d83652ec57db1de8f91700caa4f89c50a73db998f7de8449373d0527","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8e940f9a394ab231e7d517698769d0cbb30647a92522a1fc7ea877ab4e8ef436","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2f3343aff09b125fb9ea249e737bc38f077c3cb4b690ce7fd4bb7690d8ff5948","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e14143b9ec2681ea1615f8084905c84fd4383d29a462436c4bde59f8a9ea6cff","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f671b34de410e510f633a75fdf9259093594fd0b19e7f21725514fe24c188877","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/26f8cb133cf76b4758a7f10dcf61ea19791328ab8cabea0590b9162a2e67d80c"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"Budget 2023 proposed an Investment Tax Credit for Clean Electricity which introduces a 15 per cent refundable tax credit for eligible investments in non emitting electricity generating systems, abated natural gas fired electricity generation, stationary electricity storage systems and equipment for the transmission of electricity between provinces and territories. Importantly, both taxable and non-taxable entities such as public utilities would be eligible for the credit. The credit would be available as of the day of Budget 2024 for projects that did not begin construction before the day of Budget 2023. The credit would not be available after 2034. The Department of Finance is engaging with provinces, territories, and other relevant parties to develop the design and implementation details of the tax credit.\n\nThe PBO estimates that the Investment Tax Credit for Clean Electricity will reduce federal revenues by $6 billion over 4 years.","abstract_fr":"Le budget de 2023 propose un cr\u00e9dit d\u2019imp\u00f4t \u00e0 l\u2019investissement dans l\u2019\u00e9lectricit\u00e9 propre, plus pr\u00e9cis\u00e9ment l\u2019instauration d\u2019un cr\u00e9dit d\u2019imp\u00f4t remboursable de 15 % pour les investissements admissibles dans les syst\u00e8mes de production d\u2019\u00e9lectricit\u00e9 sans \u00e9missions, la production d\u2019\u00e9lectricit\u00e9 au gaz naturel r\u00e9duite, les syst\u00e8mes fixes de stockage de l\u2019\u00e9lectricit\u00e9 et l\u2019\u00e9quipement pour le transport de l\u2019\u00e9lectricit\u00e9 entre les provinces et les territoires. Il est important de noter que les entit\u00e9s imposables et non imposables, comme des services publics, y seraient admissibles. Le cr\u00e9dit serait allou\u00e9 \u00e0 compter du jour du d\u00e9p\u00f4t du budget de 2024 aux projets dont la construction n\u2019\u00e9tait pas amorc\u00e9e avant le jour du d\u00e9p\u00f4t du budget de 2023. Il ne serait plus offert apr\u00e8s 2034. Le minist\u00e8re des Finances consulte les provinces, les territoires et d\u0027autres parties concern\u00e9es pour \u00e9laborer les d\u00e9tails de la conception et de la mise en \u0153uvre du cr\u00e9dit d\u0027imp\u00f4t.\n\nLe DPB estime que le cr\u00e9dit d\u2019imp\u00f4t \u00e0 l\u2019investissement dans l\u2019\u00e9lectricit\u00e9 propre r\u00e9duira les revenus f\u00e9d\u00e9raux de 6 milliards de dollars sur quatre ans.","highlights":[]},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-LEG2324006S,\n author={Kpekou Tossou, Rolande and Scholz, Tim},\n title={Investment Tax Credit for Clean Electricity},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2023,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-LEG2324006S,\n author={Kpekou Tossou, Rolande and Scholz, Tim},\n title={Cr\\\u0027{e}dit d\u2019imp\\^{o}t \\`{a} l\u2019investissement dans l\u2019\\\u0027{e}lectricit\\\u0027{e} propre},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2023,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"LEG-2324-007-S","is_published":"2023-06-29T12:57:08.000000Z","release_date":"2023-06-29T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2023-06-29T12:57:08.000000Z","type":"LEG","internal_id":"LEG-2324-007-S","title_en":"Investment Tax Credit for Clean Technology","title_fr":"Cr\u00e9dit d\u2019imp\u00f4t \u00e0 l\u2019investissement dans les technologies propres","slug":"LEG-2324-007-S--investment-tax-credit-clean-technology--credit-impot-investissement-dans-technologies-propres","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2324-007-S--investment-tax-credit-clean-technology--credit-impot-investissement-dans-technologies-propres","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2324-007-S--investment-tax-credit-clean-technology--credit-impot-investissement-dans-technologies-propres"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2324-007-S--investment-tax-credit-clean-technology--credit-impot-investissement-dans-technologies-propres","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2324-007-S--investment-tax-credit-clean-technology--credit-impot-investissement-dans-technologies-propres"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/3def63f792cddba52e76605b7a060762f6e82f23fe18e59fb728dc2ee1bd508f"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/6acaccc2d0f10086894dbecbcf5b954e7b59a05759d044de0f9f960ab137566b"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/643c9d8708ade72f0c96fb082ad444341a2bc037b1809f046f35da984ce64349","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/58b2604f15742213d0b36b1603f13074b016dbcceb7acc9a1a711089cf5ac3e4","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ee5f3055f79a8774744073c39f797555d9c568424ddb18b3a7f8ee809d2d3c28","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e5f4902906e6a8c8f216f3cabcfae516310a0179b812fdb089d67a2c58275eba","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/571e29c6ce6b91ade181bbfe47d8957f0670a71bcc06c1283d23eee71ee6acd2","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d440189ff2f1130599b294605e2b61b588eacceacfdc4cf5a3825006c600c6fb","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/08d23c91f0ff6651637fbd599edb1e2a0b18caa73608d4331c54632b94f88e76","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/09c59566326b8852f5f5e89e0c81335e26e4830c3ccc7913ad2c1e637a86a890"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/bcaa3b6362c7c443b1b260fbd2c60d3c5d26e0328afa5f7c41b21b186ed53c8e","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f5f69bdb98479ba0178c1db00dbd90415340bc5b1c3622c0a1c0ee49aba33f78","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/87ca658d743f12094a6a1caf14fcd9f1d3f2a5d6395f651246cb87f84a025e01","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d6ce0638100ef8ade261cf96c4d6efc61c8484eeea999d43df12b654a0fe4c91","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0e27b519d2d08a8d3a8af44700b51dc728ecbd2fdd3a87286c159c6f6a3ea344","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/9f2c3c105ff1cc053749cf977d42473c78f060419e58c659667e8f3259628484","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8511bb9953dd13966b654bffeeaeaee65f7aec1e48aaf6d711cefa0070f8612b","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/710b6bec6a2c8975beada45d617be37b0a35d76041c297af8868c1a30ef2569b"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"The 2022 Fall Economic Statement proposed to introduce a refundable Clean Technology Investment Tax Credit equal to 30 per cent of the capital cost of eligible equipment. Eligible investments include equipment to generate electricity from renewable sources, stationary electricity storage equipment, low carbon heating equipment as well as non road zero emission vehicles (ZEV) and charging equipment. Budget 2023 expanded eligibility under the credit to include geothermal energy systems. The credit is available for the capital cost of property that is acquired and that becomes available for use after Budget 2023. It will be phased out in 2034.","abstract_fr":"L\u2019\u00c9nonc\u00e9 \u00e9conomique de l\u2019automne 2022 a propos\u00e9 l\u2019instauration d\u2019un cr\u00e9dit d\u2019imp\u00f4t remboursable \u00e0 l\u2019investissement dans les technologies propres \u00e9quivalant \u00e0 30 % du co\u00fbt en capital des \u00e9quipements admissibles. Les \u00e9quipements admissibles comprennent les syst\u00e8mes de production d\u2019\u00e9lectricit\u00e9 \u00e0 partir de sources renouvelables, les syst\u00e8mes fixes de stockage de l\u2019\u00e9lectricit\u00e9, les syst\u00e8mes de chauffage \u00e0 faibles \u00e9missions ainsi que les v\u00e9hicules hors route et le mat\u00e9riel de charge z\u00e9ro \u00e9mission. Le budget de 2023 a \u00e9largi l\u2019admissibilit\u00e9 au cr\u00e9dit en ajoutant les syst\u00e8mes d\u2019\u00e9nergie g\u00e9othermique \u00e0 la liste. Le cr\u00e9dit sera applicable au co\u00fbt en capital des biens qui sont acquis et qui deviennent disponibles pour utilisation apr\u00e8s le budget de 2023. Il sera \u00e9limin\u00e9 en 2034.","highlights":[]},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-LEG2324007S,\n author={Kpekou Tossou, Rolande and Scholz, Tim},\n title={Investment Tax Credit for Clean Technology},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2023,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-LEG2324007S,\n author={Kpekou Tossou, Rolande and Scholz, Tim},\n title={Cr\\\u0027{e}dit d\u2019imp\\^{o}t \\`{a} l\u2019investissement dans les technologies propres},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2023,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-2324-004-S","is_published":"2023-05-18T12:57:08.000000Z","release_date":"2023-05-18T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2023-05-18T16:34:04.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2324-004-S","title_en":"A Distributional Analysis of the Clean Fuel Regulations","title_fr":"Analyse distributive du R\u00e8glement sur les combustibles propres","slug":"RP-2324-004-S--distributional-analysis-clean-fuel-regulations--analyse-distributive-reglement-combustibles-propres","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2324-004-S--distributional-analysis-clean-fuel-regulations--analyse-distributive-reglement-combustibles-propres","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2324-004-S--distributional-analysis-clean-fuel-regulations--analyse-distributive-reglement-combustibles-propres"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2324-004-S--distributional-analysis-clean-fuel-regulations--analyse-distributive-reglement-combustibles-propres","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2324-004-S--distributional-analysis-clean-fuel-regulations--analyse-distributive-reglement-combustibles-propres"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/e884599e101a53a3388d8c69884637f349b215fa483ca0089301ecb897da02b1"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/c7503c62a679d722ee6e443d309a86de395ac92a3ae238164c90141698d33202"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/53b337aecf5fe95d429aa98a2b7d3680d6dcab74eff180d6a1516e124d7dbae1","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/6d83eb94ae4c7de71b61e2fb5a867b72b24c7d16b29a021d591d698ed8974bb3","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/6413d6221bb93183a27e45a596792f81bb87e22616eba09343bcb0d6ed0656c1","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5fe5853c4feab2a1ee21e0ca5c03b48119dc94c61be31caf213f4ca32908c8d2","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/220c15f4e4dc37527a0e91324af086dd6337a8cd26cf16570ace9405f7359a3d","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/57fd1d292ac51d4c6265d5428437f00c6f3e50ed58248acefc42590f8b9e3c2a","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d840a8f1715ad48d359f92a2640d35ab06b4409b0d42765f242485b8e148ca8e","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2ad1800901f276669ea6500f7c4f5ddba85621821399eff096e3a0fe112f8bc3"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8dac949c1533b36ff5b1d241c7444b5a11011e9f918388e0d14e17be8ab8738f","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5b2e36c26bc1a4dd9e49b26264eb6750a391ca37812dbe70822c9eb207363afa","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f65b0a135e8b751619fdf150e3bf7d01a43b348b1d0021d69fce81da6b3644a5","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8d0733478a592fbf44a8f7889132b379d09addfce24734fa325f37233ffbb215","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/fdd28eadf2a8471b5f71bf95a78276e47a011c7fa0c44a24cd54b6c59d04c444","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0118e89c94c35b14ba3cfd6828dd3d200556beffec13f04194b1ccf47bc4032f","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/92c435cd052789f5b39c1fbac228236a79060b510c58d3a417e94d87a00ef06a","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/151a668b134f18e08696652cb7147ba845f5518531f1fa9e22e8d78f5f0630b5"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This report provides a distributional analysis of the Clean Fuel Regulations that will require reductions in the carbon intensity of gasoline and diesel used in Canada.","abstract_fr":"Ce rapport pr\u00e9sente une analyse distributive du R\u00e8glement sur les combustibles propres qui exigera de r\u00e9duire l\u2019intensit\u00e9 carbone de l\u2019essence et du diesel utilis\u00e9s au Canada.","highlights":[{"content":{"en":"Relative to household disposable income, PBO results show that the Clean Fuel Regulations are broadly regressive. That is, the cost to lower income households represents a larger share of their disposable income compared to higher income households.","fr":"Par rapport au revenu disponible des m\u00e9nages, les r\u00e9sultats du DPB indiquent que le R\u00e8glement sur les combustibles propres est g\u00e9n\u00e9ralement r\u00e9gressif. Autrement dit, le co\u00fbt pour les m\u00e9nages \u00e0 faible revenu repr\u00e9sente une proportion plus importante de leur revenu disponible que pour les m\u00e9nages \u00e0 revenu \u00e9lev\u00e9."}},{"content":{"en":"At the national level, in 2030, the cost of the Clean Fuel Regulations to households ranges from 0.62 per cent of disposable income (or $231) for lower income households to 0.35 per cent of disposable income (or $1,008) for higher income households.","fr":"\u00c0 l\u2019\u00e9chelle nationale, en 2030, le co\u00fbt du R\u00e8glement sur les combustibles propres pour les m\u00e9nages va de 0,62 % du revenu disponible (ou 231 $) pour les m\u00e9nages \u00e0 faible revenu \u00e0 0,35 % du revenu disponible (ou 1 008 $) pour les m\u00e9nages \u00e0 revenu \u00e9lev\u00e9."}},{"content":{"en":"Relative to disposable income, the cost of the Clean Fuel Regulations to the average household in 2030 is the highest in Saskatchewan (0.87 per cent, or $1,117), Alberta (0.80 per cent, or $1,157) and Newfoundland and Labrador (0.80 per cent, or $850), reflecting the higher fossil fuel intensity of their economies.","fr":"Par rapport au revenu disponible, c\u2019est en Saskatchewan (0,87 % ou 1 117 $), en Alberta (0,80 % ou 1 157 $) et \u00e0 Terre-Neuve-et-Labrador (0,80 % ou 850 $) que le co\u00fbt du R\u00e8glement sur les combustibles propres pour le m\u00e9nage moyen en 2030 est le plus \u00e9lev\u00e9, ce qui refl\u00e8te l\u2019intensit\u00e9 des combustibles fossiles plus \u00e9lev\u00e9e de leurs \u00e9conomies."}},{"content":{"en":"Relative to disposable income, the cost of the Clean Fuel Regulations to the average household in 2030 is the lowest in British Columbia (0.28 per cent, or $384), reflecting the relatively muted impact on real GDP. That said, the cost to the average household in Ontario (0.35 per cent, or $495) and Quebec (0.39 per cent, or $436) is only modestly larger.","fr":"Par rapport au revenu disponible, c\u2019est en Colombie-Britannique (0,28 % ou 384 $) que le co\u00fbt du R\u00e8glement sur les combustibles propres pour le m\u00e9nage moyen en 2030 est le plus bas, ce qui refl\u00e8te l\u2019incidence relativement faible sur le PIB r\u00e9el. Cela dit, le co\u00fbt pour le m\u00e9nage moyen en Ontario (0,35 % ou 495 $) et au Qu\u00e9bec (0,39 % ou 436 $) n\u2019est que modestement plus \u00e9lev\u00e9."}},{"content":{"en":"PBO estimates are based, in part, on data underlying the Regulatory Impact Analysis Statement provided by Environment and Climate Change Canada from their upper bound fuel price scenario. Consequently, PBO estimates should be regarded as upper bound estimates.","fr":"Les estimations du DPB se fondent en partie sur les donn\u00e9es qui sous-tendent le R\u00e9sum\u00e9 de l\u2019\u00e9tude d\u2019impact de la r\u00e9glementation pr\u00e9sent\u00e9 par Environnement et Changement climatique Canada pour son sc\u00e9nario de limite sup\u00e9rieure d\u2019augmentation des prix des combustibles. Par cons\u00e9quent, les estimations du DPB devraient \u00eatre consid\u00e9r\u00e9es comme des estimations de limite sup\u00e9rieure."}}]},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2324004S,\n author={Ammar, Nasreddine and Laurin, Marianne and Bagnoli, Philip and Scholz, Tim and Sourang, Diarra},\n title={A Distributional Analysis of the Clean Fuel Regulations},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2023,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2324004S,\n author={Ammar, Nasreddine and Laurin, Marianne and Bagnoli, Philip and Scholz, Tim and Sourang, Diarra},\n title={Analyse distributive du R\\`{e}glement sur les combustibles propres},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2023,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} 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report examines the long-term impact on the Canadian economy of changing weather patterns due to climate change.","abstract_fr":"Ce rapport examine l\u2019incidence \u00e0 long terme sur l\u2019\u00e9conomie canadienne de la modification des tendances m\u00e9t\u00e9orologiques li\u00e9e au changement climatique.","highlights":[{"content":{"en":"Our analysis indicates that the 0.9-degree Celsius average increase in surface temperature and 2.5 per cent increase in average precipitation observed for Canada over 1981 to 2021 (relative to 1961-1990 reference levels), have lowered the level of Canadian real GDP in 2021 by 0.8 per cent (or $20 billion in 2021 dollars).","fr":"Notre analyse indique que l\u2019augmentation de 0,9 \u00b0C de la temp\u00e9rature moyenne en surface et l\u2019augmentation de 2,5 % des pr\u00e9cipitations moyenne observ\u00e9es de 1981 \u00e0 2021 au Canada (par rapport \u00e0 la moyenne pour 1961 1990), ont r\u00e9duit le niveau du PIB r\u00e9el canadien de 0,8 % en 2021 (soit 20 milliards, en dollars de 2021)."}},{"content":{"en":"Under our benchmark global greenhouse gas emissions scenario in which countries across the world fully meet their climate commitments, we estimate that higher temperatures and precipitation will reduce Canada\u2019s real GDP by 5.8 per cent in 2100, compared to a counterfactual scenario where climate variables remain at their average levels observed over 1961 to 1990. For perspective, in 2021, 5.8 per cent of GDP amounts to $145 billion (in 2021 dollars). In 2100, the economy will be substantially larger and therefore the estimated impact in dollar terms would be correspondingly larger.","fr":"Selon notre sc\u00e9nario de r\u00e9f\u00e9rence pour les \u00e9missions de gaz \u00e0 effet de serre, dans lequel les pays respectent int\u00e9gralement leurs engagements climatiques, nous estimons que l\u2019augmentation des temp\u00e9ratures et des pr\u00e9cipitations r\u00e9duira le PIB r\u00e9el du Canada de 5,8 % d\u2019ici 2100, par rapport \u00e0 un sc\u00e9nario hypoth\u00e9tique selon lequel les variables climatiques restent aux niveaux observ\u00e9s entre 1961 et 1990. \u00c0 titre illustratif, en 2021, 5,8 % du PIB repr\u00e9sentait 145 milliards de dollars (en dollars de 2021). En 2100, l\u0027\u00e9conomie sera nettement plus vaste et l\u0027impact estim\u00e9 en dollars sera donc d\u0027autant plus important."}},{"content":{"en":"We estimate that 2.4 percentage points of the 5.8 per cent impact in 2100 stems from the continuation of recent changes in weather patterns due to climate change while the remaining 3.6-percentage point impact is from future changes to weather patterns.","fr":"Nous estimons que 2,4 points de pourcentage sur l\u2019incidence de 5,8 % en 2100 est attribuable au prolongement des modifications r\u00e9centes dans les tendances m\u00e9t\u00e9orologiques en raison du changement climatique, alors que les 3,6 points de pourcentage restants sont attribuables aux variations futures des tendences m\u00e9t\u00e9orologiques."}},{"content":{"en":"If instead global policies remain closer to current settings\u2014and global climate commitments are not met\u2014we estimate that the level of Canadian real GDP in 2100 would be approximately three-quarters of a percentage point lower compared to our benchmark global emissions scenario.","fr":"En revanche, si les politiques mondiales restent pratiquement semblables \u00e0 ce qu\u2019elles sont actuellement \u2013 et que les engagements climatiques mondiaux ne sont pas respect\u00e9s \u2013 nous estimons que le niveau du PIB r\u00e9el canadien en 2100 serait d\u2019environ 0,75 point de pourcentage inf\u00e9rieur \u00e0 ce que pr\u00e9voit notre sc\u00e9nario de r\u00e9f\u00e9rence pour les \u00e9missions mondiales."}}]},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2223015S,\n author={Bagnoli, Philip and Scholz, Tim and Ammar, Nasreddine and Duncan, Krista and Perrault, Louis},\n title={Global greenhouse gas emissions and Canadian GDP},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2223015S,\n author={Bagnoli, Philip and Scholz, Tim and Ammar, Nasreddine and Duncan, Krista and Perrault, Louis},\n title={Les \\\u0027{e}missions mondiales de gaz \\`{a} effet de serre et le PIB canadien},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"LEG-2223-014-S","is_published":"2022-09-22T12:57:01.000000Z","release_date":"2022-09-22T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2023-02-07T18:33:45.000000Z","type":"LEG","internal_id":"LEG-2223-014-S","title_en":"Canada Recovery Dividend","title_fr":"Dividende pour la relance au Canada","slug":"LEG-2223-014-S--canada-recovery-dividend--dividende-relance-canada","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2223-014-S--canada-recovery-dividend--dividende-relance-canada","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2223-014-S--canada-recovery-dividend--dividende-relance-canada"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2223-014-S--canada-recovery-dividend--dividende-relance-canada","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2223-014-S--canada-recovery-dividend--dividende-relance-canada"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/f32c8c959f20ab81f51320b6613b4cb03c712a723270eee3554374dfd8ed64c4"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/07ad9fd932fab276cfad6e1fe1606b4b6d3febc60219fbe7725cab7fa6a0606d"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f0f93a5617abbab7d0cc80539cacdde1fe5ea138e3b59c140fa484bb40cee2a5","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ff79eefb29b8ba525a87c8d46e89bef663d50cc337c2bb3dc895ccd131254f6d","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/20c68f88f1456241c31c356ecc336aa9e8bacaa6f757b84f3fe00439584d5bcd","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8193c939c12957e506b8746485e848ae7923ce807f52e7d859a8406e8d2c031d","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/822d12d46832e9ad99d90e718db6ea823e47f46306c1795ed28d8af4bafde30d","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/dfcac3c316967c86990126138c834bdcc1441f5a71bd024a5e8c9030120e21bd","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/18fc146a33e6e945566fb3c4ddc68c5d8487268b327292ab43633600e06c8730","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/c4e14cc6d234d2fd1d0ae18a0ff1a6e3f251292db1cad727cd206d027d22e6a3"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3ccf49498d0ba095b606ef4b894bbcc8d17d06b7ad0a2808bb781901c99d57d8","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/4eeaa3ffd6315d1759f525179e0197fe9b83d96f8fb09e07987ce8b1875e0bda","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/eb957ad1e559a6443a5a63fc933f4428c241c27f8c9cd14e7e7365b08ce8f3c2","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/63ea35bf8db4345b642ddf2032c0ec632e99b185e8d6dc7e0a6c6c2e348c7cb9","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/78ce26dd3e71aeacd14aab2211f61d78dce0752875dff0c6f18b6f734407134a","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/dbb4cbacbe9eb406a662e1db45c0012a482348bdc67aec505b16f7935c24ddee","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/49f455b46f793fd85eed81a40c0e9ad81d4ac243b0f33babeedc6b215c33a4e4","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2186bfe22c9b11b97cdc2cec00ec5eb7e9a5b2b4df1d12286ddd9dbb2ee5e30b"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"The Canada Recovery Dividend is a one-time tax on banking and life insurance groups. The amount payable is calculated as 15% of the average Canadian-based taxable income over 2020 and 2021 minus a 1 billion deduction. It will be imposed for the 2022 taxation year and will be paid in equal installments over five years.\n\nIt is to be noted that this definition follows what is laid out in the draft legislation and differs from what was published in Budget 2022. The initially proposed tax base for this measure was the 2021 Canadian-based taxable income instead of the two-year average.\n\nThe PBO estimates the total revenue from the corporate surtax of financial institutions to be $3.0 billion.","abstract_fr":"Le Dividende pour la relance au Canada est un imp\u00f4t ponctuel impos\u00e9 aux groupes de banques et d\u2019assureurs-vie. Le montant \u00e0 payer est calcul\u00e9 comme \u00e9tant 15 % du revenu imposable moyen bas\u00e9 au Canada pour 2020 et 2021, moins une d\u00e9duction de 1 milliard. Celui-ci sera impos\u00e9 pour l\u2019ann\u00e9e d\u2019imposition 2022 et sera payable en montants \u00e9gaux sur cinq ans.\n\nIl est \u00e0 noter que cette d\u00e9finition suit ce qui est pr\u00e9vu dans l\u2019avant-projet de loi et diff\u00e8re de ce qui a \u00e9t\u00e9 publi\u00e9 dans le budget 2022. L\u0027assiette fiscale initialement propos\u00e9e pour cette mesure \u00e9tait le revenu imposable de 2021 bas\u00e9 au Canada au lieu de la moyenne sur deux ans.\n\nLe DPB estime \u00e0 3,0 milliards de dollars les recettes totales de la surtaxe sur les profits des institutions financi\u00e8res.","highlights":[]},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-LEG2223014S,\n author={Kpekou Tossou, Rolande and Nicol, Caroline and Scholz, Tim},\n title={Canada Recovery Dividend},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-LEG2223014S,\n author={Kpekou Tossou, Rolande and Nicol, Caroline and Scholz, Tim},\n title={Dividende pour la relance au Canada},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"LEG-2223-010-S","is_published":"2022-07-06T12:57:11.000000Z","release_date":"2022-07-06T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2022-07-07T12:35:33.000000Z","type":"LEG","internal_id":"LEG-2223-010-S","title_en":"Increasing access to the small business tax rate","title_fr":"Augmentation de l\u2019acc\u00e8s au taux d\u2019imposition des petites entreprises","slug":"LEG-2223-010-S--increasing-access-small-business-tax-rate--augmentation-acces-taux-imposition-petites-entreprises","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2223-010-S--increasing-access-small-business-tax-rate--augmentation-acces-taux-imposition-petites-entreprises","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2223-010-S--increasing-access-small-business-tax-rate--augmentation-acces-taux-imposition-petites-entreprises"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2223-010-S--increasing-access-small-business-tax-rate--augmentation-acces-taux-imposition-petites-entreprises","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2223-010-S--increasing-access-small-business-tax-rate--augmentation-acces-taux-imposition-petites-entreprises"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/5a3379ae6e2d9ddc711a352422319ba5fbbef32125253fce91d8018104f27171"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/8c58f699e5bf947e72b26dccb9318c0ab76665e834e311e8fe2126a983f60770"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0b434e2a0b8b16610f7fb4829b9396de8e8ee8dae7c176e8004608b3b8139b58","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2b2a3af04457decfd3532e747a8a5336c7e704e70cc33d4297f2c07a68c02f5f","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/bf4c5d09d519138947c8aa72071effc81783169dbad0b153c8964524f6948f64","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/fc33cb4319f6634b096aa6177546cb7d16b76d73bdd277efdaeae137ed3a62bd","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3fc2a420e7df8dbcff02d66796fdcfaa3caa502f9acbfd00f8faced268da05b0","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e807d101eb87fabe73202745482294de1a952031c96aff26d055c6b819a20a2b","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5ba5b075701a5016f65bbc26b7f24ec4a282c6cc1f0c9f152fa03ed703b15046","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/709ec2d2c5afaf2fa276d1e0ef909bde085e46df599b5215d733528e9828eb21"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2bc42a75e24080b8d5b00f7fe9da3ca974b5f8e4ef55782a316b3903b59d5c0e","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a5e978648672313670391d5eb852dd1e752152b0cf2a55b69f81f8b8b81ae132","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/afdeab5632d9170b25f809e773790870d50560bb3f13ac1ce1f0dca82656dd78","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e89d61e454ac302330587510d90bcf3d528d2364c4666a6064ce720997b1ba57","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/30441ec751a21bfa1fb5bd1e61c749149fb4bc73f2d968164c3904fa23158f34","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/07f5295e31ea52de06251ff691b583808f9e98c26aa603a6da05c8d364e9a608","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f8805f956c8a04cd07910b493a65d383e2d93c3301d3185dfea75e34523cd2bf","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e5b29c438feb396c4265d26549413345be31c7acf189f7d3ec129a2731b899a7"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"Canadian Controlled Private Corporations (CCPCs) can benefit from a tax rate of 9 per cent on up to $500,000 of active business income compared to the general corporate tax rate of 15 per cent. Access to this preferential rate begins to be phased out when a CCPC\u2019s taxable capital employed in Canada exceeds $10 million and is fully phased out when taxable capital reaches $15 million. \n\nBudget 2022 proposes to phase out access to the small business tax rate more gradually, with access to be fully phased out when taxable capital employed in Canada reaches $50 million, rather than at $15 million.","abstract_fr":"Les soci\u00e9t\u00e9s priv\u00e9es sous contr\u00f4le canadien (SPCC) peuvent b\u00e9n\u00e9ficier d\u2019un taux d\u2019imposition de 9 % sur un maximum de 500 000 $ en revenu provenant d\u2019une entreprise exploit\u00e9e activement, comparativement au taux g\u00e9n\u00e9ral d\u2019imposition des soci\u00e9t\u00e9s de 15 %. L\u2019acc\u00e8s \u00e0 ce taux pr\u00e9f\u00e9rentiel diminue progressivement lorsque le capital imposable utilis\u00e9 au Canada par une SPCC d\u00e9passe 10 millions de dollars et il est compl\u00e8tement \u00e9limin\u00e9 lorsque le capital imposable atteint 15 millions de dollars.\n\nLe budget de 2022 propose de r\u00e9duire plus progressivement l\u2019acc\u00e8s au taux d\u2019imposition des petites entreprises et de l\u2019\u00e9liminer enti\u00e8rement lorsque le capital imposable utilis\u00e9 au Canada atteint 50 millions de dollars au lieu de 15 millions de dollars.","highlights":[]},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-LEG2223010S,\n author={Scholz, Tim},\n title={Increasing access to the small business tax rate},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-LEG2223010S,\n author={Scholz, Tim},\n title={Augmentation de l\u2019acc\\`{e}s au taux d\u2019imposition des petites entreprises},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-2122-032-S","is_published":"2022-03-24T13:00:01.000000Z","release_date":"2022-03-24T13:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2022-03-24T13:00:01.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2122-032-S","title_en":"A Distributional Analysis of Federal Carbon Pricing under A Healthy Environment and A Healthy Economy","title_fr":"Une analyse distributive de la tarification f\u00e9d\u00e9rale du carbone dans le cadre du plan \u00ab Un environnement sain et une \u00e9conomie saine \u00bb","slug":"RP-2122-032-S--distributional-analysis-federal-carbon-pricing-under-healthy-environment-healthy-economy--une-analyse-distributive-tarification-federale-carbone-dans-cadre-plan-un-environnement-sain-une-eco","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-032-S--distributional-analysis-federal-carbon-pricing-under-healthy-environment-healthy-economy--une-analyse-distributive-tarification-federale-carbone-dans-cadre-plan-un-environnement-sain-une-eco","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-032-S--distributional-analysis-federal-carbon-pricing-under-healthy-environment-healthy-economy--une-analyse-distributive-tarification-federale-carbone-dans-cadre-plan-un-environnement-sain-une-eco"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-032-S--distributional-analysis-federal-carbon-pricing-under-healthy-environment-healthy-economy--une-analyse-distributive-tarification-federale-carbone-dans-cadre-plan-un-environnement-sain-une-eco","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-032-S--distributional-analysis-federal-carbon-pricing-under-healthy-environment-healthy-economy--une-analyse-distributive-tarification-federale-carbone-dans-cadre-plan-un-environnement-sain-une-eco"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/6399abff7887b53208a1e97cfb397801ea9f4e729c15dfb85998d1eb359ea5c7"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/4dee5e1a1e2c2e1b08a83cb76568cdcae2f520ca0c2a5fb9ffc1ef0f9e1b0efc"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8db8f49ad11c1e52c66a5835d50d52e5c8d259cee64c7d0a772800d4f4059f55","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ab7349515c1227f20760be771d4b6104e941c17bb435e8a321c0098364f3aaf5","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/fa43c75b696587fed0e7db15b8989918616612d6b6d1f086a63a6581e1559427","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8ffa5503b879f25badafaf40d3a8aa19c860ded3603b6cbc74b97941b7faba63","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/4c8601a6ee7523923cc76dad0757aec9313fb9d844ffac91735ffda310f77e39","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f4d92277baa5464feccfe18c516285593c2e8b93fa82812712ff80dce3e71c57","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7dda017c4fc10410b761d9d374d8d2b42e006b4f50cd9fa5513315a94b338723","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ce85235453c99e367089e8600e03f34c0d8135fd891d664a2a8ea60053f41b62"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f76062665173fea78678d58a9c902ec1141ed546aeca70e9c7b21a4b075e7c9b","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/1e183ff6c1a06d40cf7b2aec1a92c71bac3be82bc91a781a92f0387c501d60a7","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/fdd583ccf32d83aaa4af73d537c6b394953df21c182e7c0c4ca3dbb2958a719d","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/78de16a86f06487fd72b5d00b68ecaab42f139ff14efde795d9a8ff80f197d41","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/499ee1da44201b305266118cc3f2206878d49b5755086efa1e27f1f9dc8d9c84","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e3e6a3b18c1e209c29c6aa2f21f75377f7b56435045660ca38919b5614153ddf","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3bc84094812e4fcf174d22e9d306a578ef8b450b98f79640566ee053e5fe5e4f","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/df7dae0058f06c2aa6988615b11c583a051e96aca003f84933097b1256c8f12f"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This report provides a distributional analysis of federal carbon pricing under the Government\u2019s A Healthy Environment and A Healthy Economy plan.","abstract_fr":"Ce rapport fournit une analyse distributive de la tarification f\u00e9d\u00e9rale du carbone dans le cadre du plan du gouvernement intitul\u00e9 \u00ab Un environnement sain et une \u00e9conomie saine \u00bb.","highlights":[{"content":{"en":"Under the Government\u2019s A Healthy Environment and A Healthy Economy (HEHE) climate plan, the federal carbon levy is set to rise by $15 per year from $50 per tonne in 2022 until it reaches $170 per tonne in 2030.","fr":"Dans le cadre du plan climatique du gouvernement intitul\u00e9 Un environnement sain et une \u00e9conomie saine (plan climatique), la taxe f\u00e9d\u00e9rale sur le carbone devrait augmenter de 15 dollars par ann\u00e9e, passant de 50 dollars par tonne en 2022 \u00e0 170 dollars par tonne en 2030."}},{"content":{"en":"When losses in economic efficiency are added to fiscal impacts of federal carbon pricing, the net carbon cost increases for all households in Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta.","fr":"Lorsque les pertes d\u2019efficacit\u00e9 \u00e9conomique sont ajout\u00e9es aux incidences fiscales de la tarification f\u00e9d\u00e9rale du carbone, le co\u00fbt net du carbone augmente pour tous les m\u00e9nages de l\u2019Ontario, du Manitoba, de la Saskatchewan et de l\u2019Alberta."}},{"content":{"en":"Most households in provinces under the backstop will see a net loss resulting from federal carbon pricing under the HEHE plan. That is, household carbon costs will exceed the Climate Action Incentive payments households receive.","fr":"La plupart des m\u00e9nages des provinces o\u00f9 le filet de s\u00e9curit\u00e9 s\u2019applique subiront une perte nette r\u00e9sultant de la tarification f\u00e9d\u00e9rale du carbone dans le cadre du plan climatique. C\u2019est-\u00e0-dire que le co\u00fbt du carbone pour les m\u00e9nages sera sup\u00e9rieur aux paiements de l\u2019incitatif \u00e0 agir pour le climat que les m\u00e9nages re\u00e7oivent."}},{"content":{"en":"Relative to disposable income, our estimates of household net carbon costs continue to show a progressive impact that is, larger net costs for higher income households.","fr":"En ce qui concerne le revenu disponible, nos estimations des co\u00fbts nets du carbone pour les m\u00e9nages continuent de montrer une incidence progressive, c\u2019est-\u00e0-dire des co\u00fbts nets plus importants pour les m\u00e9nages \u00e0 revenu \u00e9lev\u00e9."}},{"content":{"en":"We estimate that carbon pricing under HEHE will reduce the budgetary balance (increase the budgetary deficit) by $0.9 billion in 2021-22 and ultimately by $5.2 billion in 2030-31.","fr":"Nous estimons que la tarification du carbone dans le cadre du plan Un environnement sain et une \u00e9conomie saine r\u00e9duira le solde budg\u00e9taire (augmentera le d\u00e9ficit budg\u00e9taire) de 0,9 milliard de dollars en 2021-2022 et, \u00e0 terme, de 5,2 milliards de dollars en 2030-2031."}}]},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2122032S,\n author={Ammar, Nasreddine and Bagnoli, Philip and Duncan, Krista and Scholz, Tim},\n title={A Distributional Analysis of Federal Carbon Pricing under A Healthy Environment and A Healthy Economy},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2122032S,\n author={Ammar, Nasreddine and Bagnoli, Philip and Duncan, Krista and Scholz, Tim},\n title={Une analyse distributive de la tarification f\\\u0027{e}d\\\u0027{e}rale du carbone dans le cadre du plan \u00ab Un environnement sain et une \\\u0027{e}conomie saine \u00bb},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2022,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-2122-022-M","is_published":"2021-12-07T14:00:08.000000Z","release_date":"2021-12-07T14:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-12-07T14:00:08.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2122-022-M","title_en":"Energy sector and agriculture: federal revenue forgone from tax provisions","title_fr":"Le secteur de l\u2019\u00e9nergie et l\u2019agriculture : les recettes auxquelles renonce le gouvernement f\u00e9d\u00e9ral au titre de certaines dispositions fiscales","slug":"RP-2122-022-M--energy-sector-agriculture-federal-revenue-forgone-from-tax-provisions--secteur-energie-agriculture-recettes-auxquelles-renonce-gouvernement-federal-titre-certaines-disposi","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-022-M--energy-sector-agriculture-federal-revenue-forgone-from-tax-provisions--secteur-energie-agriculture-recettes-auxquelles-renonce-gouvernement-federal-titre-certaines-disposi","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-022-M--energy-sector-agriculture-federal-revenue-forgone-from-tax-provisions--secteur-energie-agriculture-recettes-auxquelles-renonce-gouvernement-federal-titre-certaines-disposi"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-022-M--energy-sector-agriculture-federal-revenue-forgone-from-tax-provisions--secteur-energie-agriculture-recettes-auxquelles-renonce-gouvernement-federal-titre-certaines-disposi","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-022-M--energy-sector-agriculture-federal-revenue-forgone-from-tax-provisions--secteur-energie-agriculture-recettes-auxquelles-renonce-gouvernement-federal-titre-certaines-disposi"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/029fb18234298361a15aa64c506b329a84eba642a4957c93fad34614991fe4b2"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/ec940c04067dc441fed535f395d2bb40a8df00a0dca3ee5c33043078bdd9702c"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3ee4e878f27e119205fbdaa0fd31ddb4d67465de8c43b212c0af91f66785f1c7","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/27ce42e9cb1932c44e170dffa2108f85a3e7ae8c7ccbb130dae57df6a5952e6b","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/78d8bf1f4fe3d3ab6c81770d9bd1f776593d83209d6a52d73c8101db2561ab4d","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2642db2b5cefce469c8c324d0f8c26b5a84d105cda857ac8a2b10282f4a0e796","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2d61732a29be2833aae856c0c570da6651717f93317352fd527fb31facc7a032","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/eedaaace02e5fe0f8f56531d645b164be39b5d1af98d98425ab5f2470f5a8e95","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3459fa27bd7733ecd14cc237604b3385afde28d8b1fa66fd0c305bcf64d14056","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/0cf160a4a6ba2130713faf8662715d4e5f21e06ec8dae741ad92b00305e9a260"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/6e7b95d1de46b9bbf20f966160db62315c7eacea4e3c627ad356765072a65c88","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/693a02f3966d95cb9400c417965e891d5b26bdd0ee5c0e52359b7d5ef5bb27a7","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/800fe8a0507f1d0e74b749db3197be96b8e87bbdb334286c036e11255438e483","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8561f8a82a31e5e6635e0d855153d1788c78ecd2ef7dbc4dfe95c8183a7e95be","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3272f27a7de4b474dd6408af4abc70c325b93b2ad306eefb294cd3e4139d4d74","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5b42c615f35318ce6af05e9628db9e23bb95e9ec3ddab46905b9468dba5b0fcf","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3583e8485b0e16cf6bf79dce372d70bac4b0281986e9cdee39d23d81d29e092d","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/91b64bee3fe76d92712d0894ce93eaca49688920aeb40fa3dfe0adc84b0c0ed4"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"Senator Rosa Galvez requested that the PBO estimate the cost of tax provisions specific to fossil fuel development including the deduction of resource related expenses and incentives for liquid natural gas (LNG) capital investment. She also requested an estimate of the lost revenue from exemptions to the carbon levy for agriculture. This report provides estimated revenue impacts for the items requested.","abstract_fr":"La s\u00e9natrice Rosa Galvez a demand\u00e9 au DPB d\u2019\u00e9valuer le co\u00fbt de dispositions fiscales portant sur l\u2019exploitation des combustibles fossiles, notamment la d\u00e9duction pour les d\u00e9penses li\u00e9es aux ressources, les mesures visant \u00e0 encourager l\u2019investissement dans les immobilisations de gaz naturel liqu\u00e9fi\u00e9 (GNL) et l\u2019exon\u00e9ration de certaines activit\u00e9s de la taxe sur le carbone. Elle a aussi demand\u00e9 une estimation des recettes c\u00e9d\u00e9es au titre de l\u2019exon\u00e9ration de l\u2019activit\u00e9 agricole de la taxe sur le carbone. Le pr\u00e9sent rapport fournit une estimation des r\u00e9percussions des \u00e9l\u00e9ments demand\u00e9s sur les recettes.","highlights":[{"content":{"en":"Oil, gas and coal mining corporations have reduced their exploration and development expenses since 2014 due to economic factors and policy changes.","fr":"Les soci\u00e9t\u00e9s p\u00e9troli\u00e8res, gazi\u00e8res et charbonni\u00e8res ont r\u00e9duit leurs activit\u00e9s d\u2019exploration et d\u2019exploitation depuis 2014 en raison de facteurs \u00e9conomiques et de changements de politique."}},{"content":{"en":"PBO estimates that resource specific expense claims by oil, gas and coal mining corporations reduced annual federal tax revenue by $1.8 billion, on average, from 2015 to 2019.","fr":"Le DPB estime que les demandes de remboursement de d\u00e9penses li\u00e9es aux ressources par les soci\u00e9t\u00e9s p\u00e9troli\u00e8res, gazi\u00e8res et charbonni\u00e8res ont r\u00e9duit les recettes fiscales f\u00e9d\u00e9rales annuelles de 1,8 milliard de dollars, en moyenne, de 2015 \u00e0 2019."}},{"content":{"en":"Carbon levy exemption for agriculture was worth an estimated $179 million in 2019 when levy was $20 per tonne. This will rise dramatically as the levy increases to $170 per tonne.","fr":"On a estim\u00e9 \u00e0 179 millions de dollars la valeur de l\u2019exemption de la taxe sur le carbone pour l\u2019activit\u00e9 agricole en 2019, lorsque la taxe \u00e9tait de 20 dollars la tonne. Ce montant grimpera en fl\u00e8che lorsque la taxe passera \u00e0 170 $ la tonne."}},{"content":{"en":"Simple removal of the exemption may overstate potential revenue gains since Pan-Canadian Framework has provisions for other trade-exposed industries (OBPS).","fr":"La simple suppression de l\u2019exemption pourrait surestimer les gains de revenus potentiels puisque le Cadre pancanadien pr\u00e9voit des dispositions pour d\u2019autres secteurs tributaires du commerce (STFR)."}}]},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2122022M,\n author={Bagnoli, Philip and Scholz, Tim},\n title={Energy sector and agriculture: federal revenue forgone from tax provisions},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2122022M,\n author={Bagnoli, Philip and Scholz, Tim},\n title={Le secteur de l\u2019\\\u0027{e}nergie et l\u2019agriculture : les recettes auxquelles renonce le gouvernement f\\\u0027{e}d\\\u0027{e}ral au titre de certaines dispositions fiscales},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"ADM-2122-002-X","is_published":"2021-08-09T13:30:09.000000Z","release_date":"2021-08-09T13:30:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-08-09T13:30:09.000000Z","type":"ADM","internal_id":"ADM-2122-002-X","title_en":"Ready Reckoner User Guide","title_fr":"Guide d\u2019utilisation du Simulateur budg\u00e9taire (Bar\u00e8me)","slug":"ADM-2122-002-X--ready-reckoner-user-guide--guide-utilisation-simulateur-budgetaire-bareme","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/ADM-2122-002-X--ready-reckoner-user-guide--guide-utilisation-simulateur-budgetaire-bareme","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/ADM-2122-002-X--ready-reckoner-user-guide--guide-utilisation-simulateur-budgetaire-bareme"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/ADM-2122-002-X--ready-reckoner-user-guide--guide-utilisation-simulateur-budgetaire-bareme","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/ADM-2122-002-X--ready-reckoner-user-guide--guide-utilisation-simulateur-budgetaire-bareme"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/276d04a19a8e2257286e3336b80f116cde61b6d8f71a0d8213b60fb945186019"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/0052cd2da85ecad17139dabcbf8805773f57d0788f53466fd046a1dabad3eec1"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/fc31c3920f05064d376853679dcbfe849921b46292d260f40be277e000e034dd","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/08af92b6585b3fed25f90cdda883d5f6031ef2628d086a0dda0aa85ae08f874c","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/916cdc17015b589cfb5bb36ec42c630932692f56e6a23a20e260a021895908cd","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/536fa1614b94fbdc5164fc02d6a01ab9e3c9eb6cdb047d0bb4398ca8f7909053","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f842692d18541f22a0706e6bad4f5cb55700a25f4767e2b2c144813a99ed989f","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5d1844193655c9d451553327bfc4bffaad1fbe25f2ea51dcc1a20217b4155a87","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f119e89d04dc032d37396b3481055659a0895b99e48822b2a1ce07a995b90ca6","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/26f814b18bbd64625932db033196cd56744be0fb57ce09031af4073931f7c658"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ebedc76f1ab6f13451cf929f4f29fa0c94339f98ff612ef18d0effde1cf98eec","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/929bf67c3838b4a5cbf10725febcb8849a7f43d91e18a369339f090824ce7148","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/466af90eadba58fee1060579170376fc6f8b40db65a2caa0ab4f122c4025af83","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/41bf3b033f1d5082d8dbb98e0535dfd3095a350c3d44b8dac23d26651dc9eecb","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/aaaae6e039f04551704ea6038fe90c5babd6f3bc874a43af0a3a8b46b09facd6","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a98ad50c3559763e7a073717d03d38551121e766d9427953dea38a064dd7e47b","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2f5260bd37c49b9a31a9a1fa50cbc54ea646b7df3ae05ec116f9f7e644076900","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/1a72d7e1dab8b8ba28cf37ccd3036eb1625cf94dda71ccfafd28545c02f44235"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"The PBO\u2019s Ready Reckoner is an online tool to estimate the potential impacts on federal budgetary revenues that would arise from adjusting various federal tax rates, credits, and brackets. This is a brief guide to assist users with technical questions.","abstract_fr":"Le Simulateur budg\u00e9taire (Bar\u00e8me) du DPB est un outil en ligne qui permet d\u2019estimer les r\u00e9percussions potentielles sur les revenus budg\u00e9taires f\u00e9d\u00e9raux qu\u2019aurait l\u2019ajustement de divers taux d\u2019imposition, cr\u00e9dits d\u2019imp\u00f4t et tranches d\u2019imposition. Il s\u2019agit d\u2019un bref guide pour r\u00e9pondre aux questions techniques des utilisateurs.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-ADM2122002X,\n author={Busby, Carleigh and Bernier, Govindadeva and Michalyshyn, Katarina and Scholz, Tim},\n title={Ready Reckoner User Guide},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-ADM2122002X,\n author={Busby, Carleigh and Bernier, Govindadeva and Michalyshyn, Katarina and Scholz, Tim},\n title={Guide d\u2019utilisation du Simulateur budg\\\u0027{e}taire (Bar\\`{e}me)},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-2122-009-S","is_published":"2021-06-23T15:30:07.000000Z","release_date":"2021-06-23T15:30:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-06-23T15:30:07.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2122-009-S","title_en":"Beyond Paris: Reducing 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2030","slug":"RP-2122-009-S--beyond-paris-reducing-canada-ghg-emissions-2030--dela-paris-reduire-emissions-gaz-effet-serre-canada-ici-2030","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-009-S--beyond-paris-reducing-canada-ghg-emissions-2030--dela-paris-reduire-emissions-gaz-effet-serre-canada-ici-2030","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2122-009-S--beyond-paris-reducing-canada-ghg-emissions-2030--dela-paris-reduire-emissions-gaz-effet-serre-canada-ici-2030"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-009-S--beyond-paris-reducing-canada-ghg-emissions-2030--dela-paris-reduire-emissions-gaz-effet-serre-canada-ici-2030","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2122-009-S--beyond-paris-reducing-canada-ghg-emissions-2030--dela-paris-reduire-emissions-gaz-effet-serre-canada-ici-2030"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/1df9b64ac4e1885028a02c05d5f15b82622d3ace28a473159d59301fb636c6e3"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/22061676acc9e957b233a2a04fe26600615b268c7ca51cf2402d79c74a3fa040"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/80a95fadee6057ca2973dbb430b3f84c46ab4aecf579ef3e19f01787d91d6500","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b8b451930e5eda6e2b373952fa49e6eaf3fc0e02997d67145e531c60895e03c8","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a8eecf6b395d1e614e9c33c3392e4a6134e91c4da94487108598595be184f702","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/347a11de35153b45774a1db94f55250d50e8ca543a6e9417363ba690ebde5e46","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/dac2c0c629c5570cc779eb1d661b75bc240b12eaaf1924b6a2b82ae8a024abda","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2d51dececcf712b23eab4dea50fa23ad1a89ac69ab8158c183c25f6d5896c79f","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/137d3ed8c44f213ae3f0b9480066ca24b084a5ce4e9daa781c134774aa42e754","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e090c9212d0923f872099a607e0ac07ec3d2b77c72dd64f62f5f635886b3a40e"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5aa452a5d9eaa157fdd3c256db4a2286e09a591ffd650988aea706f5a556b034","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/290a8be04f0c1d3dc06cdc2963121c892f032d98f63298028e310bc984fca7e9","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/84cba6ed416f3553807940698cb15587416cce2dbf17ceb042b98ae6f15a75c1","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/3358ee6a96dc24e62ffa9b295df135f02e90597ec110971c725426367ac35598","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e203f0a35576d24eda8e48f500602294bf7a41dcdcfcc985e5f82125dec4b3a3","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/73c9515920ef009ae461f54fd32eb4812def3ae8de037da94d7fb1b293fa26f3","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/08c05c4de6ae8fe33ac2893cee141274a502410649345d1f5d7d03beb335c732","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ba16733314d5dfd083c05e3fa08ac1e3a143ff087d8448a6edb35253430baa24"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This report assesses the impacts of the Government\u2019s plan to exceed the 2030 reduction target for Canada\u2019s greenhouse gas emissions under the Paris Agreement.","abstract_fr":"Le pr\u00e9sent rapport \u00e9value les effets du plan du gouvernement pour d\u00e9passer, d\u2019ici 2030, la cible de r\u00e9duction des \u00e9missions de gaz \u00e0 effet de serre du Canada en vertu de l\u2019Accord de Paris.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2122009S,\n author={Bagnoli, Philip and Scholz, Tim},\n title={Beyond Paris: Reducing Canada\u2019s GHG Emissions by 2030},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2122009S,\n author={Bagnoli, Philip and Scholz, Tim},\n title={Au-del\\`{a} de Paris : R\\\u0027{e}duire les \\\u0027{e}missions de gaz \\`{a} effet de serre du Canada d\u2019ici 2030},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"LEG-2021-066-S","is_published":"2021-02-10T14:00:07.000000Z","release_date":"2021-02-10T14:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2023-08-23T18:28:36.000000Z","type":"LEG","internal_id":"LEG-2021-066-S","title_en":"Financial compensation for supply-managed sectors","title_fr":"Indemnisation pour les secteurs soumis \u00e0 la gestion de l\u2019offre","slug":"LEG-2021-066-S--financial-compensation-supply-managed-sectors--indemnisation-secteurs-soumis-gestion-offre","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2021-066-S--financial-compensation-supply-managed-sectors--indemnisation-secteurs-soumis-gestion-offre","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/LEG-2021-066-S--financial-compensation-supply-managed-sectors--indemnisation-secteurs-soumis-gestion-offre"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2021-066-S--financial-compensation-supply-managed-sectors--indemnisation-secteurs-soumis-gestion-offre","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/LEG-2021-066-S--financial-compensation-supply-managed-sectors--indemnisation-secteurs-soumis-gestion-offre"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/4c2e8f11381832b028ffcfc76ab849af60fa43fd5fa310c94f81f64439cd9006"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/50c9857c48f6e71a6445c6a70602443c7f946705357629fec9dbde3c8072b9ee"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/fa0f2b06787a84fdcf0406715f274d9b9c49e174","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b0606bdbb8c6d2c6af415b66cdab0f5535f9558b","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/de5714e1d9edc29fd65ea9f4c126b55bd37287d8","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/92029abb52b72b164582f46bb870b1182281da64","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a9ac174a32f9041359a1d4a8f7ec2e5962e76b72","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2786805c60384556bd75e78360375eda6745c3cc","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b457521b8738f974467ad5de875cfd409816c217","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/4eda72778f2e75f0bd9d4c36c2693a86f33fa9c8"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d12ce2044c4d74a454740a0608ad39f290018c35","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f6e059352ccdcf60e5c3a08262ee0fdd93bec732","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/682a3ef32c78d70a2f84f0258ffa762d5af40c2a","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b220c4ba3b9daf92901b710fc515f5dfc87a74a9","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/93911a7a75b1fe45fc07930e518a1e4af01bd623","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8881755d6e1207ec0d13c432284f374a210e16e6","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/45ecc8d2c88e7887939af93a80e04ef6f8e13c0c","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/796184995d19ba256e20f82dcc97ad1e560f786e"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"The Canada-United States-Mexico Agreement (CUSMA) provided increased access to domestic markets for dairy, poultry and egg. Given Canada\u2019s supply management system in those sectors, this will lead to reduced market share for existing producers and processors. Past trade agreements such as CETA and CPTPP have resulted in compensation to supply managed sectors. This note estimates the cost of the Government\u2019s CUSMA-related commitment to provide full and fair compensation to existing producers and processors.\n\nFall Economic Statement 2020 reiterated the Government\u2019s commitment to compensate the supply managed sector for CUSMA but did not provide a cost estimate.","abstract_fr":"L\u2019Accord \u00c9tats-Unis\u2013Mexique-Canada (ACEUM) a accru l\u2019acc\u00e8s des importations de produits laitiers, de poulet et d\u2019\u0153ufs aux march\u00e9s canadiens. \u00c9tant donn\u00e9 le syst\u00e8me canadien de gestion de l\u2019offre dans ces secteurs, cette ouverture se traduira par une part de march\u00e9 r\u00e9duite pour les producteurs et transformateurs existants. D\u2019autres accords commerciaux, comme l\u2019AECG et le PTPGC, avaient entra\u00een\u00e9 le versement d\u2019indemnit\u00e9s aux secteurs sous gestion de l\u2019offre. La pr\u00e9sente note renferme une estimation du co\u00fbt de la promesse du gouvernement d\u2019indemniser pleinement et \u00e9quitablement les producteurs et transformateurs existants touch\u00e9s par l\u2019ACEUM.\n\nL\u2019\u00c9nonc\u00e9 \u00e9conomique de l\u2019automne 2020 a r\u00e9it\u00e9r\u00e9 l\u2019engagement du gouvernement \u00e0 compenser le secteur sous gestion de l\u2019offre pour l\u2019ACEUM, mais n\u2019a pas fourni d\u2019estimation des co\u00fbts.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-LEG2021066S,\n author={Bagnoli, Philip and Scholz, Tim},\n title={Financial compensation for supply-managed sectors},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2021,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-LEG2021066S,\n author={Bagnoli, Philip and Scholz, Tim},\n title={Indemnisation pour les secteurs soumis \\`{a} la gestion de l\u2019offre},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du 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Il inclut des mesures financi\u00e8res f\u00e9d\u00e9rales et provinciales jusqu\u0027au 1er septembre et au 30 octobre, respectivement.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP2021033S,\n author={Bergeron, \\\u0027{E}tienne and MacPhee, Sarah and Busby, Carleigh and Nicol, Caroline and Scholz, Tim and Sourang, Diarra},\n title={Fiscal Sustainability Report 2020: Update},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP2021033S,\n author={Bergeron, \\\u0027{E}tienne and MacPhee, Sarah and Busby, Carleigh and Nicol, Caroline and Scholz, Tim and Sourang, Diarra},\n title={Rapport sur la viabilit\\\u0027{e} financi\\`{e}re de 2020 : Mise \\`{a} jour},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2020,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-2021-027-S","is_published":"2021-01-26T20:16:02.000000Z","release_date":"2020-09-29T04:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-01-26T20:16:02.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-2021-027-S","title_en":"Economic and Fiscal Outlook \u2013 September 2020","title_fr":"Perspectives \u00e9conomiques et financi\u00e8res \u2013 Septembre 2020","slug":"RP-2021-027-S--economic-fiscal-outlook-september-2020--perspectives-economiques-financieres-septembre-2020","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2021-027-S--economic-fiscal-outlook-september-2020--perspectives-economiques-financieres-septembre-2020","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-2021-027-S--economic-fiscal-outlook-september-2020--perspectives-economiques-financieres-septembre-2020"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2021-027-S--economic-fiscal-outlook-september-2020--perspectives-economiques-financieres-septembre-2020","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-2021-027-S--economic-fiscal-outlook-september-2020--perspectives-economiques-financieres-septembre-2020"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/8059b833d83a3c8eeef55a64fe8229d860c3224f72f87882e6a2689107db96cc"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/cd6fc56f52dd24674b4ab3b58ae193ae09c121ff716798c904497880793f7399"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/04e180f534ebbd5434b4e42b9a2abb17f894d5e6","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b6a33221f0a83495d2feb46766ae5edb21ea8074","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d39288ff1ddda4506695f5d5126064f69e4d9f4c","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/dbdcd5ae9785d0ddd01c1e16fcdf7f232d726a6a","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/8f1b138a0dce94f3cd943f8e2293440f7013a237","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/2bfe982efaeae12fa678368aece1a937fd9b534f","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/5ae5e0d6b7097c9bbd1458ee381f4136e63b022f","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/62d3dcfad42c3d5dfe148c03c2b5e5ded478982e"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7cf000de2c3d22e6e7337e14c748f647fef4a1c7","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7b5393d01473a0408e33e0308b25c2c6abf0b533","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a7a4169e3c04466fe0b0cb1020257445bc8e78db","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/d827f5112f1ac0dbd1a570fab6bde1961088155d","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/4db54f1a9d78884d78f03cb1fa830d4e8999bd7b","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ec39254e1a77524171d23106e02c78bf2f04c14c","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/9fc986fe1074f04ce74ec1cb1c7c0def3cbab5ca","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/e85080154ec3c0bc6a74d54788c5cb0dceb5018b"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"This report provides a baseline projection to help parliamentarians gauge potential economic and fiscal outcomes under current policy settings. **PBO\u2019s outlook is not a prediction of future economic and budgetary outcomes.**\n\nThis report incorporates announced federal budgetary measures up to and including 1 September 2020. 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assist parliamentarians in their pre-budget deliberations, this report highlights key issues arising from the Government\u2019s Economic and Fiscal Update 2019.","abstract_fr":"Afin d\u2019aider les parlementaires dans leurs d\u00e9lib\u00e9rations pr\u00e9budg\u00e9taires, le pr\u00e9sent rapport d\u00e9finit les principaux enjeux d\u00e9coulant de la Mise \u00e0 jour \u00e9conomique et budg\u00e9taire 2019 du gouvernement.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP1920023,\n author={Nicol, Caroline and Scholz, Tim},\n title={Economic and Fiscal Update 2019: Issues for Parliamentarians},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2019,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP1920023,\n author={Nicol, Caroline and Scholz, Tim},\n title={Mise \\`{a} jour \\\u0027{e}conomique et budg\\\u0027{e}taire 2019 : enjeux pour les parlementaires},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2019,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}} {"id":"RP-1920-22","is_published":"2021-08-06T17:49:11.000000Z","release_date":"2019-11-14T14:00:00.000000Z","updated_at":"2021-08-06T18:23:05.000000Z","type":"RP","internal_id":"RP-1920-22","title_en":"Economic and Fiscal Outlook \u2013 November 2019","title_fr":"Perspectives \u00e9conomiques et financi\u00e8res - Novembre 2019","slug":"RP-1920-22--economic-fiscal-outlook-november-2019--perspectives-economiques-financieres-novembre-2019","permalinks":{"en":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-1920-22--economic-fiscal-outlook-november-2019--perspectives-economiques-financieres-novembre-2019","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/en\/publications\/RP-1920-22--economic-fiscal-outlook-november-2019--perspectives-economiques-financieres-novembre-2019"},"fr":{"website":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-1920-22--economic-fiscal-outlook-november-2019--perspectives-economiques-financieres-novembre-2019","preview":"https:\/\/www.pbo-dpb.ca\/fr\/publications\/RP-1920-22--economic-fiscal-outlook-november-2019--perspectives-economiques-financieres-novembre-2019"}},"artifacts":{"main":{"en":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/f83bc7895be41611c3717e826ac8339a77e6275cbf7d8608a433ba724149b74e"},"fr":{"public":"https:\/\/distribution-a617274656661637473.pbo-dpb.ca\/3afbdb161735ca04b4faccde68a78147e9380140a49048d7a3a31cd8adb8d0a1"}}},"coverpages":{"distribution":{"fr":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b71b827fe025ee88c81a8e966ee8972ee0ff1690ab9edd75762432de8ec3fe75","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f5ce0a90c81c953ac3d9c49f1cc7f2aa02b5e879e9ac474d2d790687c45d9e24","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/a368ca1c2a83ea51027741bf46be7b7303c75ec09fee59c874b38a63714b656f","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/9baa457c8653f322d864fae2817094dd50080e27eac13bb3e48913f3a40b94a6","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ca6c81e182e05eb7f2e9a79786ab4747976a47a4e83e6b44fc6dcade7f996d8a","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f53d98a3d44811b1659df58cffa270b9871a40f86899d1e406164c6c18182f1f","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f7e45bcd51113838365eeb53da5def0f0d794de604525903387f28e40353b5d5","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/ea18e652774825c899bc9f44b24a74012465e0bc2d0c990a3c2bfad3aee43b60"},"en":{"small":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/b3871c352a2e31588f4fcd6c2771e60ca4cec884104dfeec2e32fdff677d2539","large":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/f46811900c0631448fa1be021af821c735c4eeff2296f26b5484569bf6dfdd10","h150_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/74c908e72cc801968b4e0aa6d85f7561ffd97ea22b882bd3ee37e4e01e26ba47","h150_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/cb13cb433d75c7485eb7eeca5a06f177c1079bebef5bc1487af5fbfc0fbde8eb","h300_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/abcc924dd86a77773349395571a51d5dc1f33aece3f6ae0b8111a5da1a8088ab","h300_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/95de884642e606e4fb2ddd5b15ae02b621787302a590767d88a32820cf3cc0b3","h600_png_optimized":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/9415b4f258a3d4354f41857b22fbfc0bcdc000165100a1f4e24357a47e448737","h600_webp":"https:\/\/distribution-i696d61676573.pbo-dpb.ca\/7f5ce615e49ecd7bc4edf2e9d84cbd79c993e32f1fc18ee3371deeafdcc34e03"}}},"metadata":{"abstract_en":"Consistent with the Parliamentary Budget Officer\u2019s legislated mandate, this report provides PBO\u2019s economic and fiscal outlook.","abstract_fr":"Conform\u00e9ment \u00e0 son mandat l\u00e9gislatif, le directeur parlementaire du budget pr\u00e9sente ici ses perspectives \u00e9conomiques et financi\u00e8res.","highlights":null},"bills":[],"bibtex":{"en":"@techreport{PBO-RP192022,\n author={Grinshpoon, Kristina and Nicol, Caroline and Ammar, Nasreddine and Behrend, Robert and Bergeron, \\\u0027{E}tienne and Devakos, Tessa and Elmarzougui, Eskandar and Forsyth, Jamie and Giswold, Jill and Liberge-Simard, Rapha\\\u0022{e}l and MacPhee, Sarah and Scholz, Tim and Sourang, Diarra and Wodrich, Nigel},\n title={Economic and Fiscal Outlook - November 2019},\n institution={The Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer},\n year=2019,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}","fr":"@techreport{DPB-RP192022,\n author={Grinshpoon, Kristina and Nicol, Caroline and Ammar, Nasreddine and Behrend, Robert and Bergeron, \\\u0027{E}tienne and Devakos, Tessa and Elmarzougui, Eskandar and Forsyth, Jamie and Giswold, Jill and Liberge-Simard, Rapha\\\u0022{e}l and MacPhee, Sarah and Scholz, Tim and Sourang, Diarra and Wodrich, Nigel},\n title={Perspectives \\\u0027{e}conomiques et financi\\`{e}res - Novembre 2019},\n institution={Bureau du directeur parlementaire du budget},\n year=2019,\n \n address = \u0022Ottawa, ON\u0022\n}"}}